Four patients with end-stage renal disease in whom pericarditis developed while they received intermittent hemodialysis therapy were evaluated for viral infection. We found high or rising serum antibody titers to influenza virus A (three patients) and coxsackievirus B (one patient). Cardiac tamponade occurred in three patients, requiring pericardiectomy in two; each patient eventually recovered. Viral pericarditis may be an important cause of "uremic" pericarditis in chronically dialyzed patients.
(Arch Intern Med 139:301-303, 1979)
Osanloo E, Shalhoub RJ, Cioffi RF, Parker RH. Viral Pericarditis in Patients Receiving Hemodialysis. Arch Intern Med. 1979;139(3):301–303. doi:10.1001/archinte.1979.03630400027014
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