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November 1980

Increasing CompliancePatient-Operated Hypertension Groups

Arch Intern Med. 1980;140(11):1427-1430. doi:10.1001/archinte.1980.00330220015009

• Compliance was compared in 52 previously noncompliant hypertensive patients randomly assigned for eight weeks to either a nurse-operated hypertension clinic (control) or a patient-operated hypertension group (experimental). Control patients listened to audiotapes on hypertension and its management and met individually with a nurse who adjusted their drug regimens. Experimental patients were trained to take their own blood pressure (BP) and select their own drugs in a group program emphasizing informed self-help. After the eight-week training period and at two- and six-month follow-up visits, both groups had significantly lower BPs. Compared with control patients, experimental patients had lower diastolic BPs, better pill counts, and better attendance (all P <.05). This study suggests that training noncompliant patients in groups to manage their own hypertension may achieve better results than traditional management programs.

(Arch Intern Med 140:1427-1430, 1980)