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May 1982

Early Discharge Following Acute Myocardial InfarctionLong-term Follow-up of Randomized Patients

Arch Intern Med. 1982;142(5):875-878. doi:10.1001/archinte.1982.00340180033007

Long-term follow-up was obtained on 138 patients who participated in a prospective, randomized study comparing two weeks with three weeks of hospitalization following uncomplicated acute myocardial infarction. Follow-up information was available on 123 (89%) of all randomized patients. The mean follow-up period was 35 months for those patients who died and 99 months for those who survived. No differences were found between the two groups with respect to survival, cardiac-related deaths, frequency or severity of angina pectoris, subsequent myocardial infarction, incidence of congestive heart failure, number of ventricular aneurysms, or subsequent medical therapy. A significantly greater number of survivors in both groups stopped smoking and had a normal initial heart size than those who died. This long-term follow-up study further supports the conclusions of earlier short-term studies that two weeks of hospitalization is safe in patients with uncomplicated acute myocardial infarction.

(Arch Intern Med 1982;142:875-878)