• The most common initial symptom of esophageal neoplasm is dysphagia. When metastasis occurs, it is most frequent to neighboring lymph nodes, mediastinum, or viscera, eg, the lungs and liver, and only infrequently to bones. Even less frequently do these metastases occur with hypercalcemia. A 59-year-old woman was initially seen with hypercalcemia and bone pain in the hip and leg, which subsequently proved to be the site of metastatic spread secondary to squamous cell carcinoma of the esophagus. Until her death, approximately four months after the diagnosis, she never experienced dysphagia, epigastric or substernal pain, or regurgitation.
(Arch Intern Med 1982;142:2207-2209)
Shewchuk SM, Meneses BO, Lerma LB, Shnider BI. Femoral and Skull Metastasis With Hypercalcemia: Occurrence With Esophageal Carcinoma Without Dysphagia. Arch Intern Med. 1982;142(12):2207–2209. doi:10.1001/archinte.1982.00340250173030
Coronavirus Resource Center
Customize your JAMA Network experience by selecting one or more topics from the list below.
Create a personal account or sign in to: