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August 1983

Hydrocarbon Aerosol Pneumonitis in an Adult

Author Affiliations

From the Department of Medicine, Roger Williams General Hospital and Brown University, Providence, RI.

Arch Intern Med. 1983;143(8):1607-1608. doi:10.1001/archinte.1983.00350080129030

• A 20-year-old woman was exposed to a kerosene mist for five days at an insecticide manufacturing facility. She had shortness of breath, fever, severe hypoxemia, bilateral pulmonary infiltrates, and a notable reduction of diffusion capacity/ total lung capacity ratio. Her symptoms and roentgenographic findings resolved rapidly after cessation of exposure and corticosteroid therapy. Whether her roentgenographic findings resulted from a pulmonary injury similar to that seen with aspirated hydrocarbons is unclear. Industrial exposure to hydrocarbon aerosols is a potential health hazard that may result in short-term and long-term pulmonary disability.

(Arch Intern Med 1983;143:1607-1608)