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June 1984

Intravenous Therapy Team and Peripheral Venous Catheter—Associated Complications: A Prospective Controlled Study

Author Affiliations

From the Departments of Medicine (Drs Tomford, Hershey, and Cohen and Mr Porter) and Biometry (Dr McLaren), Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland Metropolitan General Hospital.

Arch Intern Med. 1984;144(6):1191-1194. doi:10.1001/archinte.1984.00350180111017

• A prospective controlled trial was conducted on four similar inpatient medical wards to test the hypothesis that a trained Intravenous therapy (IVT) team would substantially reduce the incidence of peripheral intravenous (IV) catheter-related complications. We followed 863 IV catheters. The overall incidence of phlebitis in the ward staff—maintained IV catheters was 32% as compared with 15% for those maintained by the IVT team. The incidence of two more serious complications (cellulitis and suppurative phlebitis) was reduced tenfold from 2.1% to 0.2%. We conclude that an IVT team can substantially reduce the iatrogenic complications related to IV catheters.

(Arch Intern Med 1984;144:1191-1194)

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