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September 1985

Pseudomonas Bacteremia: Retrospective Analysis of 410 Episodes

Arch Intern Med. 1985;145(9):1621-1629. doi:10.1001/archinte.1985.00360090089015

• We reviewed 410 episodes of Pseudomonas bacteremia occurring in patients with cancer during a ten-year period. Pseudomonas bacteremia was most common among patients with acute leukemia. The majority of patients acquired their infections in the hospital, and 51% had received antibiotic therapy for other presumed or proved infection during the preceding week. Shock occurred in 33%, and 32% had concomitant pneumonia. The overall cure rate was 62%; it was 67% for patients receiving appropriate antibiotics but only 14% for those receiving inappropriate antibiotics. A one- to two-day delay in the administration of appropriate antibiotic therapy reduced the cure rate from 74% to 46%. Patients who received an antipseudomonal β-lactam antibiotic with or without an aminoglycoside had a significantly higher cure rate than patients who received only an aminoglycoside (72% and 71% vs 29%). Patients with shock, pneumonia, or persistent neutropenia had a substantially poorer prognosis.

(Arch Intern Med 1985;145:1621-1629)