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October 1988

Organizational Strategies to Improve Influenza Vaccine Delivery: A Standing Order in a General Medicine Clinic

Arch Intern Med. 1988;148(10):2205-2207. doi:10.1001/archinte.1988.00380100073016

• Educational programs designed to modify physician compliance with influenza vaccination guidelines have yielded only modest improvement. We examined the impact of a standing order on the influenza vaccination rate in a general medicine clinic (GMC). The standing order gave GMC nurses the responsibility to identify and vaccinate high-risk elderly patients. The vaccine order rate in GMC patients seen during the one-month study period in 1986 (n = 97) was compared with the rate in GMC patients from a similar period in 1984 (n = 77) and with the rate in patients seen in three subspecialty clinics during the 1986 study period (n = 106). Comparison patients were vaccinated only by specific physician order. Following the intervention, 79 (81%) of 1986 GMC study patients had vaccination orders, vs 20 (28%) of the 1984 GMC comparison group and 31 (29%) of the 1986 subspecialty clinic comparison group. A simple organizational change consisting of a standing order profoundly improved compliance with vaccination guidelines.

(Arch Intern Med 1988;148:2205-2207)