We prospectively evaluated the accuracy of computerized impedance plethysmography (CIP) in the diagnosis of asymptomatic deep vein thrombosis (DVT) in 246 consecutive high-risk patients scheduled for hip surgery, with bilateral venography used for comparison. The CIP was performed as a surveillance program every third day. If the CIP remained negative, bilateral venography was performed on postoperative day 10±1 or on day of treatment 14±1 in nonoperated-on patients. If the CIP became positive, venography was performed within 24 hours. The sensitivity and specificity of CIP for proximal and distal DVT were 19% (confidence interval [CI], 13% to 24%) and 91% (CI, 87% to 94%), respectively. The positive and negative predictive values were 52% (CI, 38% to 65%) and 70% (CI, 65% to 74%), respectively. The sensitivity and specificity of CIP for proximal DVT were 24% (CI, 13% to 34%) and 90% (CI, 87% to 94%), respectively; the positive and negative predictive values were 31% (CI, 20% to 51%) and 87% (CI, 83% to 90%), respectively. We conclude that, because of its low sensitivity, CIP cannot be used in the surveillance of DVT in high-risk patients or for outcome measurements in clinical trials on DVT prophylaxis.
(Arch Intern Med. 1991;151:2167-2171)
Agnelli G, Cosmi B, Ranucci V, et al. Impedance Plethysmography in the Diagnosis of Asymptomatic Deep Vein Thrombosis in Hip Surgery: A Venography-Controlled Study. Arch Intern Med. 1991;151(11):2167–2171. doi:10.1001/archinte.1991.00400110031007
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