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July 1992

Assessing Symptom Improvement After Elective Prostatectomy for Benign Prostatic Hypertrophy

Author Affiliations

From the Dartmouth Medical School, Hanover, NH (Dr Flood); London (England) School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine (Drs Black and McPherson); Department of Urology, Churchill Hospital, Oxford, England (Dr Smith); and Nephro-Urology Unit, Harley Street Clinic, London (Dr Williams).

Arch Intern Med. 1992;152(7):1507-1512. doi:10.1001/archinte.1992.00400190125023

Background. —  Elective surgery for benign prostatic hypertrophy requires estimates of likely improvement.

Methods. —  Data are from a prospective study of all patients without cancer who underwent transurethral prostatectomy. After eliminating patients for whom surgery was not elective, we examined symptom improvement.

Results.—  Surgery was effective in reducing symptoms for all but those with very mild preoperative symptoms. For the remainder, the average level of postoperative outcomes achieved was independent of the initial symptom severity.

Conclusions.—  Elective prostatectomy is effectiveness for improving symptoms. The improvement is typically sustained, and for some symptoms improvement continues during the first year after surgery. Patients with severe symptoms were as likely to achieve the same level of postoperative improvement as were patients with less severe problems initially. However, patients with very mild symptoms benefited little or none from surgery.(Arch Intern Med. 1992;152:1507-1512)