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June 10, 1996

Hypomagnesemia and Diabetes Mellitus: A Review of Clinical Implications

Author Affiliations

From the Departments of Internal Medicine and Medical Education, Overlook Hospital, Summit, NJ, and the Department of Internal Medicine, Columbia University, College of Physicians and Surgeons, New York, NY.

Arch Intern Med. 1996;156(11):1143-1148. doi:10.1001/archinte.1996.00440100029005

Hypomagnesemia has long been known to be associated with diabetes mellitus. Mather et al1 confirmed the presence of hypomagnesemia in nearly 25% of their diabetic outpatients. Low serum magnesium level has been reported in children with insulin-dependent diabetes2,3 and through the entire spectrum of adult type I and type II diabetics regardless of the type of therapy.4-6 Hypomagnesemia has been correlated with both poor diabetic control7-9 and insulin resistance in nondiabetic elderly patients.10

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