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Article
March 1911

A CASE OF POISONING DUE TO EATING POISON-HEMLOCK (CICUTA MACULATA)WITH A REVIEW OF REPORTED CASES

Arch Intern Med (Chic). 1911;VII(3):348-356. doi:10.1001/archinte.1911.00060030061002
Abstract

The plant discussed in this paper, Cicuta maculata or, as it is more commonly called, water-hemlock or poison-hemlock, is a widely distributed plant in this country and has for centuries been known as a plant possessing a deadly poison. A number of cases of death have been reported by American and European physicians, but the cases undoubtedly are more numerous than those reported, as it is not always possible to ascertain the history of a case, a considerable number of the victims being children. The European form of the plant is called Cicuta virosa. It is found well distributed over the whole of Europe, but seems to vary somewhat in the activity of its poison in different localities.

It was not until the year 1876 that an approximate knowledge was obtained of the active agent in this plant. Boehm1 published the results of a careful investigation into

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