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October 2019, Vol 179, No. 10, Pages 1309-1448

In This Issue of JAMA Internal Medicine

Highlights

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Intern Med. 2019;179(10):1309-1311. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2018.5516
Original Investigation

Representativeness of Randomized Clinical Trial Cohorts in End-stage Kidney Disease: A Meta-analysis

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Intern Med. 2019;179(10):1316-1324. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2019.1501

This meta-analysis of 189 studies involving 80 104 participants examines whether participants in large, multicenter dialysis trials were similar to the general population undergoing dialysis in terms of age, comorbidities, and mortality rate.

Assessment of Self-reported Prognostic Expectations of People Undergoing Dialysis: United States Renal Data System Study of Treatment Preferences (USTATE)

Abstract Full Text
open access
JAMA Intern Med. 2019;179(10):1325-1333. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2019.2879

This cross-sectional survey study assesses the self-reported prognostic expectations of patients undergoing dialysis and how these expectations relate to care planning, goals, and preferences.

Association Between Plant-Based Dietary Patterns and Risk of Type 2 Diabetes: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Intern Med. 2019;179(10):1335-1344. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2019.2195

This systematic review and meta-analysis of prospective observational studies quantitatively synthesizes available evidence on the association between plant-based dietary patterns and risk of type 2 diabetes.

Association Between Stress Testing–Induced Myocardial Ischemia and Clinical Events in Patients With Multivessel Coronary Artery Disease

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Intern Med. 2019;179(10):1345-1351. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2019.2227

This cohort study uses MASS II trial data to assess the association of myocardial ischemia documented during exercise stress testing with major adverse cardiovascular events or changes in the ventricular function in patients with multivessel coronary artery disease.

Less Is More

Comparison of the Harms, Advantages, and Costs Associated With Alternative Guidelines for the Evaluation of Hematuria

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Intern Med. 2019;179(10):1352-1362. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2019.2280

This microsimulation modeling study evaluates the current guidelines for testing hematuria in adults, comparing the recommended procedures, outcomes, cancer detection rates, costs, advantages, and risks associated with each.

Disparities in Acceptance of Deceased Donor Kidneys Between the United States and France and Estimated Effects of Increased US Acceptance

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Intern Med. 2019;179(10):1365-1374. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2019.2322

This cohort study evaluates the number of kidney transplants that would have taken place in the United States if the US acceptance rate of deceased donor kidneys was as high as that of France and uses computer simulation algorithms to measure the potential gains in allograft survival years if US programs adopted less restrictive kidney acceptance practices.

Evaluation of the Cascade of Diabetes Care in the United States, 2005-2016

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Intern Med. 2019;179(10):1376-1385. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2019.2396

This population-based study examines the changes in care from 2005 to 2016 for patients with diabetes in the United States.

Acupuncture as Adjunctive Therapy for Chronic Stable Angina: A Randomized Clinical Trial

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Intern Med. 2019;179(10):1388-1397. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2019.2407

This randomized clinical trial investigates the efficacy and safety of acupuncture as adjunctive therapy to antianginal therapies in reducing frequency of angina attacks in patients with chronic stable angina.

Assessment of Rapid Response Teams at Top-Performing Hospitals for In-Hospital Cardiac Arrest

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Intern Med. 2019;179(10):1398-1405. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2019.2420

This qualitative study evaluates differences in design and implementation of rapid response teams at top-performing and non–top-performing sites for survival of in-hospital cardiac arrest.

Physician Work Environment and Well-Being

Effect of a Professional Coaching Intervention on the Well-being and Distress of Physicians: A Pilot Randomized Clinical Trial

Abstract Full Text
has active quiz
JAMA Intern Med. 2019;179(10):1406-1414. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2019.2425

This pilot randomized clinical trial explores the effect of individualized coaching on physician burnout, job satisfaction, and well-being.

Editorial

Screening for Pancreatic Cancer—Is There Hope?

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Intern Med. 2019;179(10):1313-1315. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2019.3323
Invited Commentary

Hematuria Practice Guidelines That Explicitly Consider Harms and Costs

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Intern Med. 2019;179(10):1362-1364. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2019.2269

Saving Lives by Saving Kidneys for Transplant

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Intern Med. 2019;179(10):1374-1375. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2019.2609

Age and Age-old Disparities in Diabetes Care Persist

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Intern Med. 2019;179(10):1386-1387. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2019.2392
Editor's Note

Clinical Trial Evidence for the Real World

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Intern Med. 2019;179(10):1333-1334. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2019.1500

Industry Payments and Physician Prescribing

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Intern Med. 2019;179(10):1428-1429. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2019.1081

Shining a Light on Industry Payments to Health Care Professionals Who Are Not Physicians

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Intern Med. 2019;179(10):1432-1433. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2019.1367
Teachable Moment

Acute Pain Management in Patients Treated With Buprenorphine: A Teachable Moment

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Intern Med. 2019;179(10):1415-1416. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2019.3103

This Teachable Moment describes the case of a man in his 40s with a history of opioid use disorder in remission taking buprenorphine/naloxone who presented with a fifth distal phalanx fracture and underwent surgery, but had postoperative difficulty securing a prescription for buprenorphine/naloxone.

Less Is More

Getting Colorectal Cancer Screening Right: A Teachable Moment

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Intern Med. 2019;179(10):1417-1418. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2019.3457

This Teachable Moment describes challenges faced by clinicians in getting patients to engage in colorectal cancer screening and strategies that clinicians can use to maximize patient adherence to colorectal cancer screening.

Research Letter

Association of Biologic Prescribing for Inflammatory Bowel Disease With Industry Payments to Physicians

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Intern Med. 2019;179(10):1424-1425. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2019.0999

This economic evaluation examines whether pharmaceutical industry payments to gastroenterologists are associated with how often they prescribe the pharmaceuticals’ drugs for inflammatory bowel disease.

Association Between Industry Payments to Physicians and Gabapentinoid Prescribing

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Intern Med. 2019;179(10):1425-1428. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2019.1082

This cross-sectional study uses Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services data to evaluate the association between industry payments to physicians who prescribe gabapentinoids and gabapentinoid prescribing behavior.

Comparison of Services Available in 5-Star and Non–5-Star Patient Experience Hospitals

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Intern Med. 2019;179(10):1429-1430. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2019.1285

This survey study uses data from the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services, the American Hospital Association, and US News & World Report to compare services available in hospitals with and without 5-star patient experience summary ratings.

Understanding the Nature and Extent of Pharmaceutical Industry Payments to Nonphysician Clinicians

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Intern Med. 2019;179(10):1430-1432. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2019.1371

This case study analysis assesses the nature and extent of pharmaceutical industry payments to nonphysician clinicians in Australia and investigates the possible reasons for sponsorship.

Less Is More

Use of Directly Observed Therapy to Assess Treatment Adherence in Patients With Apparent Treatment-Resistant Hypertension

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Intern Med. 2019;179(10):1433-1434. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2019.1455

This cohort study evaluates the association of directly observed therapy with treatment adherencee in patients with apparent treatment-resistant hypertension.

Prevalence of Inappropriateness of Parenteral Vitamin B12 Administration in Ontario, Canada

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Intern Med. 2019;179(10):1434-1436. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2019.1859

This population-based cohort study evaluated how often intramuscular vitamin B12 was prescribed to Canadian elderly patients when not medically necessary.

Association of Mirabegron With the Risk of Arrhythmia in Adult Patients 66 Years or Older—A Population-Based Cohort Study

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Intern Med. 2019;179(10):1436-1439. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2019.2011

This population-based cohort study evaluates the risk of cardiac arrhythmia and other cardiovascular events in patients 66 years or older receiving the β3-adrenoceptor agonist mirabegron.

Challenges in Clinical Electrocardiography

Chest Pain and Electrocardiographic Changes in a Patient With a VVI Pacemaker

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Intern Med. 2019;179(10):1419-1421. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2019.3002

This case report describes a man in his 80s with a VVI pacemaker who presented with left pleuritic chest pain.

Electrocardiographic Progression of Cardiac Conduction Disease: When So Much Depends on a Fascicle

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Intern Med. 2019;179(10):1422-1423. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2019.3547

This case report describes the electrocardiographic characteristics of a trifascicular block.

Comment & Response

5α-Reductase Inhibitor Use in Patients With Prostate Cancer

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Intern Med. 2019;179(10):1439. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2019.3623

5α-Reductase Inhibitor Use in Patients With Prostate Cancer

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Intern Med. 2019;179(10):1440. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2019.3626

5α-Reductase Inhibitor Use in Patients With Prostate Cancer—Reply

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Intern Med. 2019;179(10):1440-1441. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2019.3620

Benefits of Targeted Use of 5α-Reductase Inhibitors in Patients With Prostate Cancer

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Intern Med. 2019;179(10):1441. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2019.3617

Benefits of Targeted Use of 5α-Reductase Inhibitors in Patients With Prostate Cancer—Reply

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Intern Med. 2019;179(10):1442. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2019.3890

State-Level Approaches to Expanding Pharmacists’ Authority to Dispense Naloxone May Affect Accessibility

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Intern Med. 2019;179(10):1442-1443. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2019.3653

State-Level Approaches to Expanding Pharmacists’ Authority to Dispense Naloxone May Affect Accessibility—Reply

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Intern Med. 2019;179(10):1443. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2019.3646

An Elderly Bias, Nocturia, and Adverse Effects of Sedative-Hypnotic Medication

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Intern Med. 2019;179(10):1443-1444. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2019.4024

An Elderly Bias, Nocturia, and Adverse Effects of Sedative-Hypnotic Medication

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Intern Med. 2019;179(10):1444. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2019.4593

An Elderly Bias, Nocturia, and Adverse Effects of Sedative-Hypnotic Medication—Reply

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Intern Med. 2019;179(10):1444-1445. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2019.4033

What If Miró’s Dots and Lines Are Not Simply Dots and Lines?

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Intern Med. 2019;179(10):1445-1446. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2019.4256

What If Miro’s Dots and Lines Are Not Simply Dots and Lines?—Reply

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Intern Med. 2019;179(10):1446. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2019.4266

Studies Making Use of the Same Randomized Clinical Trial Cohorts

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Intern Med. 2019;179(10):1446-1447. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2019.4621

Studies Making Use of the Same Randomized Clinical Trial Cohorts—Reply

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Intern Med. 2019;179(10):1447. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2019.4624
Correction

Pervasive Errors Due to Duplicate Trial Cohorts

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Intern Med. 2019;179(10):1448. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2019.5040

Error in Dates of Data Analysis in the Methods

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Intern Med. 2019;179(10):1448. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2019.3987

Incomplete Title

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Intern Med. 2019;179(10):1448. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2019.4883
JAMA Internal Medicine Masthead

JAMA Internal Medicine

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JAMA Intern Med. 2019;179(10):1312. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2018.5517
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