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In This Issue of JAMA Internal Medicine
March 2017


JAMA Intern Med. 2017;177(3):297-299. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2016.6134

Hohl and colleagues conducted a citywide population-based case-control study to determine alcohol-related and drug-related risk factors for becoming a firearm homicide victim at the individual, family, and neighborhood levels. Overall, 161 cases of adolescent homicide, including 157 firearm homicide cases, and 172 randomly selected matched controls, including 166 for firearm homicides, were included, and individual, family, and neighborhood exposures to drugs and alcohol were measured for each case. No significant relationship between adolescent drug or alcohol use at the time of the incident and firearm homicide was found; however, adolescents with a history of drug or alcohol use had increased odds of firearm homicide. McGinty and Webster provide an Invited Commentary.