[Skip to Content]
Access to paid content on this site is currently suspended due to excessive activity being detected from your IP address 18.207.255.49. Please contact the publisher to request reinstatement.
[Skip to Content Landing]
Original Investigation
January 23, 2006

Predictors and Prevalence of Erectile Dysfunction in a Racially Diverse Population

Author Affiliations

Author Affiliations: Departments of Urology, The David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA, Los Angeles, Calif (Dr Saigal), and University of Washington School of Medicine, Seattle (Dr Wessells); RAND Corporation, Santa Monica, Calif (Ms Pace and Dr Schonlau); and Minneapolis VA Center for Chronic Disease Outcomes Research, Minneapolis, Minn (Dr Wilt).

Arch Intern Med. 2006;166(2):207-212. doi:10.1001/archinte.166.2.207
Abstract

Background  To our knowledge, the burden of disease attributed to erectile dysfunction (ED) has not been adequately quantified across a complete spectrum of age and race using a global disease definition, as recommended by the National Institutes of Health consensus statement. To obtain a better understanding of the national estimates of prevalence and risk factors for ED, we analyzed data from the 2001-2002 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey.

Methods  The National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey collects data by household interview. The sample design is a stratified, multistage, probability sample of clusters of persons representing the civilian noninstitutionalized population. Data include medical histories in which specific queries are made regarding urological symptoms (including ED). These items were selected for analysis in 3566 men, 20 years and older.

Results  In men 20 years and older, ED affected almost 1 in 5 respondents. Hispanic men were more likely to report ED (odds ratio [OR], 1.89), after controlling for other factors. The prevalence of ED increased dramatically with advanced age; 77.5% of men 75 years and older were affected. In addition, there were several modifiable risk factors that were independently associated with ED, including diabetes mellitus (OR, 2.69), obesity (OR, 1.60), current smoking (OR, 1.74), and hypertension (OR, 1.56).

Conclusions  The burden of ED on the US population is significant. Hispanic men had an elevated risk for ED, a finding that requires confirmation in prospective studies. Obesity, hypertension, smoking, and diabetes mellitus are significantly associated with ED risk. Mitigation of these risk factors may ameliorate the burden of ED.

×