[Skip to Content]
[Skip to Content Landing]
Article
March 1914

A SKIN REACTION INDICATIVE OF IMMUNITY AGAINST TYPHOID FEVER: STUDIES IN TYPHOID IMMUNIZATION, III

Author Affiliations

BERKELEY, CAL.

From the Hearst Laboratory of Pathology and Bacteriology, and the Laboratory of Hygiene, University of California.

Arch Intern Med (Chic). 1914;XIII(3):471-479. doi:10.1001/archinte.1914.00070090124007
Abstract

It is generally accepted that the prophylactic immunization of human beings with living or dead preparations of the typhoid bacillus protects to a marked degree against typhoid fever. This protection is particularly demonstrable in segregated bodies like armies where immunized and non-immunized men are subjected to even chances of infection. In spite, however, of the convincing evidence of this protection by vaccination in the aggregate, we have as yet little evidence on the actual duration of any method of immunization, and no certainty as to security of an immunized individual. Firth,1 to be sure, on the basis of the scientifically assembled statistics from the British Army in India, has ventured the statement that anti-typhoid immunizations may be expected to protect absolutely for two and a half years, with further evidence that partial immunity is enjoyed for four or five years. It would aid enormously in estimating the

References
1.
Firth:  A Statistical Study of Anti-Enteric Inoculation ,  Jour. Royal Army Med. Corps , 1911, xvi, 589.
2.
Bloch and Creuze:  La sensibilisatrice dans le serum des subjets vaccinés contre la fièvre typhoïde ,  Compt. rend. Soc. de biol. , 1912, lxxiii, 603.
3.
Klien:  The Opsonins in Typhoid Immunity.  Bull. Johns Hopkins Hospital , 1907, xviii, 245.
4.
Moon:  Experimental Immunity in Relation to the Agglutination Reaction in Typhoid ,  Jour. Am. Med. Assn. , 1913, lx, 1764.Crossref
5.
Ardin-Delteil, Negre and Raynaud:  Réchérches cliniques et expérimentales sur la vaccinotherapie de la fièvre typhoïde par le virus sensibilisé de Besredska ,  Ann. de l'Inst. Pasteur , 1913, xxvii, 644.
6.
Maverick:  Typhoid Vaccination and the Widal Reaction ,  Jour. Am. Med. Assn. , 1912, lviii, 1672.Crossref
7.
Broughton-Alcock:  Vaccination for Typhoid by Living Sensibilized Typhoid Bacilli ,  Lancet, London , 1912, ii, 497.
8.
Ardin-Delteil, Negre and Raynaud:  Réchérches sur les reactions humorales des malades atteints de fièvre typhoïde traités par la vaccin de Besredka ,  Comp. rend. Soc. de biol. , 1913, v, lxxiv, 371
9.
Ardin-Delteil,  Sur la Vaccinotherapie de la fièvre typhoïde ,  Compt. rend. Acad. Sc. , 1912, clv, 1174.
10.
Garbat and Meyer:  Ueber Typhusheilserum ,  Ztschr. f. exper. Path. , 1910, viii, 1.Crossref
11.
Wolff-Eisner:  Die Opthalmo- und Cuti-diagnose der Tuberculose , Wurzburg, 1908.
12.
Link:  Ueber Hautreaktionen bei Impfungen mit abgetoteten Typhus, Paratyphosus B, and Koli-Kulturen ,  München. med. Wchnschr. , 1908, lv, 730.
13.
Deehan:  The Typhoid Cutaneous Reaction ,  Univ. Penn. Med. Bull. , 1909, xxii, 6.
14.
Floyd and Barker:  The Typhoid Cutaneous Reaction ,  Am. Jour. Med. Sc. , 1909, xxxviii, 188.Crossref
15.
Chauffard and Troisier:  Réproduction expérimentale des taches roseés lenticulaires. ,  Compt. rend. Soc. de biol. , 1909, lxvi, 519.
16.
Force:  The Skin Reaction After Cow-Pox Vaccination: a Possible Aid in Public Health Administration ,  Cal. State Jour. Med. , July, 1913
17.
Force Cal. State Jour. Med. 1913,  A Test for Immunity Against Cow-Pox Vaccination.  (In press.)
18.
Force:  Institutional Vaccination Against Typhoid Fever ,  Am. Jour. Pub. Health , 1913, iii, 750.Crossref
19.
Gay and Claypole:  The Archives Int. Med. , xiii, No. (1) .
×