Mafi and coauthors characterize the treatment of back pain from 1999 to 2010. See Invited Commentary by Casey.
In a randomized clinical trial, McGinn et al assess the influence of a customized evidence-based clinical decision support tool on the management of respiratory tract infections. The intervention group chose whether to complete risk score calculators, order medications, and generate progress notes at the point of care. See the Editor’s Note by Katz.
To examine whether echocardiographic screening in the general population improves long-term survival or reduces the risk of cardiovascular disease, Lindekleiv et al studied 6861 middle-aged participants from the population-based Tromsø Study in Norway, randomly allocated to a screening group or a control group. See the Invited Commentary by Michos and Abraham.
Matulevicius et al describe the proportion of transthoracic echocardiograms that affect clinical care in an academic medical center overall and in subgroups defined as appropriate and inappropriate by appropriate use criteria. See also the Invited Commentaries by Ioannidis and by Armstong and Eagle and the Editor’s Note by Redberg.
Nordström et al evaluate risk factors in late adolescence for the development of young-onset dementia later in life among a cohort of Swedish men. See also the invited commentary by Levine.
E. A. Wang and coauthors studied the risk for hospitalizations among former inmates soon after their release from correctional facilities.
Li and colleagues evaluate associations between use of various classes of antihypertensive medications and risks of invasive ductal and invasive lobular breast cancers among postmenopausal women. Coogan extends the discussion in her Invited Commentary.
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