This Viewpoint details how mass media, often overlooked as a medical tool, can be used to help prevent disease and save lives by communicating simple messages that nearly every patient needs to hear.
Results of this secondary analysis of the PREDIMED trial suggest a beneficial effect of a Mediterranean diet supplemented with extra-virgin olive oil in the primary prevention of breast cancer.
This cluster randomized trial studied the effectiveness of the Depression Medication Choice decision aid to help patients with moderate to severe depression and clinicians choose antidepressants together and found it improved the decision-making process and quality of care.
This randomized clinical trial aimed to determine if cognitive behavior therapy for depression and self-care in heart failure patients was effective and found that, relative to usual care, the intervention improved depression but not heart failure self-care.
This study investigated changes in colonoscopy-related spending and complications before and after institution of an insurer policy that forced cost sharing for use of higher-priced services.
This cohort study of hospitalized adults with suspected Clostridium difficile infection compared complications and deaths among those with positive vs negative polymerase chain reaction and toxin immunoassay test results.
This survey data–based study from the Health and Retirement Study and linked Medicare claims for participants who were hospitalized from 2009 to 2012 assessed the extent to which a comprehensive set of patient characteristics accounts for differences in hospital readmission rates.
This population-based study evaluates the effect of the Medicare Pioneer accountable care organization program on the use of what are considered to be low-value services.
This study of data pooled from 5 mammography registries found that computer-aided detection (CAD) does not improve diagnostic accuracy of mammography, and these results suggest that insurers pay more for CAD with no established benefit to women.
This nested case-control analysis of database records found that use of fluoroquinolones was associated with an increased risk of aortic aneurysm and dissection.
This case study serves as a reminder that the routine diagnostic tests for C difficile do not distinguish between active disease and colonization and that clinicians must consider, when appropriate, other potential causes of diarrhea, both infectious and noninfectious.
This case illustrates how unnecessary antibiotic use might cause life-threatening adverse events in the context of certain types of heart disease.
This Teachable Moment highlights the risk of polypharmacy in the treatment of neuropsychiatric symptoms, the complexity of prognostication in dementia, and the importance of a multifaceted approach to neuropsychiatric symptoms.
This Research Letter examines the costs and potential benefits of Medicare coverage of anesthesia services during screening colonoscopies for patients at low risk of sedation-related complications.
This pharmacoepidemiology study assessed medication adherence before and after implementation of narrow insurance networks within commercial drug plans.
In this single-center study of asymptomatic patients with atrial fibrillation, the yield for detecting ischemia with myocardial perfusion imaging was low and did not significantly increase with increasing clinical risk.
This randomized trial explores why press releases with neutral terms—and that routinely explain the limited evidence supporting accelerating approval—might help consumers make more accurate judgments about drugs with “breakthrough” designation.
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