This randomized clinical trial with 2 parallel groups finds that the use of a community-accessible mindfulness meditation program resulted in improvements in sleep quality at immediate postintervention, which was superior to a highly structured sleep hygiene education program. See the Invited Commentary by Spira.
This randomized clinical trial finds that use of the nicotine patch for 24 weeks is safe, although efficacy does not extend beyond that point.
This meta-analysis finds that multicomponent nonpharmacological delirium prevention interventions are effective in reducing delirium incidence and preventing falls, with a trend toward decreasing length of stay and avoiding institutionalization. See the Invited Commentary by Greysen.
Among older persons with critical illness, this prospective cohort study finds that more than half died within 1 month or experienced significant functional decline over the following year. See the Editor’s Note by Covinsky.
This multiracial/multiethnic observational study finds that frequent vasomotor symptoms lasted more than 7 years during the menopausal transition for more than half of the women and persisted for 4.5 years after the final menstrual period. See the Invited Commentary by Richard-Davis and Manson.
This prospective cohort study found that the frequency of sauna bathing is associated with a reduced risk of fatal cardiovascular and all-cause mortality events.
This multicenter survey study found that hospital-based clinicians perceive the most important barriers to goals of care discussions to be factors related to patients and family members.
This nationally representative cohort study of Medicare seniors shows that functional impairment is associated with increased risk of 30-day, all-cause hospital readmission. See also the invited commentary by Burke and Jha.
This cross-sectional analysis finds that significant departures from good clinical practice in clinical trials identified by the FDA are seldom reflected in the peer-reviewed literature, even when there is evidence of data fabrication or other forms of research misconduct.
This cohort study finds that low daytime systolic blood pressure was independently associated with a greater progression of cognitive decline in older patients with dementia and mild cognitive impairment among those treated with antihypertensive drugs. See the Invited Commentary by Sabayan and Westendorp.
This multistep, static, deterministic model that combined national population data finds that sequential steps along the HIV care continuum were associated with reduced HIV transmission rates. See the Invited Commentary by Giordano.
This dynamic cohort study suggests that increased implementation of the patient-centered medical home model has significantly greater potential to increase cancer screening in lower socioeconomic status settings.
This propensity score–adjusted cohort study finds that the risk of unintentional opioid overdose injury is related to the prescribed opioid’s duration of action. Accompanying editorial by Katz.
This longitudinal study found that human papillomavirus vaccination was not associated with increases in sexually transmitted infections.
This retrospective cohort study supports the use of antibiotic stewardship as a means of preventing Clostridium difficile infection.
Create a personal account or sign in to: