Marklund and coauthors test whether an adjustable, custom-made oral appliance improves daytime sleepiness and quality of life in 96 patients with daytime sleepiness and snoring or mild to moderate obstructive sleep apnea.
This systematic review assessed the quality of interdisciplinary team care interventions in general medical patients, and evidence suggests that these interventions have little effect on traditional measures of health care quality.
This computerized bibliographic search assesses the efficacy and safety of the sublingual tablets licensed as drugs in the treatment of patients with seasonal allergic rhinoconjunctivitis to grass pollen.
This population-based cohort study of the longitudinal incidence of type 2 diabetes mellitus finds varying associations of incident diagnoses with neighborhood resources for healthy food and physical activity and with social environment in a population of multiethnic noninstitutionalized adults.
This quasi-experimental study used difference-in-differences regression analyses to examine the effect of a variety of state policies on organ donation and transplantations in the United States for 2 decades.
This longitudinal open-cohort study of antibiotic use in nursing home residents found that residents of high-use homes are exposed to an increased risk of antibiotic-related harms even if they have not directly received antibiotics.
This autopsy study of all incident sudden cardiac deaths in San Francisco determines causes of death in individuals with cardiac implantable electronic devices over 35 months.
This analysis shows that the release of 2002 guidance on use of routine preoperative testing was associated with a reduced incidence of routine electrocardiogram but not of plain radiography, hematocrit, urinalysis, or cardiac stress testing.
This population epidemiology study uses medical claims data to assess associations between participation in a US medical home intervention and changes in quality and utilization of care.
This study describes the development and validation of a screening instrument for drug use disorders and negative consequences of drug use for use in primary care clinics.
This observational cohort study at 10 US hospitals examines change in urinary incontinence before and after bariatric surgery and identifies factors associated with improvement and remission among women and men in the first 3 years after bariatric surgery.
This systematic review summarizes the available published evidence on associations between patient survival and surrogate end points used in medical oncology trials and find the correlations to be generally low.
This cohort study uses The Health Improvement Network data to assess whether statin users show acute decline in memory compared with nonusers and compared with users of nonstatin lipid-lowering drugs.
This Invited Commentary discusses the effectiveness of state policies to encourage organ donation and transplantation in the United States.
This Editor’s Note discusses the use of a new brief screening instrument for drug use disorders that can be used in the primary care setting.
This Special Communication encourages the medical community to reduce new listings for heart transplants and reallocate resources to improve care for patients with advanced heart failure.
This retrospective cohort study measured trends in pulmonary function testing before noncardiothoracic surgery and assessed whether guidelines influence these trends.
This study reports that few computed tomographic examinations use an appropriately low dose of radiation among adults with suspected urolithiasis.
This study used the current American Heart Association guidelines to determine whether telemetry alarms affect patient management and found that, even with the alarms designated as emergency, there were few episodes of clinically important arrhythmias and change in patient management was uncommon.
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