This Viewpoint discusses strategies for prevent overprescribing of opioids while still effectively treating patients in chronic pain.
This Viewpoint addresses common challenges in the United States and England of increasing health care value by improving quality and discusses how governments have a central role in determining the public-private balance of their health systems.
This Viewpoint details how standardized and clearly worded pharmacy leaflets provided with prescription medications could communicate succinct information about the benefits and risks of medications and improve patient expectations, knowledge, and safety.
This Viewpoint emphasizes that nutrition researchers and professional societies need to recognize the influence of food-industry sponsorship, take steps to control its effects, and ensure that sponsored studies promote public health.
This trial of patients with uncomplicated respiratory infections randomizes participants to 1 of 4 antibiotic prescription strategies to determine whether delayed antibiotic strategies are associated with greater symptom burden and duration, as well as reduced antibiotic use.
This clinical trial examines the effect of 3 different presentations of benefits and harms on patients’ intentions to accept low-value or potentially low-value screening services.
This systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized clinical trials assesses the effects of nutritional support on outcomes of medical inpatients with malnutrition or at risk for malnutrition.
This cohort study of off-label use of prescription drugs assesses the risks for and prevalence of adverse drug events documented in the electronic health records of adults seeking medical treatment under a national health insurance system.
This decision-analytic model of treatment for hepatitis C virus genotype 1 assesses the cost-effectiveness of treating all patients with hepatitis C virus infection at all stages of fibrosis vs those with advanced fibrosis only in a US treatment-naive population sample.
This study tested the efficacy of preexposure prophylaxis for HIV and other sexually transmitted infections in a population of men who have sex with men and transgender women.
This review examines whether cardiorespiratory fitness in US young adults is associated with clinical outcomes and subclinical cardiovascular disease at a 25-year follow-up reassessment.
This cohort study evaluates the results of a lack of data on patients’ do-not-resuscitate status as part of mortality outcomes in assessment of a hospital’s quality.
This evidence summary reviews the comparative clinical effectiveness of proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin type 9 inhibitor for the treatment of adults with familial hypercholesterolemia or cardiovascular disease and who require additional lowering of low-density lipoprotein cholesterol levels.
This Teachable Moment describes the case of a man with metastatic masses in his brain who underwent surgery and died shortly thereafter and calls for more careful consideration of treatment options.
This case report uses the example of an older woman with paronychia to discuss judicious use of antibiotics for skin conditions in the outpatient setting.
Impacts of a Medical Directive for Urinary Catheter Removal by Nurses
This review of Medicare claims data assesses the effect of the Bundled Payment for Care Improvement model on rates of patient discharge to postacute care facilities.
This CMS database study suggests that hospitals that can reduce postdischarge spending may perform better on CMS’ new spending measure.
This systematic review of the literature describes patients with kidney disease who are underrepresented in trials of cardiovascular interventions.
This study reports that high computer use by clinicians in safety-net clinics was associated with lower patient satisfaction and observable communication differences.
This survey analysis using data from the National Inpatient Sample evaluates the use of pulmonary artery catheters in patients hospitalized for heart failure in the United States.
This Research Letter reports the long-term mortality and subtype-specific morbidity in young women surviving myocardial infarction or ischemic stroke.
This cohort study of the uConnect population-based sample of black men who have sex with men discusses the HIV prevention potential of a preexposure prophylaxis approved by the US Food and Drug Administration in 2012.
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