This Viewpoint discusses the changes occurring in the redesign of the health care system, physician education, and expectations for institutions to educate residents about burnout.
This randomized clinical trial compared the effects of 3 doses of monthly vitamin D on lower extremity function in community dwelling adults age 70 and older who had previously fallen.
This randomized clinical trial evaluates the effect of mailing nicotine patches without behavioral support on smoking cessation rates.
This randomized clinical trial evaluates the effectiveness of a standardized patient–based intervention designed to enhance primary care physician patient-centeredness and skill in handling patient requests for low-value diagnostic tests.
This systematic review and meta-analysis assesses randomized clinical trials that have evaluated interventions to prevent episodes of low back pain.
This Swedish national cohort study evaluates the interactive effects of body mass index and physical fitness on the risk of hypertension.
This analysis examines whether asymptomatic bradycardia in patients without cardiovascular disease is associated with a lower cardiovascular risk profile, less subclinical atherosclerosis, and decreased incident CVD and mortality.
This qualitative analysis using electronic medical records from the Department of Veterans Affairs examines the factors influencing the timing of initiation of dialysis in clinical practice.
This population-based cohort study quantifies the association between proton pump inhibitor use and incident chronic kidney disease among participants in the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities study.
This article summarizes an evidence report for the California Technology Assessment Forum about the comparative effectiveness and value of surgical, device, and new drug vs lifestyle, diet, and existing drug treatment of obesity.
This evidence review examines whether the sacubitril-valsartan benefits seen in a trial persist over many years, its cost-effectiveness, and its budgetary impact on the health care system.
The case of a patient with gout described in this Teachable Moment demonstrates the importance of clinical reasoning and current care delivery systems when treating patients suspected of having crystal arthropathy.
This observational study analyzes the incidence of needlestick and sharps injuries reported by medical residents between January 2000 and June 2014 trained at a US hospital.
This study examines resident behavior on an inpatient general medicine service to describe how trainees use the electronic health record to balance education and patient care.
This cross-sectional study surveys medical students in 8 Southern public medical schools about Medicaid eligibility in their states.
This report compares the follow-up rates for major oral antithrombotic trials as calculated by the US Food and Drug Administration vs published rates and analyzes drug discontinuation rates as a possible contributory cause of incomplete follow-up.
This study shows that contrary to the California Worker’s Compensation data showing a small subset of prescribers accounting for a disproportionately large percentage of opioid prescribing, Medicare opioid prescribing is distributed across many different types of prescribers and specialities.
This study sought to quantify how frequently attending physicians lead discussion of the 5 American College of Physicians test-ordering principles during teaching rounds.
In this survey study, the authors examine timing for end-of-life discussions for patients with hematologic cancers.
This study compares actual myocardial perfusion imaging practice and radiation doses in US and non-US laboratories and identifies opportunities to improve radiation doses in the United States.
This study estimates current rates of stress-only imaging in cardiology patients in the United States and worldwide, as well as the potential effect of changes in this rate on the radiation burden to the US population.
This study examines the trends in the use of computed tomography in patients who present to emergency departments with respiratory symptoms.
This study uses New York Statewide Planning and Research Cooperative System data to determine the extent of use of vaginal mesh in pelvic organ prolapse after the most recent FDA warning.