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August 2019 - January 1908

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Issue

February 2019, Vol 179, No. 2, Pages 133-280

In This Issue of JAMA Internal Medicine

Highlights

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Intern Med. 2019;179(2):133-135. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2018.5476
Viewpoint

A Global Public Health Victory for Tobacco Plain-Packaging Laws in Australia

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Intern Med. 2019;179(2):137-138. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2018.6480

This Viewpoint discusses the legal and public health ramifications of an Australian law mandating the sale of tobacco in plain packaging only.

Precision Medicine and Advancing Clinical Care: Insights From Iceland

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Intern Med. 2019;179(2):139-140. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2018.6729

This Viewpoint examines how data from an Icelandic large-scale genotyping and sequencing initiative can enhance understanding of basic molecular pathways to advance precision medicine.

Perspective

Long-term Physician-Patient Relationships—Persevering in a Practice

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Intern Med. 2019;179(2):141-142. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2018.6735

This article describes the benefits of maintaining a long-term physician-patient relationship rather than the trend toward more temporary relationships.

Original Investigation

Association of Opioid Prescriptions From Dental Clinicians for US Adolescents and Young Adults With Subsequent Opioid Use and Abuse

Abstract Full Text
has active quiz
JAMA Intern Med. 2019;179(2):145-152. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2018.5419

This cohort study using the Optum Research Database examines whether opioid prescriptions provided by dental clinicians for pain management of third molar extractions to opioid-naive US adolescents and young adults was associated with subsequent opioid use and abuse.

Editorial

Why Is Nonadherence to Cancer Screening Associated With Increased Mortality?

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Intern Med. 2019;179(2):143-144. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2018.6813

Long-term Risk of Colorectal Cancer and Related Deaths After a Colonoscopy With Normal Findings

Abstract Full Text
has active quiz
JAMA Intern Med. 2019;179(2):153-160. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2018.5565

This population-based study examines the risks of and deaths associated with colorectal cancer after a 12-year follow-up period for persons who underwent colonoscopy vs those who did not.

Health Care Utilization and Cost Outcomes of a Comprehensive Dementia Care Program for Medicare Beneficiaries

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Intern Med. 2019;179(2):161-166. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2018.5579

This case-control study compares health care utilization and costs in patients participating in a dementia care program with patients in a propensity score–matched cohort.

Efficacy of Mobile Phone–Delivered Smoking Cessation Interventions for Socioeconomically Disadvantaged Individuals: A Randomized Clinical Trial

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Intern Med. 2019;179(2):167-174. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2018.5713

This randomized clinical trial assesses the efficacy of mobile phone–delivered cessation interventions targeted to current cigarette smokers at neighborhood sites serving racial/ethnic minority and socioeconomically disadvantaged individuals.

Association of Scheduled vs Emergency-Only Dialysis With Health Outcomes and Costs in Undocumented Immigrants With End-stage Renal Disease

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Intern Med. 2019;179(2):175-183. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2018.5866

This observational study compares health outcomes, utilization, and costs associated with scheduled vs emergency-only dialysis in undocumented immigrants with end-stage renal disease.

Association of Parenteral Anticoagulation Therapy With Outcomes in Chinese Patients Undergoing Percutaneous Coronary Intervention for Non–ST-Segment Elevation Acute Coronary Syndrome

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Intern Med. 2019;179(2):186-195. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2018.5953

This multicenter cohort study investigates the use of parenteral anticoagulation therapy and its association with in-hospital all-cause death and major bleeding among Chinese patients with non–ST-segment elevation acute coronary syndrome undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention.

Association of Nonadherence to Cancer Screening Examinations With Mortality From Unrelated Causes: A Secondary Analysis of the PLCO Cancer Screening Trial

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Intern Med. 2019;179(2):196-203. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2018.5982

This secondary analysis of the Prostate, Lung, Colorectal and Ovarian (PLCO) Cancer Screening trial evaluates the association between nonadherence to cancer screening tests and mortality, excluding mortality from cancers studied in the trial.

Effect of a Biobehavioral Environmental Approach on Disability Among Low-Income Older Adults: A Randomized Clinical Trial

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Intern Med. 2019;179(2):204-211. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2018.6026

This randomized clinical trial evaluates a patient-driven, home-based program to reduce disability for older adults with functional disabilities.

Association of Corticosteroid Treatment With Outcomes in Adult Patients With Sepsis: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Intern Med. 2019;179(2):213-223. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2018.5849

This systematic review and meta-analysis examines the efficacy and safety of corticosteroids in patients with sepsis.

Assessment of Use of Combined Dextromethorphan and Quinidine in Patients With Dementia or Parkinson Disease After US Food and Drug Administration Approval for Pseudobulbar Affect

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Intern Med. 2019;179(2):224-230. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2018.6112

This population-based cohort study investigates the prescribing patterns for combined dextromethorphan hydrobromide and quinidine sulfate after regulatory approval for treatment of pseudobulbar affect in patients with dementia and/or Parkinson disease.

Invited Commentary

Providing Comprehensive Health Care for Undocumented People in the United States

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Intern Med. 2019;179(2):183-185. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2018.5847

Home Modifications to Reduce Disability in Older Adults With Functional Disability

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Intern Med. 2019;179(2):211-212. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2018.6414

Gaming, Upcoding, Fraud, and the Stubborn Persistence of Unstable Angina

Abstract Full Text
has audio
JAMA Intern Med. 2019;179(2):261-263. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2018.5967

Preparing Surrogates for Complex Decision Making: The Often Neglected Piece of the Advance Care Planning Equation

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Intern Med. 2019;179(2):268-269. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2018.5280
Editor's Note

Less Is More

Anticoagulation Therapy in Non–ST-Segment Elevation Acute Coronary Syndrome

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Intern Med. 2019;179(2):195. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2018.5946
Special Communication

Less Is More

2018 Update on Medical Overuse

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Intern Med. 2019;179(2):240-246. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2018.5748

This Special Communication, the fifth annual update on medical overuse, discusses 10 studies published in 2017 that are most relevant to understanding medical overuse in adults.

Review

Assessment of Instruments for Measurement of Delirium Severity: A Systematic Review

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Intern Med. 2019;179(2):231-239. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2018.6975

This systematic review summarizes the criteria and methodology used to identify high-quality delirium severity instruments.

Teachable Moment

Sharing Medicine

Nitroimidazole Resistance in Trichomonas vaginalis Infection: A Teachable Moment

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Intern Med. 2019;179(2):247-248. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2018.7241

This Teachable Moment describes a previously healthy woman with persistent Trichomonas vaginalis infection that was resistant to drug treatment.

Research Letter

Less Is More

Association of Inferior Vena Cava Filter Use With Mortality Rates in Older Adults With Acute Pulmonary Embolism

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Intern Med. 2019;179(2):263-265. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2018.5287

This study uses 3 distinct statistical approaches to examine the association between use of inferior vena cava filters and mortality rates in Medicare fee-for-service beneficiaries with pulmonary embolism.

Challenges in Clinical Electrocardiography

Electrocardiographic Harbingers of Ventricular Tachycardia Arrest—A Moment of Pause

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Intern Med. 2019;179(2):249-251. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2018.6220

This case report describes the electrocardiographic indications and challenges involved in the diagnosis of pause-dependent torsades de pointes ventricular tachycardia.

Diagnosing an Acutely Breathless Patient: Can Electrocardiography Provide the Answer?

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Intern Med. 2019;179(2):252-253. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2018.6485

This report of a case describes a man in his 70s with type 2 diabetes, hypertension, and hyperlipidemia who presented to the emergency department with 4 days of progressive dizziness, shortness of breath, and chest pain on exertion.

Bundle Branch Block Site in a Patient With a Right-Lying Heart and Wide QRS Complex

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Intern Med. 2019;179(2):254-256. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2018.6709

This case report presents the electrocardiographic findings in a woman with dextroversion.

Internet Searches for Sexual Harassment and Assault, Reporting, and Training Since the #MeToo Movement

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Intern Med. 2019;179(2):258-259. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2018.5094

This study analyzes US internet search numbers to evaluate changes in searches for sexual harassment and assault, reporting, and training since the #MeToo movement.

Temporal Trends in Unstable Angina Diagnosis Codes for Outpatient Percutaneous Coronary Interventions

Abstract Full Text
has audio
JAMA Intern Med. 2019;179(2):259-261. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2018.5124

This study examines the appropriate use of percutaneous coronary interventions in New York, Michigan, and Florida using Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project state databases.

Evaluation of Causes of Protected Health Information Breaches

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Intern Med. 2019;179(2):265-267. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2018.5295

This study evaluates the internal and external sources of and preventive steps for data breaches in health care organizations from 2009 to 2017.

Assessment of Surrogates’ Knowledge of Patients’ Treatment Goals and Confidence in Their Ability to Make Surrogate Treatment Decisions

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Intern Med. 2019;179(2):267-268. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2018.5299

This study uses telephone interviews of patients and their surrogates to evaluate surrogates’ knowledge of patients’ treatment goals and confidence in their ability to make patients’ treatment decisions.

Less Is More

Assessment of Self-monitoring of Blood Glucose in Individuals With Type 2 Diabetes Not Using Insulin

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Intern Med. 2019;179(2):269-272. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2018.5700

This database analysis quantifies the rate of use and cost of self-monitoring blood glucose supplies that are potentially used inappropriately, specifically focusing on test strips.

Media Coverage of the Benefits and Harms of the 2017 Expanded Definition of High Blood Pressure

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Intern Med. 2019;179(2):272-273. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2018.6201

This study examines the media coverage of the expanded definition of hypertension associated with the new guidelines from the American College of Cardiology and the American Heart Association.

Comment & Response

Ambiguities in Comfort Care Discussions

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Intern Med. 2019;179(2):273-274. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2018.7489

Ambiguities in Comfort Care Discussions—Reply

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Intern Med. 2019;179(2):274-275. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2018.7486

Limitations in the Methodology Assessing Blood Pressure and the Need for Strict Exclusion Criteria

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Intern Med. 2019;179(2):275. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2018.7495

Limitations in the Methodology Assessing Blood Pressure and the Need for Strict Exclusion Criteria—Reply

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Intern Med. 2019;179(2):275-276. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2018.7483

Probiotic Safety—Reasonable Certainty of No Harm

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Intern Med. 2019;179(2):276. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2018.7498

Probiotic Safety—Reasonable Certainty of No Harm—Reply

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Intern Med. 2019;179(2):276-277. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2018.7492

Women and Children First: Promoting Empowerment Through Resistance Education

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Intern Med. 2019;179(2):277-278. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2018.7837

Women and Children First: Promoting Empowerment Through Resistance Education—Reply

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Intern Med. 2019;179(2):278-279. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2018.7813

Patients as Perpetrators of Physician Sexual Harassment

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Intern Med. 2019;179(2):279. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2018.7974

Physician Work Environment and Well-Being

Patients as Perpetrators of Physician Sexual Harassment—Reply

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Intern Med. 2019;179(2):279-280. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2018.8016
Correction

Errors in the Figure 1 Caption, Table 1, and Supplement

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Intern Med. 2019;179(2):280. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2019.0057
JAMA Internal Medicine Masthead

JAMA Internal Medicine

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Intern Med. 2019;179(2):136. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2018.5477
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