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January 2020 - January 1908

Decade

Year

Issue

January 2020, Vol 180, No. 1, Pages 4-172

In This Issue of JAMA Internal Medicine

Highlights

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Intern Med. 2020;180(1):No Pagination Specified. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2019.4346
Viewpoint

Health Care Policy and Law

Facilitating Methadone Use in Hospitals and Skilled Nursing Facilities

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Intern Med. 2020;180(1):7-8. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2019.5731

This Viewpoint proposes updating federal regulations to conform to evidence-based practices in the management of opioid use disorder.

Perspective

Lessons From Improv Comedy to Reduce Health Disparities

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Intern Med. 2020;180(1):5-6. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2019.5930

This article presents 4 lessons derived from improvisational and standup comedy that the author believes will improve clinical care and reduce health disparities among marginalized populations.

Original Investigation

Association of a Workplace Sales Ban on Sugar-Sweetened Beverages With Employee Consumption of Sugar-Sweetened Beverages and Health

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Intern Med. 2020;180(1):9-16. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2019.4434

This before-after study and additional randomized trial evaluates whether a workplace ban on sugar-sweetened beverage sales was associated with sugar-sweetened beverage intake and cardiometabolic health among employees and whether a brief motivational intervention provides added benefits to the sales ban.

Effect of the Tailored, Family-Involved Hospital Elder Life Program on Postoperative Delirium and Function in Older Adults: A Randomized Clinical Trial

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Intern Med. 2020;180(1):17-25. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2019.4446

This randomized clinical trial evaluates the effectiveness of a delirium prevention intervention incorporating family and caregiver participation for reducing postoperative delirium and functional decline in older patients in China.

Health Care Policy and Law

Effect on Treatment Adherence of Distributing Essential Medicines at No Charge: The CLEAN Meds Randomized Clinical Trial

Abstract Full Text
open access
JAMA Intern Med. 2020;180(1):27-34. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2019.4472

This randomized clinical trial examines whether providing essential medicines at no charge to outpatients who reported not being able to afford medicines improves treatment adherence.

Firearm Violence

Association of Prior Convictions for Driving Under the Influence With Risk of Subsequent Arrest for Violent Crimes Among Handgun Purchasers

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Intern Med. 2020;180(1):35-43. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2019.4491

This longitudinal cohort study investigates whether prior convictions for driving under the influence are associated with the risk of subsequent arrests for a violent crime among handgun purchasers in California aged 21 to 49 years at the time of purchase in 2001.

Effect of Depression Screening After Acute Coronary Syndromes on Quality of Life: The CODIACS-QoL Randomized Clinical Trial

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Intern Med. 2020;180(1):45-53. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2019.4518

This randomized clinical trial examines whether systematically screening for depression in survivors of acute coronary syndromes improves quality of life and depression compared with usual care.

Association Between Pregnancy Outcomes and Radioactive Iodine Treatment After Thyroidectomy Among Women With Thyroid Cancer

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Intern Med. 2020;180(1):54-61. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2019.4644

This population-based cohort study uses the Health Insurance Review and Assessment database of South Korea to examine the association between adverse pregnancy outcomes and radioactive iodine treatment after thyroidectomy among South Korean women of childbearing age with thyroid cancer.

Health Care Policy and Law

Association Between Treatment by Fraud and Abuse Perpetrators and Health Outcomes Among Medicare Beneficiaries

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Intern Med. 2020;180(1):62-69. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2019.4771

This cross-sectional study based on Medicare claims data analyzes emergency hospitalization and mortality rates among patients who received health care services from health care professionals later dropped by Medicare for fraud and abuse violations.

Comparison of Group Medical Visits Combined With Intensive Weight Management vs Group Medical Visits Alone for Glycemia in Patients With Type 2 Diabetes: A Noninferiority Randomized Clinical Trial

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Intern Med. 2020;180(1):70-79. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2019.4802

This randomized clinical trial compares the effect of intensive weight management combined with group medical visits vs group medical visits alone on glycemia in patients with type 2 diabetes.

Trends in Mortality for Medicare Beneficiaries Treated in the Emergency Department From 2009 to 2016

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Intern Med. 2020;180(1):80-88. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2019.4866

This cross-sectional study examines trends in 30-day mortality rates associated with care in the emergency department among Medicare beneficiaries aged 65 years or older.

Mind-Body Therapies for Opioid-Treated Pain: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis

Abstract Full Text
has active quiz
JAMA Intern Med. 2020;180(1):91-105. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2019.4917

This systematic review and meta-analysis evaluates whether mind-body therapies are associated with pain reduction and opioid-related outcome improvement in adults using opioids for pain.

Association of Long-term Ambient Ozone Exposure With Respiratory Morbidity in Smokers

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Intern Med. 2020;180(1):106-115. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2019.5498

This cohort study analyzes ozone exposure levels, smoking history, self-reported respiratory outcomes, and other demographic and clinical data of participants in the Air Pollution Study of the Subpopulations and Intermediate Outcome Measures In COPD Study.

Effect of Internet-Distributed HIV Self-tests on HIV Diagnosis and Behavioral Outcomes in Men Who Have Sex With Men: A Randomized Clinical Trial

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Intern Med. 2020;180(1):117-125. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2019.5222

This randomized clinical trial evaluates the effect of providing HIV self-tests on frequency of testing, diagnoses of HIV infection, and sexual risk behaviors among men who have sex with men.

Invited Commentary

Including the Family in Perioperative Care of Older Adults—A Call for HELP

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Intern Med. 2020;180(1):25-26. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2019.4202

Firearm Violence

Reducing Gun Violence Using Alcohol-Related Convictions: “Never Use Alcohol, Over-the-Counter Drugs, or Prescription Drugs Before or While Shooting”

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Intern Med. 2020;180(1):43-44. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2019.4498

Reflections on Mortality and Uncertainty in Emergency Medicine

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Intern Med. 2020;180(1):88-90. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2019.4858

Shining New Light on Long-term Ozone Harms

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Intern Med. 2020;180(1):115-116. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2019.5967

Antimicrobial Drug Development Efficiency and Surrogate Markers of Clinical Benefit

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Intern Med. 2020;180(1):138-139. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2019.5441
Editor's Note

The Human Costs of Medicare Fraud and Abuse

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Intern Med. 2020;180(1):69. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2019.5004

Ending the HIV Epidemic in the United States—The Roles of Increased Testing and Preexposure Prophylaxis

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Intern Med. 2020;180(1):130. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2019.5442
Special Communication

HIV Preexposure Prophylaxis—The Role of Primary Care Clinicians in Ending the HIV Epidemic

Abstract Full Text
has active quiz
JAMA Intern Med. 2020;180(1):126-130. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2019.5456

This Special Communication describes how primary care clinicians must play a central role in implementing widespread use of preexposure prophylaxis for those at high risk to address the spread of HIV.

Review

US Food and Drug Administration Recommendations on the Use of Surrogate Measures as End Points in New Anti-infective Drug Approvals

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Intern Med. 2020;180(1):131-138. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2019.5451

This systematic review examines FDA recommendations for primary end points in pivotal trials of new anti-infective drugs and assesses the concordance of those recommendations with the regulatory and scientific conditions for the appropriate use of surrogate measures as primary trial outcomes.

Research Letter

Assessment of Subspecialty Choices of Men and Women in Internal Medicine From 1991 to 2016

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Intern Med. 2020;180(1):140-141. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2019.3833

This case series examines the percentage of women residencies and fellowships in 9 internal medicine medical subspecialties from 1991 to 2016.

Trends in Aggregate Use and Associated Expenditures of Antihyperglycemic Therapies Among US Medicare Beneficiaries Between 2012 and 2017

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Intern Med. 2020;180(1):141-144. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2019.3884

This study examines trends in aggregate use and expenditures for diabetes mellitus therapies among US Medicare Part D beneficiaries.

Risk Factors Associated With Food Insecurity in the Medicare Population

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Intern Med. 2020;180(1):144-147. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2019.3900

This analysis of survey data presents national estimates of food insecurity prevalence within the Medicare population.

Miscategorization of Deaths in the US Food and Drug Administration Adverse Events Database

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Intern Med. 2020;180(1):147-148. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2019.4030

This database study assesses the misclassification of death reports for 2 medical devices within the US Food and Drug Administration’s Manufacturer and User Facility Device Experience database.

Health Care Policy and Law

Changes and Variation in Medicare Graduate Medical Education Payments

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Intern Med. 2020;180(1):148-150. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2019.4429

This study examines the growth of Medicare graduate medical education payments per resident full-time equivalent, variation in payment rates between hospitals, and potential savings from capping these payments.

Physician Work Environment and Well-Being

Patterns of Work-Related Burnout in Physician-Scientists Receiving Career Development Awards From the National Institutes of Health

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Intern Med. 2020;180(1):150-153. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2019.4317

This survey study examines the patterns of work-related burnout in physician-scientists.

Physician Work Environment and Well-Being

Implementation of Federal Dependent Care Policies for Physician-Scientists at Leading US Medical Schools

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Intern Med. 2020;180(1):153-157. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2019.4611

This survey study explores whether leading US medical schools have policies about dependent care travel costs.

Assessment of Pharmacy Closures in the United States From 2009 Through 2015

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Intern Med. 2020;180(1):157-160. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2019.4588

This quality improvement study examines trends in pharmacy closures in the United States between 2009 and 2015, as well as pharmacy, community, and market factors that might be associated with such closures.

Comment & Response

More Explorations Needed on Association of Electronic Cigarette Use and Smoking Reduction

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Intern Med. 2020;180(1):160. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2019.5272

More Explorations Needed on Association of Electronic Cigarette Use and Smoking Reduction—Reply

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Intern Med. 2020;180(1):160-161. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2019.5275

Disclose and Manage Conflicts of Interest at Cancer Centers

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Intern Med. 2020;180(1):161. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2019.5542

Disclose and Manage Conflicts of Interest at Cancer Centers—Reply

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Intern Med. 2020;180(1):161-162. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2019.5547

Clinical Significance and Outcomes in Trial of Nabiximols for Treatment of Cannabis Dependence

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Intern Med. 2020;180(1):162-163. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2019.5664

Clinical Significance and Outcomes in Trial of Nabiximols for Treatment of Cannabis Dependence

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Intern Med. 2020;180(1):163. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2019.5667

Clinical Significance and Outcomes in Trial of Nabiximols for Treatment of Cannabis Dependence—Reply

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Intern Med. 2020;180(1):163-164. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2019.5670

Highlighting the Need for Action Regarding Persistent Sex Bias in Research

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Intern Med. 2020;180(1):164-165. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2019.5673

Highlighting the Need for Action Regarding Persistent Sex Bias in Research—Reply

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Intern Med. 2020;180(1):165. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2019.5676

Stress Testing and Risk Prediction in People With Known Symptomatic Multivessel Coronary Artery Disease

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Intern Med. 2020;180(1):165-166. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2019.5854

Stress Testing and Risk Prediction in People With Known Symptomatic Multivessel Coronary Artery Disease—Reply

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Intern Med. 2020;180(1):166-167. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2019.5857
Correction

Incomplete and Incorrect Information in Author Affiliations

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Intern Med. 2020;180(1):167. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2019.6286

Typographical Errors in Text and Figure

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Intern Med. 2020;180(1):167. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2019.6508
JAMA Internal Medicine Patient Page

Advance Care Planning—What Should I Know?

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Intern Med. 2020;180(1):172. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2019.0005

This Patient Page describes advance care planning and the decision-making surrounding it.

JAMA Internal Medicine Masthead

JAMA Internal Medicine

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Intern Med. 2020;180(1):4. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2019.4347
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