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April 2020 - January 1908

Decade

Year

Issue

April 2020, Vol 180, No. 4, Pages 480-624

Perspective

Physician Work Environment and Well-Being

The Mental Health Hazards of Reading About Physician Suicide

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Intern Med. 2020;180(4):481-482. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2019.6520

This Perspective highlights the issue of physician suicide and how to potentially address it.

Original Investigation

Association of Default Electronic Medical Record Settings With Health Care Professional Patterns of Opioid Prescribing in Emergency Departments: A Randomized Quality Improvement Study

Abstract Full Text
has active quiz
JAMA Intern Med. 2020;180(4):487-493. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2019.6544

This quality improvement study assesses whether and to what extent changes in the default settings in the electronic medical record (EMR) are associated with the quantity of opioids prescribed for patients discharged from emergency departments (EDs).

Implications of Abnormal Exercise Electrocardiography With Normal Stress Echocardiography

Abstract Full Text
has active quiz
JAMA Intern Med. 2020;180(4):494-502. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2019.6958

This cohort study examines the outcomes of patients who have positive exercise electrocardiographic results but normal stress echocardiographic imaging findings.

Associations of Processed Meat, Unprocessed Red Meat, Poultry, or Fish Intake With Incident Cardiovascular Disease and All-Cause Mortality

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Intern Med. 2020;180(4):503-512. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2019.6969

This cohort study assesses whether consuming processed meat, unprocessed red meat, poultry, or fish is associated with incident cardiovascular disease and all-cause mortality among US adults participating in 6 long-term cohort studies.

Association of Low-Carbohydrate and Low-Fat Diets With Mortality Among US Adults

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Intern Med. 2020;180(4):513-523. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2019.6980

This cohort study investigates the associations of low-carbohydrate and low-fat diets with total and cause-specific mortality among US adults.

Less Is More

Comparison of Payment Changes and Choosing Wisely Recommendations for Use of Low-Value Laboratory Tests in the United States and Canada

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Intern Med. 2020;180(4):524-531. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2019.7143

This cross-sectional study uses rates of vitamin D and triiodothyronine level testing to examine the association of recent policies, recommendations, and systems of care with changes in the use of low-value services at regional and national levels in Canada and the United States.

Effect of No Prehydration vs Sodium Bicarbonate Prehydration Prior to Contrast-Enhanced Computed Tomography in the Prevention of Postcontrast Acute Kidney Injury in Adults With Chronic Kidney Disease: The Kompas Randomized Clinical Trial

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Intern Med. 2020;180(4):533-541. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2019.7428

This noninferiority randomized clinical trial assesses the renal safety of prophylactic prehydration vs no prehydration prior to administration of iodine-based contrast media in patients with stage 3 chronic kidney disease.

Comparison of Cardiovascular and Safety Outcomes of Chlorthalidone vs Hydrochlorothiazide to Treat Hypertension

Abstract Full Text
open access
JAMA Intern Med. 2020;180(4):542-551. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2019.7454

This cohort study compares cardiovascular and safety outcomes of chlorthalidone and hydrochlorothiazide as first-line therapies for adults with hypertension.

Empirical Anti-MRSA vs Standard Antibiotic Therapy and Risk of 30-Day Mortality in Patients Hospitalized for Pneumonia

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Intern Med. 2020;180(4):552-560. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2019.7495

This cohort study compares 30-day mortality among adult patients hospitalized for pneumonia receiving empirical anti–methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) therapy vs standard empirical antibiotic regimens.

Evaluation of the Association Between Gastric Acid Suppression and Risk of Intestinal Colonization With Multidrug-Resistant Microorganisms: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis

Abstract Full Text
open access has audio
JAMA Intern Med. 2020;180(4):561-571. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2020.0009

This systematic review and meta-analysis examines the association of use of gastric acid suppressants with the risk of colonization with multidrug-resistant microorganisms (MDROs).

Editorial

Evidence Still Lacking for Recommendation of Screening for Cognitive Impairment in Older Adults

Abstract Full Text
has audio
JAMA Intern Med. 2020;180(4):483-484. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2019.7522

Overuse of Broad-Spectrum Antibiotics for Pneumonia

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Intern Med. 2020;180(4):485-486. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2019.7251
Invited Commentary

Less Is More

Deprescribing Proton Pump Inhibitors: Overcoming Resistance

Abstract Full Text
has audio
JAMA Intern Med. 2020;180(4):571-573. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2020.0040

The Cost of Pharmaceutical Company Detailing Visits and Medication Samples

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Intern Med. 2020;180(4):595-596. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2019.6761

Decreasing Medicare Spending on Prescription Drugs

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Intern Med. 2020;180(4):601. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2019.7064
Editor's Note

A Successful but Underused Strategy for Reducing Low-Value Care: Stop Paying for It

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Intern Med. 2020;180(4):532. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2019.7142

Less Is More

First Physical, Reprised

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Intern Med. 2020;180(4):589. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2019.6612

Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program—Do Not Take the Food Out of Patients’ Mouths

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Intern Med. 2020;180(4):605-606. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2019.7151
Review

Clinical Advances in Sex- and Gender-Informed Medicine to Improve the Health of All: A Review

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Intern Med. 2020;180(4):574-583. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2019.7194

This narrative review discusses biological and social factors associated with sex- and gender-based differences in health, health care, and disease to provide a guide for clinicians practicing precision medicine.

Research Letter

Less Is More

Assessment of Cardiovascular Diagnostic Tests and Procedures Offered in Executive Screening Programs at Top-Ranked Cardiology Hospitals

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Intern Med. 2020;180(4):586-589. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2019.6607

This survey study of hospital administrators assesses the cardiovascular examinations included in the executive health screening programs offered by the top hospitals for cardiology and heart surgery as ranked by US News & World Report.

Physician Work Environment and Well-Being

Assessment of Paid Childbearing and Family Leave Policies for Administrative Staff at Top US Medical Schools

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Intern Med. 2020;180(4):589-592. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2019.6653

This quality improvement study reviews the human resources policies for childbearing and family leave for administrative staff at 12 leading US medical schools.

A National Survey of the Frequency of Drug Company Detailing Visits and Free Sample Closets in Practices Delivering Primary Care

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Intern Med. 2020;180(4):592-595. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2019.6770

This study describes the number and type of clinical offices receiving detailing visits and free drug samples from pharmaceutical companies.

Community-Based Hemoglobin A1C Testing in Barbershops to Identify Black Men With Undiagnosed Diabetes

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Intern Med. 2020;180(4):596-597. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2019.6867

This cross-sectional study evaluates the use of hemoglobin A1c testing at barbershops owned by black individuals for timely diagnosis of diabetes among black men and suggests appropriate methods for care.

Estimation of Medicare Part D Spending on Insulin for Patients With Diabetes Using Negotiated Prices and a Defined Formulary

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Intern Med. 2020;180(4):597-601. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2019.7018

This economic evaluation estimates insulin savings that would result if Medicare Part D used US Department of Veterans Affairs–negotiated prices and the Veterans Affairs formulary for patients with diabetes.

HIV Antiretroviral Therapy Costs in the United States, 2012-2018

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Intern Med. 2020;180(4):601-603. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2019.7108

This study characterizes the costs of recommended initial HIV antiretroviral therapy regimens in the United States from 2012 to 2018 and the magnitude of cost changes over time.

Socioeconomic and Health Characteristics of Families at Risk for Losing Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program Benefits

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Intern Med. 2020;180(4):604-605. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2019.7152

This cross-sectional study compares the health, nutritional, and financial vulnerabilities of families at risk for losing extended categorical eligibility for the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) with those of families meeting federal eligibility standards.

Charity Care Provision by US Nonprofit Hospitals

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Intern Med. 2020;180(4):606-607. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2019.7415

This ecenomic evaluation study analyzes the share of overall net income and charity care for hospitals based on overall net income in 2017.

Health Care Policy and Law

Analysis of Unregulated Sale of Lifesaving Prescription Drugs Online in the United States

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Intern Med. 2020;180(4):607-609. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2019.7514

This cross-sectional analysis examines the prevalence of unregulated resale of insulin, albuterol, and epipenephrin online in the United States.

Trends in Cannabis Use Among Older Adults in the United States, 2015-2018

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Intern Med. 2020;180(4):609-611. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2019.7517

This secondary analysis of National Survey on Drug Use and Health data examines recent national trends in cannabis use among older adults in the United States to determine whether cannabis use has continued to increase and to examine trends in use among subgroups of older adults.

Challenges in Clinical Electrocardiography

An Unusual Cause of New Electrocardiographic ST-Segment Elevation

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Intern Med. 2020;180(4):584-585. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2019.7083

This case report describes an older patient who presented with electrocardiographic ST-segment elevation that was discovered to have an unusual cause.

Comment & Response

Effective Radiation Doses for Lung Cancer Screening Scans

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Intern Med. 2020;180(4):611-612. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2019.7425

Effective Radiation Doses for Lung Cancer Screening Scans—Reply

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Intern Med. 2020;180(4):612. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2019.7422

Database Inaccuracies and Disparities in Care Among Homeless Adults Hospitalized for Cardiovascular Conditions

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Intern Med. 2020;180(4):612-613. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2020.0024

Database Inaccuracies and Disparities in Care Among Homeless Adults Hospitalized for Cardiovascular Conditions

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Intern Med. 2020;180(4):613-614. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2020.0027

Database Inaccuracies and Disparities in Care Among Homeless Adults Hospitalized for Cardiovascular Conditions—Reply

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Intern Med. 2020;180(4):614-615. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2020.0021

Additional Barriers to Methadone Use in Hospitals and Skilled Nursing Facilities

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Intern Med. 2020;180(4):615. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2020.0120

Health Care Policy and Law

Additional Barriers to Methadone Use in Hospitals and Skilled Nursing Facilities—Reply

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Intern Med. 2020;180(4):615. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2020.0117

Implementation of HIV Self-Testing Program in New York City

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Intern Med. 2020;180(4):616. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2020.0128

Implementation of HIV Self-Testing Program in New York City—Reply

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Intern Med. 2020;180(4):616-617. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2020.0125

Oral Anticoagulants, Proton Pump Inhibitors, and Fracture

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Intern Med. 2020;180(4):617. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2020.0268

Oral Anticoagulants, Proton Pump Inhibitors, and Fracture—Reply

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Intern Med. 2020;180(4):617-618. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2020.0271
Correction

Errors in Survey Description

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Intern Med. 2020;180(4):618. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2020.0050

Incorrect Data in Text

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Intern Med. 2020;180(4):618. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2020.0124

Incorrect Axis Label in Figure

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Intern Med. 2020;180(4):618. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2020.0159

Errors in Abstract and Figure 2A

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Intern Med. 2020;180(4):618. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2020.0222
JAMA Internal Medicine Patient Page

What Should I Know About Medical Cannabis?

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Intern Med. 2020;180(4):624. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2020.0018

This Patient Page describes the risks, benefits, and regulation of medical cannabis.

JAMA Internal Medicine Masthead

JAMA Internal Medicine

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Intern Med. 2020;180(4):480. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2019.4362
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