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Year

Day

October 29, 2018
Original Investigation

Engaging Diverse English- and Spanish-Speaking Older Adults in Advance Care PlanningThe PREPARE Randomized Clinical Trial

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Intern Med. Published online October 29, 2018. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2018.4657

This randomized clinical trial compares the efficacy of a patient-directed, online advance care planning program plus an easy-to-read advance directive with that of an advance directive alone to increase advance care planning and patient-reported engagement among English- and Spanish-speaking populations.

Benefits and Harms of Antihypertensive Treatment in Low-Risk Patients With Mild Hypertension

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Intern Med. Published online October 29, 2018. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2018.4684

This cohort study uses electronic health record data from the Clinical Practice Research Datalink database to examine the association between antihypertensive treatment prescriptions and all-cause mortality, cardiovascular disease, and adverse events in low-risk patients with mild hypertension.

Association of Short Interpregnancy Interval With Pregnancy Outcomes According to Maternal Age

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Intern Med. Published online October 29, 2018. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2018.4696

This population-based cohort study examines the risk of maternal mortality or severe morbidity, adverse fetal and infant outcomes, and spontaneous preterm delivery after short interpregnancy intervals in both younger and older Canadian women.

Invited Commentary

Balancing the Risks and Desires for Pregnancy in Older MothersIncreasing Morbidity, Declining Fertility

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Intern Med. Published online October 29, 2018. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2018.4734
Editor's Note

Continuing Problems With Financial Conflicts of Interest and Clinical Practice Guidelines

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Intern Med. Published online October 29, 2018. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2018.4974
Challenges in Clinical Electrocardiography

Electrical Alternans in Disguise—A Curious Case of Atrial Flutter

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Intern Med. Published online October 29, 2018. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2018.5291

This case report describes the occurrence of atrial flutter presenting on an electrocardiogram as electrical alternans.

Research Letter

Prevalence of Financial Conflicts of Interest Among Authors of Clinical Guidelines Related to High-Revenue Medications

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Intern Med. Published online October 29, 2018. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2018.5106

This study examines the presence and extent of undeclared financial conflicts of interest among authors of clinical practice guidelines related to high-revenue medications.

Health Care Policy and Law

Evaluation of Industry Relationships Among Authors of Clinical Practice Guidelines in Gastroenterology

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Intern Med. Published online October 29, 2018. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2018.4730

This study examines the prevalence of conflicts of interest among authors of clinical practice guidelines and failure to accurately report financial relationships among authors and industry.

Correction

Incorrect Colors in Figure Keys

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Intern Med. Published online October 29, 2018. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2018.6618
October 27, 2018
Original Investigation

Association of Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme Inhibitor or Angiotensin Receptor Blocker Use With Outcomes After Acute Kidney Injury

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Intern Med. Published online October 27, 2018. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2018.4749

This study uses data from the Alberta Kidney Disease Network population database to evaluate the association of angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor or angiotensin receptor blocker use with posthospitalization outcomes in patients with acute kidney injury.

Invited Commentary

Use of Renin Angiotensin System Blockers After Acute Kidney InjuryBalancing Tradeoffs

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Intern Med. Published online October 27, 2018. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2018.4757
October 23, 2018
Editorial

Addressing Intimate Partner Violence and Abuse of Older or Vulnerable Adults in the Health Care Setting—Beyond Screening

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Intern Med. Published online October 23, 2018. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2018.6523
October 22, 2018
Viewpoint

Less Is More

Does the Term Intensive Care Unit Promote Aggressive Treatment?

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Intern Med. Published online October 22, 2018. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2018.5400

This Viewpoint examines how the term intensive care unit may contribute to patient and physician expectations of more invasive and aggressive therapies, and suggests that a change in the nomenclature may be a first step in realigning patient and physician expectations from burdensome treatment towoard a more patient-centered approach.

Original Investigation

Association of Frequency of Organic Food Consumption With Cancer RiskFindings From the NutriNet-Santé Prospective Cohort Study

Abstract Full Text
has audio
JAMA Intern Med. Published online October 22, 2018. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2018.4357

This population-based cohort study investigates the association between organic food consumption and the risk of cancer in a large cohort of French adults.

Effect of Community Health Worker Support on Clinical Outcomes of Low-Income Patients Across Primary Care FacilitiesA Randomized Clinical Trial

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Intern Med. Published online October 22, 2018. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2018.4630

This randomized clinical trial evaluates the effectiveness of IMPaCT, a patient-centered program that uses trained community health workers to assist patients receiving treatment at 3 different facilities with the socioeconomic and behavioral aspects of their health.

Invited Commentary

Organic Foods for Cancer Prevention—Worth the Investment?

Abstract Full Text
has audio
JAMA Intern Med. Published online October 22, 2018. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2018.4363

How Community Health Workers Can Affect Health Care

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Intern Med. Published online October 22, 2018. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2018.4626

Making It Easier for Hospitals to Participate in, and Succeed Under, Bundled Payments

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Intern Med. Published online October 22, 2018. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2018.4739
Editor's Note

Regulating the Dietary Supplement IndustryThe Taming of the Slew

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Intern Med. Published online October 22, 2018. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2018.5097
Research Letter

Health Care Policy and Law

Characteristics of Hospitals Exiting the Newly Voluntary Comprehensive Care for Joint Replacement Program

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Intern Med. Published online October 22, 2018. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2018.4743

This survey of Medicare claims data compares the medical and financial performance of hospitals that exited and hospitals that remained in the Comprehensive Care for Joint Replacement Program.

Prohibited Stimulants in Dietary Supplements After Enforcement Action by the US Food and Drug Administration

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Intern Med. Published online October 22, 2018. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2018.4846

This analysis of dietary supplements purchased in 2014 and purchased again in 2017 examines whether stimulants that were initially present were still present after issuance of public notices by the US Food and Drug Administration to remove potentially hazardous ingredients.

Correction

Errors in Figures

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Intern Med. Published online October 22, 2018. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2018.5747
October 15, 2018
Original Investigation

Combustible and Electronic Tobacco and Marijuana Products in Hip-Hop Music Videos, 2013-2017

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Intern Med. Published online October 15, 2018. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2018.4488

This content analysis of 796 hip-hop music videos assesses the prevalence of electronic tobacco and marijuana products and brand placement in the most popular music videos from 2013 to 2017.

Evaluation of Interventions Intended to Increase Colorectal Cancer Screening Rates in the United StatesA Systematic Review and Meta-analysis

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Intern Med. Published online October 15, 2018. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2018.4637

This systematic review and meta-analysis examines interventions used to increase the rates of colorectal cancer screening tests.

Less Is More

Assessment of Attitudes Toward Deprescribing in Older Medicare Beneficiaries in the United States

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Intern Med. Published online October 15, 2018. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2018.4720

This population-based survey study uses data from the US National Health and Aging Trends Study to describe the attitudes of older Medicare beneficiaries toward deprescribing and whether individual characteristics are associated with these attitudes.

Invited Commentary

Colorectal Cancer ControlWhere Have We Been and Where Should We Go Next?

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Intern Med. Published online October 15, 2018. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2018.4627
Editor's Note

Decreased Admission Rate From the Emergency Department With Increased Emergency Department Visits—The Good and the Bad

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Intern Med. Published online October 15, 2018. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2018.5163
Teachable Moment

Less Is More

Inappropriate Use of Fecal Occult Blood Testing

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Intern Med. Published online October 15, 2018. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2018.5553

Precis

Research Letter

Trends in Emergency Department Visits and Admission Rates Among US Acute Care Hospitals

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Intern Med. Published online October 15, 2018. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2018.4725

This observational study describes trends in emergency department visits and admission rates among US acute care hospitals using data from the National Emergency Department Survey.

October 8, 2018
Editor's Note

The Persistent Problem of Overuse of Diagnostic Testing Among House Staff—Time to Move Forward

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Intern Med. Published online October 8, 2018. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2018.3503
Research Letter

Financial Burden of Employer-Sponsored High-Deductible Health Plans for Low-Income Adults With Chronic Health Conditions

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Intern Med. Published online October 8, 2018. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2018.4706

This cohort study examines the prevalence of high out-of-pocket health care spending across health plans with different deductible levels among adults in low-income families who have chronic conditions.

Less Is More

Analysis of Diagnostic Test Ordering Habits Among Internal Medicine Residents

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Intern Med. Published online October 8, 2018. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2018.3519

This study analyzes electronic diagnostic test ordering habits of internal medicine resident physicians at an academic medical center and during academic year 2016-2017.

October 3, 2018
Original Investigation

Association of Sexual Harassment and Sexual Assault With Midlife Women’s Mental and Physical Health

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Intern Med. Published online October 3, 2018. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2018.4886

This cohort study of community-recruited women aged 40 to 60 years evaluates the association of a history of sexual harassment and sexual assault with mental and physical health indices.

Research Letter

Physician Work Environment and Well-Being

Prevalence of Sexual Harassment in Academic Medicine

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Intern Med. Published online October 3, 2018. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2018.4859

This cross-sectional internet-based survey study analyzes sexual harassment among physicians in an academic tertiary referral center in Germany.

October 1, 2018
Original Investigation

Evaluating Progression-Free Survival as a Surrogate Outcome for Health-Related Quality of Life in OncologyA Systematic Review and Quantitative Analysis

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Intern Med. Published online October 1, 2018. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2018.4710

This systematic review and quantitative analysis evaluates progression-free survival as a surrogate outcome for health-related quality of life in oncology.

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