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Year

Day

June 26, 2019
Original Investigation

Regression to the Mean in the Medicare Hospital Readmissions Reduction Program

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Intern Med. Published online June 26, 2019. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2019.1004

This analysis quantifies the contribution of regression to the mean to declining readmission rates at hospitals initially penalized under the Medicare Hospital Readmissions Reduction Program.

Invited Commentary

The Medical Hospital Readmission Reduction Program: Does It Do Any Good?

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Intern Med. Published online June 26, 2019. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2019.1003
Research Letter

Assessment of Strategies for Managing Expansion of Diagnosis Coding Using Risk-Adjustment Methods for Medicare Data

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Intern Med. Published online June 26, 2019. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2019.1005

This study of 100% Medicare Inpatient Files assesses strategies for managing coding of comorbidities associated with hospitalization before and after Centers for Medicare & Medicaid coding changes.

June 24, 2019
Original Investigation

Anticholinergic Drug Exposure and the Risk of Dementia: A Nested Case-Control Study

Abstract Full Text
open access
JAMA Intern Med. Published online June 24, 2019. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2019.0677

This nested case-control study including 58 769 patients diagnosed with dementia and 225 574 matched controls 55 years or older evaluates whether, and to what extent, anticholinergic drug exposure was associated with dementia risk.

Decision Aids for Prostate Cancer Screening Choice: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis

Abstract Full Text
open access has audio
JAMA Intern Med. Published online June 24, 2019. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2019.0763

This systematic review and meta-analysis of 19 randomized clinical trials estimates the association of decision aids with decisional outcomes in prostate cancer screening.

Association of Opioid Overdose With Opioid Prescriptions to Family Members

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Intern Med. Published online June 24, 2019. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2019.1064

This case-control study uses more than 25 million insurance claims to assess whether individuals who did not receive an opioid prescription had greater odds of overdose when a opioid prescription was dispensed to a family member.

Invited Commentary

Preventing Alzheimer Disease by Deprescribing Anticholinergic Medications

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Intern Med. Published online June 24, 2019. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2019.0676

Decision Aids for Prostate Cancer Screening—The True Potential Remains Unknown

Abstract Full Text
has audio
JAMA Intern Med. Published online June 24, 2019. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2019.0753

Digital Breast Tomosynthesis—Diffusion Into Practice Preceding Evidence

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Intern Med. Published online June 24, 2019. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2019.1037
Teachable Moment

Coagulation Testing in Patients Taking Direct Oral Anticoagulants: A Teachable Moment

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Intern Med. Published online June 24, 2019. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2019.1799

This Teachable Moment examines the case of a man taking a direct oral anticoagulant (DOAC) who received a high international normalized ratio (INR) test result during a visit to the emergency department and suggests that INR is an unreliable measure of therapeutic anticoagulation in patients taking DOACs.

Research Letter

Adoption of Digital Breast Tomosynthesis in Clinical Practice

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Intern Med. Published online June 24, 2019. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2019.1058

This study uses administrative claims from an insurance database to examine adoption of digital breast tomosynthesis for cancer screening and describe regional patterns and sociodemographic characteristics associated with its use.

June 17, 2019
Perspective

Miro’s Dots and Lines

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Intern Med. Published online June 17, 2019. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2019.1922

This essay explores how diagnosing disease may be thought of in similar terms as interpreting modern art.

Original Investigation

Association of Disease Definition, Comorbidity Burden, and Prognosis With Hip Fracture Probability Among Late-Life Women

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Intern Med. Published online June 17, 2019. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2019.0682

This cohort study of more than 1500 women 80 years and older evaluated whether differences in the definition of osteoporosis, the number of comorbidities, and the prognosis were associated with 5-year hip fracture probability.

Less Is More

Association Between Inpatient Echocardiography Use and Outcomes in Adult Patients With Acute Myocardial Infarction

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Intern Med. Published online June 17, 2019. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2019.1051

This cohort study uses a large multihospital database to evaluate the association between hospital rates of echocardiogram use and outcomes in adult patients with acute myocardial infarction.

Comparison of Hospitals Affiliated With PPS-Exempt Cancer Centers, Other Hospitals Affiliated With NCI-Designated Cancer Centers, and Other Hospitals That Provide Cancer Care

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Intern Med. Published online June 17, 2019. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2019.0914

This cohort study compares the characteristics and postoperative outcomes of hospitals affiliated with Prospective Payment System (PPS)-exempt cancer centers, other hospitals affiliated with National Cancer Institute (NCI)-designated cancer centers, and other hospitals that provide cancer care in the United States.

Invited Commentary

Considering the Risks and Benefits of Osteoporosis Treatment in Older Adults

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Intern Med. Published online June 17, 2019. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2019.0688
Editor's Note

Paying for Cancer Care

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Intern Med. Published online June 17, 2019. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2019.0892

Interventional Cardiology Payments and Device Choices—The Ties That (May) Blind

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Intern Med. Published online June 17, 2019. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2018.8737
Research Letter

Less Is More

Use of Directly Observed Therapy to Assess Treatment Adherence in Patients With Apparent Treatment-Resistant Hypertension

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Intern Med. Published online June 17, 2019. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2019.1455

This cohort study evaluates the association of directly observed therapy with treatment adherencee in patients with apparent treatment-resistant hypertension.

Health Care Policy and Law

Distribution of Industry Payments Among Medical Directors of Catheterization and Electrophysiology Laboratories From the Top 100 US Hospitals

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Intern Med. Published online June 17, 2019. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2018.8775

This analysis of 2017 data from the Open Payments Program (OPP) database examines nonresearch industry payments to directors of caronary catheterization and electrophysiology laboratories to characterize payments across 13 OPP-defined categories.

Correction

Errors in Table Headings

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Intern Med. Published online June 17, 2019. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2019.1927

Error in Table 2

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Intern Med. Published online June 17, 2019. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2019.2564
June 11, 2019
Editorial

Ending AIDS in the United States—If Not Now, When?

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Intern Med. Published online June 11, 2019. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2019.1577

This Editorial discusses the importance of quickly implementing the latest US Preventive Services Task Force recommendations for HIV screening and preexposure prophylaxis.

June 10, 2019
Original Investigation

Association of Exposure to Artificial Light at Night While Sleeping With Risk of Obesity in Women

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Intern Med. Published online June 10, 2019. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2019.0571

This cohort study assesses whether exposure to artificial light at night while sleeping is associated with the prevalence and risk of general and central obesity among women.

Effect of a Self-management Support Intervention on Asthma Outcomes in Older Adults: The SAMBA Study Randomized Clinical Trial

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Intern Med. Published online June 10, 2019. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2019.1201

This randomized clinical trial compares the effect of an intervention (Supporting Asthma Self-Management Behaviors in Older Adults, SAMBA) for older adults with asthma vs usual care.

Risk of Hospitalization for Serious Adverse Gastrointestinal Events Associated With Sodium Polystyrene Sulfonate Use in Patients of Advanced Age

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Intern Med. Published online June 10, 2019. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2019.0631

This population-based cohort study assesses the risk of hospitalization or emergency department visit for adverse gastrointestinal events associated with sodium polystyrene sulfonate use in patients of advanced age.

Editorial

Sodium Polystyrene Sulfonate for Hyperkalemia

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Intern Med. Published online June 10, 2019. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2019.1291
Editor's Note

Shining a Light on Industry Payments to Health Care Professionals Who Are Not Physicians

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Intern Med. Published online June 10, 2019. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2019.1367
Teachable Moment

Overuse of Urine Eosinophils in the Diagnosis of Acute Interstitial Nephritis: A Teachable Moment

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Intern Med. Published online June 10, 2019. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2019.1755

This Teachable Moment evaluates the measurement of urine eosinophils as an indicator for the diagnosis of acute interstitial nephritis.

Research Letter

Comparison of Services Available in 5-Star and Non–5-Star Patient Experience Hospitals

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Intern Med. Published online June 10, 2019. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2019.1285

This survey study uses data from the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services, the American Hospital Association, and US News & World Report to compare services available in hospitals with and without 5-star patient experience summary ratings.

Understanding the Nature and Extent of Pharmaceutical Industry Payments to Nonphysician Clinicians

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Intern Med. Published online June 10, 2019. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2019.1371

This case study analysis assesses the nature and extent of pharmaceutical industry payments to nonphysician clinicians in Australia and investigates the possible reasons for sponsorship.

June 3, 2019
Perspective

Educating Physicians About Marijuana

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Intern Med. Published online June 3, 2019. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2019.1529

This Perspective addresses the growing use of marijuana among US residents and why physicians should expand their understanding of its health effects.

Original Investigation

Less Is More

Prevalence and Cost of Care Cascades After Low-Value Preoperative Electrocardiogram for Cataract Surgery in Fee-for-Service Medicare Beneficiaries

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Intern Med. Published online June 3, 2019. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2019.1739

This cohort study reviews data from fee-for-service Medicare beneficiaries without known heart disease who underwent cataract surgery to compare care cascades (tests, treatments, visits, hospitalizations, a and new diagnoses) between those who received preoperative electrocardiograms and those who did not.

Evaluation of the Incidence of New-Onset Atrial Fibrillation After Aortic Valve Replacement

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Intern Med. Published online June 3, 2019. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2019.0205

This population-based study evaluates the incidence of new-onset atrial fibrillation and assesses the incidence of in-hospital mortality associated with new-onset atrial fibrillation after transcatheter aortic valve implantation and surgical aortic valve replacement.

Editor's Note

Increasing Transparency at the US Food and Drug Administration

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Intern Med. Published online June 3, 2019. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2019.1194
Research Letter

Public Disclosure of the Filing of New Drug and Therapeutic Biologics Applications With the US Food and Drug Administration

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Intern Med. Published online June 3, 2019. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2019.1213

This cross-sectional study reviews New Drug Applications for new molecular entities and Biologics License Applications for new and biosimilar biological products submitted to the US Food and Drug Administration to assess how frequently applicants disclose applications in the media.

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