[Skip to Content]
Access to paid content on this site is currently suspended due to excessive activity being detected from your IP address 35.170.75.58. Please contact the publisher to request reinstatement.
[Skip to Content Landing]
Limit 200 characters
Limit 25 characters
Conflicts of Interest Disclosure

Identify all potential conflicts of interest that might be relevant to your comment.

Conflicts of interest comprise financial interests, activities, and relationships within the past 3 years including but not limited to employment, affiliation, grants or funding, consultancies, honoraria or payment, speaker's bureaus, stock ownership or options, expert testimony, royalties, donation of medical equipment, or patents planned, pending, or issued.

Err on the side of full disclosure.

If you have no conflicts of interest, check "No potential conflicts of interest" in the box below. The information will be posted with your response.

Not all submitted comments are published. Please see our commenting policy for details.

Limit 140 characters
Limit 3600 characters or approximately 600 words
    Research Letter
    Medical Education
    February 7, 2020

    Trends in Racial and Ethnic Diversity in Internal Medicine Subspecialty Fellowships From 2006 to 2018

    Author Affiliations
    • 1Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Department of Medicine, University of California, San Francisco
    • 2Division of Infectious Diseases, Department of Medicine, University of California, San Francisco
    JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(2):e1920482. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.20482

    Workforce diversity has been increasingly emphasized in academic medicine, especially regarding recruitment and retention of physicians underrepresented in medicine (UIM).1 In 2019, Stone et al2 examined gender in internal medicine (IM) subspecialty fellowships and showed substantial differences between subspecialties. However, the racial and ethnic diversity of IM residents and subspecialty fellows has not been described, to our knowledge.

    We performed a cross-sectional study of race/ethnicity in IM residents and subspecialty fellows using published Graduate Medical Education census reports from 2006, when race/ethnicity data were first included, to 2018 (eAppendix in the Supplement). The University of California, San Francisco, institutional review board does not require approval for research using publicly available, deidentified data. This report follows Strengthening the Reporting of Observational Studies in Epidemiology (STROBE) reporting guideline for cross-sectional studies.

    ×