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September 2019, Vol 2, No. 9

EDITORIAL

Climate Change and Health: JAMA Network Open Call for Papers

open access
JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(9):e1912502. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.12502
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF
GLOBAL HEALTH

Effect of a Prize-Linked Savings Intervention on Savings and Healthy Behaviors Among Men in Kenya: A Randomized Clinical Trial

This randomized clinical trial evaluates the effect of prize-linked savings accounts, compared with standard-interest savings accounts, on savings behavior and expenditures on alcohol, gambling, and transactional sex among men in Kenya.

open access
JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(9):e1911162. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.11162
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF
PEDIATRICS

Working Memory Development and Motor Vehicle Crashes in Young Drivers

This cohort study investigates the association between working memory development in young drivers and motor vehicle crashes.

open access
JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(9):e1911421. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.11421
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF
EMERGENCY MEDICINE

Association of Emergency Clinicians' Assessment of Mortality Risk With Actual 1-Month Mortality Among Older Adults Admitted to the Hospital

This cohort study examines the accuracy of clinicians’ assessments of mortality risk among older adults admitted to the hospital from the emergency department compared with the actual 1-month mortality of these patients.

open access
JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(9):e1911139. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.11139
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF
ONCOLOGY

Association of Liver-Directed Local Therapy With Overall Survival in Adults With Metastatic Intrahepatic Cholangiocarcinoma

This cohort study compares the overall survival of patients with metastatic intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma treated with chemotherapy alone vs chemotherapy with definitive liver-directed local therapy.

open access
JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(9):e1911154. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.11154
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF
PHYSICAL MEDICINE AND REHABILITATION

Quantitative Eye Gaze and Movement Differences in Visuomotor Adaptations to Varying Task Demands Among Upper-Extremity Prosthesis Users

This cross-sectional study examines whether task selection is a factor in visuomotor adaptation strategies to perform goal-directed object movement tasks in individuals with an upper-limb prosthesis compared with individuals with normal arm function.

open access
JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(9):e1911197. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.11197
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF
PUBLIC HEALTH

Association of the US President’s Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief’s Funding With Prevention of Mother-to-Child Transmission of HIV in Kenya

This population-based survey study examines the extent to which the decrease in child mortality in Kenya is associated with the US President’s Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR) funding for prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV.

open access
JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(9):e1911318. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.11318
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF
PEDIATRICS

Co-occurrence of Violence-Related Risk and Protective Behaviors and Adult Support Among Male Youth in Urban Neighborhoods

This cross-sectional study examines associations between adult support and patterns of violence and risk and protective behavior co-occurrence among male youths in urban neighborhoods.

open access
JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(9):e1911375. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.11375
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF
PSYCHIATRY

Age and Birth Cohort–Adjusted Rates of Suicide Mortality Among US Male and Female Youths Aged 10 to 19 Years From 1999 to 2017

This cross-sectional study examines time trends and sex differences in the suicide mortality rate among US youths adjusted for birth cohort and age.

open access
JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(9):e1911383. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.11383
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF
RESEARCH LETTER HEALTH POLICY

Association of Grit Scores With Treatment Adherence and Biomarkers in Patients With Type 2 Diabetes

This cohort study analyzes the association of grit scores with treatment adherence, as measured with a survey and biomarker levels, among patients with type 2 diabetes.

open access
JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(9):e1911476. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.11476
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF
CORRECTION

Data Error in Results

open access
JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(9):e199327. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.9327
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STATISTICS AND RESEARCH METHODS

US Food and Drug Administration Approvals of Drugs and Devices Based on Nonrandomized Clinical Trials: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis

This systematic review and meta-analysis assesses how often the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has authorized novel interventions based on nonrandomized clinical trials and whether there is an association of the magnitude of treatment effects with FDA requirements for additional testing.

open access
JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(9):e1911111. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.11111
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF
PEDIATRICS

Cost Minimization Analysis of Same-Day Long-Acting Reversible Contraception for Adolescents

This economic evaluation study uses a cost model to analyze Indiana Medicaid’s cost savings associated with providing adolescents with same-day access to long-acting reversible contraception compared with requiring a second visit for placement.

open access
JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(9):e1911063. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.11063
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF
PUBLIC HEALTH

Effect of MyTeen SMS-Based Mobile Intervention for Parents of Adolescents: A Randomized Clinical Trial

This randomized clinical trial evaluates the effectiveness of a text-messaging program, MyTeen, for promoting parental competence and mental health literacy for parents of adolescents.

open access
JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(9):e1911120. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.11120
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INFECTIOUS DISEASES

Effect of a Standard vs Enhanced Implementation Strategy to Improve Antibiotic Prescribing in Nursing Homes: A Trial Protocol of the Improving Management of Urinary Tract Infections in Nursing Institutions Through Facilitated Implementation (IMUNIFI) Study

This trial protocol describes a randomized clinical trial intended to compare 2 strategies for implementing a toolkit for enhancing recognition and management of urinary tract infections in nursing homes.

open access
JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(9):e199526. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.9526
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UROLOGY

Magnetic Resonance Imaging–Guided Confirmatory Biopsy for Initiating Active Surveillance of Prostate Cancer

This cohort study examines the association of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)−guided confirmatory prostate biopsy findings with the risk of pathologic disease upgrading during active surveillance for prostate cancer.

open access
JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(9):e1911019. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.11019
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF
PEDIATRICS

Associations of Socioeconomic Deprivation and Preterm Birth With Speech, Language, and Communication Concerns Among Children Aged 27 to 30 Months

This cohort study investigates the associations of neighborhood disadvantage, gestational age, and English as a first language with speech, language, and communication concerns at age 27 to 30 months among children in Scotland.

open access
JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(9):e1911027. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.11027
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF
HEALTH INFORMATICS

Prevalence and Predictability of Low-Yield Inpatient Laboratory Diagnostic Tests

This diagnostic study uses machine learning models to assess the prevalence of low-yield inpatient laboratory tests.

open access
JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(9):e1910967. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.10967
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GENETICS AND GENOMICS

A Genetic Approach to the Association Between PCSK9 and Sepsis

This cohort study tests the associations between PCSK9 genetic variants, a PCSK9 genetic risk score, or genetically estimated PCSK9 expression levels and the risk of sepsis among patients admitted to a hospital with infection.

open access
JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(9):e1911130. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.11130
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF
CORRECTION

Error in eFigure 1 in the Supplement

open access
JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(9):e1912622. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.12622
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OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH

Long-term Cardiovascular Disease Risk Among Firefighters After the World Trade Center Disaster

This cohort study examines the long-term risk for the development of cardiovascular disease in firefighters who responded to the World Trade Center disaster on September 11, 2001, and worked at the site thereafter.

open access
JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(9):e199775. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.9775
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF
EMERGENCY MEDICINE

Association of Race/Ethnicity With Emergency Department Destination of Emergency Medical Services Transport

This cohort study examines the patterns of emergency department destination of emergency medical services transport for black, Hispanic, and white Medicare beneficiaries residing in the same area.

open access
JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(9):e1910816. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.10816
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF
PSYCHIATRY

Contextual Factors Associated With County-Level Suicide Rates in the United States, 1999 to 2016

This cross-sectional study estimates suicide rates and trajectories in the United States, assesses associated county-level contextual factors, and explores variation across the rural-urban continuum.

open access
JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(9):e1910936. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.10936
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF
NEUROLOGY

Assessment of the End Point Adjudication Process on the Results of the Platelet-Oriented Inhibition in New TIA and Minor Ischemic Stroke (POINT) Trial: A Secondary Analysis

This secondary analysis of an international randomized clinical trial investigates the results of the adjudicated end point process in the Platelet-Oriented Inhibition in New TIA and Minor Ischemic Stroke (POINT) trial by comparing end points assessed by local site investigators with centrally adjudicated end points.

open access
JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(9):e1910769. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.10769
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF
PSYCHIATRY

Association Between Childhood Behavioral Problems and Insomnia Symptoms in Adulthood

This cohort study investigates the association between behavioral problems at 5, 10, and 16 years of age and self-reported insomnia symptoms at 42 years of age.

open access
JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(9):e1910861. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.10861
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF
HEALTH POLICY

Characteristics and Health Care Utilization of Different Segments of a Multiethnic Asian Population in Singapore

This cross-sectional study using data from Singapore national health records examines the sociodemographic characteristics, health conditions, health care utilization, and health care cost patterns for different segments of a multiethnic Asian population.

open access
JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(9):e1910878. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.10878
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF
INFECTIOUS DISEASES

Latent Tuberculosis Infection Testing Strategies for HIV-Positive Individuals in Hong Kong

This decision analytical model analyzes the cost-effectiveness of latent tuberculosis infection testing for individuals in Hong Kong with HIV who had negative latent tuberculosis infection test results at baseline.

open access
JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(9):e1910960. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.10960
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF
PUBLIC HEALTH

Self-reported Rates of Abuse, Neglect, and Bullying Experienced by Transgender and Gender-Nonbinary Adolescents in China

This survey study assesses the rates of abuse, neglect, and bullying experienced at home or in school by transgender and gender-nonbinary adolescents in China and the associations of these experiences with mental health.

open access
JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(9):e1911058. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.11058
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF
RESEARCH LETTER INFECTIOUS DISEASES

Assessment and Comparison of Hepatitis C Viremia in the Prison Systems of New Mexico and Georgia

This cross-sectional study assesses and compares the prevalence of hepatitis C virus among criminal justice populations in New Mexico, a state with high hepatitis C virus prevalence, and Georgia, a state with low hepatitis C virus prevalence.

open access
JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(9):e1910900. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.10900
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF
PUBLIC HEALTH

Association of Childhood History of Parental Incarceration and Juvenile Justice Involvement With Mental Health in Early Adulthood

This cross-sectional study examines whether a childhood history of exposure to parental incarceration and/or juvenile justice involvement is associated with mental health outcomes in early adulthood.

open access
JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(9):e1910465. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.10465
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF
ONCOLOGY

Association of Exposure to Diagnostic Low-Dose Ionizing Radiation With Risk of Cancer Among Youths in South Korea

This cohort study examines the association of low-dose radiation exposure in youths with risk of cancer using South Korean national health insurance data.

open access
JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(9):e1910584. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.10584
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ONCOLOGY

Association of National Cancer Institute–Sponsored Clinical Trial Network Group Studies With Guideline Care and New Drug Indications

This cohort study examines the association of National Cancer Institute Clinical Trial Network studies with practice influence, measured as guideline care and new drug indications for treatment of patients with cancer.

open access
JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(9):e1910593. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.10593
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MEDICAL EDUCATION

Trends in Racial/Ethnic Representation Among US Medical Students

This cross-sectional study examines trends in racial/ethnic representation among US medical school applicants and matriculants relative to the overall age-adjusted US population.

open access
JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(9):e1910490. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.10490
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF
HEALTH POLICY

Quality of Home Health Agencies Serving Traditional Medicare vs Medicare Advantage Beneficiaries

This cross-sectional study compares the quality of home health agencies that serve traditional Medicare beneficiaries vs beneficiaries enrolled in high-quality or low-quality Medicare Advantage plans.

open access
JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(9):e1910622. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.10622
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PHARMACY AND CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY

Varenicline and Nicotine Replacement Use Associated With US Food and Drug Administration Drug Safety Communications

This cross-sectional study uses data from the Veterans Health Administration and Medicaid to examine changes in varenicline prescribing from the time of US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approval through publication and removal of public health advisories.

open access
JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(9):e1910626. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.10626
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF
NEPHROLOGY

Quality of Chronic Kidney Disease Management in Canadian Primary Care

This cross-sectional study assesses chronic kidney disease management in Canadian primary care practices to identify care gaps to guide development and implementation of national quality improvement initiatives.

open access
JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(9):e1910704. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.10704
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF
ANESTHESIOLOGY

Opioid Prescribing After Surgery in the United States, Canada, and Sweden

This cohort study determines whether there are differences in the frequency, amount, and type of opioids dispensed after surgery among the United States, Canada, and Sweden.

open access
JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(9):e1910734. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.10734
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF
ONCOLOGY

Association of Germline Variants in Natural Killer Cells With Tumor Immune Microenvironment Subtypes, Tumor-Infiltrating Lymphocytes, Immunotherapy Response, Clinical Outcomes, and Cancer Risk

This genetic association study examines whether germline variants of natural killer cells are associated with tumor immune microenvironment subtypes, the abundance of tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes, response to immune checkpoint therapy, clinical outcomes, and cancer risk.

open access
JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(9):e199292. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.9292
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RESEARCH LETTER ORTHOPEDICS

Assessment for Perioperative Hyperglycemia Prior to Total Joint Replacement in Patients With and Without Diabetes

This cohort study examines rates of screening for hyperglycemia before total joint replacement among Medicare enrollees with and without diabetes.

open access
JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(9):e1910589. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.10589
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF
JAMA Network Open Masthead

JAMA Network Open

open access
JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(9):e1911473. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.11473
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