This cohort study investigates the association between health care utilization and the so-called Muslim ban executive order for people born in Muslim-majority countries and living in Minneapolis-St. Paul, Minnesota.
This survey study uses data from a national survey of US adults to investigate perceptions of physician professionalism based on attire and whether gender biases exist.
This economic evaluation assesses the cost-effectiveness of guided internet-delivered cognitive behavioral therapy implemented within a stepped-care model compared with in-person cognitive behavioral therapy for young people with obsessive-compulsive disorder.
This cohort study examines the use of video capsule endoscopy vs standard invasive diagnostic procedures to evaluate gastrointestinal (GI) bleeding in patients with COVID-19.
This cross-sectional study examines the extent to which mask mandates are followed and quantify the bias of self-reported mask usage in Kenya.
This cross-sectional study evaluates whether the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (ACA) Shortage Designation Modernization Project is associated with changes in primary care health professional shortage area (PC-HPSA) designations.
This secondary analysis of data from a randomized clinical trial characterizes racial disparities in opioid prescribing and examines whether a clinician intervention describing patient treatment preference and risk of opioid misuse was able to mitigate disparities among patients with acute pain.
This cohort study analyzes data from mother-daughter dyad participants in the Nurses’ Health Study II to assess whether a woman’s weight before or during pregnancy is associated with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in grandchildren.
This cross-sectional study assesses whether gut microbial taxa play a role in the development of type 2 diabetes using data from 2 Dutch population-based prospective cohorts.
This cohort study examines the incidence of sudden cardiac arrest and risk factors by race/ethnicity in residents of Ventura County, California.
This quality improvement study assesses adherence to guideline-recommended oral anticoagulants, the temporal improvement in adherence, and the risk factors associated with oral anticoagulant prescriptions.
This cohort study examines the experience of cancer clinical trial enrollment 1 year after the COVID-19 outbreak.
This cohort study examines self-reported memory problems 8 months after COVID-19 infection.
This cohort study examines the association of a celebrity’s public disclosure of an acute lymphocytic leukemia diagnosis and trends in bone marrow donor registration in Japan.
This cohort study examines rates of adding patients with acute alcohol-associated hepatitis to the liver transplant waiting list and receipt of transplants by these patients in the US during the COVID-19 pandemic compared with before the pandemic.
This cross-sectional study uses data from the New York Statewide Planning and Research Cooperative System to assess the annual incidence of hospitalization for nonfatal firearm-related injuries in New York overall and by sex, race/ethnicity, county of residence, and calendar year from 2005 to 2016.
This cross-sectional study assesses the use of consistently low performance scores for physician groups across multiple performance measures and over multiple years to identify low-quality physician groups.
This cohort study uses data from the Veterans Health Administration system to compare rates of initiation of anticoagulant therapy by race/ethnicity.
This cross-sectional study examines serological test results for protective antibodies for measles and mumps among patients with hematologic malignant neoplasm or solid tumors.
This cohort study investigates prevalence and transmission routes of SARS-CoV-2 infection among hospital health care workers in the Netherlands using serologic surveillance and phylogenetic and epidemiological analyses.
This cohort study evaluates the overall survival for patients with uterine cancer with distant organ metastasis treated with chemotherapy alone vs chemotherapy plus total abdominal hysterectomy.
This randomized trial evaluates whether individually addressed emails designed with behaviorally informed features increase COVID-19 vaccination rates.
This cross-sectional study evaluated a 2-item tool used to assess patients’ pain and its interference with activities of daily living in a primary care setting.
This cohort study investigates the association between early collected magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) data and functional outcomes 90 days after intensive care unit admission among adults with severe herpes simplex encephalitis.
his cohort study assesses the prevalence of and outcomes associated with Hashimoto thyroiditis among adults with papillary thyroid cancer.
This qualitative study assesses characteristics and precipitating circumstances of suicide among children aged 5 to 11 years in the US.
This cohort study examines differences in long-term survival and patterns of recurrence among patients with gastric neuroendocrine carcinoma, gastric mixed adenoneuroendocrine carcinoma, and gastric adenocarcinoma.
This economic evaluation examined the cost-effectiveness of adding dapagliflozin to guideline-directed medical therapy for heart failure with reduced ejection fraction in a simulated cohort of patients with or without diabetes.
This cohort study compares the long-term outcomes associated with valve-sparing procedures vs transannular patches for correction of tetralogy of Fallot.
This qualitative analysis uses an online COVID-19 forum available to employees at a large health care institution to examine sources of distress and concern for health care workers in Canada during the COVID-19 pandemic.
This prognostic study reports on the performance of a previously validated COVID-19 severity prediction tool when applied to data during the second wave of the pandemic.
This cohort study examines the risk of skeletal-related events associated with the frequency of bisphosphonate treatment in patients with multiple myeloma.
This cohort study uses data from national and global cancer registries to evaluate the incidence and mortality of gastric cancer between 1980 and 2018 and compares the global incidence between younger and older populations.
This randomized clinical trial compares outcomes of concomitant and sequential administration of bevacizumab in combination with standard oxaliplatin-based regimens in untreated or single line–treated patients with metastatic colorectal cancer.
This genetic association study examines the association of DNA sequence variability in ABCC8 and TRPM4 with intraparenchymal hemorrhage progression in patients with severe traumatic brain injury (TBI).
This cohort study measures associations between candidate surrogate end points and overall survival in a multi-institutional clinicogenomic data set of patients with non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) or colorectal cancer.
This randomized clinical trial examines 76 561 emergency department patient visits to compare effectiveness of targeted and nontargeted HIV screening strategies for finding new diagnoses.
This cohort study examines prevalence, cost, and variation in cost of hospitalizations in US pediatric hospitals.
This cross-sectional study assesses data from the 2017-2020 Health Information National Trends Survey to examine whether smartphone-only internet access is associated with patient portal use.
This cross-sectional survey study of high school students at 13 public high schools in a large US city examines associations of bullying based on racial/ethnic, gender, and other marginalized identities with outcomes for health, mental health, and violence.
This cohort study uses data from 9 randomized clinical cardiovascular trials to assess the start-up times of various milestones for North American research sites and how these metrics vary by time and regulatory process.
This prognostic study evaluates the utility of and potential time savings, accuracy, and user experience associated with an artificial intelligence–optimized electronic health record tested by 12 gastroenterologists.
This cross-sectional study examines the proportion of clinics accepting new patients with opioid use disorder and time until first appointment in the US and Canada.
This cross-sectional study evaluates the associations between daytime and nighttime sleep duration with regional β-amyloid pathology in older cognitively unimpaired adults.
This cross-sectional study examines the association of Georgia’s Rural Hospital Tax Credit Program with the financial health of participating rural hospitals.
This qualitative study explores the perceptions of people residing in rural and urban areas with high prevalence of diseases of despair regarding potential causes and intervention strategies.
This cohort study examines whether the addition of bone resorption inhibitors is associated with improvements in overall survival and skeletal-related events among patients with metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer receiving abiraterone acetate with prednisone as first-line therapy.
This systematic review and meta-analysis examines the relative risk of hepatotoxicity of new-generation BCR-ABL fusion oncoprotein tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) vs imatinib among patients with chronic myeloid leukemia.
This quality improvement study evaluates a clinical decision support strategy to increase the proportion of eligible hospitalized children who receive a seasonal influenza vaccine prior to inpatient discharge.
This cross-sectional study assesses social media presence, activity, followers, and research activity among physicians from different surgical and medical specialties at top-rated US hospitals.
This systematic review examines temporal trends of retractions in cardiology literature and assesses their effect.
This cross-sectional study examines the association between a housing renewal grant program implemented in socially disadvantaged, racially segregated communities in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, and neighborhood crime.
This cohort study uses data from the Swedish National Quality Register to investigate the association of electroconvulsive therapy with suicide risk in hospitalized patients diagnosed with major depressive disorder.
This survey study explores clinicians’ conceptualizations of the chance that treatments will decrease the risk of disease outcomes for individual hypothetical patients.
This cohort study assesses the risk of septic and aseptic revision total knee replacement in Black and White patients and examines interactions among race and socioeconomic and hospital-related variables associated with revision risk.
This cross-sectional study evaluates self-reported behaviors and cases of SARS-CoV-2 infection among essential in-person employees during the first 6 months of the COVID-19 pandemic at a US institution of higher education.
This cohort study investigates changes in patient-reported global health as measured before vs after transient ischemic attack.
This systematic review identifies what has been discovered following the reporting of the first genomic newborn screening pilot projects and summarizes key points for the design of these programs.
This systematic review an meta-analysis assesses the association of interventions using wearable physical activity tracking devices with physical activity levels and other health outcomes among adults with cardiometabolic conditions.
This survey study explores US students’ financing plans for medical school overall and by several demographic factors, focusing on race/ethnicity and household income.
This quality improvement study compares COVID-19 testing throughput, personal protective equipment use, and cost per test before vs after the introduction of high-efficiency particulate air–filtered, positive-pressure Hexapod personal protection booths at a hospital in Boston, Massachusetts.
This cohort study examines changes in the incidence of colorectal cancer from 1992 to 2016 in individuals in Canada by age group and income quintile.
This cohort study assesses the association between intravenous magnesium therapy administered in the emergency department and subsequent hospitalization among pediatric patients with refractory acute asthma in Canada.
This cross-sectional study examines whether author experience and method of note entry are associated with the length and redundancy of progress notes among multiple medical specialties.
This cohort study examines the association of intracerebral hemorrhage and secondary injury with disability-adjusted life years.
This cohort study investigates the association between maternal serum total bile acid concentrations during pregnancy and the risk of intrauterine growth restriction.
This cross-sectional survey study examines the proportion of adult Latinx immigrants in the US who endorse statements about the immigration ramifications of engaging in COVID-19–related testing, treatment, and contact tracing.
This quality improvement study assesses the proportion of primary care spending in the Veterans Health Administration in 2014 and 2018.
This cluster randomized clinical trial examines the effectiveness of a multicomponent infection prevention intervention for multidrug resistant organisms in nursing homes.
This cohort study examines the association between visual and cognitive impairments across multiple cognitive domains using multiple measures of vision.
This quality improvement study uses administrative patient data from 14 regions in Ontario, Canada, to evaluate the association of sustained, iterative, integrated knowledge translation interventions for rectal cancer surgery directed at all surgeons in a geographic region with process and outcome measures among patients undergoing rectal cancer surgery.
This cohort study tests the hypothesis that implementation of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act may be associated with increased access to care through expansion of insurance, which may vary based on income, among patients with renal cell carcinoma.
This cohort study examines the association of the Edmonton Symptom Assessment, including the Global Distress Score, with overall survival rates in patients with advanced cancer.
This cross-sectional study examines the difference between COVID-19 confirmed mortality and excess mortality in 67 countries.
This cohort study assesses the association of remdesivir treatment with 30-day survival and length of hospital stay among US veterans hospitalized with COVID-19 between May and October 2020.
This qualitative study explores the experiences of Black and Latinx communities during the pandemic to better understand their perspectives on COVID-19 mitigation behaviors (eg, mask wearing), testing, and vaccines.
This cohort study examines how primary care physicians’ personal formularies differ at 4 institutions; evaluates associations between personal formularies and patient, physician, and practice site characteristics; and examines the variability of the top 200 core drugs prescribed at the 4 sites.
This case series examines the safety and tolerability of high-dose (>12 mg) buprenorphine induction in the emergency department (ED) for treatment of opioid use disorder.
This cross-sectional study examines national trends in representativeness in select health care occupations by race/ethnicity and sex.
This diagnostic/prognostic study examines the estimated glomerular filtration rates (eGFR) and iothalamate clearance glomerular filtration rates (iGFR) and the Chronic Kidney Disease-Epidemiology (CKD-EPI) equation race coefficient in the Chronic Renal Insufficiency Cohort study.
This cross-sectional study compares in-person school reopening decisions by student sociodemographic characteristics among elementary schools in New York State.
This randomized clinical trial evaluates whether messages delivered by physicians improve COVID-19 knowledge and preventive behaviors and assesses the differential effectiveness of messages tailored to the Black community.
This randomized clinical trial assesses whether Chuna manual therapy is more effective than usual care (electrotherapy and oral medication) for patients in Korea with chronic neck pain.
This qualitative study examines both negative and positive attitudes expressed by physicians about patients in electronic medical records.
This cross-sectional study investigates associations of persistent respiratory symptoms with heated tobacco product use, cigarette use, and dual use among youth in Hong Kong.
This cross-sectional study examines the association of socioeconomic characteristics with COVID-19 incidence and mortality in Japanese prefectures.
This cohort study examines changes in initiations of treatment in specialty addiction treatment facilities before vs during the COVID-19 pandemic in California.
This cross-sectional study examines symptoms of depression and anxiety among women experiencing homelessness and unstable housing during the COVID-19 pandemic.
This cohort study, a secondary analysis of a randomized clinical trial, assesses factors contributing to cost conversations about care plans between clinicians and patients with atrial fibrillation.
This randomized clinical trial examines whether access to antiobesity medication combined with participation in a real-world, employer-based weight management program achieves clinically meaningful and superior weight loss compared with participation in the weight loss program alone among adults with obesity.
This cohort study evaluates COVID-19 severity and factors associated with severity over time and assesses the use of machine learning to predict clinical severity.
This cohort study investigates the association of long-term adverse clinical outcomes, including mortality, with permanent pacemaker implantation after surgical aortic valve replacement.
This cross-sectional study assesses somatosensory function in adolescents and compares their somatosensory profiles with community control participants to investigate associations with the incidence and frequency of self-harm.
This cohort examines trends in opioid prescribing for patients who were opioid naive before and after the release of prescribing guidelines by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).
This case series evaluates the performance of a point-of-care ultrasonography (POCUS) decision-support algorithm for the diagnosis of transient synovitis in the pediatric emergency department (ED).
This cross-sectional study compares the prevalence of severe bacterial infections in febrile neonates and infants before vs during the COVID-19 pandemic in Montreal, Quebec, Canada.
This cross-sectional study evaluates the changes in drug overdose mortality rates for Kentucky residents between 2019 and 2020.
This survey study assesses migraine prevalence and disability of participants who completed the Childhood and Adolescent Migraine Prevention trial during 3 years of follow-up.
This genetic association study examines the prevalence of likely pathogenic or pathogenic germline alterations among patients with esophagogastric cancer and assesses associations between germline variant prevalence and demographic and clinicopathologic features.
This cohort study identifies variables associated with vascular remodeling after bariatric surgery and examines how sex, race, and metabolic status are associated with microvascular and macrovascular outcomes.
This cross-sectional study evaluates compliance among licensed firms in Canada to the Cannabis Act and analyzes trends among violations regarding promotional material.
This cross-sectional study examines the utility of untargeted metabolomics as a primary screening tool for inborn errors of metabolism by comparing the diagnostic rate of clinical metabolomics with the recommended traditional metabolic screening approach.
This cross-sectional study uses data from a dialysis organization in the US to assess the seroprevalence of SARS-CoV-2 antibodies among patients receiving dialysis and to estimate the seroprevalence among the adult population 1 year into the COVID-19 pandemic.
This cohort study uses data from the National Patient-Centered Clinical Research Network (PCORnet) Antibiotics Childhood Growth Study to examine the association of antibiotic use during the first 4 years of life and body mass index trajectory milestones during childhood in a large cohort of children.
This randomized clinical trial examines the effectiveness of gamification with social support, with and without a loss-framed financial incentive, to increase physical activity among veterans with overweight and obesity.
This cross-sectional study uses data from the National Cancer Database to investigate trends in patient volume by hospital type and the association of patient volume with time to treatment initiation for patients with cancer by hospital type.
This nonrandomized controlled trial evaluates the resection rate, responses, survival, adverse events, and surgical outcomes associated with a drug regimen for locally advanced gastric cancer.
This cohort study examines the costs associated with the prediagnosis, initial care, continuing care, and terminal phases of multiple myeloma in older adults.
This cross-sectional study examines the association of obesity in childhood and adolescence with the incidence of malignant thyroid nodules.
This cross-sectional study examines differences in electronic health record use across adult and pediatric primary care specialties.
This cohort study examines adherence to follow-up testing recommendations after lung cancer screening among US veterans.
This secondary analysis reports the follow-up results of a dental care service provided to Indigenous Australian children and their caregivers who participated in the Baby Teeth Talk randomized clinical trial.
This consensus statement coauthored by worldwide leaders in health care–related fields outlines imperatives of leadership important to adapting to the recovery stage of the COVID-19 pandemic.
This systematic review analyzes the characteristics of registered chimeric antigen receptor–related trials with dual focuses on trial methods and intent.
This diagnostic study develops and validates a tool for use in diagnostic screening of US military veterans for posttraumatic stress disorder.
This survey study evaluates public preferences for social distancing strategies weighed against the hypothetical risk of acquiring COVID-19 and anticipated income loss.
This cohort study investigates whether participation in a clinical trial is associated with improved survival among children with neuroblastoma and investigates potential recruitment bias of patients in clinical trials.
This cohort study investigates asymptomatic and symptomatic COVID-19 case rates before and after the initial vaccine rollout among health care personnel in Orange County, California.
This randomized clinical trial examines the effect of randomization to the Family Connects program on child maltreatment investigations and emergency medical care through 5 years of age.
This cohort study investigates the performance of a machine learning algorithm used to extract a cohort of patients with lung cancer from electronic health records and estimate overall survival.
This case series described the characteristics of deaths among individuals detained in US Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) facilities from 2011 to 2018.
This registry-based cohort study investigates postremission treatment choices and outcomes based on dynamic measurable residual disease in adults with intermediate-risk acute myeloid leukemia (AML).
This cohort study describes the use of opioids and benzodiazepines in extremely preterm infants during neonatal intensive care unit hospitalization and explores these drugs’ association with neurodevelopmental outcomes at 2 years’ corrected age.
This cohort study examines the duration and variation of recovery among COVID-19–positive verses COVID-19–negative individuals.
This cross-sectional study examines the association between pain and activities requiring motor skill performance among a nationally representative sample of US children with cerebral palsy.
This pilot randomized clinical trial examines the acceptability, feasibility, and preliminary clinical outcomes of a smoking cessation intervention for individuals who are incarcerated in a pretrial, urban jail.
This cross-sectional study of screening data from a preclinical Alzheimer disease trial assesses differences in recruitment strategies and trial eligibility among racial and ethnic groups.
This cross-sectional study investigates seroprevalence and odds of SARS-CoV-2 infection among health care workers in different professional categories and operational units in Italy.
This cross-sectional geographic study examines the association between travel distance to the nearest abortion care facility and abortion rate and models the effect of reduced travel distance among US female residents of reproduction age.
This cross-sectional study examines the association between insurance plan deductibles and forgoing of health care, with consideration of socioeconomic factors, in a consumer-driven health care system with universal coverage in Switzerland.
This cross-sectional study evaluates whether academic articles in high-impact medical journals written by men and women are cited differently.
This cross-sectional study uses data from the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services to assess whether higher-performing hospitals are more likely to advertise their services directly to consumers.
This cohort study uses data from Medicare beneficiaries to assess the association between Project ECHO (Extension for Community Healthcare Outcomes) and increased use of hepatitis C virus treatment, particularly in resource-limited areas.
This cohort study assesses whether there are gender differences in objective or subjective evaluations of third-year medical students participating in an internal medicine clerkship.
This cohort study examines the association between cognitive function and chemotherapy in older men with metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer.
This cross-sectional study evaluates measures of health equity in COVID-19 vaccination plans in the 50 US states and Washington, DC.
This cohort study assesses prostate cancer–specific mortality and distant metastasis outcomes among men with high-risk prostate cancer treated with radical prostatectomy or external beam radiotherapy with or without brachytherapy boost.
This cross-sectional study compares the association of clinical knowledge with opioid prescribing from 2009 to 2011 when prescribing peaked nationally with 2015 to 2017 when guidelines shifted away from opioid prescribing.
This cohort study of patients with advanced cancer who received palliative radiotherapy within 30 days of death assesses models of prognostic criteria for providing radiotherapy at the end of life and compares outcomes with similar prognostic tools.
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