This randomized clinical trial evaluates the effect of prize-linked savings accounts, compared with standard-interest savings accounts, on savings behavior and expenditures on alcohol, gambling, and transactional sex among men in Kenya.
This cohort study investigates the association between working memory development in young drivers and motor vehicle crashes.
This cohort study examines the accuracy of clinicians’ assessments of mortality risk among older adults admitted to the hospital from the emergency department compared with the actual 1-month mortality of these patients.
This cohort study compares the overall survival of patients with metastatic intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma treated with chemotherapy alone vs chemotherapy with definitive liver-directed local therapy.
This cross-sectional study examines whether task selection is a factor in visuomotor adaptation strategies to perform goal-directed object movement tasks in individuals with an upper-limb prosthesis compared with individuals with normal arm function.
This population-based survey study examines the extent to which the decrease in child mortality in Kenya is associated with the US President’s Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR) funding for prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV.
This cross-sectional study examines associations between adult support and patterns of violence and risk and protective behavior co-occurrence among male youths in urban neighborhoods.
This cross-sectional study examines time trends and sex differences in the suicide mortality rate among US youths adjusted for birth cohort and age.
This cohort study analyzes the association of grit scores with treatment adherence, as measured with a survey and biomarker levels, among patients with type 2 diabetes.
This systematic review and meta-analysis assesses how often the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has authorized novel interventions based on nonrandomized clinical trials and whether there is an association of the magnitude of treatment effects with FDA requirements for additional testing.
This economic evaluation study uses a cost model to analyze Indiana Medicaid’s cost savings associated with providing adolescents with same-day access to long-acting reversible contraception compared with requiring a second visit for placement.
This randomized clinical trial evaluates the effectiveness of a text-messaging program, MyTeen, for promoting parental competence and mental health literacy for parents of adolescents.
This trial protocol describes a randomized clinical trial intended to compare 2 strategies for implementing a toolkit for enhancing recognition and management of urinary tract infections in nursing homes.
This cohort study examines the association of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)−guided confirmatory prostate biopsy findings with the risk of pathologic disease upgrading during active surveillance for prostate cancer.
This cohort study investigates the associations of neighborhood disadvantage, gestational age, and English as a first language with speech, language, and communication concerns at age 27 to 30 months among children in Scotland.
This diagnostic study uses machine learning models to assess the prevalence of low-yield inpatient laboratory tests.
This cohort study tests the associations between PCSK9 genetic variants, a PCSK9 genetic risk score, or genetically estimated PCSK9 expression levels and the risk of sepsis among patients admitted to a hospital with infection.
This cohort study examines the long-term risk for the development of cardiovascular disease in firefighters who responded to the World Trade Center disaster on September 11, 2001, and worked at the site thereafter.
This cohort study examines the patterns of emergency department destination of emergency medical services transport for black, Hispanic, and white Medicare beneficiaries residing in the same area.
This cross-sectional study estimates suicide rates and trajectories in the United States, assesses associated county-level contextual factors, and explores variation across the rural-urban continuum.
This secondary analysis of an international randomized clinical trial investigates the results of the adjudicated end point process in the Platelet-Oriented Inhibition in New TIA and Minor Ischemic Stroke (POINT) trial by comparing end points assessed by local site investigators with centrally adjudicated end points.
This cohort study investigates the association between behavioral problems at 5, 10, and 16 years of age and self-reported insomnia symptoms at 42 years of age.
This cross-sectional study using data from Singapore national health records examines the sociodemographic characteristics, health conditions, health care utilization, and health care cost patterns for different segments of a multiethnic Asian population.
This decision analytical model analyzes the cost-effectiveness of latent tuberculosis infection testing for individuals in Hong Kong with HIV who had negative latent tuberculosis infection test results at baseline.
This survey study assesses the rates of abuse, neglect, and bullying experienced at home or in school by transgender and gender-nonbinary adolescents in China and the associations of these experiences with mental health.
This cross-sectional study assesses and compares the prevalence of hepatitis C virus among criminal justice populations in New Mexico, a state with high hepatitis C virus prevalence, and Georgia, a state with low hepatitis C virus prevalence.
This cross-sectional study examines whether a childhood history of exposure to parental incarceration and/or juvenile justice involvement is associated with mental health outcomes in early adulthood.
This cohort study examines the association of low-dose radiation exposure in youths with risk of cancer using South Korean national health insurance data.
This cohort study examines the association of National Cancer Institute Clinical Trial Network studies with practice influence, measured as guideline care and new drug indications for treatment of patients with cancer.
This cross-sectional study examines trends in racial/ethnic representation among US medical school applicants and matriculants relative to the overall age-adjusted US population.
This cross-sectional study compares the quality of home health agencies that serve traditional Medicare beneficiaries vs beneficiaries enrolled in high-quality or low-quality Medicare Advantage plans.
This cross-sectional study uses data from the Veterans Health Administration and Medicaid to examine changes in varenicline prescribing from the time of US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approval through publication and removal of public health advisories.
This cross-sectional study assesses chronic kidney disease management in Canadian primary care practices to identify care gaps to guide development and implementation of national quality improvement initiatives.
This cohort study determines whether there are differences in the frequency, amount, and type of opioids dispensed after surgery among the United States, Canada, and Sweden.
This genetic association study examines whether germline variants of natural killer cells are associated with tumor immune microenvironment subtypes, the abundance of tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes, response to immune checkpoint therapy, clinical outcomes, and cancer risk.
This cohort study examines rates of screening for hyperglycemia before total joint replacement among Medicare enrollees with and without diabetes.
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