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September 2021 - May 2018

Decade

Year

Issue

June 2018, Vol 1, No. 2

open access Original Investigation

INFECTIOUS DISEASES

Changes in Influenza Vaccination Requirements for Health Care Personnel in US Hospitals

This national survey study investigates changes in the proportion of hospitals requiring health care personnel to receive annual influenza vaccinations in 2013 and 2017 and compares the change among Veterans Affairs and non–Veterans Affairs hospitals.

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JAMA Netw Open. 2018;1(2):e180143. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2018.0143
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PUBLIC HEALTH

Patterns of Immediate-Release and Extended-Release Opioid Analgesic Use in the Management of Chronic Pain, 2003-2014

This cohort study characterizes use of immediate-release and extended-release/long-acting opioid analgesic therapy formulations and adding and switching patterns between the 2 formulations among patients in the United States between 2003 and 2014.

JAMA Netw Open. 2018;1(2):e180216. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2018.0216
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SUBSTANCE USE AND ADDICTION

The Burden of Opioid-Related Mortality in the United States

This population epidemiology study uses Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) mortality data to characterize trends in opioid-related deaths and estimate years of life lost due to opioids in the United States between 2001 and 2016.

JAMA Netw Open. 2018;1(2):e180217. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2018.0217
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UROLOGY

Assessment of the Diagnostic Accuracy of Biparametric Magnetic Resonance Imaging for Prostate Cancer in Biopsy-Naive Men: The Biparametric MRI for Detection of Prostate Cancer (BIDOC) Study

This study assesses the diagnostic accuracy and negative predictive value of biparametric magnetic resonance imaging (bpMRI) methods for detecting clinically significant prostate cancer in biopsy-naive men.

JAMA Netw Open. 2018;1(2):e180219. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2018.0219
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INFECTIOUS DISEASES

Legionnaires Disease Surveillance in US Department of Veterans Affairs Medical Facilities and Assessment of Health Care Facility Association

This infection epidemiology study describes the number of reports of Legionnaires disease in VA facilities between 2014 and 2016 and the proportion of cases associated with VA health care facility vs community exposure.

JAMA Netw Open. 2018;1(2):e180230. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2018.0230
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HEALTH POLICY

Prescription Drug Coverage for Treatment of Low Back Pain Among US Medicaid, Medicare Advantage, and Commercial Insurers

This study compares medication coverage policies and utilization management strategies of US Medicaid, Medicare Advantage, and commercial insurers for 62 products used to treat low back pain, including prescription opioids and nonopioid analgesics.

JAMA Netw Open. 2018;1(2):e180235. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2018.0235
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NUTRITION, OBESITY, AND EXERCISE

Trends and Disparities in Diet Quality Among US Adults by Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program Participation Status

This national survey study uses NHANES data to characterize trends in diet quality among US adults between 1999 and 2014 and differences in those trends among Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) participants, income-eligible nonparticipants, and higher-income individuals.

JAMA Netw Open. 2018;1(2):e180237. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2018.0237
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INFECTIOUS DISEASES

Outpatient Antibiotic Prescribing for Acute Respiratory Infections During Influenza Seasons

This cohort study examines patterns and appropriateness of antibiotic prescribing among children and adults with acute respiratory infections visiting outpatient clinics associated with the US Influenza Vaccine Effectiveness Network during influenza season.

JAMA Netw Open. 2018;1(2):e180243. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2018.0243
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PEDIATRICS

Association of Food Allergy and Other Allergic Conditions With Autism Spectrum Disorder in Children

This cross-sectional study uses data from the National Health Interview Survey to examine the association of food, respiratory, and skin allergies with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) in US children.

JAMA Netw Open. 2018;1(2):e180279. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2018.0279
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HEALTH POLICY

Availability of Investigational Medicines Through the US Food and Drug Administration’s Expanded Access and Compassionate Use Programs

This study describes expanded access and compassionate use programs created through 2017 for experimental drugs and biologics, and the timing and duration of existence of those programs relative to the date of US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) final approval.

JAMA Netw Open. 2018;1(2):e180283. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2018.0283
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

PSYCHIATRY

Problem-Solving Education to Prevent Depression Among Low-Income Mothers: A Path Mediation Analysis in a Randomized Clinical Trial

This study uses data from a clinical trial suggesting that problem-solving education (a form of cognitive behavioral therapy [CBT]) can prevent depression in low-income mothers to explore the mechanisms by which the intervention might be effective.

JAMA Netw Open. 2018;1(2):e180334. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2018.0334
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

ONCOLOGY

Endocrine Late Effects in Survivors of Cancer in Adolescence and Young Adulthood: A Danish Population-Based Cohort Study

This population-based cohort study uses Danish Cancer Registry data to investigate the lifetime risk of endocrine late effects of cancer and cancer treatment, including pituitary and gonadal hypofunction, in patients diagnosed and treated as adolescents and young adults.

JAMA Netw Open. 2018;1(2):e180349. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2018.0349
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ONCOLOGY

A Comparison of Response Patterns for Progression-Free Survival and Overall Survival Following Treatment for Cancer With PD-1 Inhibitors: A Meta-analysis of Correlation and Differences in Effect Sizes

This meta-analysis of randomized trials of nivolumab and pembrolizumab for treatment of cancer (lung, renal, head and neck) and melanoma estimates correlations and effect size differences between the trials’ outcome measures of progression-free and overall survival.

JAMA Netw Open. 2018;1(2):e180416. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2018.0416
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HEALTH POLICY

Earnings of Employed and Self-employed US Health Care Professionals, 2001 to 2015

This study uses responses from health care professionals who participated in the American Community Survey between 2001 and 2015 to identify trends in self-employment and changes in the earnings differences between self-employed professionals and those employed by for-profit or nonprofit organizations.

JAMA Netw Open. 2018;1(2):e180431. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2018.0431
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

PUBLIC HEALTH

Association of Chronic Opioid Use With Presidential Voting Patterns in US Counties in 2016

This study examines US county-level correlations between the proportion of Medicare Part D enrollees receiving a ≥90-day supply of opioids and the proportion of the county voting for Donald Trump for US president.

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JAMA Netw Open. 2018;1(2):e180450. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2018.0450
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

HEALTH POLICY

Industry Payments to Physician Specialists Who Prescribe Repository Corticotropin

This study uses Medicare Part D and Open Payments data to characterize payments to physicians from the manufacturer of repository corticotropin gel (H. P. Acthar Gel, an ACTH analogue) and associations between those payments and the number of prescriptions and Medicare expenditures for the drug in 2015.

JAMA Netw Open. 2018;1(2):e180482. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2018.0482
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

HEALTH POLICY

Exposure-Response Association Between Concurrent Opioid and Benzodiazepine Use and Risk of Opioid-Related Overdose in Medicare Part D Beneficiaries

This cohort study investigates the associations between concurrent prescription opioid and benzodiazepine use and the risk of opioid overdose among Medicare Part D beneficiaries in 2013 and 2014.

JAMA Netw Open. 2018;1(2):e180919. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2018.0919
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF
open access Consensus Statement

MEDICAL EDUCATION

Core Competencies in Evidence-Based Practice for Health Professionals: Consensus Statement Based on a Systematic Review and Delphi Survey

This study describes use of a modified Delphi survey procedure to develop a set of 68 core evidence-based practice (EBP) competencies to improve EBP education and learning.

JAMA Netw Open. 2018;1(2):e180281. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2018.0281
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open access Editorial

Suggested Paths to Fixing the Opioid Crisis: Directions and Misdirections

JAMA Netw Open. 2018;1(2):e180218. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2018.0218
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open access Invited Commentary

INFECTIOUS DISEASES

Continuing to Move the Needle on Health Care Personnel Influenza Vaccination Rates

JAMA Netw Open. 2018;1(2):e180144. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2018.0144
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

UROLOGY

Magnetic Resonance Imaging–Based Prostate Cancer Screening: Is High-Value Care Achieved or Does the Holy Grail Remain Elusive?

JAMA Netw Open. 2018;1(2):e180220. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2018.0220
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INFECTIOUS DISEASES

Prevention of Health Care–Associated Legionnaires Disease

JAMA Netw Open. 2018;1(2):e180232. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2018.0232
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

HEALTH POLICY

Opioid Prescribing for Low Back Pain: What Is the Role of Payers?

JAMA Netw Open. 2018;1(2):e180236. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2018.0236
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

NUTRITION, OBESITY, AND EXERCISE

Disparities in Diet Quality: No SNAPPY Solutions

JAMA Netw Open. 2018;1(2):e180238. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2018.0238
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

PEDIATRICS

Another Step Toward Defining an Immune-Mediated Subtype of Autism Spectrum Disorder

JAMA Netw Open. 2018;1(2):e180280. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2018.0280
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

MEDICAL EDUCATION

Interprofessional Evidence-Based Practice Competencies: Equalizing the Playing Field

JAMA Netw Open. 2018;1(2):e180282. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2018.0282
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

PSYCHIATRY

It Is Time to Invest in the Prevention of Depression

JAMA Netw Open. 2018;1(2):e180335. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2018.0335
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

ONCOLOGY

Unmet Survivorship Care Needs of Adolescent and Young Adult Cancer Survivors

JAMA Netw Open. 2018;1(2):e180350. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2018.0350
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PUBLIC HEALTH

The Opiates and the (Voting) Masses

JAMA Netw Open. 2018;1(2):e180451. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2018.0451
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open access JAMA Network Open Masthead

JAMA Network Open

JAMA Netw Open. 2018;1(2):e180427. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2018.0427
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