This cluster randomized trial compares the effects of greening vacant urban land (removing trash, grading land, planting grass and trees, installing fences, and regular maintenance) vs no intervention on the self-reported mental health of adults living in neighborhoods with vacant urban lots in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
This qualitative study characterizes the frequency and nature of physician empathetic statements during pediatric intensive care unit (PICU) care conferences with families, the families’ responses to the statements, and missed opportunties for communication.
This comparative effectiveness cohort study explores the association of inferior vena cava filter placement with 30-day mortality in patients with venous thromboembolic disease and a contraindication to anticoagulation.
This study characterizes error frequency and type in clinical documents from 2 health systems signed off on by attending physicians after having been generated using speech recognition software and having been edited by medical transcriptionists.
This study uses data from the US National Survey on Drug Use and Health to examine associations between adult opioid use and self-reported physical and mental health, co-occurring substance use, and involvement in the criminal justice system.
This cross-sectional analysis uses data from a population-based survey of residents of Nepal to identify changes in the prevalence of hypertension according to the 2017 American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association (ACC/AHA) hypertension guideline compared with previous guidelines.
This population-based cohort study assesses the adverse health outcomes associated with physical frailty and malnutrition singly and in combination among older adults.
This study characterizes the prevalence of human papillomavirus 16 (HPV-16) and HPV-18 metastatic cervical cancers among National Cancer Institute (NCI) trial participants and the cross-reactivity of archived T cells between the 2 HPV types to determine whether treating patients with an HPV-16–targeted vaccine would be effective for women with HPV-18 cancers.
This population-based cohort study examines temporal associations of alcohol and tobacco consumption with overall cancer mortality in the Australian population, looking across different sex and age groups.
This cohort study uses data from the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children (ALSPAC) to compare rates of prenatal depression between women who were pregnant in 1990 to 1992 and a second generation of women who were pregnant in 2012 to 2016.
This randomized noninferiority trial compares the effects of intermittent (2 days per week) energy restricted diet with those of continuous energy restricted diet on glycemic control and weight loss in adults with type 2 diabetes during a 12-month period.
This case series examines the factors that contribute to disease progression and neurological deterioration in children who undergo hematopoietic stem cell transplantation to treat cerebral X-linked adrenoleukodystrophy.
This cross-sectional study uses survey data from the Obstructive Lung Disease in Northern Sweden (OLIN) and West Sweden Asthma Study (WSAS) surveys to determine the prevalence of electronic cigarette (e-cigarette) use and investigate the association of e-cigarette use with smoking habits, demographic characteristics, and respiratory symptoms in Swedish adults.
This study assesses the proportion of women physician authors of perspective-type articles in 4 high-impact pediatric journals in comparison with the proportion of men physician authors of these articles.
This 3-arm cluster randomized clinical trial evaluates the effectiveness of an automated patient dashboard using active choice framing with and without peer comparison feedback on performance to nudge primary care physicians to increase guideline-concordant statin prescribing.
This cohort study reports osteoporosis medication initiation rates among adults with hip fracture and estimates the association with risk reduction in subsequent nonvertebral fractures.
This cross-sectional study uses data from police department investigation files to characterize the association between firearm caliber and likelihood of death in victims and survivors of shootings in Boston, Massachusetts, between 2010 and 2014.
This review of 10 peer-reviewed studies and 5 program curricula evaluates published programs designed to prevent or decrease the mistreatment of medical trainees.
This cross-sectional study evaluates the association between the expansion of accountable care organizations throughout the United States and changes in physician work hours, self-employment, and employment in hospitals.
This cohort study describes and applies a machine learning model to predict short-term mortality in a general oncology cohort of patients starting new chemotherapy, using only data available before the first day of treatment.
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