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September 2019 - May 2018

Decade

Year

Issue

July 2018, Vol 1, No. 3

open access Original Investigation

PUBLIC HEALTH

Effect of Greening Vacant Land on Mental Health of Community-Dwelling Adults: A Cluster Randomized Trial

This cluster randomized trial compares the effects of greening vacant urban land (removing trash, grading land, planting grass and trees, installing fences, and regular maintenance) vs no intervention on the self-reported mental health of adults living in neighborhoods with vacant urban lots in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

JAMA Netw Open. 2018;1(3):e180298. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2018.0298
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

PEDIATRICS

Characteristics of Physician Empathetic Statements During Pediatric Intensive Care Conferences With Family Members: A Qualitative Study

This qualitative study characterizes the frequency and nature of physician empathetic statements during pediatric intensive care unit (PICU) care conferences with families, the families’ responses to the statements, and missed opportunties for communication.

JAMA Netw Open. 2018;1(3):e180351. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2018.0351
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

CARDIOLOGY

Association of Inferior Vena Cava Filter Placement for Venous Thromboembolic Disease and a Contraindication to Anticoagulation With 30-Day Mortality

This comparative effectiveness cohort study explores the association of inferior vena cava filter placement with 30-day mortality in patients with venous thromboembolic disease and a contraindication to anticoagulation.

JAMA Netw Open. 2018;1(3):e180452. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2018.0452
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

HEALTH INFORMATICS

Analysis of Errors in Dictated Clinical Documents Assisted by Speech Recognition Software and Professional Transcriptionists

This study characterizes error frequency and type in clinical documents from 2 health systems signed off on by attending physicians after having been generated using speech recognition software and having been edited by medical transcriptionists.

JAMA Netw Open. 2018;1(3):e180530. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2018.0530
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

SUBSTANCE USE AND ADDICTION

Health, Polysubstance Use, and Criminal Justice Involvement Among Adults With Varying Levels of Opioid Use

This study uses data from the US National Survey on Drug Use and Health to examine associations between adult opioid use and self-reported physical and mental health, co-occurring substance use, and involvement in the criminal justice system.

JAMA Netw Open. 2018;1(3):e180558. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2018.0558
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

GLOBAL HEALTH

Estimated Change in Prevalence of Hypertension in Nepal Following Application of the 2017 ACC/AHA Guideline

This cross-sectional analysis uses data from a population-based survey of residents of Nepal to identify changes in the prevalence of hypertension according to the 2017 American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association (ACC/AHA) hypertension guideline compared with previous guidelines.

JAMA Netw Open. 2018;1(3):e180606. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2018.0606
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

GERIATRICS

Association of Frailty and Malnutrition With Long-term Functional and Mortality Outcomes Among Community-Dwelling Older Adults: Results From the Singapore Longitudinal Aging Study 1

This population-based cohort study assesses the adverse health outcomes associated with physical frailty and malnutrition singly and in combination among older adults.

JAMA Netw Open. 2018;1(3):e180650. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2018.0650
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

ONCOLOGY

Human Papillomavirus T-Cell Cross-reactivity in Cervical Cancer: Implications for Immunotherapy Clinical Trial Design

This study characterizes the prevalence of human papillomavirus 16 (HPV-16) and HPV-18 metastatic cervical cancers among National Cancer Institute (NCI) trial participants and the cross-reactivity of archived T cells between the 2 HPV types to determine whether treating patients with an HPV-16–targeted vaccine would be effective for women with HPV-18 cancers.

has active quiz
JAMA Netw Open. 2018;1(3):e180706. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2018.0706
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF CME & MOC

PUBLIC HEALTH

Temporal Associations of Alcohol and Tobacco Consumption With Cancer Mortality

This population-based cohort study examines temporal associations of alcohol and tobacco consumption with overall cancer mortality in the Australian population, looking across different sex and age groups.

JAMA Netw Open. 2018;1(3):e180713. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2018.0713
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

PSYCHIATRY

Prevalence of Prenatal Depression Symptoms Among 2 Generations of Pregnant Mothers: The Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children

This cohort study uses data from the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children (ALSPAC) to compare rates of prenatal depression between women who were pregnant in 1990 to 1992 and a second generation of women who were pregnant in 2012 to 2016.

JAMA Netw Open. 2018;1(3):e180725. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2018.0725
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

DIABETES AND ENDOCRINOLOGY

Effect of Intermittent Compared With Continuous Energy Restricted Diet on Glycemic Control in Patients With Type 2 Diabetes: A Randomized Noninferiority Trial

This randomized noninferiority trial compares the effects of intermittent (2 days per week) energy restricted diet with those of continuous energy restricted diet on glycemic control and weight loss in adults with type 2 diabetes during a 12-month period.

JAMA Netw Open. 2018;1(3):e180756. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2018.0756
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

NEUROLOGY

Potential Risks to Stable Long-term Outcome of Allogeneic Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation for Children With Cerebral X-linked Adrenoleukodystrophy

This case series examines the factors that contribute to disease progression and neurological deterioration in children who undergo hematopoietic stem cell transplantation to treat cerebral X-linked adrenoleukodystrophy.

JAMA Netw Open. 2018;1(3):e180769. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2018.0769
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

PUBLIC HEALTH

Association of Electronic Cigarette Use With Smoking Habits, Demographic Factors, and Respiratory Symptoms

This cross-sectional study uses survey data from the Obstructive Lung Disease in Northern Sweden (OLIN) and West Sweden Asthma Study (WSAS) surveys to determine the prevalence of electronic cigarette (e-cigarette) use and investigate the association of e-cigarette use with smoking habits, demographic characteristics, and respiratory symptoms in Swedish adults.

JAMA Netw Open. 2018;1(3):e180789. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2018.0789
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

MEDICAL JOURNALS AND PUBLISHING

Assessment of Women Physicians Among Authors of Perspective-Type Articles Published in High-Impact Pediatric Journals

This study assesses the proportion of women physician authors of perspective-type articles in 4 high-impact pediatric journals in comparison with the proportion of men physician authors of these articles.

JAMA Netw Open. 2018;1(3):e180802. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2018.0802
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

CARDIOLOGY

Effect of an Automated Patient Dashboard Using Active Choice and Peer Comparison Performance Feedback to Physicians on Statin Prescribing: The PRESCRIBE Cluster Randomized Clinical Trial

This 3-arm cluster randomized clinical trial evaluates the effectiveness of an automated patient dashboard using active choice framing with and without peer comparison feedback on performance to nudge primary care physicians to increase guideline-concordant statin prescribing.

JAMA Netw Open. 2018;1(3):e180818. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2018.0818
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

GERIATRICS

Association of Osteoporosis Medication Use After Hip Fracture With Prevention of Subsequent Nonvertebral Fractures: An Instrumental Variable Analysis

This cohort study reports osteoporosis medication initiation rates among adults with hip fracture and estimates the association with risk reduction in subsequent nonvertebral fractures.

JAMA Netw Open. 2018;1(3):e180826. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2018.0826
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

PUBLIC HEALTH

The Association of Firearm Caliber With Likelihood of Death From Gunshot Injury in Criminal Assaults

This cross-sectional study uses data from police department investigation files to characterize the association between firearm caliber and likelihood of death in victims and survivors of shootings in Boston, Massachusetts, between 2010 and 2014.

JAMA Netw Open. 2018;1(3):e180833. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2018.0833
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

MEDICAL EDUCATION

Assessment of Programs Aimed to Decrease or Prevent Mistreatment of Medical Trainees

This review of 10 peer-reviewed studies and 5 program curricula evaluates published programs designed to prevent or decrease the mistreatment of medical trainees.

JAMA Netw Open. 2018;1(3):e180870. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2018.0870
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

HEALTH POLICY

Association Between the Growth of Accountable Care Organizations and Physician Work Hours and Self-employment

This cross-sectional study evaluates the association between the expansion of accountable care organizations throughout the United States and changes in physician work hours, self-employment, and employment in hospitals.

JAMA Netw Open. 2018;1(3):e180876. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2018.0876
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

ONCOLOGY

Development and Application of a Machine Learning Approach to Assess Short-term Mortality Risk Among Patients With Cancer Starting Chemotherapy

This cohort study describes and applies a machine learning model to predict short-term mortality in a general oncology cohort of patients starting new chemotherapy, using only data available before the first day of treatment.

JAMA Netw Open. 2018;1(3):e180926. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2018.0926
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF
open access Invited Commentary

PUBLIC HEALTH

Nature Exposure Gets a Boost From a Cluster Randomized Trial on the Mental Health Benefits of Greening Vacant Lots

JAMA Netw Open. 2018;1(3):e180299. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2018.0299
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

PEDIATRICS

Yes, Families Really Do Respond to More Empathetic Physicians

JAMA Netw Open. 2018;1(3):e180352. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2018.0352
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

CARDIOLOGY

Inferior Vena Cava Filters and Mortality: Is It the Underlying Process, the Patient, or the Device?

JAMA Netw Open. 2018;1(3):e180453. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2018.0453
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

GLOBAL HEALTH

Implications of the 2017 ACC/AHA Hypertension Guideline for Public Health in Nepal

JAMA Netw Open. 2018;1(3):e180778. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2018.0778
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

CARDIOLOGY

Making Measurement Matter

JAMA Netw Open. 2018;1(3):e180843. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2018.0843
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

GERIATRICS

Osteoporosis Treatment After Hip Fracture: Bad News and Getting Worse

JAMA Netw Open. 2018;1(3):e180844. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2018.0844
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

PUBLIC HEALTH

Fighting Unarmed Against Firearms

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JAMA Netw Open. 2018;1(3):e180845. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2018.0845
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

MEDICAL EDUCATION

Mistreatment of Medical Trainees: Time for a New Approach

JAMA Netw Open. 2018;1(3):e180869. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2018.0869
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

MEDICAL JOURNALS AND PUBLISHING

Women Physicians Among Authors of Perspective-Type Articles Published in High-Impact Pediatric Journals: You Haven’t Come a Long Way, Baby

JAMA Netw Open. 2018;1(3):e180899. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2018.0899
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF
open access Correction

Error in Text

JAMA Netw Open. 2018;1(3):e182037. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2018.2037
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF
open access JAMA Network Open Masthead

JAMA Network Open

JAMA Netw Open. 2018;1(3):e181335. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2018.1335
Abstract Full Text
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