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September 2019 - May 2018

Decade

Year

Issue

September 2018, Vol 1, No. 5

open access Original Investigation

CARDIOLOGY

Long-term Outcomes of the Effects of Home Blood Pressure Telemonitoring and Pharmacist Management on Blood Pressure Among Adults With Uncontrolled Hypertension: Follow-up of a Cluster Randomized Clinical Trial

This follow-up of a cluster randomized clinical trial of adults with uncontrolled hypertension examines the durability of the effect of a home blood pressure telemonitoring and pharmacist management intervention on blood pressure through 54 months of follow-up and compares blood pressure measurements performed in the research clinic vs usual care.

JAMA Netw Open. 2018;1(5):e181617. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2018.1617
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

SURGERY

Comparing Long-term Mortality After Carotid Endarterectomy vs Carotid Stenting Using a Novel Instrumental Variable Method for Risk Adjustment in Observational Time-to-Event Data

This registry-based multicenter cohort study examines long-term survival after carotid endarterectomy (CEA) and carotid artery stenting (CAS) in real-world practice using a novel instrumental variable method designed for time-to-event outcomes compared with traditional risk-adjustment models used in observational studies for survival analyses.

JAMA Netw Open. 2018;1(5):e181676. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2018.1676
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

GERIATRICS

Adolescent Cognitive Aptitudes and Later-in-Life Alzheimer Disease and Related Disorders

This population-based cohort study investigates the association between adolescent cognitive ability and later-in-life Medicare-recorded Alzheimer disease and related disorders and explores the association seperately in men and women.

JAMA Netw Open. 2018;1(5):e181726. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2018.1726
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

INFECTIOUS DISEASES

Variations in Influenza Vaccination by Clinic Appointment Time and an Active Choice Intervention in the Electronic Health Record to Increase Influenza Vaccination

This quality improvement study compares differences in influenza vaccination rates by clinic appointment time and evaluates whether an active choice intervention in the electronic health record is associated with changes in vaccination rates.

JAMA Netw Open. 2018;1(5):e181770. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2018.1770
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

SUBSTANCE USE AND ADDICTION

Effect of Long-term Nicotine Replacement Therapy vs Standard Smoking Cessation for Smokers With Chronic Lung Disease: A Randomized Clinical Trial

This randomized clinical trial compares the effect of long-term nicotine replacement therapy vs standard smoking cessation on exposure to cigarette smoke, harm related to smoking, and smoking cessation among smokers with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.

JAMA Netw Open. 2018;1(5):e181843. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2018.1843
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

DIABETES AND ENDOCRINOLOGY

Association of Race and Ethnicity With Glycemic Control and Hemoglobin A1c Levels in Youth With Type 1 Diabetes

This longitudinal cohort study compares trajectories of hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) increase, considered a measure of glycemic control, among patients younger than 20 years of age with type 1 diabetes according to their self-reported race/ethnicity using data from the SEARCH for Diabetes in Youth study.

JAMA Netw Open. 2018;1(5):e181851. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2018.1851
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

GERIATRICS

Association of Body Mass Index With Disability in Activities of Daily Living Among Chinese Adults 80 Years of Age or Older

This cohort study uses data from the Chinese Longitudinal Healthy Longevity Study to examine whether body mass index (BMI) is associated with subsequent disability in activities of daily living in Chinese adults 80 years of age or older.

JAMA Netw Open. 2018;1(5):e181915. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2018.1915
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

CARDIOLOGY

Postoperative Joint Replacement Complications in Swedish Patients With a Family History of Venous Thromboembolism

This cohort study uses Swedish national databases to assess major bleeding and venous thromboembolism (VTE) following hip and knee replacement surgical procedures in patients with and without a family history of VTE.

JAMA Netw Open. 2018;1(5):e181924. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2018.1924
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

ONCOLOGY

Trends in Risks for Second Primary Cancers Associated With Index Human Papillomavirus–Associated Cancers

This registry-based cohort study using data from the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) database investigates the risk of human papillomavirus (HPV)–associated second primary cancers among survivors of HPV-associated index cancers and tests the hypothesis that the risk of HPV-associated second primary cancer has increased over the last 4 decades.

JAMA Netw Open. 2018;1(5):e181999. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2018.1999
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

CARDIOLOGY

Cost-effectiveness of Financial Incentives for Patients and Physicians to Manage Low-Density Lipoprotein Cholesterol Levels

This model-based economic evaluation examines the cost-effectiveness of financial incentives for patients and physicians in controlling low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol levels.

JAMA Netw Open. 2018;1(5):e182008. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2018.2008
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

HEALTH POLICY

Association of Racial and Socioeconomic Disparities With Outcomes Among Patients Hospitalized With Acute Myocardial Infarction, Heart Failure, and Pneumonia: An Analysis of Within- and Between-Hospital Variation

This cohort study uses Medicare claims data to compare performance within and between US hospitals concerning the association of race and neighborhood income with patient outcomes after hospitalization for acute myocardial infarction (AMI), heart failure, and pneumonia.

JAMA Netw Open. 2018;1(5):e182044. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2018.2044
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

ONCOLOGY

Effect of Positron Emission Tomography Imaging in Women With Locally Advanced Cervical Cancer: A Randomized Clinical Trial

This randomized clinical trial compares the extent of treatment with chemotherapy and radiotherapy in women with locally advanced cervical cancer who have staging using fludeoxyglucose F 18 positron emission–computed tomography along with conventional staging with CT of the abdomen and pelvis vs those who have staging with CT alone.

has active quiz
JAMA Netw Open. 2018;1(5):e182081. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2018.2081
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF CME & MOC

HEALTH POLICY

Association of the Overall Well-being of a Population With Health Care Spending for People 65 Years of Age or Older

This cross-sectional study uses US county-level well-being data from the Gallup-Sharecare Well-Being Index and annual Medicare fee-for-service spending per beneficiary to assess whether the overall well-being of a population is associated with the health care spending for those 65 years or older.

JAMA Netw Open. 2018;1(5):e182136. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2018.2136
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

GENETICS AND GENOMICS

Exome Sequencing–Based Screening for BRCA1/2 Expected Pathogenic Variants Among Adult Biobank Participants

This cross-sectional study investigates the ascertainment of pathogenic and likely pathogenic BRCA1/2 variants among US adults enrolled in the MyCode Community Health Initiative.

JAMA Netw Open. 2018;1(5):e182140. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2018.2140
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

PUBLIC HEALTH

Association of Legal Intervention Injuries With Race and Ethnicity Among Patients Treated in Emergency Departments in California

This cross-sectional study examines all outpatient emergency department (ED) visits and inpatient admissions for injuries following legal interventions by police and other law enforcement agents and trends in injury rates and severity and association with disparities by race and ethnicity of the treated patients.

JAMA Netw Open. 2018;1(5):e182150. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2018.2150
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

HEALTH POLICY

Comparison of Populations Served in Hospital Service Areas With and Without Comprehensive Primary Care Plus Medical Homes

This comparative cross-sectional study describes the practices of the Comprehensive Primary Care Plus medical home program model and compares hospital service areas with and without these practices using data from the US Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services.

JAMA Netw Open. 2018;1(5):e182169. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2018.2169
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH

Association of Prenatal Exposure to Ambient and Traffic-Related Air Pollution With Newborn Thyroid Function: Findings From the Children’s Health Study

This cohort study examines the association between prenatal exposure to ambient and traffic-related air pollution and newborn total thyroxine concentrations and investigates critical gestational windows of exposure during pregnancies.

JAMA Netw Open. 2018;1(5):e182172. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2018.2172
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

CARDIOLOGY

Cardiovascular Disease Among Women Who Gave Birth to an Infant With a Major Congenital Anomaly

This cohort study examines the risk for cardiovascular disease among women in Denmark who have given birth to children with major congenital anomalies.

JAMA Netw Open. 2018;1(5):e182320. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2018.2320
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

PSYCHIATRY

Association of Use of Omega-3 Polyunsaturated Fatty Acids With Changes in Severity of Anxiety Symptoms: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis

This systematic review and meta-analysis of 19 clinical trials evaluates whether improvement in anxiety symptoms is associated with anxiolytic effects of omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA) treatment compared with control treatments in both placebo-controlled and non–placebo-controlled trials.

JAMA Netw Open. 2018;1(5):e182327. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2018.2327
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

PEDIATRICS

Association of Intraventricular Hemorrhage and Death With Tocolytic Exposure in Preterm Infants

This population-based cohort study assesses the risks associated with tocolysis as measured by death and intraventricular hemorrhage in preterm infants and compares the risks between calcium channel blockers and atosiban.

JAMA Netw Open. 2018;1(5):e182355. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2018.2355
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

NEUROLOGY

Association of Levels of Physical Activity With Risk of Parkinson Disease: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis

This systematic review and meta-analysis investigates the dose-response association between levels of physical activity and the risk of Parkinson disease by examining data from 8 studies including more than half a million participants.

JAMA Netw Open. 2018;1(5):e182421. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2018.2421
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

EMERGENCY MEDICINE

Effect of the Head Computed Tomography Choice Decision Aid in Parents of Children With Minor Head Trauma: A Cluster Randomized Trial

This cluster randomized trial compares the effect of the Head Computed Tomography Choice decision aid with usual care in parents of children with minor head trauma at intermediate risk for clinically important traumatic brain injuries who are treated in emergency departments.

JAMA Netw Open. 2018;1(5):e182430. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2018.2430
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

PEDIATRICS

Association of Weight for Length vs Body Mass Index During the First 2 Years of Life With Cardiometabolic Risk in Early Adolescence

This study of birth cohorts from the United States and Belarus examines whether weight for length or body mass index more accurately estimates future cardiometabolic outcomes in children younger than 2 years.

JAMA Netw Open. 2018;1(5):e182460. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2018.2460
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

CARDIOLOGY

Association Between Family History and Early-Onset Atrial Fibrillation Across Racial and Ethnic Groups

This cohort study compares the prevalence of family history of atrial fibrillation (AF) in patients of European, African, and Hispanic/Latino descent with early-onset AF vs non–early-onset AF.

JAMA Netw Open. 2018;1(5):e182497. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2018.2497
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

COMPLEMENTARY AND ALTERNATIVE MEDICINE

Effect of a Positive Psychological Intervention on Pain and Functional Difficulty Among Adults With Osteoarthritis: A Randomized Clinical Trial

This randomized clinical trial assesses the effects of a positive psychological intervention on pain and functional difficulty vs a control program in veterans with knee osteoarthritis and evaluates whether this management varies by race.

JAMA Netw Open. 2018;1(5):e182533. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2018.2533
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

PEDIATRICS

Association Between Time to Defibrillation and Survival in Pediatric In-Hospital Cardiac Arrest With a First Documented Shockable Rhythm

This cohort study compares survival to discharge after in-hospital cardiac arrest with a first documented shockable rhythm between children who were treated with defibrillation 2 minutes or less after arrest vs more than 2 minutes after arrest using data from the American Heart Association’s Get With The Guidelines–Resuscitation national registry.

JAMA Netw Open. 2018;1(5):e182643. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2018.2643
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

DIABETES AND ENDOCRINOLOGY

Evaluation of Artificial Intelligence–Based Grading of Diabetic Retinopathy in Primary Care

This diagnostic study evaluates an artificial intelligence (AI)–based system for diagnosing diabetic retinopathy using retinal images in a primary care setting vs the gold standard of diagnosis by an ophthalmologist.

JAMA Netw Open. 2018;1(5):e182665. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2018.2665
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

PEDIATRICS

Outcomes of Delaying Parenteral Nutrition for 1 Week vs Initiation Within 24 Hours Among Undernourished Children in Pediatric Intensive Care: A Subanalysis of the PEPaNIC Randomized Clinical Trial

This subanalysis of the Pediatric Early vs Late Parenteral Nutrition in Intensive Care Unit (PEPaNIC) randomized clinical trial assesses the outcome effects of withholding parenteral nutrition for 1 week vs initiation within 24 hours in undernourished critically ill children.

JAMA Netw Open. 2018;1(5):e182668. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2018.2668
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

HEALTH INFORMATICS

Value of Neighborhood Socioeconomic Status in Predicting Risk of Outcomes in Studies That Use Electronic Health Record Data

This cohort study quantifies the association of neighborhood socioeconomic status with adverse outcomes and the value of neighborhood socioeconomic status in predicting the risk of adverse outcomes in electronic health record (EHR)–based risk models.

JAMA Netw Open. 2018;1(5):e182716. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2018.2716
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

MEDICAL EDUCATION

Minority Resident Physicians’ Views on the Role of Race/Ethnicity in Their Training Experiences in the Workplace

This qualitative study characterizes how black, Hispanic, and Native American resident physicians experience race/ethnicity in the workplace during their graduate medical education and training.

JAMA Netw Open. 2018;1(5):e182723. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2018.2723
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

PEDIATRICS

Prevalence and Sociodemographic Correlates of Adolescent Use and Polyuse of Combustible, Vaporized, and Edible Cannabis Products

This cross-sectional survey study investigates the prevalence, patterns, and sociodemographic correlates of cannabis product use and polyuse by administration methods (combustible, vaporized, and edible) among a sample of adolescents in 10th grade.

JAMA Netw Open. 2018;1(5):e182765. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2018.2765
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

HEALTH POLICY

Association of the Hospital Readmissions Reduction Program With Mortality During and After Hospitalization for Acute Myocardial Infarction, Heart Failure, and Pneumonia

This cohort study uses Medicare data to evaluate whether the announcement or implementation of the Hospital Readmissions Reduction Program (HRRP) was associated with an increase in either in-hospital or 30-day postdischarge mortality following hospitalization for acute myocardial infarction (AMI), heart failure (HF), or pneumonia.

JAMA Netw Open. 2018;1(5):e182777. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2018.2777
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

CARDIOLOGY

Assessment of Outcomes of Treatment With Oral Anticoagulants in Patients With Atrial Fibrillation and Multiple Chronic Conditions: A Comparative Effectiveness Analysis

This comparative effectiveness analysis assesses the efficacy and safety of oral anticoagulants dabigatran, rivaroxaban, and warfarin in elderly Medicare beneficiaries with atrial fibrillation (AF) and multiple chronic conditions.

JAMA Netw Open. 2018;1(5):e182870. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2018.2870
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

GLOBAL HEALTH

Trends in Socioeconomic Inequalities and Prevalence of Anemia Among Children and Nonpregnant Women in Low- and Middle-Income Countries

This cross-sectional analysis uses data from the Demographic and Health Surveys to assess the socioeconomic inequalities and prevalence of anemia among children and nonpregnant women in low- and middle-income countries.

JAMA Netw Open. 2018;1(5):e182899. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2018.2899
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

PUBLIC HEALTH

Assessment of Opioid Prescribing Practices Before and After Implementation of a Health System Intervention to Reduce Opioid Overprescribing

This quality improvement study compares opioid prescribing rates in a single health system before and after a multipart intervention intended to decrease overprescribing.

JAMA Netw Open. 2018;1(5):e182908. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2018.2908
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

SUBSTANCE USE AND ADDICTION

Association of Buprenorphine-Waivered Physician Supply With Buprenorphine Treatment Use and Prescription Opioid Use in Medicaid Enrollees

This economic evaluation study uses Medicaid prescription data from 2011 to 2016 to analyze the association of number of physicians permitted to prescribe buprenorphine for opioid addiction treatment with use of buprenorphine treatment and prescription opioid use among Medicaid enrollees.

has active quiz
JAMA Netw Open. 2018;1(5):e182943. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2018.2943
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF CME & MOC

NEUROLOGY

Association of Embolic Sources With Cause-Specific Functional Outcomes Among Adults With Cryptogenic Stroke

This multicenter registry-based cohort study of patients hospitalized with ischemic stroke investigates whether functional outcome differs according to potential embolic sources after cryptogenic stroke.

JAMA Netw Open. 2018;1(5):e182953. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2018.2953
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

ONCOLOGY

Extent of Risk-Aligned Surveillance for Cancer Recurrence Among Patients With Early-Stage Bladder Cancer

This cohort study assesses cystoscopy frequency for patients with low-risk vs high-risk bladder cancer treated at US Veterans Affairs facilities.

JAMA Netw Open. 2018;1(5):e183442. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2018.3442
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF
open access Invited Commentary

GERIATRICS

Intelligence, Cognitive Reserve, and Dementia: Time for Intervention?

JAMA Netw Open. 2018;1(5):e181724. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2018.1724
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

INFECTIOUS DISEASES

The Power of the Nudge to Decrease Decision Fatigue and Increase Influenza Vaccination Rates

JAMA Netw Open. 2018;1(5):e181754. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2018.1754
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

SURGERY

Less Biased Estimation of the Survival Benefit of Carotid Endarterectomy Using Real-World Data: Bridging the Gap Between Observational Studies and Randomized Clinical Trials

JAMA Netw Open. 2018;1(5):e181831. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2018.1831
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

DIABETES AND ENDOCRINOLOGY

Racial Differences in Trajectories of Hemoglobin A1c: Further Evidence of Gaps in Care

JAMA Netw Open. 2018;1(5):e181882. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2018.1882
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

PUBLIC HEALTH

Understanding Police Use of Force via Hospital Administrative Data: Prospects and Problems

JAMA Netw Open. 2018;1(5):e182231. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2018.2231
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

EMERGENCY MEDICINE

Shared Decision-Making Tools in Pediatric Acute Care: Enhancing Parent Knowledge and Trust

JAMA Netw Open. 2018;1(5):e182410. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2018.2410
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

COMPLEMENTARY AND ALTERNATIVE MEDICINE

Remaining Positive About Positive Psychological Interventions for Pain

JAMA Netw Open. 2018;1(5):e182531. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2018.2531
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

NEUROLOGY

Physical Activity and Parkinson Disease Risk: An Intriguing Link

JAMA Netw Open. 2018;1(5):e182633. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2018.2633
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

PEDIATRICS

Shorter Time to Defibrillation in Pediatric CPR: Children Are Not Small Adults, but Shock Them Like They Are

JAMA Netw Open. 2018;1(5):e182653. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2018.2653
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

DIABETES AND ENDOCRINOLOGY

Evaluating Artificial Intelligence Applications in Clinical Settings

JAMA Netw Open. 2018;1(5):e182658. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2018.2658
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

MEDICAL EDUCATION

The Plight of the Minority Resident Physician—Similar Challenges in a Different World

JAMA Netw Open. 2018;1(5):e182728. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2018.2728
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

HEALTH POLICY

Death, Readmissions, and Getting Policy Right

JAMA Netw Open. 2018;1(5):e182776. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2018.2776
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

HEALTH POLICY

Payment and Care Delivery Improvements Could Benefit All Patients

JAMA Netw Open. 2018;1(5):e182883. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2018.2883
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF
open access Correction

Error in Text

JAMA Netw Open. 2018;1(5):e183588. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2018.3588
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open access JAMA Network Open Masthead

JAMA Network Open

JAMA Netw Open. 2018;1(5):e182861. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2018.2861
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