This cross-sectional content analysis assesses adherence of social media content of recreational marijuana companies in the state of Washington to Washington Administrative Code regulations.
This systematic review and meta-analysis evaluates evidence from mendelian randomization studies to provide a less biased estimate of any association between obesity and cardiometabolic outcomes, specifically coronary artery disease, stroke, or type 2 diabetes, among nearly 1 million participants.
This cohort study evaluated associations of increased creatinine levels, hyperkalemia, and continuation of therapy with the risk of emergency department visits, hospitalizations, and mortality within 1 year after initiation of renin angiotensin aldosterone system inhibitor (RAASI) therapy in patients with chronic kidney disease.
This meta-analysis investigates whether concomitant use of cholinesterase inhibitors or memantine affect cognitive outcomes in Alzheimer disease (AD) clinical trials.
This cohort study assesses machine learning of time-series tools compared with simpler conventional methods to forecast the numbers of hospital discharges.
This nationwide cohort study analyzes health register data from Norway to determine the incidence rate of atopic dermatitis among children younger than 6 years.
This cohort study of Medicare data from 2007 to 2015 examines disparities in readmission rates between white and black patients discharged from safety-net or non–safety-net hospitals after initiation of the Hospital Readmissions Reduction Program (HRRP).
This cohort study examines the association of screening for hypogammaglobulinemia with the risk of infection and mortality in patients who received rituximab therapy.
This in silico cohort study uses data from the Medical Information Mart for Intensive Care (MIMIC-III) to investigate whether discussions documented in narrative clinical notes about financial concerns between patients and clinicians are associated with health care decision making in the intensive care unit.
This cross-sectional study uses a serum-based liquid chromatography–tandem mass spectrometry assay to measure drug concentrations of medications in blood samples to assess the accuracy of medical records and patient adherence.
This cohort study uses data from 2 US myocardial infarction registries to assess whether demographic or clinical characteristics differ between self-identified black patients and white patients or are associated with 1- or 5-year survival after acute myocardial infarction.
This quality improvement study compares the outcomes and costs of Medicare and Medicaid participants who took part in an acute care intervention or a community intervention in Baltimore, Maryland, vs a comparison group drawn from similar Maryland hospitals.
This randomized clinical trial evaluates the effect of cognitive behavioral humanistic and interpersonal training vs a general health education attention control on the risk of depression in at-risk adolescents identified in primary care.
This cross-sectional study analyzes data from the National Anesthesia Clinical Outcomes Registry to determine the incidence of anomalous billing among anesthesia practitioners in the United States.
This cohort study examines facility-level and geographic variation in rates of successful community discharges after inpatient rehabilitation among fee-for-service Medicare beneficiaries.
This population-based, cross-sectional study explores the association between the peripapillary retinal nerve fiber layer thickness and brain alterations in the visual and limbic networks in elderly people without dementia.
This analysis of Global Burden of Disease 2016 study data and methodologies describes the change in burden of chronic kidney disease at the US state level from 2002 to 2016.
This cohort study assesses the association of haptoglobin genotypes with cognitive function and decline in elderly African American adults with type 2 diabetes.
This survey study investigates the prevalence of distress and impairment associated with difficulty controlling one’s sexual feelings, urges, and behaviors among US men and women.
This cohort study examines association between cumulative childhood trauma exposure and long-term psychiatric and functional outcomes in adulthood.
This cohort study examines whether the use of therapeutic hypothermia and patient survival have changed after publication of the Targeted Temperature Management trial, which supported more lenient temperature management for out-of-hospital cardiac arrest.
This cross-sectional study uses data from the Medical Information Mart for Intensive Care database to investigate how laboratory values of patients in the intensive care unit (ICU) differ from the standard reference range and to examine whether these differences are associated with mortality and length of stay in the ICU.
This cohort study evaluates 15 years’ worth of hospital obstetric delivery records from national health databases in Ontario, Canada, to examine the association of severe maternal morbidity indicators with maternal mortality among women shortly after childbirth.
This cohort study uses secondary data from archived physician resident files from before and after implementation of a competency-based medical education tool to examine the association between this tool and detection and documentation of support for residents’ deficiencies in competence.
This cohort study investigates the association between maximum body mass index (BMI) and all-cause mortality for the original and offspring cohorts of the Framingham Heart Study without the consequences of reverse causality.
This nationally representative survey study examines the motivators, barriers, and facilitators for traveling to the safest hospitals in the United States for patients needing complex cancer surgery.
This economic evaluation examines the cost-effectiveness of humanitarian pediatric cardiac surgery interventions in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs).
This economic evaluation uses a cost-effectiveness model with inputs including allergy fatality rates, device carriage rates, and market device costs to investigate the value-based price of an epinephrine autoinjector for children with peanut allergy.
This pre-post intervention comparison study evaluates a real-time patient-centered education bundle intervention aimed to reduce nonadministration of venous thromboembolism prophylaxis among hospitalized patients in surgical and medical units.
This cohort study investigates the differences in temporal synchrony between brain regions in individuals with autism and those with typical development.
This survey study examines the association between delayed or foregone preventive and nonpreventive health care service use and the level of understanding of health insurance coverage among US adults.
This cohort study determines the rate of return to work among Chinese patients within 12 months after acute myocardial infarction, classifies the reasons why patients did not return to work, and identifies patient factors associated with returning to work after acute myocardial infarction.
This crossover study evaluates the acute effects of smoked vs vaporized cannabis use, at multiple Δ9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) doses, among healthy adults who infrequently use cannabis.
This cohort study compares 9 markers of patient complexity among patients treated by physicians in different specialties in Alberta, Canada, using data collected by the province’s universal health care system.
This cohort study examines inpatient, emergency department, and outpatient data to assess the risk of urologic or nonurologic cancer among Danish adults with hematuria first diagnosed at the hospital.
This general population survey study evaluates the association between past 12-month exposure to police violence and concurrent mental health symptoms among urban residents in 2 US cities.
This cohort study uses data from the Growing Up in Singapore Toward Healthy Outcomes study to investigate the association between elective and emergency cesarean delivery and early childhood overweight at 12 months.
This case-control study compares the likelihood of being diagnosed with a leukodystrophy among US pediatric and adolescent patients of different racial/ethnic backgrounds and examines the prevalence of genes associated with leukodystrophy among racial/ethnic groups to investigate whether there are disparities in leukodystrophy diagnosis in different racial backgrounds.
This pilot study assesses the accuracy of predictions made in 2001 by expert clinicians and researchers on technologic innovations in therapy for Alzheimer disease and cardiovascular disease by 2021.
This quality improvement study examines the rate of surgical adverse events in US Veterans Health Administration medical centers from 2010 to 2017 and compares it with rates from previous studies.
This nested case-control study evaluates whether the consultation patterns for a prespecified set of symptoms can be used to identify patients attending primary care who later developed a psychotic illness.
This cross-sectional study investigates whether ambulance response time to 9-1-1 calls were longer in low-income vs high-income areas and compares response times with national benchmarks of 4, 8, or 15 minutes across income quartiles.
This cross-sectional study examines whether level of family functioning is associated with frequency of family dinners and dietary intake among a US national sample of adolescents and young adults in the Growing Up Today Study 2.
This case series study compares outcomes for persons in Canada who inject drugs with a first episode of infective endocarditis treated surgically vs those not treated surgically and examines factors associated with mortality.
This secondary analysis of the Examining Use of Ticagrelor in Peripheral Artery Disease (EUCLID) trial examines the risk of ischemic events in patients with peripheral artery disease (PAD) and polyvascular disease (PAD with coronary artery disease [CAD] and/or cerebrovascular disease [CVD]).
This study of a case series of 4 patients investigates the safety and efficacy of deep brain stimulation for obesity associated with Prader-Willi syndrome.
This survey study evaluates adult patients’ frequency of and reasons for withholding information from health care professionals that may affect diagnoses and therapy.
This qualitative study assesses the needs of stakeholders who would be affected by implementing an evidence-based approach to firearm safety promotion in pediatric primary care settings as a youth suicide prevention strategy.
This US national survey examines how a history of adverse childhood experiences moderates the association between life stress and transdiagnostic psychopathology factors in adults responding to the National Epidemiological Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions.
This cross-sectional, time-series analysis examines the prevalence of open and endovascular elective and ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm repairs by age and sex from 2003 to 2016 in Ontario, Canada.
This diagnostic study uses computer-simulated imaging to evaluate digital breast tomosynthesis vs digital mammography for the detection of lesions.
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