This cohort study uses medical records to estimate the prevalence, underlying causes, and preventability of sepsis-associated mortality among adults in 6 US acute care hospitals.
This cross-sectional study compares the occurrence, clinical presentation, radiographic findings, demographics, and comorbidities in adult patients with culture-negative vs culture-positive pulmonary tuberculosis.
This system dynamics (mathematical) model projects effects of interventions to lower prescription opioid misuse on opioid overdose deaths from 2016 to 2025.
This cohort study uses data from the National Cancer Database to assess the association between receipt of treatment at minority-serving vs non–minority-serving hospitals and use of palliative care among racial/ethnic minorities with cancer.
This secondary analysis of a randomized clinical trial evaluates whether fetal growth restriction is associated with the effects of repeated doses of antenatal betamethasone on neurocognitive function in a cohort of children followed up in midchildhood.
This case series study assesses risk after the identification of an unexpected, severe, and lethal hospital-acquired infection caused by carbapenemase-producing Pseudomonas aeruginosa in a carbapenemase-low endemic setting in the Netherlands.
This cohort study among patients undergoing major surgery defines the distribution of digitally measured daily step counts after major inpatient surgical procedures, assesses the accuracy of physician assessment and ordering of ambulation, and quantifies the association of digitally measured step count with postoperative length of stay in the hospital.
This cohort study uses an instrumental variable method to assess heterogeneity and reports estimated person-centered treatment effects of intensive care unit (ICU) transfer with 28-day hospital mortality by age and illness severity among deteriorating ward patients.
This cohort study investigates the association between thyrotropin suppression and survival outcomes in patients with intermediate- and high-risk differentiated thyroid cancer.
This cohort study uses Bayesian multistate models for a unified statistical approach to compare the association of surgery and radiotherapy with both metastatic clinical failure and survival in men with localized prostate cancer and develops an online calculator for individualized treatment-specific outcome prediction.
This cohort study evaluates whether prior use of electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) and other tobacco products by US youths is associated with subsequent initation of cigarette smoking.
This systematic review and meta-analysis examines research articles indexed in PubMed on the genetic mutations in Parkinson disease and their response to subthalamic nucleus deep brain stimulation treatment.
This cross-sectional study compares physician organization–affiliated political action committee (PAC) campaign contributions with US House of Representatives and Senate candidate stance on firearm safety policies to examine whether physician organization endorsement of firearm safety policies is associated with contribution patterns.
This cohort study uses propensity score matching to compare long-term outcomes of thoracic endovascular aortic repair vs open repair for the treatment of traumatic aortic injury in patients in Taiwan.
This cohort study evaluates the association between use of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and incident acute kidney injury and chronic kidney disease in US Army soldiers.
This time-stratified case-crossover study examines the association between timing of heat exposure and risk of hospitalization in the Brazilian population.
This randomized clinical trial and cohort study tests whether increasing bonus size or adding the behavioral economic principles of social pressure or loss aversion improves the effectiveness of pay-for-performance among a sample of physicians and their patients.
This randomized clinical trial assesses whether provision of educational materials with motivational interviewing or with Patient-Centered Assessment and Counseling for Exercise improves walking performance in African American patients with peripheral artery disease.
This cohort study of pooled individual patient data assesses long-term outcomes after stereotactic body radiotherapy for low-risk and intermediate-risk prostate cancer.
This population-based cohort study of US adults from the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis (MESA) assesses the degree of correlation between self-rated health and coronary artery calcium and whether these measures are complementary for their association with risk of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (CVD).
This cross-sectional study develops deep-learning algorithms to estimate retinal sensitivity from optical coherence tomographic scans in patients with macular telangiectasia type 2.
This longitudinal cohort study examines the association between predeployment factors and the onset of new pain after deployment in US Army soldiers.
This pair-matched study assesses whether driver use of prescription opioids is associated with crash initiation in fatal 2-vehicle crashes.
This cohort study using a personalized predictive model describes and predicts the glycemic responses of individuals without diabetes to a diverse array of foods using a model that considers the physiology and microbiome of the individual in addition to the characteristics of the foods consumed.
This follow-up analysis of a randomized clinical trial compares the effectiveness of tai ji quan, multimodal exercises, and stretching exercise interventions for older adults at high risk of falling.
This cohort study examines hospitalization and patient outcomes data of hospitalized adult patients before and after the implementation of the diagnosis-related group reimbursement system in Switzerland.
This cohort study investigates the association between participants’ capacity to complete push-ups at baseline and cardiovascular disease events during 10 years of follow-up.
This randomized clinical trial compares the effectiveness of later-stage exercise programs of clinic-based physical therapy exercise or community-based group exercise vs usual care after total knee replacement and explores heterogeneity of treatment effects.
This population-based survey study uses data from 149 775 patient surveys to compare patient satisfaction scores for Asian physicians relative to non-Hispanic white physicians.
This survival and cost-effectiveness analysis study uses survival curves from the ZUMA-1 trial (Safety and Efficacy of KTE-C19 in Adults With Refractory Aggressive Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma) to estimate long-term survival and cost-effectiveness associated with axicabtagene ciloleucel, a chimeric antigen receptor T-cell therapy, vs chemotherapy for treatment of relapsed or refractory B-cell lymphoma in adults.
This cross-sectional study uses data from the National Center for Health Statistics to identify changes in the geographical distribution of opioid-related mortality across the United States by opioid type.
This economic evaluation study uses a simulation model to assess the cost-effectiveness of bariatric surgery in patients with nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) and compensated cirrhosis who have varying baseline weight.
This cohort study of patients in Singapore undergoing total knee arthroplasty compares preoperative disability and postoperative function, as measured by the 36-Item Short Form Health Survey, with patient satisfaction 2 years after total knee arthroplasty.
This randomized clinical trial examines the effect of dexamethasone therapy on nocturnal oxygenation in lowlanders with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) who travel to a high altitude.
This cohort study evaluates the association of prepubertal androgen concentrations with timing of breast development in girls with or without a family history of breast cancer.
This secondary analysis of a randomized clinical trial evaluates the risks and advantages of exposure to docosahexaenoic acid in utero for young children who are obese or overweight.
This population-based cohort study examines whether prolonged surgical times and type of anesthesia are associated with an increased risk of postoperative delirium among elderly patients with hip fracture.
This prognostic study investigates the significance of missense polymorphism in the HSD3B1 gene among men treated with primary androgen-deprivation therapy or abiraterone for prostate cancer.
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