[Skip to Content]
[Skip to Content Landing]

May 2019 - May 2018

Decade

Year

Issue

February 2019, Vol 2, No. 2

open access Original Investigation

CRITICAL CARE MEDICINE

Prevalence, Underlying Causes, and Preventability of Sepsis-Associated Mortality in US Acute Care Hospitals

This cohort study uses medical records to estimate the prevalence, underlying causes, and preventability of sepsis-associated mortality among adults in 6 US acute care hospitals.

JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(2):e187571. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2018.7571
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

INFECTIOUS DISEASES

Factors Associated With Sputum Culture-Negative vs Culture-Positive Diagnosis of Pulmonary Tuberculosis

This cross-sectional study compares the occurrence, clinical presentation, radiographic findings, demographics, and comorbidities in adult patients with culture-negative vs culture-positive pulmonary tuberculosis.

JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(2):e187617. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2018.7617
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

SUBSTANCE USE AND ADDICTION

Prevention of Prescription Opioid Misuse and Projected Overdose Deaths in the United States

This system dynamics (mathematical) model projects effects of interventions to lower prescription opioid misuse on opioid overdose deaths from 2016 to 2025.

JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(2):e187621. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2018.7621
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

ONCOLOGY

Association of Care at Minority-Serving vs Non–Minority-Serving Hospitals With Use of Palliative Care Among Racial/Ethnic Minorities With Metastatic Cancer in the United States

This cohort study uses data from the National Cancer Database to assess the association between receipt of treatment at minority-serving vs non–minority-serving hospitals and use of palliative care among racial/ethnic minorities with cancer.

JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(2):e187633. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2018.7633
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

PEDIATRICS

Association of Fetal Growth Restriction With Neurocognitive Function After Repeated Antenatal Betamethasone Treatment vs Placebo: Secondary Analysis of the ACTORDS Randomized Clinical Trial

This secondary analysis of a randomized clinical trial evaluates whether fetal growth restriction is associated with the effects of repeated doses of antenatal betamethasone on neurocognitive function in a cohort of children followed up in midchildhood.

JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(2):e187636. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2018.7636
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

INFECTIOUS DISEASES

Risk Assessment After a Severe Hospital-Acquired Infection Associated With Carbapenemase-Producing Pseudomonas aeruginosa

This case series study assesses risk after the identification of an unexpected, severe, and lethal hospital-acquired infection caused by carbapenemase-producing Pseudomonas aeruginosa in a carbapenemase-low endemic setting in the Netherlands.

JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(2):e187665. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2018.7665
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

HEALTH INFORMATICS

Association of Wearable Activity Monitors With Assessment of Daily Ambulation and Length of Stay Among Patients Undergoing Major Surgery

This cohort study among patients undergoing major surgery defines the distribution of digitally measured daily step counts after major inpatient surgical procedures, assesses the accuracy of physician assessment and ordering of ambulation, and quantifies the association of digitally measured step count with postoperative length of stay in the hospital.

JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(2):e187673. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2018.7673
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

CRITICAL CARE MEDICINE

Analysis of Benefit of Intensive Care Unit Transfer for Deteriorating Ward Patients: A Patient-Centered Approach to Clinical Evaluation

This cohort study uses an instrumental variable method to assess heterogeneity and reports estimated person-centered treatment effects of intensive care unit (ICU) transfer with 28-day hospital mortality by age and illness severity among deteriorating ward patients.

JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(2):e187704. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2018.7704
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

ONCOLOGY

Association of Thyrotropin Suppression With Survival Outcomes in Patients With Intermediate- and High-Risk Differentiated Thyroid Cancer

This cohort study investigates the association between thyrotropin suppression and survival outcomes in patients with intermediate- and high-risk differentiated thyroid cancer.

JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(2):e187754. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2018.7754
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

ONCOLOGY

Individual and Population Comparisons of Surgery and Radiotherapy Outcomes in Prostate Cancer Using Bayesian Multistate Models

This cohort study uses Bayesian multistate models for a unified statistical approach to compare the association of surgery and radiotherapy with both metastatic clinical failure and survival in men with localized prostate cancer and develops an online calculator for individualized treatment-specific outcome prediction.

JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(2):e187765. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2018.7765
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

SUBSTANCE USE AND ADDICTION

Association of Electronic Cigarette Use With Subsequent Initiation of Tobacco Cigarettes in US Youths

This cohort study evaluates whether prior use of electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) and other tobacco products by US youths is associated with subsequent initation of cigarette smoking.

JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(2):e187794. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2018.7794
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

NEUROLOGY

Association of Subthalamic Deep Brain Stimulation With Motor, Functional, and Pharmacologic Outcomes in Patients With Monogenic Parkinson Disease: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis

This systematic review and meta-analysis examines research articles indexed in PubMed on the genetic mutations in Parkinson disease and their response to subthalamic nucleus deep brain stimulation treatment.

JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(2):e187800. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2018.7800
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

HEALTH POLICY

Association of Physician Organization–Affiliated Political Action Committee Contributions With US House of Representatives and Senate Candidates’ Stances on Firearm Regulation

This cross-sectional study compares physician organization–affiliated political action committee (PAC) campaign contributions with US House of Representatives and Senate candidate stance on firearm safety policies to examine whether physician organization endorsement of firearm safety policies is associated with contribution patterns.

JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(2):e187831. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2018.7831
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

SURGERY

Long-term Outcomes of Endovascular and Open Repair for Traumatic Thoracic Aortic Injury

This cohort study uses propensity score matching to compare long-term outcomes of thoracic endovascular aortic repair vs open repair for the treatment of traumatic aortic injury in patients in Taiwan.

JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(2):e187861. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2018.7861
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

NEPHROLOGY

Association of Nonsteroidal Anti-inflammatory Drug Prescriptions With Kidney Disease Among Active Young and Middle-aged Adults

This cohort study evaluates the association between use of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and incident acute kidney injury and chronic kidney disease in US Army soldiers.

JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(2):e187896. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2018.7896
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH

Assessment of Intraseasonal Variation in Hospitalization Associated With Heat Exposure in Brazil

This time-stratified case-crossover study examines the association between timing of heat exposure and risk of hospitalization in the Brazilian population.

JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(2):e187901. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2018.7901
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

HEALTH POLICY

Effect of Financial Bonus Size, Loss Aversion, and Increased Social Pressure on Physician Pay-for-Performance: A Randomized Clinical Trial and Cohort Study

This randomized clinical trial and cohort study tests whether increasing bonus size or adding the behavioral economic principles of social pressure or loss aversion improves the effectiveness of pay-for-performance among a sample of physicians and their patients.

JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(2):e187950. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2018.7950
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

CARDIOLOGY

Efficacy of Community-Based Exercise Therapy Among African American Patients With Peripheral Artery Disease: A Randomized Clinical Trial

This randomized clinical trial assesses whether provision of educational materials with motivational interviewing or with Patient-Centered Assessment and Counseling for Exercise improves walking performance in African American patients with peripheral artery disease.

has audio
JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(2):e187959. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2018.7959
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

ONCOLOGY

Long-term Outcomes of Stereotactic Body Radiotherapy for Low-Risk and Intermediate-Risk Prostate Cancer

This cohort study of pooled individual patient data assesses long-term outcomes after stereotactic body radiotherapy for low-risk and intermediate-risk prostate cancer.

JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(2):e188006. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2018.8006
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

CARDIOLOGY

Association Between Self-rated Health, Coronary Artery Calcium Scores, and Atherosclerotic Cardiovascular Disease Risk: The Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis (MESA)

This population-based cohort study of US adults from the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis (MESA) assesses the degree of correlation between self-rated health and coronary artery calcium and whether these measures are complementary for their association with risk of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (CVD).

JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(2):e188023. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2018.8023
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

OPHTHALMOLOGY

Estimating Retinal Sensitivity Using Optical Coherence Tomography With Deep-Learning Algorithms in Macular Telangiectasia Type 2

This cross-sectional study develops deep-learning algorithms to estimate retinal sensitivity from optical coherence tomographic scans in patients with macular telangiectasia type 2.

JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(2):e188029. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2018.8029
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

PSYCHIATRY

Association Between Predeployment Optimism and Onset of Postdeployment Pain in US Army Soldiers

This longitudinal cohort study examines the association between predeployment factors and the onset of new pain after deployment in US Army soldiers.

JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(2):e188076. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2018.8076
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

PUBLIC HEALTH

Use of Prescription Opioids and Initiation of Fatal 2-Vehicle Crashes

This pair-matched study assesses whether driver use of prescription opioids is associated with crash initiation in fatal 2-vehicle crashes.

has audio
JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(2):e188081. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2018.8081
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

DIABETES AND ENDOCRINOLOGY

Assessment of a Personalized Approach to Predicting Postprandial Glycemic Responses to Food Among Individuals Without Diabetes

This cohort study using a personalized predictive model describes and predicts the glycemic responses of individuals without diabetes to a diverse array of foods using a model that considers the physiology and microbiome of the individual in addition to the characteristics of the foods consumed.

JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(2):e188102. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2018.8102
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

GERIATRICS

Effectiveness of Tai Ji Quan vs Multimodal and Stretching Exercise Interventions for Reducing Injurious Falls in Older Adults at High Risk of Falling: Follow-up Analysis of a Randomized Clinical Trial

This follow-up analysis of a randomized clinical trial compares the effectiveness of tai ji quan, multimodal exercises, and stretching exercise interventions for older adults at high risk of falling.

JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(2):e188280. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2018.8280
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

HEALTH POLICY

Association of the Swiss Diagnosis-Related Group Reimbursement System With Length of Stay, Mortality, and Readmission Rates in Hospitalized Adult Patients

This cohort study examines hospitalization and patient outcomes data of hospitalized adult patients before and after the implementation of the diagnosis-related group reimbursement system in Switzerland.

JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(2):e188332. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2018.8332
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

NUTRITION, OBESITY, AND EXERCISE

Association Between Push-up Exercise Capacity and Future Cardiovascular Events Among Active Adult Men

This cohort study investigates the association between participants’ capacity to complete push-ups at baseline and cardiovascular disease events during 10 years of follow-up.

JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(2):e188341. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2018.8341
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

PHYSICAL MEDICINE AND REHABILITATION

Effectiveness of Later-Stage Exercise Programs vs Usual Medical Care on Physical Function and Activity After Total Knee Replacement: A Randomized Clinical Trial

This randomized clinical trial compares the effectiveness of later-stage exercise programs of clinic-based physical therapy exercise or community-based group exercise vs usual care after total knee replacement and explores heterogeneity of treatment effects.

JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(2):e190018. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.0018
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

HEALTH POLICY

Comparison of Outpatient Satisfaction Survey Scores for Asian Physicians and Non-Hispanic White Physicians

This population-based survey study uses data from 149 775 patient surveys to compare patient satisfaction scores for Asian physicians relative to non-Hispanic white physicians.

JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(2):e190027. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.0027
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

IMMUNOLOGY

Long-term Survival and Cost-effectiveness Associated With Axicabtagene Ciloleucel vs Chemotherapy for Treatment of B-Cell Lymphoma

This survival and cost-effectiveness analysis study uses survival curves from the ZUMA-1 trial (Safety and Efficacy of KTE-C19 in Adults With Refractory Aggressive Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma) to estimate long-term survival and cost-effectiveness associated with axicabtagene ciloleucel, a chimeric antigen receptor T-cell therapy, vs chemotherapy for treatment of relapsed or refractory B-cell lymphoma in adults.

JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(2):e190035. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.0035
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

SUBSTANCE USE AND ADDICTION

Assessment of Changes in the Geographical Distribution of Opioid-Related Mortality Across the United States by Opioid Type, 1999-2016

This cross-sectional study uses data from the National Center for Health Statistics to identify changes in the geographical distribution of opioid-related mortality across the United States by opioid type.

JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(2):e190040. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.0040
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

GASTROENTEROLOGY AND HEPATOLOGY

Cost-effectiveness Analysis of Bariatric Surgery for Patients With Nonalcoholic Steatohepatitis Cirrhosis

This economic evaluation study uses a simulation model to assess the cost-effectiveness of bariatric surgery in patients with nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) and compensated cirrhosis who have varying baseline weight.

JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(2):e190047. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.0047
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

ORTHOPEDICS

Association of the 36-Item Short Form Health Survey Physical Component Summary Score With Patient Satisfaction and Improvement 2 Years After Total Knee Arthroplasty

This cohort study of patients in Singapore undergoing total knee arthroplasty compares preoperative disability and postoperative function, as measured by the 36-Item Short Form Health Survey, with patient satisfaction 2 years after total knee arthroplasty.

JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(2):e190062. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.0062
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

PULMONARY MEDICINE

Effect of Dexamethasone on Nocturnal Oxygenation in Lowlanders With Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease Traveling to 3100 Meters: A Randomized Clinical Trial

This randomized clinical trial examines the effect of dexamethasone therapy on nocturnal oxygenation in lowlanders with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) who travel to a high altitude.

JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(2):e190067. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.0067
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

ONCOLOGY

Association of Prepubertal and Adolescent Androgen Concentrations With Timing of Breast Development and Family History of Breast Cancer

This cohort study evaluates the association of prepubertal androgen concentrations with timing of breast development in girls with or without a family history of breast cancer.

JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(2):e190083. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.0083
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

NUTRITION, OBESITY, AND EXERCISE

Effect of Prenatal Docosahexaenoic Acid Supplementation on Blood Pressure in Children With Overweight Condition or Obesity: A Secondary Analysis of a Randomized Clinical Trial

This secondary analysis of a randomized clinical trial evaluates the risks and advantages of exposure to docosahexaenoic acid in utero for young children who are obese or overweight.

JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(2):e190088. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.0088
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

SURGERY

Association of Duration of Surgery With Postoperative Delirium Among Patients Receiving Hip Fracture Repair

This population-based cohort study examines whether prolonged surgical times and type of anesthesia are associated with an increased risk of postoperative delirium among elderly patients with hip fracture.

JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(2):e190111. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.0111
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

ONCOLOGY

Association of Missense Polymorphism in HSD3B1 With Outcomes Among Men With Prostate Cancer Treated With Androgen-Deprivation Therapy or Abiraterone

This prognostic study investigates the significance of missense polymorphism in the HSD3B1 gene among men treated with primary androgen-deprivation therapy or abiraterone for prostate cancer.

JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(2):e190115. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.0115
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF
open access Editorial

JAMA Network Open—The Year in Review, 2018

JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(2):e190326. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.0326
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF
open access Invited Commentary

CRITICAL CARE MEDICINE

A Closer Look at Sepsis-Associated Mortality

JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(2):e187565. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2018.7565
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

INFECTIOUS DISEASES

Contamination of Hospital Plumbing: A Source or a Sink for Antibiotic-Resistant Organisms?

JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(2):e187660. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2018.7660
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

HEALTH INFORMATICS

The Rise of Wearable Technology in Health Care

JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(2):e187672. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2018.7672
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

CRITICAL CARE MEDICINE

Which Deteriorating Ward Patients Benefit From Transfer to the Intensive Care Unit?Critically Engaging Methods in a Well-Designed Natural Experiment

JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(2):e187698. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2018.7698
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

HEALTH POLICY

Money, Politics, and Firearm Safety: Physician Political Action Committees in the Era of “This is Our Lane”

JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(2):e187823. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2018.7823
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

SURGERY

The Evolution of Endovascular Treatment for Traumatic Thoracic Aortic Injury

JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(2):e187875. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2018.7875
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

GASTROENTEROLOGY AND HEPATOLOGY

Considering Bariatric Surgery in Patients With Nonalcoholic Steatohepatitis—Worth the Risk

JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(2):e190053. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.0053
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF
open access Peer Reviewers List

JAMA Network Open Peer Reviewers in 2018

JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(2):e190298. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.0298
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF
open access Correction

Data Error in Abstract

JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(2):e188276. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2018.8276
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

Transposed Information in Figure Key

JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(2):e190153. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.0153
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

Error in Sentence Wording

JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(2):e190588. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.0588
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

Error in Byline

JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(2):e191243. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.1243
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF
open access JAMA Network Open Masthead

JAMA Network Open

JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(2):e187891. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2018.7891
Abstract Full Text
×