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July 2020 - May 2018

Decade

Year

Issue

March 2019, Vol 2, No. 3

open access Original Investigation

CARDIOLOGY

Assessment of Risk of Harm Associated With Intensive Blood Pressure Management Among Patients With Hypertension Who Smoke: A Secondary Analysis of the Systolic Blood Pressure Intervention Trial

This secondary analysis of the Systolic Blood Pressure Intervention Trial uses a random forest–based analysis to assess whether clinically important heterogeneity exists in the risk of harm associated with intensive blood pressure treatment among adults with hypertension who smoke.

JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(3):e190005. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.0005
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

HEALTH INFORMATICS

Comparative Accuracy of Diagnosis by Collective Intelligence of Multiple Physicians vs Individual Physicians

This cross-sectional study uses cases from the Human Diagnosis Project to compare the accuracy of single-physicians’ diagnoses with pooled diagnoses from groups of physicians.

JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(3):e190096. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.0096
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

HEALTH POLICY

Race/Ethnicity and Geographic Access to Urban Trauma Care

This cross-sectional study examines whether there is an association between race/ethnicity and access to level I and level II trauma centers within Chicago, Illinois; New York, New York; and Los Angeles, California.

JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(3):e190138. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.0138
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

PSYCHIATRY

Family History of Mental and Neurological Disorders and Risk of Autism

This population-based cohort study examines family history of mental and neurological disorders among first- to fourth-degree relatives and risk of autism spectrum disorders with and without intellectual disability in index persons from the Stockholm Youth Cohort in Sweden.

JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(3):e190154. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.0154
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

ANESTHESIOLOGY

Factors Associated With Acute Pain Estimation, Postoperative Pain Resolution, Opioid Cessation, and Recovery: Secondary Analysis of a Randomized Clinical Trial

This secondary analysis of a randomized clinical trial examines levels of postoperative pain to identify a factor that may be associated with the probability of pain cessation, opioid cessation, and recovery.

JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(3):e190168. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.0168
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

PULMONARY MEDICINE

Association of Long-term Use of Low-Dose Aspirin as Chemoprevention With Risk of Lung Cancer

This nationwide, population-based cohort study uses data from the Korean National Health Information Database to assess whether an association exists between low-dose aspirin use and lung cancer risk and to identify specific subgroups that may benefit most from low-dose aspirin use.

JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(3):e190185. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.0185
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

HEMATOLOGY

Risk-Dependent Conditional Survival and Failure Hazard After Radiotherapy for Early-Stage Extranodal Natural Killer/T-Cell Lymphoma

This cohort study assesses changes in survival probabilities and failure hazard after radiotherapy in adult patients with early-stage extranodal natural killer/T-cell lymphoma based on risk categories, previous survival, and treatment.

JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(3):e190194. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.0194
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

ONCOLOGY

Development and Validation of a Multivariable Lung Cancer Risk Prediction Model That Includes Low-Dose Computed Tomography Screening Results: A Secondary Analysis of Data From the National Lung Screening Trial

This secondary analysis of data from the National Lung Screening Trial develops and validates a risk prediction model that incorporates low-dose computed tomography (CT) screening results for patients being screened for lung cancer.

JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(3):e190204. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.0204
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

PHARMACY AND CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY

Association of Antidementia Therapies With Time to Skilled Nursing Facility Admission and Cardiovascular Events Among Elderly Adults With Alzheimer Disease

This cohort study uses Medicare data to compare time to skilled nursing facility admission and cardiovascular (CV) events among patients with Alzheimer disease receiving acetylcholinesterase inhibitor monotherapy, memantine monotherapy, or combination acetylcholinesterase inhibitor and memantine therapy.

JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(3):e190213. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.0213
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

NEUROLOGY

Assessment of Vascular Event Prevention and Cognitive Function Among Older Adults With Preexisting Vascular Disease or Diabetes: A Secondary Analysis of 3 Randomized Clinical Trials

This secondary analysis of 3 randomized clinical trials estimates the effect on cognitive aging of the avoidance of vascular events and evaluates whether reports of nonsignificant results exclude worthwhile benefit among patients with vascular disease.

JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(3):e190223. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.0223
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

PSYCHIATRY

Effectiveness of Implementing a Collaborative Chronic Care Model for Clinician Teams on Patient Outcomes and Health Status in Mental Health: A Randomized Clinical Trial

This randomized clinical trial reports the process and outcomes of establishing the collaborative chronic care model in 9 mental health facilities within the US Department of Veterans Affairs system.

JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(3):e190230. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.0230
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

PSYCHIATRY

Association of Neuropathologically Confirmed Frontotemporal Dementia and Alzheimer Disease With Criminal and Socially Inappropriate Behavior in a Swedish Cohort

This cohort study reviews medical records to compare the prevalence of criminal and socially inappropriate behavior between Swedish patients with Alzheimer disease and those with frontotemporal dementia confirmed neuropathologically and investigates the association of protein pathology with criminal behavior in the frontotemporal dementia group.

JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(3):e190261. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.0261
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

GASTROENTEROLOGY AND HEPATOLOGY

Combined Association of Body Mass Index and Alcohol Consumption With Biomarkers for Liver Injury and Incidence of Liver Disease: A Mendelian Randomization Study

This population-based cohort study uses mendelian randomization to examine the association of body mass index (BMI) and alcohol consumption with levels of liver injury biomarkers and incident liver disease in adults in Denmark.

JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(3):e190305. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.0305
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH

Association of Long-term Exposure to Ambient Air Pollutants With Risk Factors for Cardiovascular Disease in China

This population-based cross-sectional study evaluates the associations of long-term exposures to air pollutants with cardiometabolic risk factors and prevalence of cardiovascular disease among adults in China.

JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(3):e190318. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.0318
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

SUBSTANCE USE AND ADDICTION

Association of Criminal Statutes for Opioid Use Disorder With Prevalence and Treatment Among Pregnant Women With Commercial Insurance in the United States

This cohort study examines data from the IQVIA PharMetrics Plus database for prevalence of opioid use disorder and treatment among a random sample of privately insured pregnant women in 4 regions across the United States.

JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(3):e190338. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.0338
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

HEALTH INFORMATICS

Assessment of Machine Learning vs Standard Prediction Rules for Predicting Hospital Readmissions

This prognostic study compares standard readmission risk assessment scores with a machine learning score, the Baltimore score, for predicting 30-day unplanned hospital readmissions calculated in real time.

JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(3):e190348. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.0348
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

CARDIOLOGY

Association of Leisure-Time Physical Activity Across the Adult Life Course With All-Cause and Cause-Specific Mortality

This cohort study analyzes questionnaire data from the National Institutes of Health–AARP (formerly American Association of Retired Persons) Diet and Health Study to assess whether an association exists between risk of all-cause, cardiovascular disease–related, or cancer-related mortality and self-reported leisure-time physical activity patterns across the life course.

JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(3):e190355. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.0355
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

HEALTH INFORMATICS

Assessment of Employee Susceptibility to Phishing Attacks at US Health Care Institutions

This multicenter quality improvement study type describes the practice of phishing simulation and the extent to which health care employees are vulnerable to phishing simulations.

JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(3):e190393. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.0393
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

CARDIOLOGY

Prevalence of Hypertension, Treatment, and Blood Pressure Targets in Canada Associated With the 2017 American College of Cardiology and American Heart Association Blood Pressure Guidelines

This cross-sectional study evaluates the potential change in the diagnosis, treatment, and control of hypertension in a Canadian cohort of patients with hypertension attending primary care practices using the 2017 American College of Cardiology and American Heart Association (ACC/AHA) guidelines.

JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(3):e190406. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.0406
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

NUTRITION, OBESITY, AND EXERCISE

Association of Light Physical Activity Measured by Accelerometry and Incidence of Coronary Heart Disease and Cardiovascular Disease in Older Women

This cohort study investigates whether higher levels of light physical activity measured by accelerometry are associated with reduced risks of coronary heart disease (CHD) or cardiovascular disease (CVD) in older women.

JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(3):e190419. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.0419
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

ONCOLOGY

Association of Bone Metastasis With Early-Stage Breast Cancer in Women With and Without Precancer Osteoporosis According to Osteoporosis Therapy Status

This cohort study investigates whether precancer osteoporosis and osteoporosis therapy are associated with bone metastasis patterns in patients with breast cancer.

JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(3):e190429. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.0429
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

HEALTH INFORMATICS

Comparison of Artificial Intelligence Techniques to Evaluate Performance of a Classifier for Automatic Grading of Prostate Cancer From Digitized Histopathologic Images

This quality improvement study compares several artificial intelligence (AI) cross-validation approaches to evaluate the performance of a classifier for automatic grading of prostate cancer in digitized histopathologic images, both when trained using data from 1 expert and when trained using data from multiple experts.

JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(3):e190442. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.0442
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

PUBLIC HEALTH

Trends, Regional Variations, and Socioeconomic Disparities in Cesarean Births in India, 2010-2016

This cross-sectional study estimates the rates of cesarean delivery and assesses regional and socioeconomic disparities within these rates among females of child-bearing age in India.

JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(3):e190526. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.0526
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

HEALTH POLICY

Trends and Factors Associated With Physician Burnout at a Multispecialty Academic Faculty Practice Organization

This survey study assesses trends and factors associated with physician burnout in a large academic medical faculty practice.

has audio
JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(3):e190554. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.0554
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

NEUROLOGY

Association of Continuous Assessment of Step Count by Remote Monitoring With Disability Progression Among Adults With Multiple Sclerosis

This longitudinal cohort study assesses how remote monitoring of continuous step count activity for 1 year among individuals with multiple sclerosis is associated with other measures of multiple sclerosis disability.

JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(3):e190570. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.0570
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

SUBSTANCE USE AND ADDICTION

Association of Methadone Treatment With Substance-Related Hospital Admissions Among a Population in Canada With a History of Criminal Convictions

This cohort study compares the risk of substance-related acute hospital admission during periods of methadone-medicated vs nonmedicated periods in individuals in Canada with a history of criminal conviction.

JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(3):e190595. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.0595
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

HEALTH INFORMATICS

Assessment of a Deep Learning Model Based on Electronic Health Record Data to Forecast Clinical Outcomes in Patients With Rheumatoid Arthritis

This prognostic study examines the ability of an artificial intelligence system to predict the state of disease activity in patients with rheumatoid arthritis at their next clinical visit.

JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(3):e190606. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.0606
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

HEALTH POLICY

Thirty-Day Postdischarge Mortality Among Black and White Patients 65 Years and Older in the Medicare Hospital Readmissions Reduction Program

This cohort study uses a time-series analysis to examine differences in mortality and hospital readmissions in black vs white patients 65 years and older after introduction of the Medicare Hospital Readmissions Reduction Program.

has audio
JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(3):e190634. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.0634
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

PUBLIC HEALTH

Follow-up of an Intervention to Reduce Dental Caries in Indigenous Australian Children: A Secondary Analysis of a Randomized Clinical Trial

This secondary analysis of a randomized clinical trial investigates the long-term effectiveness of an intervention that aimed to reduce dental caries among South Australian Aboriginal children.

JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(3):e190648. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.0648
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

DIABETES AND ENDOCRINOLOGY

Effectiveness of Targeted Insulin-Adherence Interventions for Glycemic Control Using Predictive Analytics Among Patients With Type 2 Diabetes: A Randomized Clinical Trial

This randomized clinical trial examines the effectiveness of administering a more intensive insulin-adherence intervention only to individuals with type 2 diabetes estimated to benefit based on predictive analytics vs administering a lower-intensity intervention to a larger group of unselected individuals.

JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(3):e190657. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.0657
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

SUBSTANCE USE AND ADDICTION

Trends and Patterns of Geographic Variation in Opioid Prescribing Practices by State, United States, 2006-2017

This population-based cross-sectional study uses data from the IQVIA Xponent database for all opioid prescriptions filled in the United States from 2006 through 2017 to evaluate national and state trends in amount, dosage, duration, and formulation.

JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(3):e190665. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.0665
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

EMERGENCY MEDICINE

Diagnostic Accuracy of Point-of-Care Lung Ultrasonography and Chest Radiography in Adults With Symptoms Suggestive of Acute Decompensated Heart Failure: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis

This systematic review and meta-analysis compares the accuracy of lung ultrasonography vs chest radiography in the diagnosis of pulmonary edema in acute decompensated heart failure in adults.

JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(3):e190703. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.0703
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

CARDIOLOGY

Association of Weight Fluctuation With Mortality in Japanese Adults

This cohort study of Japanese adults who survived the atomic bomb assesses whether extreme body weight variation is associated with mortality after controlling for nonlinear weight changes.

JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(3):e190731. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.0731
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

PSYCHIATRY

Assessment of a Risk Index for Suicide Attempts Among US Army Soldiers With Suicide Ideation: Analysis of Data From the Army Study to Assess Risk and Resilience in Servicemembers (Army STARRS)

This cohort study investigates whether a brief self-report battery from a survey of US Army soldiers is associated with identification of those with suicide ideation who are at the highest risk of suicide attempt.

JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(3):e190766. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.0766
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

PUBLIC HEALTH

Association of a Crime Prevention Program for Boys With Mortality 72 Years After the Intervention: Follow-up of a Randomized Clinical Trial

This longitudinal follow-up of a randomized clinical trial assesses the long-term association of counseling and a crime prevention program with mortality among boys at risk for delinquency.

JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(3):e190782. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.0782
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

GERIATRICS

Assessment of Reported Comparative Effectiveness and Safety of Atypical Antipsychotics in the Treatment of Behavioral and Psychological Symptoms of Dementia: A Network Meta-analysis

This network meta-analysis examines the results of randomized clinical trials that evaluated the effectiveness and safety of atypical antipsychotics in patients with dementia.

JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(3):e190828. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.0828
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

HEALTH POLICY

Social Risk Adjustment of Quality Measures for Diabetes and Cardiovascular Disease in a Commercially Insured US Population

This cross-sectional study examines the association of social risk with physician group performance on diabetes and cardiovascular disease quality measures.

JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(3):e190838. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.0838
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

PEDIATRICS

Rates of Extreme Neonatal Hyperbilirubinemia and Kernicterus in Children and Adherence to National Guidelines for Screening, Diagnosis, and Treatment in Sweden

This population-based nationwide cohort study evaluates the incidence rates of hazardous hyperbilirubinemia and kernicterus among near-term to term infants in Sweden and assesses health care professionals’ adherence to best practices.

JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(3):e190858. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.0858
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

PUBLIC HEALTH

HIV Testing and Sexual Health Among Black African Men and Women in London, United Kingdom

This cross-sectional study investigates the proportion of black African adults in London, United Kingdom, who have been tested for HIV in the past 5 years and the proportion living with diagnosed and undiagnosed HIV.

JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(3):e190864. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.0864
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

PEDIATRICS

Prevalence of Bacteremia and Bacterial Meningitis in Febrile Neonates and Infants in the Second Month of Life: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis

This systematic review and meta-analysis compares the prevalence of bacteremia and bacterial meningitis in febrile neonates vs febrile infants in their second month of life presenting to an ambulatory care setting.

JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(3):e190874. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.0874
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

ONCOLOGY

Association of Chemerin Plasma Concentration With Risk of Colorectal Cancer

This case-cohort study evaluates the association of circulating plasma chemerin concentrations with incident colorectal cancer among adults in the European Prospective Investigation Into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC)–Potsdam cohort.

JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(3):e190896. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.0896
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

PEDIATRICS

Association of the Infant Gut Microbiome With Early Childhood Neurodevelopmental Outcomes: An Ancillary Study to the VDAART Randomized Clinical Trial

This ancillary cohort study of the Vitamin D Antenatal Asthma Reduction Trial (VDAART) examines the association of the gut microbiome in infancy with development of motor skills, problem solving, communication, and personal and social skills at preschool age.

JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(3):e190905. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.0905
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

ONCOLOGY

Assessment of Differences in Clinical Activity and Medicare Payments Among Female and Male Radiation Oncologists

This population-based cohort study uses the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services Physician and Other Supplier Public Use File to evaluate sex differences among radiation oncologists in productivity, breadth of practice, and payments and to characterize Medicare reimbursement by sex among similar groups of radiation oncologists.

JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(3):e190932. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.0932
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

SUBSTANCE USE AND ADDICTION

Evaluation of Machine-Learning Algorithms for Predicting Opioid Overdose Risk Among Medicare Beneficiaries With Opioid Prescriptions

This prognostic study evaluates the use of machine-learning methods, with prescription drug and claims data, in detecting opioid overdose risk in Medicare beneficiaries with at least 1 opioid prescription.

JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(3):e190968. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.0968
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

EMERGENCY MEDICINE

Analysis of Diagnoses, Symptoms, Medications, and Admissions Among Patients With Cancer Presenting to Emergency Departments

This multicenter cohort study identifies the clinical characteristics and needs of adults with active cancer who present to emergency departments (EDs).

JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(3):e190979. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.0979
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

EMERGENCY MEDICINE

Outcomes of Patients 65 Years or Older After Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest Based on Location of Cardiac Arrest in Japan

This nationwide, population-based cohort study uses data from the All-Japan Utstein Registry to evaluate the demographic and clinical characteristics and the outcomes of patients aged 65 years or older who experienced out-of-hospital cardiac arrest based on the location—public, residential, or nursing home—where it occurred in Japan.

JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(3):e191011. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.1011
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

PUBLIC HEALTH

Changing Perceptions of Harm of e-Cigarette vs Cigarette Use Among Adults in 2 US National Surveys From 2012 to 2017

This survey study of data from 2 cross-sectional nationally representative surveys examines how US adults perceive the harm of electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) relative to combustible cigarettes and how their perception has changed from 2012 to 2017.

JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(3):e191047. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.1047
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

GLOBAL HEALTH

Assessment of Myocardial Function in Kenyan Children With Severe, Acute Malnutrition: The Cardiac Physiology in Malnutrition (CAPMAL) Study

This case-control study examines the risk for cardiac dysfunction in African children hospitalized for severe, acute malnutrition.

JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(3):e191054. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.1054
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

OBSTETRICS AND GYNECOLOGY

Women’s Attitudes Toward Invasive and Noninvasive Testing When Facing a High Risk of Fetal Down Syndrome

This survey study examines the attitudes of pregnant women in France at high risk of fetal Down syndrome toward invasive and noninvasive prenatal testing.

JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(3):e191062. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.1062
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

MEDICAL JOURNALS AND PUBLISHING

Trends in the Use of Common Words and Patient-Centric Language in the Titles of Medical Journals, 1976-2015

This qualitative study of medical research language assesses changes in 5 medical journals and broader changes in the culture of clinical investigation during the last 40 years.

JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(3):e191083. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.1083
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

IMAGING

Development and Validation of a Deep Learning–Based Automated Detection Algorithm for Major Thoracic Diseases on Chest Radiographs

This diagnostic study measures the ability of a deep learning–based algorithm to discriminate between chest radiographs with normal results and chest radiographs with abnormal results indicating major thoracic disease.

JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(3):e191095. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.1095
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

INFECTIOUS DISEASES

Effectiveness of a Couple-Based HIV and Sexually Transmitted Infection Prevention Intervention for Men in Community Supervision Programs and Their Female Sexual Partners: A Randomized Clinical Trial

This randomized clinical trial compares the effectiveness of a 5-session couple-based intervention vs a 1-session counseling, testing, and referral program in reducing HIV, sexually transmitted infections (STIs), and sexual risk behaviors among men in community supervision programs and their female sexual partners.

JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(3):e191139. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.1139
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

CARDIOLOGY

Assessment of Sex Differences in the Initial Symptom Burden, Applied Treatment Strategy, and Quality of Life in Japanese Patients With Atrial Fibrillation

This registry-based cohort study assesses the differences in symptoms, treatment, and quality of life between Japanese men and women with atrial fibrillation.

JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(3):e191145. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.1145
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

HEALTH POLICY

Effect of Financial Incentives on Patient Use of Mailed Colorectal Cancer Screening Tests: A Randomized Clinical Trial

This 4-parallel-arm randomized clinical trial determines the effectiveness of financial incentives on fecal immunochemical test screening completion vs no incentive among adults who were sent kits by mail.

JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(3):e191156. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.1156
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

PEDIATRICS

Evaluation of Oxygen Saturation Index Compared With Oxygenation Index in Neonates With Hypoxemic Respiratory Failure

This cohort study assesses the agreement of oxygenation index with measurements derived from oxygen saturation index in neonates with hypoxic respiratory failure.

JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(3):e191179. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.1179
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

PEDIATRICS

Association of Deferred vs Immediate Cord Clamping With Severe Neurological Injury and Survival in Extremely Low-Gestational-Age Neonates

This cohort study compares neonatal outcomes after deferred cord clamping vs immediate cord clamping in extremely low-gestational-age neonates.

JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(3):e191286. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.1286
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

HEALTH POLICY

Association of a Risk Evaluation and Mitigation Strategy Program With Transmucosal Fentanyl Prescribing

This cohort study investigates the association between implementation of a risk evaluation and mitigation strategy program with transmucosal fentanyl prescribing for Medicare Part D beneficiaries.

JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(3):e191340. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.1340
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

NEUROLOGY

Association of Rare Coding Mutations With Alzheimer Disease and Other Dementias Among Adults of European Ancestry

This genetic association study uses whole-exome sequencing to identify genetic variants associated with the risk of Alzheimer disease in Alzheimer’s Disease Sequencing Project participants of European ancestry.

JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(3):e191350. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.1350
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

PUBLIC HEALTH

Tobacco Smoking and Mortality in Asia: A Pooled Meta-analysis

This pooled meta-analysis of more than 1 million participants assesses secular trends of tobacco smoking by countries or regions and birth cohorts and evaluates the association with mortality in Asian populations.

JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(3):e191474. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.1474
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

PEDIATRICS

Assessment of Parents’ Preferences for Incentives to Promote Engagement in Family-Based Childhood Obesity Treatment

This survey study assesses preferences of parents of children with obesity for incentive attributes and levels in family-based treatment programs for childhood obesity.

JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(3):e191490. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.1490
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

HEALTH INFORMATICS

Comparison of a Prototype for Indications-Based Prescribing With 2 Commercial Prescribing Systems

This quality improvement study compares efficiency, error rate, and user satisfaction of an indications-based electronic prescribing prototype vs the prescribing modules of 2 leading electronic health record vendors.

JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(3):e191514. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.1514
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

DIABETES AND ENDOCRINOLOGY

Association of Diabetic Retinopathy and Diabetic Kidney Disease With All-Cause and Cardiovascular Mortality in a Multiethnic Asian Population

This population-based cohort study investigates the association of diabetic retinopathy and diabetic kidney disease with all-cause and cardiovascular mortality among multiethnic Asian adults.

JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(3):e191540. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.1540
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

CARDIOLOGY

Twenty-Year Trends in Outcomes for Older Adults With Acute Myocardial Infarction in the United States

This cohort study reports patterns of hospitalizations, treatments, and outcomes for US Medicare fee-for-service beneficiaries aged 65 years or older with acute myocardial infarction from 1995 to 2014.

JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(3):e191938. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.1938
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF
open access Editorial

The Evidence of Electronic Cigarette Risks Is Catching Up With Public Perception

JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(3):e191032. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.1032
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

Collective Intelligence for Clinical Diagnosis—Are 2 (or 3) Heads Better Than 1?

JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(3):e191071. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.1071
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF
open access Invited Commentary

CARDIOLOGY

Using Machine Learning to Identify Heterogeneous Effects in Randomized Clinical Trials—Moving Beyond the Forest Plot and Into the Forest

JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(3):e190004. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.0004
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

HEALTH POLICY

Racial and Ethnic Disparities in Geographic Access to Trauma Care—A Multiple-Methods Study of US Urban Trauma Deserts

JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(3):e190277. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.0277
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

NUTRITION, OBESITY, AND EXERCISE

Light Physical Activity and Incident Coronary Heart Disease and Cardiovascular Disease Among Older Women—A Call for Action

JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(3):e190405. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.0405
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

PUBLIC HEALTH

Benefits of Early Dental Care Now Hard to Refute

JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(3):e190673. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.0673
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

PUBLIC HEALTH

The Need for Long-term Follow-ups of Delinquency Prevention Experiments

JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(3):e190780. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.0780
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

GERIATRICS

Behavioral and Psychological Symptoms—An Emerging Crisis of the Alzheimer Dementia Epidemic

JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(3):e190790. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.0790
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

HEALTH POLICY

Health Care Group Performance Ratings—Rethinking the Ruling Order

JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(3):e190791. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.0791
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EMERGENCY MEDICINE

Bystander Intervention in Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest

JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(3):e191008. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.1008
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GLOBAL HEALTH

Therapy for the Malnourished Heart

JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(3):e191068. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.1068
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INFECTIOUS DISEASES

HIV and Sexually Transmitted Infection Vulnerability Among Heterosexual Couples Involved in the Criminal Justice System—The Corrections Connection

JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(3):e191165. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.1165
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HEALTH POLICY

Financial Incentives for At-home Colorectal Cancer Screening Tests

JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(3):e191168. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.1168
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PEDIATRICS

Increased Odds of Survival or Prevention of Severe Neurological Injury in Extremely Low-Gestational-Age Neonates: Including Placental Transfusion as the First Step to Improve Outcomes in Preterm Newborns

JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(3):e191293. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.1293
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PUBLIC HEALTH

Tobacco Smoking in Asia—A Public Health Threat

JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(3):e191471. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.1471
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open access Correction

Errors in Results, Table, and Figure

JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(3):e190147. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.0147
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Incorrect Number of Tramadol Tablets Prescribed

JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(3):e190772. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.0772
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Incorrect Column Headings in 2 Tables

JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(3):e191203. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.1203
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Omission of Affiliations

JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(3):e191249. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.1249
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Errors in Results, Table 3, and eTables 2 and 3

JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(3):e191625. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.1625
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Correction of a Reference

JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(3):e191971. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.1971
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Typographical Error in Title

JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(3):e192236. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.2236
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Error in Byline

JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(3):e192266. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.2266
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Data Error in Results

JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(3):e192314. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.2314
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Error in Byline

JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(3):e192366. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.2366
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open access JAMA Network Open Masthead

JAMA Network Open

JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(3):e187892. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2018.7892
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