This cross-sectional study uses data from the Indian National Family Health Survey to assess the socioeconomic gradients and distribution of diabetes, hypertension, and obesity in the Indian population.
This trial protocol describes a randomized clinical trial to assess the effectiveness of a human papillomavirus vaccine to reduce the risk of anal and vulvar high-grade squamous intraepithelial lesion recurrence after treatment.
This cohort study analyzes data from US Veterans Affairs hospitals to compare the existing metric of any unplanned readmission, which may not reflect the quality of surgical care, with a metric that classifies readmissions as likely associated with surgical quality in high-volume inpatient surgical procedures.
This cohort study evaluates the association of motor, communication, and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) symptoms in preschoolers with gestational benzodiazepine/z-hypnotic exposure by timing and duration and coexposure to opioids or antidepressants.
This economic evaluation uses a large US claims database to assess the cost and utilization of targeted drug delivery and conventional medical management vs conventional medical management alone for treating cancer-related pain.
This cross-sectional study of Medicare beneficiaries hospitalized for nonsurgical conditions measures the use of subspecialty consultations, compares payments for consultative and nonconsultative care, and measures variation in payments across hospital referral regions.
This cross-sectional study of data from the French National Reference Center of Malaria Surveillance examines the epidemiologic characteristics associated with imported cases of malaria among travelers returning to metropolitan France.
This economic evaluation models incremental costs of subsequent cancer treatment after failure of first-line cancer treatment among smoking vs nonsmoking patients with cancer.
This quality improvement study analyzes the perceived and physiological workload, performance, and fatigue levels of residents and fellows as they manage abnormal or critical test results using an electronic health record (EHR) system.
This cross-sectional study using time-series analysis tests the hypothesis that mass shootings are associated with gun purchasing in the United States and examines factors associated with changes in gun purchasing.
This cohort study investigates whether the Kidney Disease: Improving Global Outcomes guidelines can identify patients with acute kidney diseases and disorders who do not meet existing criteria for chronic kidney disease or acute kidney injury and whether these patients experience adverse outcomes.
This cohort study investigates the variability in opioid use in pain management for patients hospitalized for acute pancreatitis.
This cohort study assembles an open access resource that contains more detailed follow-up information to examine postdonation health outcomes for living kidney donors.
This cross-sectional study evaluates machine learning and deep learning algorithms for automated phase classification of manually presegmented videos of cataract procedures.
This cohort study compares functional magnetic resonance imaging of the brains of neonates with a family history of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) vs those of neonates with no family history of ASD.
This cross-sectional study compares perioperative mortality of Medicare beneficiaries after complex cancer surgery at top-ranked cancer hospitals vs their affiliated hospitals.
This cross-sectional study of National Hospital Ambulatory Medical Care Survey data describes differences between rural and urban emergency department visits over a 12-year period by demographic characteristics, payers, and characteristics of care.
This survey study uses difference-in-difference analysis of national longitudinal survey data to examine the association between nationwide public disclosure of industry payments and Americans’ trust in their physicians and in the medical profession.
This cross-sectional study uses Medical Expenditure Panel Survey data to describe trends and health care expenditures associated with physical activity levels among women with cardiovascular disease.
This randomized clinical trial compares the safety and efficacy of minimally interrupted dabigatran vs uninterrupted warfarin therapy in patients undergoing catheter ablation for atrial fibrillation.
This cross-sectional study evaluates interrater reliability of medical orders documented in the Physician Orders for Life-Sustaining Treatment (POLST) form to translate the treatment preferences of Brazilian adult patients at the end of life.
This cohort study examines the association of occupational exposure to pesticides with immunochemotherapy response and survival in patients in France treated for diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL).
This cross-sectional study examines the proportion of female speakers at major academic medical conferences held in Canada and in the United States during the last decade.
This case series evaluates an exome-based gene panel approach to maximize diagnostic yield for children with idiopathic epilepsy.
This diagnostic study evaluates the sensitivity and specificity of point-of-care ultrasonography performed by emergency medical practitioners in identifying retinal detachment, vitreous hemorrhage, and vitreous detachment among patients with ocular symptoms who present to the emergency department.
This cross-sectional study compares reaction times to peripheral stimuli while driving and using mobile telephones among patients with glaucoma vs healthy controls.
This qualitative study describes the emergence of departments of population health at US academic medical centers, including shared areas of focus, opportunities, and challenges.
This systematic review and meta-analysis evaluates the evidence supporting current US Food and Drug Administration–approved uses of niacin in cardiovascular disease prevention settings.
This economic evaluation compares the cost-effectiveness of short-course radiotherapy vs long-course chemoradiotherapy for locally advanced rectal cancer.
This economic evaluation estimates the 1-year changes in US Medicaid expenditures associated with a 1% reduction in cigarette smoking prevalence.
This cohort study of individually linked data from Danish health registries compares the risk of hip and any fracture in adult patients treated with denosumab vs alendronate in routine practice settings.
This cross-sectional study assesses the association between preterm delivery and smoking cigarettes throughout pregnancy or ceasing smoking at the start of or during pregnancy among more than 25 million expectant mothers who smoked cigarettes 3 months before pregnancy.
This cohort study examines signs of oral infection in children and the risk factors for atherosclerosis that develop as the children mature to adulthood, in this ongoing follow-up study in Finland.
This cross-sectional study evaluates the data sharing and privacy practices of smartphone applications available in public app stores for depression and smoking cessation.
This diagnostic study examines the use of magnetic resonance imaging to identify tumor biological factors associated with targeted therapy response for HER2-positive breast cancer.
This cohort study identifies factors associated with the adoption of sipuleucel-T to treat US patients with asymptomatic or minimally symptomatic metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer.
This cross-sectional diagnostic study evaluates the accuracy of a machine learning method that uses the whole transcriptome to identify gene markers in primary and metastatic tumors.
This cohort study examines the association between pharmacy closures and adherence to statins, β-blockers, and oral anticoagulants among adults 50 years or older in the United States.
This nested case-control study of adults prescribed long-term opioid therapy examines the association between opioid dose variability and opioid overdose.
This survey study examines the magnitude of disaster exposure and mental health outcomes among Puerto Rican youths after Hurricane Maria.
This study compares conventional imaging, augmented reality holograms, and 3-dimensional printing of kidney models to assess the added value of each imaging method for preoperative evaluation of children with Wilms tumors.
This cross-sectional study uses data from the US National Hospital Ambulatory Care Survey and the Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project to evaluate the association between implementation of the Affordable Care Act (ACA) and rates of emergency department (ED) visits and hospitalizations by uninsured individuals.
This pooled analysis of data from more than 1 million participants examines the association of diabetes with all-cause and cause-specific mortality in Asian populations.
This case series study assesses the potential role of febrile seizures and other risk factors associated with sudden death in childhood and describes the epidemiology, mechanisms, and prevention of sudden death in childhood.
This community-based cohort study investigates the association of total steps walked per day and total intensity and duration of physical activity with brain volumes on magnetic resonance imaging among Framingham Heart Study participants.
This systematic review and meta-analysis assesses whether inpatient or clinic-based rehabilitation is associated with superior function and pain outcomes compared with any home-based rehabilitation among adult patients who underwent total knee arthroplasty.
This cross-sectional study evaluates the payment type and distribution from pharmaceutical companies, as well as policy transparency for conflict of interest disclosures among clinical practice guideline authors in Japan.
This population-based cohort study, a part of the Generation R Study from the Netherlands, examines the associations of fetal and infant weight change with general, visceral, and organ adiposity at school age.
This cross-sectional study analyzes the rates of fentanyl positivity in urine drug test results that were positive for cocaine or methamphetamine.
This cross-sectional study uses summarized statistical data and US Census data to compare epidemiologic and machine learning methods to examine associations of US county-level demographic, socioeconomic, health care, and environmental factors with regional variance in obesity prevalence.
This diagnostic study examines next-generation sequencing technologies and their application to the molecular profiling of refractory or relapsed cancers in children and adolescents.
This cohort study of pediatric patients uses accelerometry data from the upper extremities to evaluate whether movement can distinguish between children with typical development and those with motor deficits.
This cross-sectional study investigates whether the introduction of a new, stratified payment adjustment method is associated with an alteration in the distribution of penalties among hospitals included in the Hospital Readmissions Reduction Program.
This economic evaluation uses state-level data to estimate the association between eligibility thresholds for state Medicaid coverage and deaths related to substance use disorders.
This population-based cohort study investigates if levels of persistent organic pollutants in plasma are associated with cardiovascular and all-cause mortality in participants of the Prospective Investigation of the Vasculature in Uppsala Seniors (PIVUS) study.
This modeling study examines delays in reporting of human and mosquito West Nile virus infection and the association between these delays and accurate real-time forecasting of West Nile virus outbreaks.
This cluster randomized clinical trial determines whether a 6-session professional development course improves the quality of teachers’ relationships with the children in their classrooms vs teacher-children relationships in classrooms that did not receive the intervention.
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