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July 2019 - May 2018

Decade

Year

Issue

April 2019, Vol 2, No. 4

open access Original Investigation

CARDIOLOGY

Socioeconomic Gradients and Distribution of Diabetes, Hypertension, and Obesity in India

This cross-sectional study uses data from the Indian National Family Health Survey to assess the socioeconomic gradients and distribution of diabetes, hypertension, and obesity in the Indian population.

JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(4):e190411. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.0411
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

INFECTIOUS DISEASES

Effect of Human Papillomavirus Vaccine to Interrupt Recurrence of Vulvar and Anal Neoplasia (VIVA): A Trial Protocol

This trial protocol describes a randomized clinical trial to assess the effectiveness of a human papillomavirus vaccine to reduce the risk of anal and vulvar high-grade squamous intraepithelial lesion recurrence after treatment.

JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(4):e190819. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.0819
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

SURGERY

Comparison of a Potential Hospital Quality Metric With Existing Metrics for Surgical Quality–Associated Readmission

This cohort study analyzes data from US Veterans Affairs hospitals to compare the existing metric of any unplanned readmission, which may not reflect the quality of surgical care, with a metric that classifies readmissions as likely associated with surgical quality in high-volume inpatient surgical procedures.

JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(4):e191313. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.1313
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

PEDIATRICS

Association of Maternal Use of Benzodiazepines and Z-Hypnotics During Pregnancy With Motor and Communication Skills and Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder Symptoms in Preschoolers

This cohort study evaluates the association of motor, communication, and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) symptoms in preschoolers with gestational benzodiazepine/z-hypnotic exposure by timing and duration and coexposure to opioids or antidepressants.

JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(4):e191435. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.1435
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

HEALTH POLICY

Assessment of Health Care Utilization and Cost of Targeted Drug Delivery and Conventional Medical Management vs Conventional Medical Management Alone for Patients With Cancer-Related Pain

This economic evaluation uses a large US claims database to assess the cost and utilization of targeted drug delivery and conventional medical management vs conventional medical management alone for treating cancer-related pain.

JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(4):e191549. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.1549
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

HEALTH POLICY

Association of Medicare Spending With Subspecialty Consultation for Elderly Hospitalized Adults

This cross-sectional study of Medicare beneficiaries hospitalized for nonsurgical conditions measures the use of subspecialty consultations, compares payments for consultative and nonconsultative care, and measures variation in payments across hospital referral regions.

JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(4):e191634. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.1634
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

INFECTIOUS DISEASES

Epidemiologic Trends in Malaria Incidence Among Travelers Returning to Metropolitan France, 1996-2016

This cross-sectional study of data from the French National Reference Center of Malaria Surveillance examines the epidemiologic characteristics associated with imported cases of malaria among travelers returning to metropolitan France.

JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(4):e191691. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.1691
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

ONCOLOGY

Attributable Failure of First-line Cancer Treatment and Incremental Costs Associated With Smoking by Patients With Cancer

This economic evaluation models incremental costs of subsequent cancer treatment after failure of first-line cancer treatment among smoking vs nonsmoking patients with cancer.

JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(4):e191703. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.1703
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

HEALTH INFORMATICS

Association of the Usability of Electronic Health Records With Cognitive Workload and Performance Levels Among Physicians

This quality improvement study analyzes the perceived and physiological workload, performance, and fatigue levels of residents and fellows as they manage abnormal or critical test results using an electronic health record (EHR) system.

JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(4):e191709. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.1709
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

PUBLIC HEALTH

A Time-Series Analysis of Firearm Purchasing After Mass Shooting Events in the United States

This cross-sectional study using time-series analysis tests the hypothesis that mass shootings are associated with gun purchasing in the United States and examines factors associated with changes in gun purchasing.

JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(4):e191736. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.1736
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

NEPHROLOGY

Incidence and Prognosis of Acute Kidney Diseases and Disorders Using an Integrated Approach to Laboratory Measurements in a Universal Health Care System

This cohort study investigates whether the Kidney Disease: Improving Global Outcomes guidelines can identify patients with acute kidney diseases and disorders who do not meet existing criteria for chronic kidney disease or acute kidney injury and whether these patients experience adverse outcomes.

JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(4):e191795. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.1795
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

GASTROENTEROLOGY AND HEPATOLOGY

Factors Associated With Opioid Use in Patients Hospitalized for Acute Pancreatitis

This cohort study investigates the variability in opioid use in pain management for patients hospitalized for acute pancreatitis.

JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(4):e191827. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.1827
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

HEALTH INFORMATICS

Assessment of Postdonation Outcomes in US Living Kidney Donors Using Publicly Available Data Sets

This cohort study assembles an open access resource that contains more detailed follow-up information to examine postdonation health outcomes for living kidney donors.

JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(4):e191851. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.1851
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

OPHTHALMOLOGY

Assessment of Automated Identification of Phases in Videos of Cataract Surgery Using Machine Learning and Deep Learning Techniques

This cross-sectional study evaluates machine learning and deep learning algorithms for automated phase classification of manually presegmented videos of cataract procedures.

JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(4):e191860. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.1860
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

PSYCHIATRY

Social Brain Functional Maturation in Newborn Infants With and Without a Family History of Autism Spectrum Disorder

This cohort study compares functional magnetic resonance imaging of the brains of neonates with a family history of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) vs those of neonates with no family history of ASD.

JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(4):e191868. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.1868
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

HEALTH POLICY

Differential Safety Between Top-Ranked Cancer Hospitals and Their Affiliates for Complex Cancer Surgery

This cross-sectional study compares perioperative mortality of Medicare beneficiaries after complex cancer surgery at top-ranked cancer hospitals vs their affiliated hospitals.

JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(4):e191912. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.1912
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

HEALTH POLICY

Trends in Emergency Department Use by Rural and Urban Populations in the United States

This cross-sectional study of National Hospital Ambulatory Medical Care Survey data describes differences between rural and urban emergency department visits over a 12-year period by demographic characteristics, payers, and characteristics of care.

JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(4):e191919. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.1919
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

HEALTH POLICY

US Nationwide Disclosure of Industry Payments and Public Trust in Physicians

This survey study uses difference-in-difference analysis of national longitudinal survey data to examine the association between nationwide public disclosure of industry payments and Americans’ trust in their physicians and in the medical profession.

JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(4):e191947. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.1947
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

CARDIOLOGY

Trends and Costs Associated With Suboptimal Physical Activity Among US Women With Cardiovascular Disease

This cross-sectional study uses Medical Expenditure Panel Survey data to describe trends and health care expenditures associated with physical activity levels among women with cardiovascular disease.

JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(4):e191977. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.1977
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

CARDIOLOGY

Safety and Efficacy of Minimally Interrupted Dabigatran vs Uninterrupted Warfarin Therapy in Adults Undergoing Atrial Fibrillation Catheter Ablation: A Randomized Clinical Trial

This randomized clinical trial compares the safety and efficacy of minimally interrupted dabigatran vs uninterrupted warfarin therapy in patients undergoing catheter ablation for atrial fibrillation.

JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(4):e191994. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.1994
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

GERIATRICS

Evaluation of the Interrater Reliability of End-of-Life Medical Orders in the Physician Orders for Life-Sustaining Treatment Form

This cross-sectional study evaluates interrater reliability of medical orders documented in the Physician Orders for Life-Sustaining Treatment (POLST) form to translate the treatment preferences of Brazilian adult patients at the end of life.

JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(4):e192036. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.2036
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

HEMATOLOGY

Association of Occupational Pesticide Exposure With Immunochemotherapy Response and Survival Among Patients With Diffuse Large B-Cell Lymphoma

This cohort study examines the association of occupational exposure to pesticides with immunochemotherapy response and survival in patients in France treated for diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL).

JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(4):e192093. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.2093
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

HEALTH POLICY

Trends in the Proportion of Female Speakers at Medical Conferences in the United States and in Canada, 2007 to 2017

This cross-sectional study examines the proportion of female speakers at major academic medical conferences held in Canada and in the United States during the last decade.

JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(4):e192103. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.2103
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

GENETICS AND GENOMICS

Use of a Dynamic Genetic Testing Approach for Childhood-Onset Epilepsy

This case series evaluates an exome-based gene panel approach to maximize diagnostic yield for children with idiopathic epilepsy.

JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(4):e192129. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.2129
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

EMERGENCY MEDICINE

Point-of-Care Ultrasonography in the Diagnosis of Retinal Detachment, Vitreous Hemorrhage, and Vitreous Detachment in the Emergency Department

This diagnostic study evaluates the sensitivity and specificity of point-of-care ultrasonography performed by emergency medical practitioners in identifying retinal detachment, vitreous hemorrhage, and vitreous detachment among patients with ocular symptoms who present to the emergency department.

JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(4):e192162. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.2162
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

OPHTHALMOLOGY

Mobile Telephone Use and Reaction Time in Drivers With Glaucoma

This cross-sectional study compares reaction times to peripheral stimuli while driving and using mobile telephones among patients with glaucoma vs healthy controls.

JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(4):e192169. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.2169
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

PUBLIC HEALTH

The Emergence of Population Health in US Academic Medicine: A Qualitative Assessment

This qualitative study describes the emergence of departments of population health at US academic medical centers, including shared areas of focus, opportunities, and challenges.

JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(4):e192200. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.2200
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

CARDIOLOGY

Assessment of the Role of Niacin in Managing Cardiovascular Disease Outcomes: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis

This systematic review and meta-analysis evaluates the evidence supporting current US Food and Drug Administration–approved uses of niacin in cardiovascular disease prevention settings.

JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(4):e192224. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.2224
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

ONCOLOGY

Cost-effectiveness of Short-Course Radiation Therapy vs Long-Course Chemoradiation for Locally Advanced Rectal Cancer

This economic evaluation compares the cost-effectiveness of short-course radiotherapy vs long-course chemoradiotherapy for locally advanced rectal cancer.

JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(4):e192249. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.2249
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

HEALTH POLICY

Estimation of 1-Year Changes in Medicaid Expenditures Associated With Reducing Cigarette Smoking Prevalence by 1%

This economic evaluation estimates the 1-year changes in US Medicaid expenditures associated with a 1% reduction in cigarette smoking prevalence.

JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(4):e192307. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.2307
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

DIABETES AND ENDOCRINOLOGY

Comparison of Risk of Osteoporotic Fracture in Denosumab vs Alendronate Treatment Within 3 Years of Initiation

This cohort study of individually linked data from Danish health registries compares the risk of hip and any fracture in adult patients treated with denosumab vs alendronate in routine practice settings.

JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(4):e192416. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.2416
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

OBSTETRICS AND GYNECOLOGY

Association of Maternal Cigarette Smoking and Smoking Cessation With Preterm Birth

This cross-sectional study assesses the association between preterm delivery and smoking cigarettes throughout pregnancy or ceasing smoking at the start of or during pregnancy among more than 25 million expectant mothers who smoked cigarettes 3 months before pregnancy.

JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(4):e192514. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.2514
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

CARDIOLOGY

Association of Childhood Oral Infections With Cardiovascular Risk Factors and Subclinical Atherosclerosis in Adulthood

This cohort study examines signs of oral infection in children and the risk factors for atherosclerosis that develop as the children mature to adulthood, in this ongoing follow-up study in Finland.

JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(4):e192523. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.2523
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

HEALTH INFORMATICS

Assessment of the Data Sharing and Privacy Practices of Smartphone Apps for Depression and Smoking Cessation

This cross-sectional study evaluates the data sharing and privacy practices of smartphone applications available in public app stores for depression and smoking cessation.

has audio
JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(4):e192542. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.2542
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

IMAGING

Association of Peritumoral Radiomics With Tumor Biology and Pathologic Response to Preoperative Targeted Therapy for HER2 (ERBB2)–Positive Breast Cancer

This diagnostic study examines the use of magnetic resonance imaging to identify tumor biological factors associated with targeted therapy response for HER2-positive breast cancer.

JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(4):e192561. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.2561
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

HEALTH POLICY

Factors Associated With Use of Sipuleucel-T to Treat Patients With Advanced Prostate Cancer

This cohort study identifies factors associated with the adoption of sipuleucel-T to treat US patients with asymptomatic or minimally symptomatic metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer.

JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(4):e192589. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.2589
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

ONCOLOGY

Application of a Neural Network Whole Transcriptome–Based Pan-Cancer Method for Diagnosis of Primary and Metastatic Cancers

This cross-sectional diagnostic study evaluates the accuracy of a machine learning method that uses the whole transcriptome to identify gene markers in primary and metastatic tumors.

JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(4):e192597. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.2597
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

PUBLIC HEALTH

Association Between Pharmacy Closures and Adherence to Cardiovascular Medications Among Older US Adults

This cohort study examines the association between pharmacy closures and adherence to statins, β-blockers, and oral anticoagulants among adults 50 years or older in the United States.

JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(4):e192606. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.2606
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

SUBSTANCE USE AND ADDICTION

Association Between Opioid Dose Variability and Opioid Overdose Among Adults Prescribed Long-term Opioid Therapy

This nested case-control study of adults prescribed long-term opioid therapy examines the association between opioid dose variability and opioid overdose.

JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(4):e192613. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.2613
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

PSYCHIATRY

Disaster Exposure and Mental Health Among Puerto Rican Youths After Hurricane Maria

This survey study examines the magnitude of disaster exposure and mental health outcomes among Puerto Rican youths after Hurricane Maria.

JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(4):e192619. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.2619
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

SURGERY

Comparison of 3-Dimensional and Augmented Reality Kidney Models With Conventional Imaging Data in the Preoperative Assessment of Children With Wilms Tumors

This study compares conventional imaging, augmented reality holograms, and 3-dimensional printing of kidney models to assess the added value of each imaging method for preoperative evaluation of children with Wilms tumors.

has multimedia
JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(4):e192633. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.2633
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

EMERGENCY MEDICINE

US Emergency Department Visits and Hospital Discharges Among Uninsured Patients Before and After Implementation of the Affordable Care Act

This cross-sectional study uses data from the US National Hospital Ambulatory Care Survey and the Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project to evaluate the association between implementation of the Affordable Care Act (ACA) and rates of emergency department (ED) visits and hospitalizations by uninsured individuals.

JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(4):e192662. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.2662
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

GLOBAL HEALTH

Association of Diabetes With All-Cause and Cause-Specific Mortality in Asia: A Pooled Analysis of More Than 1 Million Participants

This pooled analysis of data from more than 1 million participants examines the association of diabetes with all-cause and cause-specific mortality in Asian populations.

JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(4):e192696. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.2696
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

PEDIATRICS

Potential Role of Febrile Seizures and Other Risk Factors Associated With Sudden Deaths in Children

This case series study assesses the potential role of febrile seizures and other risk factors associated with sudden death in childhood and describes the epidemiology, mechanisms, and prevention of sudden death in childhood.

JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(4):e192739. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.2739
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

NEUROLOGY

Association of Accelerometer-Measured Light-Intensity Physical Activity With Brain Volume: The Framingham Heart Study

This community-based cohort study investigates the association of total steps walked per day and total intensity and duration of physical activity with brain volumes on magnetic resonance imaging among Framingham Heart Study participants.

has audio
JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(4):e192745. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.2745
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

PHYSICAL MEDICINE AND REHABILITATION

Assessment of Outcomes of Inpatient or Clinic-Based vs Home-Based Rehabilitation After Total Knee Arthroplasty: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis

This systematic review and meta-analysis assesses whether inpatient or clinic-based rehabilitation is associated with superior function and pain outcomes compared with any home-based rehabilitation among adult patients who underwent total knee arthroplasty.

JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(4):e192810. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.2810
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

HEALTH POLICY

Evaluation of Pharmaceutical Company Payments and Conflict of Interest Disclosures Among Oncology Clinical Practice Guideline Authors in Japan

This cross-sectional study evaluates the payment type and distribution from pharmaceutical companies, as well as policy transparency for conflict of interest disclosures among clinical practice guideline authors in Japan.

JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(4):e192834. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.2834
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

PEDIATRICS

Associations of Fetal and Infant Weight Change With General, Visceral, and Organ Adiposity at School Age

This population-based cohort study, a part of the Generation R Study from the Netherlands, examines the associations of fetal and infant weight change with general, visceral, and organ adiposity at school age.

JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(4):e192843. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.2843
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

PUBLIC HEALTH

Rate of Fentanyl Positivity Among Urine Drug Test Results Positive for Cocaine or Methamphetamine

This cross-sectional study analyzes the rates of fentanyl positivity in urine drug test results that were positive for cocaine or methamphetamine.

JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(4):e192851. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.2851
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

NUTRITION, OBESITY, AND EXERCISE

Identification of Factors Associated With Variation in US County-Level Obesity Prevalence Rates Using Epidemiologic vs Machine Learning Models

This cross-sectional study uses summarized statistical data and US Census data to compare epidemiologic and machine learning methods to examine associations of US county-level demographic, socioeconomic, health care, and environmental factors with regional variance in obesity prevalence.

JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(4):e192884. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.2884
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

PEDIATRICS

Molecular Profiling of Hard-to-Treat Childhood and Adolescent Cancers

This diagnostic study examines next-generation sequencing technologies and their application to the molecular profiling of refractory or relapsed cancers in children and adolescents.

JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(4):e192906. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.2906
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

PEDIATRICS

Detection of Pediatric Upper Extremity Motor Activity and Deficits With Accelerometry

This cohort study of pediatric patients uses accelerometry data from the upper extremities to evaluate whether movement can distinguish between children with typical development and those with motor deficits.

has multimedia
JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(4):e192970. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.2970
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

HEALTH POLICY

Association of the New Peer Group–Stratified Method With the Reclassification of Penalty Status in the Hospital Readmission Reduction Program

This cross-sectional study investigates whether the introduction of a new, stratified payment adjustment method is associated with an alteration in the distribution of penalties among hospitals included in the Hospital Readmissions Reduction Program.

JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(4):e192987. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.2987
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

SUBSTANCE USE AND ADDICTION

Association Between State Medicaid Eligibility Thresholds and Deaths Due to Substance Use Disorders

This economic evaluation uses state-level data to estimate the association between eligibility thresholds for state Medicaid coverage and deaths related to substance use disorders.

JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(4):e193056. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.3056
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

PUBLIC HEALTH

Association of Exposure to Persistent Organic Pollutants With Mortality Risk: An Analysis of Data From the Prospective Investigation of Vasculature in Uppsala Seniors (PIVUS) Study

This population-based cohort study investigates if levels of persistent organic pollutants in plasma are associated with cardiovascular and all-cause mortality in participants of the Prospective Investigation of the Vasculature in Uppsala Seniors (PIVUS) study.

JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(4):e193070. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.3070
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

INFECTIOUS DISEASES

Modeling and Surveillance of Reporting Delays of Mosquitoes and Humans Infected With West Nile Virus and Associations With Accuracy of West Nile Virus Forecasts

This modeling study examines delays in reporting of human and mosquito West Nile virus infection and the association between these delays and accurate real-time forecasting of West Nile virus outbreaks.

JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(4):e193175. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.3175
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

PEDIATRICS

Effect of a Trauma-Awareness Course on Teachers’ Perceptions of Conflict With Preschool-Aged Children From Low-Income Urban Households: A Cluster Randomized Clinical Trial

This cluster randomized clinical trial determines whether a 6-session professional development course improves the quality of teachers’ relationships with the children in their classrooms vs teacher-children relationships in classrooms that did not receive the intervention.

JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(4):e193193. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.3193
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF
open access Editorial

Chronic Diseases in India—Ubiquitous Across the Socioeconomic Spectrum

JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(4):e190404. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.0404
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF
open access Invited Commentary

INFECTIOUS DISEASES

The Critical Role of Statistical Analyses in Maximizing Power Gains From Covariate-Adaptive Trial Designs

JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(4):e190789. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.0789
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SURGERY

Clinical Accountability and Measuring Surgical Readmissions

JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(4):e191301. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.1301
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

PEDIATRICS

Benzodiazepines and the Z-Drugs in Pregnancy—Reasonably Reassuring for Neurodevelopment But Should We Really Be Using Them?

JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(4):e191430. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.1430
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

HEALTH POLICY

The Cost of Pain

JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(4):e191532. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.1532
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

ONCOLOGY

Understanding the Financial Consequences of Smoking During Cancer Treatment in the Era of Value-Based Medicine

JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(4):e191713. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.1713
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

GASTROENTEROLOGY AND HEPATOLOGY

Opioid Use for Acute Pancreatitis—Toward a Research Agenda to Optimize Patient Safety

JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(4):e191834. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.1834
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

HEALTH POLICY

Cancer Hospital Network Affiliation and Complex Cancer Surgery—What Is in a Name?

JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(4):e191910. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.1910
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

HEALTH POLICY

Truth, Trust, and Transparency—The Highly Complex Nature of Patients’ Perceptions of Conflicts of Interest in Medicine

JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(4):e191929. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.1929
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

EMERGENCY MEDICINE

The First Multicenter Evidence for Ocular Point-of-Care Ultrasonography for Retinal Detachment by Emergency Physicians

JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(4):e192148. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.2148
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

PUBLIC HEALTH

Can Academic Population Health Departments Improve Population Health?

JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(4):e192205. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.2205
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

CARDIOLOGY

Childhood Oral Infections and Subclinical Atherosclerosis in Adulthood: Should We Wait for Causality or Just Treat?

JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(4):e192489. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.2489
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

PSYCHIATRY

A Call for a Better Response to Major Disasters

JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(4):e192628. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.2628
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HEALTH POLICY

Financial Conflicts of Interest and Authorship of Clinical Practice Guidelines—Trust Is Fragile

JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(4):e192840. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.2840
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF
open access Correction

Incorrect Affiliation

JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(4):e193146. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.3146
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Error in Table, Methods Section, and Supplement

JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(4):e193260. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.3260
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Errors in Text and Conflict of Interest Disclosures

JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(4):e193771. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.3771
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open access JAMA Network Open Masthead

JAMA Network Open

JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(4):e187893. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2018.7893
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