This multicenter cohort study investigates the association of thoracic twice-daily radiotherapy vs once-daily radiotherapy with brain metastases after prophylactic cranial irradiation in adult Chinese patients with small cell lung cancer (SCLC).
This cohort study uses registry data to assess characteristics and trends among patients with cardiovascular disease referred to palliative care.
This cross-sectional study estimates the percentage of US patients with cancer who were eligible for and who responded to checkpoint inhibitor immunotherapy drugs between 2011 and 2018.
This systematic review examines the level and prevalence of spin in presenting findings that are not statistically significant in published reports of cardiovascular randomized clinical trials (RCTs).
This cohort study evaluates the association of maternal education and brain injury with neurodevelopmental outcomes in children born very prematurely in Canada.
This cluster randomized, multicomponent comparative effectiveness trial compares the incremental effects of combinations of 5 behavioral interventions on outcomes of highest importance to patients with mild cognitive impairment.
This cohort study and secondary analysis of the Reasons for Geographic and Racial Differences in Stroke (REGARDS) study assesses the association of sugary beverage consumption with mortality among US adults.
This nationally representative cross-sectional analysis of data from the US National Health Interview Survey findings assesses the reach and use of diabetes prevention services among US adults with diagnosed prediabetes or risk factors for type 2 diabetes.
This cohort study analyzes a nationwide database of commercially insured US individuals to determine how often naloxone is prescribed to individuals at high risk of opioid overdose.
This cohort study using data extracted from the French national health system database describes short-term and long-term mortality (up to 3 years after discharge) across age strata in adult patients discharged from French intensive care units (ICUs).
This economic evaluation uses a simulation to calculate the cost-effectiveness of epicutaneous peanut immunotherapy and peanut oral immunotherapy under differing assumptions.
This cohort study examines US Medicare inpatient claims data from 2008 through 2015 for patients’ measured severity of illness after Medicare policy changes for the expansion of secondary diagnosis codes and payment reform.
This cohort study conducted in the Amazonian region of Brazil investigates whether an association exists between malaria infection during pregnancy and fetal head growth assessed by head circumference of newborns.
This population-based case-control study uses a 2-stage genome-wide association study to evaluate the association of specific loci with thyrotoxic periodic paralysis and determine whether these loci are also associated with Graves disease in a Chinese Han population.
This cross-sectional study analyzes the association of rural-to-urban migration in China with mental health among migrants and their left-behind family members.
This cohort study evaluates which Alzheimer disease and vascular-specific magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) signs may be associated with dementia and mild cognitive impairment in older adults.
This systematic review of studies examining factors associated with opioid addiction investigates whether clinically useful associations exist between opioid addiction and patient characteristics, drug characteristics, and use of common screening tools.
This quality improvement study evaluates the association of primary care clinic appointment time with clinician ordering and patient completion of breast and colorectal cancer screening.
This cross-sectional study characterizes postapproval clinical trials sponsored by pharmaceutical companies of therapeutics approved by the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) without postmarketing requirements or commitments.
This systematic review and meta-analysis examines randomized clinical trials (RCTs) of immune checkpoint inhibitors to evaluate the use of milestone rate and milestone restricted mean survival time as intermediate end points in immune checkpoint inhibitor trials.
This cross-sectional study compares the prevalence of major depressive disorder, trauma exposure, and other psychosocial risk factors among women who identify as refugees, women from the same conflict-affected countries, and women born in the host nation, Australia.
This mendelian randomization study investigates the association of posttraumatic stress disorder and traits associated with educational attainment.
This cross-sectional study estimates the association of modifiable risk factors with dental caries in Indigenous and non-Indigenous Australian children using data from the National Child Oral Health Study 2012-2014.
This cohort study examines whether the specific word and phrase frequency used in physician trainee narrative evaluations of medical faculty and qualified by automated text mining is associated with the gender of the faculty member evaluated.
This cohort study evaluates the association of the Memorial Sloan Kettering–Frailty Index with established geriatric assessment and surgical outcomes for older surgical patients with cancer.
This randomized clinical trial tests the effect of an electronic screening and personalized feedback tool on clinician counseling and adolescent-reported health risk behaviors.
This cohort study assesses the association between high intakes of vitamins B6 and B12 from food and supplements with a risk of hip fracture in the Nurses’ Health Study and investigates whether combined high intakes of both vitamins were associated with an increased fracture risk.
This decision analytical model study evaluates whether hepatitis C virus elimination is feasible in Pakistan and estimates the costs of eliminating this virus.
This cross-sectional study assesses the association of adult congenital heart disease and its subtypes among Canadian women with pregnancy and maternal and neonatal outcomes.
This cross-sectional analysis examines prescriber and pharmacy shopping among patients who are prescribed opioids and their family members.
This cohort study examines health care utilization and expenditures among US adult patients with newly diagnosed low back pain or lower extremity pain treated surgically vs nonsurgically.
This study assesses whether an association exists between the sponsorship and conduct of a phase 3 randomized clinical trial investigating a cancer drug and the lack of supporting phase 2 trial evidence for that drug.
This cohort study estimates the risk of and factors associated with recurrent venous thromboembolism in patients undergoing surgery who have a history of venous thromboembolism.
This cohort study describes 2 models for predicting the long-term response to ustekinumab therapy among patients with active Crohn disease.
This population-based case-control study investigates whether a diagnosis of hypothyroidism or hyperthyroidism is associated with the development of colorectal cancer among adult patients in Taiwan.
This cross-sectional study using National Health Interview Survey data assesses patterns of cancer screening among never, former, and current adult smokers in the United States in 2010-2015.
This cross-sectional analysis examines the characteristics and distribution of payments from pharmaceutical companies to researchers involved in the valsartan scandal in Japan.
This cohort study examines the changes in viral suppression among HIV-positive women in the United States from 1994 to 2017.
This prespecified cross-sectional substudy of a randomized clinical trial evaluates individual- and household-level costs and impoverishing factors related to acute myocardial infarction to assess whether acute myocardial infarction is associated with substantial financial risk for patients in Kerala, India.
This cross-sectional study investigates trends in suicide rates among US youth aged 10 to 19 years by sex, age group, race/ethnicity, and method of suicide.
This cohort study assesses the appropriateness of antibiotic prophylaxis prescriptions for infection prophylaxis before dental procedures using Truven, a US national integrated health claims database.
This cohort study examines whether social and behavioral risk factors are associated with earlier onset of hypertension and/or diabetes among a clinical population of US adults.
This diagnostic study compares an automated deep learning model with experienced human reviewers in assessment of endoscopic diseases of adults with severity of ulcerative colitis.
This cohort study describes the development and validation of a 5-item tool for measuring patient assessments of clinician compassion that can be used in conjunction with the Clinician and Group Consumer Assessment of Healthcare Providers and Systems (CG-CAHPS) survey.
This cross-sectional study of oncology articles in high–impact factor journals examines the frequency with which waterfall plots are used and measures the accuracy of these plots in representing response rate compared with investigator-assessed and centrally assessed rates.
This study uses difference-in-differences analysis to evaluate the association between acquisitions of independent hemodialysis facilities by a hemodialysis chain and hospitalization and mortality rates among adult patients receiving dialysis.
This survey study investigates levels of upset reported by youths after routine trauma screening in mental health clinics in Norway.
This cohort study estimates the association between ownership of alternative tobacco product (ATP) promotional materials and initiation of ATP or cigarette use among adolescents and young adults in California.
This follow-up analysis of pilot randomized clinical trial data explores the potential benefits of mindfulness-based stress reduction for improving well-being among postgraduate year 1 surgery residents.
This systematic review and meta-analysis investigates the association between the duration of adjuvant chemotherapy and survival among individuals diagnosed as having stage II and III colon cancer.
This population-based cohort study identifies modifiable risk factors associated with atrioventricular block among community-dwelling respondents to the Mini-Finland Health Survey.
This cross-sectional study evaluates the association of air pollution exposure and having been breastfed or not with lung function among children in China.
This cohort study compares all-cause and cause-specific mortality (including deaths associated with cardiovascular and neurodegenerative diseases) between US National Football League (NFL) and Major League Baseball (MLB) players.
This cohort study assesses whether an association exists between life purpose and all-cause or cause-specific mortality among adults older than 50 years of age who participated in the US Health and Retirement Study.
This cohort study of data from the Hospital Cost and Utilization Project Nationwide Readmissions Database compares 30-day fall-related readmissions with other leading rehospitalization diagnoses in Medicare beneficiaries 65 years and older with a variety of index admissions.
This randomized clinical trial evaluates the effectiveness of a mobile phone app combined with brief in-person counseling for increasing physical activity levels among inactive women.
This cross-sectional study compares the rate of opioid prescriptions by dentists dispensed from outpatient pharmacies and health care settings in the United States and England in 2016.
This randomized clinical trial explores whether children’s exposure to a violent video game increases dangerous behavior around firearms.
This cohort study uses National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (NSQIP) data to examine the association between frailty and 30-day unplanned readmissions after elective outpatient surgical procedures.
This cross-sectional study examines changes in the number of pathologists compared with other physicians practicing in the United States and Canada from 2007 to 2017.
This systematic review and meta-analysis summarizes the published evidence on the association of user-centered data integration and visualization technologies with intensive care clinician performance.
This qualitative study interviews patients with sickle cell disease and identifies their views on how the current US opioid epidemic has affected the management of chronic and acute pain related to their disease.
This quality improvement study and cost-effectiveness analysis evaluates mainstream genetic testing using cancer-based criteria to determine eligibility for BRCA1 and BRCA2 testing in patients with breast cancer.
This case-control study establishes and assesses the validity of a model using serum microRNAs (miRNAs) to distinguish patients with esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) from patients without cancer.
This cross-sectional study of multiyear Medical Expenditure Panel Survey data evaluates the association between socioeconomic factors, availability of cessation information or services, and cigarette smoking rates in adults in the United States.
This cross-sectional study examines the association of amount and different type of childhood maltreatment with responsiveness in regions of the brain implicated in emotional responding and response control in youths.
This cohort study examines whether the US Hospital Readmissions Reduction Program was associated with a greater decrease in readmissions after targeted procedures (total hip arthroplasty and total knee arthroplasty) compared with similar nontargeted procedures (lumbar spine fusion and laminectomy).
This population-based study examines changes in cardiovascular health status assessed by the Cardiovascular Health Score of Chinese adults over 5 years.
This cohort study investigates the association between tonsillectomy and renal outcomes in patients with IgA nephropathy in Japan.
This economic evaluation study uses pharmaceutical insurance claims data to report the consistent rise in prices of commonly used prescription medicines in the United States.
This study investigates whether an association exists between serum cholesterol levels and peripheral nerve lesions in patients with type 2 diabetes with and without diabetic polyneuropathy.
This cross-sectional study evaluated 1000 thyroid and parathyroid operations performed at 3 US academic medical centers to assess the percentage of these operations that could be performed using transoral endocrine surgery, an approach that leaves no external scarring.
This population-based cohort study examines the role of carotid atherosclerosis in the association between major cardiovascular risk factors and ischemic stroke.
This cohort study investigates the generic and sepsis-specific patient characteristics that are associated with long-term mortality in patients who survive hospitalization for sepsis.
This systematic review and meta-analysis evaluates the association of preoperative renin-angiotensin system inhibitors with prevention of postoperative atrial fibrillation and adverse events among patients undergoing cardiac surgery.
This cohort study assesses the performance of the UN10 clinical decision rule to predict futility during in-hospital cardiac arrest in a US national sample of patients who experienced in-hospital cardiac arrest.
This follow-up assessment of the Comparison of Methylphenidate and Psychotherapy in Adult ADHD Study (COMPAS), a multicenter randomized clinical trial, evaluates the long-term efficacy of multimodal treatment for attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD).
This cross-sectional study examines the prevalence of female authors of case studies published in medical journals in the United States.
This cohort study examines sex disparities among youths who experienced cardiac arrest in schools in receipt of public-access automated external defibrillator pad application and cardiopulmonary resuscitation from bystanders in Japan.
This post hoc precision medicine analysis of the Flexible Lifestyles Empowering Change (FLEX) trial estimates an individualized treatment rule to uncover subgroups of responders for key outcomes in diabetes self-management among youth.
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