This cohort study evaluates adverse events in patients with hepatitis C virus who are receiving direct-acting antiviral medications.
This randomized clinical trial evaluates the effects of a patient activation tool vs standard consultation on decision making and patient-centered outcomes among pediatric patients with appendicitis and their caregivers who choose surgery or nonoperative management.
This systematic review and meta-analysis assesses the association of communication interventions about do-not-resuscitate code status with patient decisions and knowledge about cardiopulmonary resuscitation.
This cohort study uses data from the Premier Healthcare Database to compare the causes, treatment, and outcomes in patients hopitalized with community-acquired pneumonia with and without alcohol use disorder.
This cross-sectional study compares the 30-day costs of care for common conditions among US Medicare beneficiaries by hospital teaching status.
This systematic review and meta-analysis evaluates the association of anorexia nervosa with the cancer incidence and mortality among study populations with anorexia nervosa compared with the general population or those without anorexia nervosa.
This cross-sectional study of data from the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities (ARIC) study quantifies the association of undifferentiated dyspnea with cardiac dysfunction in older adults.
This cross-sectional study uses 1000 Genomes Project data and US Veterans Health Administration demographic characteristics to project the number of veterans who carry an actionable pharmacogenetic variant and who have been prescribed 1 or more level A drugs that have well-established evidence of pharmacogenetic interactions.
This case-control study uses data from the Soldier Health Outcomes Study conducted as part of the Army Study to Assess Risk and Resilience in Servicemembers (Army STARRS) to evaluate whether increased accessibility to firearms is associated with an increased risk of suicide among US Army soldiers.
This survey study investigates the availability of naloxone nasal spray at pharmacies in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, 3 years after the implementation of a statewide standing order allowing pharmacies to dispense naloxone without a physician’s prescription.
This cross-sectional study estimates the prevalence of periodontal disease and citrullinating periodontopathic bacteria in individuals who test positive for anti–cyclic citrullinated protein (anti-CCP) antibody without rheumatoid arthritis compared with groups of healthy control participants and patients with early rheumatoid arthritis.
This secondary analysis of the Randomized Evaluation of Normal vs Augmented Level (RENAL) of Renal Replacement Therapy trial examines the association of net ultrafiltration with survival among critically ill patients with acute kidney injury being treated with continuous venovenous hemodiafiltration.
This randomized clinical trial determines the effects of brief admission to hospital by self-referral vs usual treatment on inpatient service use, daily life functioning, nonsuicidal self-injuries, and attempted suicide among Swedish adults who self-harm and are at risk of suicide.
This ecological study evaluates whether US Medicaid expansion was associated with state-level changes in physical abuse and neglect rates among children younger than 6 years compared with states that opted out of Medicaid expansion.
This cohort study estimates the incidence, mortality, and associated risk factors for the development of second malignant neoplasms in individuals who survived adolescent and young adult cancers.
This diagnostic study evaluates subgenual cingulate cortex hyperactivity in patients with major depressive disorder before and after repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation treatment compared with a group of healthy controls.
This diagnostic study investigates the use of a neural network segmentation model to assist clinicians in the detection of intracranial aneurisms.
This systemic review and meta-analysis evaluates the associations of temperament with preoperative anxiety in pediatric patients aged 18 years and younger undergoing surgery.
This cross-sectional epidemiologic study of deaths in the US National Violent Death Reporting System (2003-2015) estimates the number of suicides associated with residential long-term care among adults 55 and older and identifies whether machine learning tools could improve the quality of suicide surveillance data.
This population-based cohort study examines the associations between chronic hepatitis B virus infection and risk of all cancer types among Chinese adults.
This pre-post study evaluates whether the Talk It Up intervention for parents of children aged 2 to 12 months, which uses direct coaching and a smartphone app, is associated with improvements in adult word counts, parent-child conversational turns, child vocalization counts, and language development.
This comparative effectiveness cohort study examines 30-day and 3-year survival among Finnish patients with aortic stenosis at low operative risk who underwent transcatheter aortic valve replacement compared with surgical aortic valve replacement.
This case series characterizes the clinical phenotype and molecular genetic variations in patients with retinal degeneration and PROM1 sequence variations.
This longitudinal cohort study examines the association of midlife cardiovascular risk factors with cerebral perfusion at older ages among adults without dementia.
This cohort study compares overall and disease-specific survival associated with targeted vs nontargeted therapy in elderly patients with metastatic renal cell carcinoma who are enrolled in Medicare.
This diagnostic study assesses a convolutional neural network to enhance the detection of pathologic morphological features in duodenal tissue among children with environmental enteropathy, celiac disease, and no disease.
This cohort study examines the associations of high-intensity binge drinking with changes in levels of serum lipids and liver function enzymes.
This cross-sectional study estimates mortality and smoking rates in a rural county in Maine 5 to 10 years after reductions in a countywide set of interventions designed to address behavioral and medical risk factors.
This cohort study of Japanese participants with acute decompensated heart failure in the Kyoto Congestive Heart Failure study evaluates the association of mineralocorticoid receptor antagonist use with all-cause mortality and hospital readmission.
This cross-sectional study uses data from the 2001-2014 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) to estimate total usual nutrient intakes from foods and dietary supplements of pregnant women.
This cohort study investigates whether genomic risk for rheumatoid arthritis is associated with cognitive and psychiatric symptoms in children and adolescents.
This cross-sectional study of a German population-based cohort assesses whether visceral adipose fat moderates the association between age and brain network structure and whether estradiol moderates the association between visceral adipose fat and brain network structure.
This cohort study compares long-term memory changes before and after incident cancer diagnoses in US adults compared with similarly aged adults without a diagnosis of cancer.
This cohort study uses data from the US Healthy Work Place study to examine characteristics of health care organizations that are associated with clinician trust in the organization.
This population-based cohort study examines the rates of naloxone coprescription since implementation of state laws mandating coprescription for persons at risk for opioid overdose.
This cross-sectional analysis of the Disclosure UK database examines the concentration and patterns of drug company payments to health care organizations in the United Kingdom.
This pilot randomized clinical trial assesses the feasibility and acceptability of a computer-facilitated screening questionnaire for substance use and practitioner-delivered brief intervention vs usual care among youths at primary care clinics.
This secondary analysis of the Nakura Eye Disease Cohort Study estimates the 6-year cumulative incidence of visually impairing cataracts among older adults in Kenya.
This randomized clinical trial compares changes in the transcriptome of the human nasal epithelium in healthy, nonsmoking women who were first exposed to clean air and later exposed to thirdhand smoke.
This cross-sectional study examines characteristics of US counties with persistently high rates of opioid overdose mortality and low capacity to deliver medications for opioid use disorder.
This survey study uses data from over 5.4 million US working-aged adults to assess trends in health equity and health justice by sex, race/ethnicity, and income across the past 25 years.
This cohort study examines the prenatal risk factors and perinatal and postnatal outcomes associated with maternal opioid use during pregnancy.
This cohort study examines changes in the demographic and clinical characteristics and outcomes of patients with newly diagnosed cirrhosis.
This case-control study of emergency medical service dispatch data in New York, New York, examines changes in dispatches of ambulance transports for minor injuries compared with other injuries before and after the implementation of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act.
This cohort study investigates the association of titin-truncating genetic variants with life-threatening ventricular arrhythmias in adult patients with dilated cardiomyopathy who have implanted cardiac defibrillators or cardiac resynchronization therapy defibrillators.
This population-based cross-sectional study of 8867 Chinese participants examines the association of long-term exposure to air pollution and proximity to traffic with the coronary artery calcium score, a marker for coronary atherosclerosis.
This cohort study examines the differential associations of genetic and environmental risk factors with trajectories of depression symptoms among individuals observed from ages 10 to 24 years in the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children (ALSPAC).
This Editorial discusses the importance of the US Preventive Services Task Force recommendation statements on HIV screening and preexposure prophylaxis (PrEP).
Customize your JAMA Network experience by selecting one or more topics from the list below.
Create a personal account or sign in to: