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July 2019 - May 2018

Decade

Year

Issue

July 2019, Vol 2, No. 7

open access Original Investigation

SUBSTANCE USE AND ADDICTION

Self-reported Daily, Weekly, and Monthly Cannabis Use Among Women Before and During Pregnancy

This cross-sectional study of pregnancies among women in the Kaiser Permanente Northern California health care system examines trends in daily, weekly, and monthly self-reported cannabis use in the year before and during pregnancy from 2009 to 2017.

JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(7):e196471. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.6471
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

HEMATOLOGY

Factors Associated With Unplanned 30-Day Readmissions After Hematopoietic Cell Transplantation Among US Hospitals

This cohort study estimates the risk of 30-day hospital readmission among adults receiving autologous and allogenic hematopoietic cell transplants in the United States.

JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(7):e196476. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.6476
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

HEALTH POLICY

Estimated Changes in Manufacturer and Health Care Organization Revenue Following List Price Reductions for Hepatitis C Treatments

This cross-sectional study examines changes in revenues of manufacturers of drugs for treatment of hepatitis C and health care organizations after list price reductions.

JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(7):e196541. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.6541
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

MEDICAL EDUCATION

Estimating Implicit and Explicit Gender Bias Among Health Care Professionals and Surgeons

This data review and cross-sectional study assesses how health care professionals associate men and women with career and family and how surgeons associate men and women with surgery and family medicine.

JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(7):e196545. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.6545
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

ONCOLOGY

Association Between Androgen Deprivation Therapy Use and Diagnosis of Dementia in Men With Prostate Cancer

This cohort study uses data from the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER)–Medicare database to investigate the association between androgen deprivation therapy and diagnosis of Alzheimer disease or dementia among elderly men with prostate cancer.

JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(7):e196562. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.6562
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

GASTROENTEROLOGY AND HEPATOLOGY

Financial Incentives to Increase Colorectal Cancer Screening Uptake and Decrease Disparities: A Randomized Clinical Trial

This randomized clinical trial of adults overdue for colorectal cancer screening examines whether financial incentives conditional on completion of colorectal cancer screening increase screening uptake.

JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(7):e196570. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.6570
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

SURGERY

Comparison of Outcomes in Elective Endovascular Aortic Repair vs Open Surgical Repair of Abdominal Aortic Aneurysms

This population-based cohort study compares long-term outcomes of elective endovascular aortic repair vs open surgical repair of abdominal aortic aneurysm among patients 40 years and older in Ontario, Canada.

JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(7):e196578. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.6578
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

HEALTH POLICY

Changes in Perceptions of Discrimination in Health Care in California, 2003 to 2017

This cross-sectional study investigates changes in perceptions of discrimination in health care on the basis of race/ethnicity, immigration status, and English proficiency in California from 2003 to 2017.

JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(7):e196665. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.6665
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

SURGERY

Development and Validation of a Bedside Risk Assessment for Sustained Prescription Opioid Use After Surgery

This case-control study describes the development and validation of a risk score, the Stopping Opioids After Surgery Score, for sustained prescription opioid use after surgery in a population of patients participating in a US Department of Defense insurance program.

JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(7):e196673. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.6673
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

HEALTH INFORMATICS

Quantifying Sex Bias in Clinical Studies at Scale With Automated Data Extraction

This cross-sectional study uses machine reading to estimate the magnitude of female underrepresentation in clinical studies worldwide.

JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(7):e196700. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.6700
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

PSYCHIATRY

Machine Learning Approach to Inpatient Violence Risk Assessment Using Routinely Collected Clinical Notes in Electronic Health Records

This prognostic study develops and validates a multivariable prediction model for assessing inpatient violence risk, using machine learning techniques applied to clinical notes written in patients’ electronic health records.

JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(7):e196709. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.6709
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

HEALTH POLICY

Processes of Care Associated With Risk of Mortality and Recurrent Stroke Among Patients With Transient Ischemic Attack and Nonsevere Ischemic Stroke

This cohort study identifies processes of care that are associated with reduced risk of death or recurrent stroke among patients with transient ischemic attack or nonsevere ischemic stroke.

JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(7):e196716. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.6716
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

CARDIOLOGY

Risk of Cancer Among Children and Young Adults With Congenital Heart Disease Compared With Healthy Controls

This cohort study evaluates the risk of developing cancer from birth to age 41 years among patients with congenital heart disease compared with healthy matched controls in Sweden.

JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(7):e196762. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.6762
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

NUTRITION, OBESITY, AND EXERCISE

Calories Purchased by Hospital Employees After Implementation of a Cafeteria Traffic Light–Labeling and Choice Architecture Program

This cohort study examines whether implementation of a traffic light–labeling and choice architecture program in a hospital workplace cafeteria is associated with reduction in calories purchased by employees over 2 years.

JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(7):e196789. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.6789
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

HEALTH POLICY

Association Between Specialist Office Visits and Health Expenditures in Accountable Care Organizations

This cross-sectional study examines US Medicare data to assess variations in health care costs and utilization between accountable care organization practices that rely heavily on specialty physicians and those that only use primary care physicians.

JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(7):e196796. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.6796
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

ONCOLOGY

Comparison of Long-term Survival Benefits in Trials of Immune Checkpoint Inhibitor vs Non–Immune Checkpoint Inhibitor Anticancer Agents Using ASCO Value Framework and ESMO Magnitude of Clinical Benefit Scale

This study of 100 randomized clinical trials determines how frequently immune checkpoint inhibitor (ICI) and non-ICI anticancer agents displayed trends of long-term durable survival as defined by the American Society of Clinical Oncology (ASCO) Value Framework and the European Society of Medical Oncology (ESMO) Magnitude of Clinical Benefit Scale.

JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(7):e196803. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.6803
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

CARDIOLOGY

Comparison of Machine Learning Methods With National Cardiovascular Data Registry Models for Prediction of Risk of Bleeding After Percutaneous Coronary Intervention

This comparative effectiveness study of a nationwide clinical registry of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) determines whether machine learning techniques better predict post-PCI major bleeding compared with the existing National Cardiovascular Data Registry (NCDR) models.

JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(7):e196835. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.6835
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

PUBLIC HEALTH

Association Between Subjective Well-being and Living Longer Without Disability or Illness

This survey study evaluates the association between subjective well-being and life expectancy free of disability and chronic disease in older adults in England.

JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(7):e196870. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.6870
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

IMMUNOLOGY

Association of Survival and Immune-Related Biomarkers With Immunotherapy in Patients With Non–Small Cell Lung Cancer: A Meta-analysis and Individual Patient–Level Analysis

This meta-analysis examines whether differences in biomarkers, such as programmed cell death ligand 1 (PD-L1) expression and tumor mutation burden, are associated with improved response to immunotherapy and survival in patients with advanced non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC).

JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(7):e196879. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.6879
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

HEALTH POLICY

Perspectives of Medicare Advantage Plan Representatives on Addressing Social Determinants of Health in Response to the CHRONIC Care Act

This qualitative study examines the perspectives of representatives of US Medicare Advantage plans on how their organizations can enact programs to promote social determinants of health in light of expansions offered under the Creating High-Quality Results and Outcomes Necessary to Improve Chronic (CHRONIC) Care Act.

JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(7):e196923. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.6923
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

SUBSTANCE USE AND ADDICTION

Access to Primary Care Clinics for Patients With Chronic Pain Receiving Opioids

This survey study of Michigan primary care clinics assesses practitioner willingness to accept and continue prescribing opioids to new patients with pain and whether this willingness differs across payer types.

JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(7):e196928. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.6928
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

PUBLIC HEALTH

Exposure to Court-Ordered Tobacco Industry Antismoking Advertisements Among US Adults

This cross-sectional study assesses the reach of court-ordered antismoking advertisements among the US adult population, stratified by demographic characteristics and tobacco use.

JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(7):e196935. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.6935
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

HEALTH POLICY

Association Between Care Management and Outcomes Among Patients With Complex Needs in Medicare Accountable Care Organizations

This cross-sectional study uses data from the US National Survey of Accountable Care Organizations to assess the association between accountable care organization–reported care management and coordination activities and outcomes in older adults with complex needs.

JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(7):e196939. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.6939
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

DIABETES AND ENDOCRINOLOGY

The 3i Conceptual Framework for Recognizing Patient Perspectives of Type 1 Diabetes During Emerging Adulthood

This qualitative study uses narrative analysis of interviews with emerging adults, aged 18 to 24 years, with type 1 diabetes to identify distinct story types that describe participants’ perceptions of living with type 1 diabetes.

JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(7):e196944. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.6944
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

PEDIATRICS

Association of Preterm Birth and Low Birth Weight With Romantic Partnership, Sexual Intercourse, and Parenthood in Adulthood: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis

This systematic review and meta-analysis investigates the association between preterm birth or low birth weight and social relationships in adulthood.

JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(7):e196961. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.6961
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

HEALTH INFORMATICS

Development and Validation of a Deep Learning Algorithm for Mortality Prediction in Selecting Patients With Dementia for Earlier Palliative Care Interventions

This cohort study develops and validates a deep learning algorithm using longitudinal electronic health records to predict mortality risk as a proxy indicator for identifying patients with dementia who may benefit from palliative care.

JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(7):e196972. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.6972
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

PEDIATRICS

Cognitive and Motor Outcomes of Children With Prenatal Opioid Exposure: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis

This systematic review and meta-analysis examines the cognitive and motor development of infants and children exposed to opioids prenatally.

JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(7):e197025. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.7025
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

OBSTETRICS AND GYNECOLOGY

Association of Preterm Births Among US Latina Women With the 2016 Presidential Election

This national population-based study uses a quasi-experimental design to assess the association between preterm births among US Latina mothers and the 2016 US presidential election.

has audio
JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(7):e197084. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.7084
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF
  • Invited Commentary
    Political Determinants of Population Health
    JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(7):e197063. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.7063
    Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

NEUROLOGY

Comparison of Physician Therapeutic Inertia for Management of Patients With Multiple Sclerosis in Canada, Argentina, Chile, and Spain

This cohort study compares therapeutic inertia, the failure to escalate therapy when goals are unmet, among neurologists across 4 countries (Canada, Argentina, Chile, and Spain) and identifies factors contributing to therapeutic inertia.

JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(7):e197093. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.7093
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

PEDIATRICS

Association of Serum Albumin With Apnea in Infants With Bronchiolitis: A Secondary Analysis of Data From the MARC-35 Study

This secondary analysis of the 35th Multicenter Airway Research Collaboration cohort study investigates whether serum albumin levels are associated with apnea in infants hospitalized for bronchiolitis.

JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(7):e197100. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.7100
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

HEALTH POLICY

Association of Medicaid Expansion With Health Insurance Coverage Among Persons With a Disability

This cross-sectional analysis of data from more than 2.5 million Medicaid-eligible US adults in states that enacted and did not enact Medicaid expansion under the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act evaluates the association of Medicaid expansion with health insurance coverage among persons with a disability.

JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(7):e197136. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.7136
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

PHARMACY AND CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY

Pharmacist Compliance With Therapeutic Guidelines on Diagnosis and Treatment Provision

This quality improvement study examines whether over-the-counter medication dispensing behavior in Australian pharmacies complies or conflicts with the protocols indicated in practice standards and guidelines of a national professional pharmacy organization.

JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(7):e197168. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.7168
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

HEALTH POLICY

Assessment of Medicaid Beneficiaries Included in Community Engagement Requirements in Kentucky

This cross-sectional study estimates the number and characteristics of Medicaid beneficiaries in Kentucky who would have to meet community engagement requirements under a Section 1115 Medicaid demonstration waiver.

JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(7):e197209. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.7209
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

SUBSTANCE USE AND ADDICTION

Association of US Medical Marijuana Laws With Nonmedical Prescription Opioid Use and Prescription Opioid Use Disorder

This cross-sectional study uses data from the US National Survey on Drug Use and Health to estimate changes in nonmedical prescription opioid use and prescription opioid use disorder in states that have legalized the use of medical marijuana.

JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(7):e197216. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.7216
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

PUBLIC HEALTH

Prevalence and Risk Factors Associated With Long-term Opioid Use After Injury Among Previously Opioid-Free Workers

This cohort study evaluates the prevalence and risk factors of long-term opioid use after injury among workers in Tennessee who were opioid free at the time of injury.

JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(7):e197222. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.7222
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

CRITICAL CARE MEDICINE

Association of Surrogate Decision-making Interventions for Critically Ill Adults With Patient, Family, and Resource Use Outcomes: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis

This systematic review and meta-analysis examines the association of interventions used to improve decision-making by surrogates of patients in intensive care units with patient- and family-centered outcomes and resource use.

JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(7):e197229. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.7229
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

HEALTH POLICY

Association Between Spending and Survival of Chronic Heart Failure Across Veterans Affairs Medical Centers

This cohort study uses data from more than 265 000 US veterans treated at Veterans Affairs Medical Centers (VAMCs) to compare health care spending for patients with chronic heart failure across VAMCs and to examine the association between spending and survival.

JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(7):e197238. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.7238
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

MEDICAL JOURNALS AND PUBLISHING

Comparison of Clinical Trial Changes in Primary Outcome and Reported Intervention Effect Size Between Trial Registration and Publication

This cross-sectional study examines the status of randomized clinical trials (RCTs) whose primary outcome changed between trial registration and publication and quantifies the association of this change with the reported intervention effect size.

JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(7):e197242. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.7242
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

IMAGING

Trends in Medical Imaging During Pregnancy in the United States and Ontario, Canada, 1996 to 2016

This cohort study evaluates trends of medical imaging, including computed tomography, magnetic resonance imaging, angiography and fluoroscopy, and nuclear medicine, among pregnant women in the United States and Ontario, Canada.

JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(7):e197249. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.7249
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

INFECTIOUS DISEASES

Assessment of Diagnostic Yield of Nonculture Infection Testing on Cerebrospinal Fluid in Immune-Competent Children

This cross-sectional study examines the value of nonculture cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) testing in immune-competent children with normal CSF cell count.

JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(7):e197307. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.7307
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

STATISTICS AND RESEARCH METHODS

Comparative Effectiveness of New Approaches to Improve Mortality Risk Models From Medicare Claims Data

This comparative effectiveness study examines current US Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services 30-day mortality risk models vs novel risk models for acute myocardial infarction, heart failure, and pneumonia hospitalizations.

JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(7):e197314. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.7314
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

NUTRITION, OBESITY, AND EXERCISE

Association of Normal-Weight Central Obesity With All-Cause and Cause-Specific Mortality Among Postmenopausal Women

This cohort study uses data from women enrolled in the Women’s Health Initiative (WHI) to examine the associations of normal-weight central obesity with all-cause and cause-specific mortality among postmenopausal women in the United States.

has audio
JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(7):e197337. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.7337
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

HEALTH INFORMATICS

Deep Learning to Assess Long-term Mortality From Chest Radiographs

This prognostic study develops and tests a convoluted neural network (CXR-risk) to predict long-term mortality from chest radiographs.

has audio
JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(7):e197416. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.7416
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

HEALTH POLICY

Trends in Clinical Research Including Asian American, Native Hawaiian, and Pacific Islander Participants Funded by the US National Institutes of Health, 1992 to 2018

This cross-sectional study investigates spending by the US National Institutes of Health (NIH) for studies focusing on Asian American, Native Hawaiian, and Pacific Islander populations.

JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(7):e197432. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.7432
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

CARDIOLOGY

Association of Coronary Artery Calcium With Long-term, Cause-Specific Mortality Among Young Adults

This cohort study uses data from the CAC Consortium to examine the prevalence of coronary artery calcium in young adults and the subsequent association of coronary artery calcium with coronary heart disease, cardiovascular disease, and all-cause mortality.

JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(7):e197440. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.7440
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

MEDICAL EDUCATION

Association of Racial Bias With Burnout Among Resident Physicians

This study evaluates survey responses from a large national cohort of US resident physicians to assess the association between burnout and explicit and implicit racial biases among nonblack resident physicians.

JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(7):e197457. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.7457
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

PATHOLOGY AND LABORATORY MEDICINE

Association of a Multifaceted Intervention With Ordering of Unnecessary Laboratory Tests Among Caregivers in Internal Medicine Departments

This before-after quality improvement study evaluates whether a multifactorial intervention was associated with a reduction in the volume of laboratory tests ordered by clinicians in the internal medicine departments of teaching hospitals in the Netherlands.

JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(7):e197577. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.7577
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

EMERGENCY MEDICINE

Association of an Emergency Department–Based Intensive Care Unit With Survival and Inpatient Intensive Care Unit Admissions

This cohort study compares 30-day mortality and inpatient intensive care unit (ICU) admissions before and after the implementation of a novel emergency department–based ICU.

JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(7):e197584. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.7584
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

ETHICS

Public Approval of Exception From Informed Consent in Emergency Clinical Trials: A Systematic Review of Community Consultation Surveys

This systematic review analyzes data from surveys conducted as part of community consultation to assess levels of public approval of trials conducted with an exception from informed consent.

JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(7):e197591. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.7591
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

PUBLIC HEALTH

Trends in Adherence to the Physical Activity Guidelines for Americans for Aerobic Activity and Time Spent on Sedentary Behavior Among US Adults, 2007 to 2016

This cross-sectional study examines the current status and secular trends in physical activity and sedentary behavior among US adults using data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) from 2007 to 2016.

JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(7):e197597. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.7597
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

PEDIATRICS

Hospital Readmission of Adolescents and Young Adults With Complex Chronic Disease

This cross-sectional study assesses variation in 30-day unplanned hospital readmission rates among adolescents and young adults with complex chronic disease as they advance in age.

JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(7):e197613. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.7613
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

ONCOLOGY

Serological Markers Associated With Response to Immune Checkpoint Blockade in Metastatic Gastrointestinal Tract Cancer

This cohort study evaluates the association of serological biomarkers with the response to immune checkpoint blockade therapy in patients with metastatic gastrointestinal tract cancer.

JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(7):e197621. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.7621
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

GERIATRICS

End-of-Life Care Received by Physicians Compared With Nonphysicians

This cohort study compares the location of death and measures of health care use in the last 6 months of life for physicians vs nonphysicians in Canada.

JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(7):e197650. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.7650
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

ONCOLOGY

Artificial Intelligence Algorithms to Assess Hormonal Status From Tissue Microarrays in Patients With Breast Cancer

This single-institution diagnostic study uses a machine learning method (morphological-based molecular profiling) to assess the prediction feasibility of molecular expression of biomarkers in cancer tissue of patients with breast cancer.

JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(7):e197700. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.7700
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

PSYCHIATRY

Antipsychotic Treatment Among Youths With Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder

This cohort study examines the use of antipsychotic medication in youths, aged 3 to 24 years, following a new diagnosis of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder.

JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(7):e197850. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.7850
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

NEUROLOGY

Community and Hospital Factors Associated With Stroke Center Certification in the United States, 2009 to 2017

This cohort study analyzes economic, community, and hospital factors associated with the adoption of stroke center certification for US hospitals from 2009 to 2017.

JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(7):e197855. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.7855
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

OBSTETRICS AND GYNECOLOGY

Rates of New Persistent Opioid Use After Vaginal or Cesarean Birth Among US Women

This cohort study uses US national insurance claims data from a single private payer to assess the association between opioid prescribing before and after vaginal or cesarean delivery and the rates of new persistent opioid use among these women.

JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(7):e197863. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.7863
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

GLOBAL HEALTH

Association of Early Interventions With Birth Outcomes and Child Linear Growth in Low-Income and Middle-Income Countries: Bayesian Network Meta-analyses of Randomized Clinical Trials

This study used Bayesian network meta-analyses to assess the magnitude of association of interventions provided to pregnant women, infants, and young children with child development birth and growth outcomes based on randomized clinical trials conducted in low-income and middle-income countries (LMICs).

JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(7):e197871. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.7871
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

GERIATRICS

Association of Altered Liver Enzymes With Alzheimer Disease Diagnosis, Cognition, Neuroimaging Measures, and Cerebrospinal Fluid Biomarkers

This cohort study examines whether liver function markers are associated with cognitive dysfunction and the amyloid, tau, and neurodegeneration biomarkers in individuals with Alzheimer disease.

JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(7):e197978. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.7978
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

PUBLIC HEALTH

Assessment of Relative Utility of Underlying vs Contributory Causes of Death

This cohort study, using data from the UK Biobank and health surveys in England and Scotland, compares the relative utility of cause of death data extracted from the underlying cause field vs any location on the death certificate.

JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(7):e198024. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.8024
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

ORTHOPEDICS

Association of Preoperative Opioid Use With Mortality and Short-term Safety Outcomes After Total Knee Replacement

This cohort study examines the association of preoperative opioid use with mortality and safety outcomes after total knee replacement in patients 65 years and older.

JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(7):e198061. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.8061
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

SURGERY

Analysis of Human Performance Deficiencies Associated With Surgical Adverse Events

This quality improvement study uses a novel taxonomy to analyze the associations of human performance deficiencies with surgical adverse events.

JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(7):e198067. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.8067
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

ONCOLOGY

National Trends in Colorectal Cancer Incidence Among Older and Younger Adults in Canada

This cohort study analyzes Canadian cancer incidence registries to determine incidence trends for colorectal cancer among older and younger adults.

JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(7):e198090. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.8090
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

NEUROLOGY

Immediate Antihypertensive Treatment for Patients With Acute Ischemic Stroke With or Without History of Hypertension: A Secondary Analysis of the CATIS Randomized Clinical Trial

This prespecified subgroup analysis of the China Antihypertensive Trial in Acute Ischemic Stroke (CATIS) randomized clinical trial evaluates the association between immediate antihypertensive treatment and patient outcomes among patients with acute ischemic stroke with vs without a history of hypertension.

JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(7):e198103. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.8103
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

NEUROLOGY

Association of Hearing Loss With Dementia

This population-based cohort study investigates the association of hearing loss with incident dementia among Taiwanese adults in the general population.

JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(7):e198112. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.8112
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

CRITICAL CARE MEDICINE

Assessment of Therapeutic Interventions and Lung Protective Ventilation in Patients With Moderate to Severe Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome: A Systematic Review and Network Meta-analysis

This systematic review and network meta-analysis compares and ranks different therapeutic strategies to identify the best intervention associated with a reduction in mortality in adult patients with moderate to severe acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS).

JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(7):e198116. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.8116
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

INFECTIOUS DISEASES

Association Between Neonatal Neuroimaging and Clinical Outcomes in Zika-Exposed Infants From Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

This cohort study examines the association between neonatal neuroimaging findings and clinical outcomes in infants exposed to Zika virus in utero in Brazil.

JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(7):e198124. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.8124
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

PHYSICAL MEDICINE AND REHABILITATION

Effect of Enhanced Medical Rehabilitation on Functional Recovery in Older Adults Receiving Skilled Nursing Care After Acute Rehabilitation: A Randomized Clinical Trial

This randomized clinical trial examines whether an enhanced medical rehabilitation intervention, a systematic approach for physical and occupational therapy to engage patients, improves functional recovery in older patients receiving skilled nursing care after acute rehabilitation.

JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(7):e198199. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.8199
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

PUBLIC HEALTH

Association of Urban Green Space With Mental Health and General Health Among Adults in Australia

This cohort study assesses whether urban green space, tree canopy, grass, and other low-lying vegetation are associated with better mental health among Australian adults.

JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(7):e198209. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.8209
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF
open access Invited Commentary

HEMATOLOGY

Recognizing Risk Factors Associated With Unplanned 30-Day Readmissions in Hematopoietic Cell Transplantation: An Opportunity to Develop Cost-Containment Strategies

JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(7):e196463. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.6463
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

SUBSTANCE USE AND ADDICTION

Is Increasing Frequency of Marijuana Use Among Women of Reproductive Age a Cause for Alarm?

JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(7):e196464. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.6464
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

MEDICAL EDUCATION

Implicit Bias in Surgery—Hiding in Plain Sight

JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(7):e196535. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.6535
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

HEALTH POLICY

The 340B System—A Paradox Revealed

JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(7):e196537. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.6537
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SURGERY

Three Critical Questions That Should Be Asked Before Using Prediction Models for Clinical Decision Support

JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(7):e196661. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.6661
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CARDIOLOGY

Increasing Evidence for and a Word of Caution About an Association Between Cancer and Congenital Heart Disease

JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(7):e196756. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.6756
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CARDIOLOGY

Enhancement of Risk Prediction With Machine Learning: Rise of the Machines

JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(7):e196823. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.6823
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HEALTH POLICY

Achieving Success Under Payment Reform—More Questions Than Answers

JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(7):e196947. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.6947
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PEDIATRICS

Social Relationships, Preterm Birth or Low Birth Weight, and the Brain

JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(7):e196960. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.6960
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OBSTETRICS AND GYNECOLOGY

Political Determinants of Population Health

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JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(7):e197063. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.7063
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HEALTH POLICY

Medicaid Work Requirements in Kentucky: Identifying the Able-bodied and Holding Them Accountable

JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(7):e197178. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.7178
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STATISTICS AND RESEARCH METHODS

Exact Science and the Art of Approximating Quality in Hospital Performance Metrics

JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(7):e197321. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.7321
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NUTRITION, OBESITY, AND EXERCISE

What’s New in Understanding the Risk Associated With Body Size and Shape?Pears, Apples, and Olives on Toothpicks

JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(7):e197336. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.7336
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HEALTH INFORMATICS

Prediction and Prevention Using Deep Learning

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JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(7):e197447. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.7447
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HEALTH POLICY

Rectifying Disparities in Funding of Asian American, Native Hawaiian, and Pacific Islander Research by the US National Institutes of Health

JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(7):e197561. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.7561
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ETHICS

How Should We Apply the Wisdom of the Crowd to Clinical Trials With Exception From Informed Consent?

JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(7):e197569. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.7569
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EMERGENCY MEDICINE

Quality Is Not the Only Part of the Emergency Department–Based Intensive Care Unit Value Equation

JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(7):e197570. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.7570
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PUBLIC HEALTH

Recent Trends in Adherence of Physical Activity and Sedentary Behavior—We Need to Move More and Sit Less

JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(7):e197575. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.7575
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MEDICAL EDUCATION

Breaking the Cycle of Burnout and Bias in Resident Physicians

JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(7):e197774. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.7774
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NEUROLOGY

Disparities, Inefficiency, and Competition in Health Care: The Case of Lifesaving Treatment for Stroke

JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(7):e197840. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.7840
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INFECTIOUS DISEASES

Importance of Neuroimaging in the Evaluation of Zika Virus–Exposed Infants

JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(7):e198137. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.8137
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PUBLIC HEALTH

Comparison of the Health Benefits of Different Types of Nature

JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(7):e198215. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.8215
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open access Correction

Errors in Methods, Results, Table 1, Figure 2, and Supplement

JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(7):e197610. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.7610
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Error in Funding/Support

JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(7):e197967. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.7967
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Errors in Author Affiliations

JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(7):e198316. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.8316
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Errors in Key Points and Results Sections

JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(7):e198352. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.8352
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Error in Table 2

JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(7):e198448. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.8448
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Error in Key Points, Abstract, Results Section, and Table

JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(7):e198599. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.8599
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Error in Payments From Some Pharmaceutical Companies

JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(7):e198619. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.8619
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Error in Figure 2

JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(7):e198822. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.8822
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Error in Funding/Support

JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(7):e199340. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.9340
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Incorrect Wording in Results

JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(7):e199357. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.9357
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Error in Figure

JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(7):e199796. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.9796
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open access JAMA Network Open Masthead

JAMA Network Open

JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(7):e196283. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.6283
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