This cohort study examines whether parental incarceration is associated with increased levels of psychiatric diagnosis and poor outcomes among young adults.
This systematic review and meta-analysis evaluates results of 12 randomized clinical trials, comparing changes in lean body mass in 4474 postmenopausal women who were vs were not receiving estrogen-based hormone therapy.
This study compares estimates of changes in cigarette consumption in England between 2011 and 2018 using survey data from a nationally representative sample vs retail sales data.
This cohort study uses nationwide data to determine opioid prescription patterns and survey data to examine risk factors associated with opioid prescription in the Netherlands.
This qualitative study describes female surgeons’ perceptions of factors promoting and hindering their professional success in an academic setting.
This systematic review and meta-analysis examines the association between birth by cesarean delivery and risk of neurodevelopmental and psychiatric disorders in the offspring compared with birth by vaginal delivery.
This cohort study compares survival of US recipients of lung transplants receiving sirolimus plus tacrolimus vs standard maintenance therapy and evaluates which combination of induction and maintenance therapy is associated with the highest survival.
This 3-arm pragmatic randomized clinical trial investigates response rates for offering colonoscopy only compared with sequential choice (colonoscopy and then fecal immunochemical testing) or active choice (colonoscopy or fecal immunochemical testing) through mailed outreach.
This cohort study examines outcomes for wait-listed kidney transplant candidates after a transplant center’s refusal of a deceased donor kidney offer.
This cohort study compares wait-list outcomes by insurance type for patients with hepatocellular carcinoma awaiting liver transplant.
This cross-sectional study of physician behavior examines whether the order and lateness of primary care appointments is associated with opioid prescribing.
This cohort study applies natural language processing to narrative clinical notes obtained from electronic health records of a US academic health system to analyze the frequency of financial conversations during adult primary care visits.
This survey study collaborates with patients with dermatofibrosarcoma protuberans through social media to evaluate sources of diagnostic delay, risk of recurrence, and flat presentation of dermatofibrosarcoma protuberans.
This population-based cohort study among Canadian adults examines how the associations of severe obesity with adverse outcomes may be modified by the presence of systemic inflammation and/or insulin resistance.
This population-based, interrupted time series study evaluates whether changes in hospital funding policy in Ontario, Canada, aimed at improving health care quality and value were associated with changes in the management of localized prostate cancer or the characteristics of patients receiving radical prostatectomy for localized prostate cancer.
This cross-sectional study assesses the utility of deep learning for identifying environments and objects associated with smoking.
This randomized clinical trial investigates the efficacy and safety of adding ramucirumab to first-line therapy with S-1 and oxaliplatin among East Asian adults with advanced gastric cancer.
This cross-sectional study of young Finnish men examines the associations of aerobic fitness and muscular strength with metabolome measures that are associated with cardiometabolic risks.
This cohort study investigates the rate of ophthalmology referral, the prevalence of visual sequelae, and the association between tumor characteristics and ophthalmologic diagnoses in pediatric patients with primary brain tumors.
This cohort study evaluates whether the 2016 release of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) guidelines for opioid prescribing was associated with changes in the rates of opioid and benzodiazepine coprescription among commercially insured patients and US Medicare Advantage beneficiaries.
This case series study identifies surgical and operative factors selected by a machine learning algorithm to classify individuals by level of expertise in a virtual reality surgical procedure.
This quality improvement study characterizes the content of cardiac catheterization peer reviews in the US Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) Clinical Assessment, Reporting, and Tracking (CART) program.
This systematic review and meta-analysis estimates the global incidence of frailty and prefrailty among community-dwelling adults 60 years or older.
This comparative effectiveness research study assesses whether using present on admission codes and single, rather than grouped, diagnostic codes can enhance Centers for Medicare & Medicaid (CMS) models to predict payment for hospitalization for acute myocardial infarction, heart failure, and pneumonia.
This population-based cohort study assesses the association between primary care continuity from pediatric to adult health care services during adolescence and outcomes in young adulthood for patients with severe mental illness in Ontario, Canada.
This cohort study evaluates the association of prophylactic bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy with bone mineral density loss among women with a BRCA mutation.
This systematic review and meta-analysis investigates whether magnetic resonance imaging combined with targeted biopsy is associated with improved detection of clinically significant prostate cancer compared with transrectal ultrasonography–guided systematic prostate biopsy alone.
This quality improvement study evaluates time to reporting electronic clinical quality measures for US primary care practices.
This cross-sectional study examines characteristics of safety-net hospitals as classified under 3 common definitions based on Medicare Disproportionate Share Hospital payments, Medicaid and uninsured caseload, and uncompensated care costs.
This randomized clinical trial compares the effectiveness of telephone-delivered collaborative goal setting and behavioral activation vs enhanced usual care for depression symptoms among US veterans with uncontrolled diabetes.
This cross-sectional study identifies a set of emergency care–sensitive conditions to provide benchmark US national estimates of acute care utilization for these conditions.
This cohort study evaluates and compares patterns of the use of medical aid in dying in Oregon and Washington State.
This randomized clinical trial examines the efficacy of a technology-enhanced community health nursing intervention for improving pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) self-management and longitudinal prevalence of Neisseria gonorrhoeae and Chlamydia trachomatis.
This multicenter cohort study of adults who have survived hospitalization for sepsis assesses whether abnormalities in the host immune response during hospitalization for sepsis persist after discharge.
This nationwide cohort study in Taiwan evaluates whether attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is associated with higher risk of mortality from all causes, suicide, unintentional injury, homicide, and natural causes.
This diagnostic study evaluates whether a machine learning model, the Pulmonary Embolism Result Forecast Model (PERFORM), can compute a patient-specific risk score for pulmonary embolism as clinical decision support for computed tomography.
This cross-sectional study investigates temporal trends in the use and costs of cardiac imaging for patients with heart failure in Canada and examines the association between the institution of an accreditation program and the use of echocardiography.
This diagnostic study evaluates computer vision methods to assist pathologists in diagnosing breast biopsy samples, from benign to invasive cancer.
This systematic review and meta-analysis determines the association of BRAF and MEK inhibitor treatment with cardiovascular adverse events in patients with melanoma compared with BRAF inhibitor monotherapy.
This cohort study compares outcomes associated with cortical-sparing adrenalectomy vs total adrenalectomy for patients with bilateral pheochromocytomas.
This study examines the association of extreme heat events in 3 northeastern US cities with hospital admission and mortality among patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD).
This cohort study of healthy individuals in England who underwent repeated bone density scans from ages 10 to 25 years describes the association between the timing of puberty and bone mineral density.
This cohort study uses the US Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services Provider Payments database to identify whether sex-based discrepancies exist in clinical practice, reimbursement payments, and geographic distributions in the urological specialty.
This cohort study investigates the longitudinal association between depressive symptoms, cognition, and cortical amyloid in unimpaired community-dwelling older adults in the Harvard Aging Brain Study.
This cross-sectional study evaluates use of nonradioactive multispectral optoacoustic tomographic vs lymphoscintigraphic imaging for biopsy of sentinel lymph nodes in patients with melanoma.
This is a trial protocol for the Arthroscopic Rotator Cuff trial, an ongoing randomized clinical trial to examine the effectiveness of operative vs nonoperative treatment for atraumatic rotator cuff tears, with patient-reported Shoulder Pain and Disability Index score as the primary outcome.
This quality improvement study uses a novel data collection and visualization tool to audit hand hygiene adherence before and after training among health care workers in low-resource settings at 2 hospitals in Nigeria.
This cohort study evaluates the ideal timing of adjuvant therapy for patients with stage I to II resected pancreatic cancer.
This cross-sectional analysis examines the associations among clinical practice group performance on quality measures, including process measures, disease control measures, and utilization-based outcomes, among adults treated for diabetes.
This cross-sectional, population-based study provides current estimates of the prevalence, severity, distribution, and clinical characteristics of sesame allergy in US adults and children.
This case series uses data from the US Food and Drug Administration’s Adverse Event Reporting System to assess the postmarketing safety profile of sipuleucel-T.
This cross-sectional study examines temporal shifts in age distribution of obesity-associated cancers and non–obesity-associated cancers across race/ethnicity- and sex-specific strata.
This survey study assesses how often patients choose not to disclose to their clinicians imminent threats to their well-being (depression, suicidality, abuse, and sexual assault) and examines patient reasons for nondisclosure.
This population-based cohort study assesses whether the optimal level of treated blood pressure varies between patients with more vs fewer risk factors among adults in Korea.
This cross-sectional study of pediatric neurology patients residing in rural areas compares rates of hospital encounters for patients who had outpatient telemedicine consultations vs those who visited neurology clinics in person.
This multicenter nonrandomized clinical trial with crossover design study determines the feasibility and results of implementing 2 core stewardship intervention strategies, preauthorization and postprescription audit and review, in community hospitals.
This randomized clinical trial compares antibiotic use among adult patients in Pakistan receiving bismuth subsalicylate vs placebo for diarrhea.
This secondary analysis of a cohort study examines agreement between partial pressure of carbon dioxide, arterial (Paco2) and end-tidal carbon dioxide (EtCO2) and associated factors in children with traumatic brain injury (TBI).
This cross-sectional study investigates the number of pediatric cannabis exposure cases reported to a regional poison control center before vs after medical marijuana legalization in Massachusetts.
This randomized clinical trial evaluates the efficacy, feasibility, and acceptability of a parent-targeted intervention for parent-adolescent communication about sexual health and alcohol use.
This survey study examines the association between various presentations of consent forms and differences in electronic health record and biospecimen sharing rates among patients.
This population-based cohort study examines the sex-based variations in burdensome interventions (care transitions, invasive procedures, and use of physical restraints) and antibiotic therapy at the very end of life among nursing home residents with advanced dementia in Ontario, Canada.
This systematic review and pooled analysis of randomized noninferiority trials of cancer drugs assesses the association of justification for using noninferiority design and success in achieving noninferiority with the funding of these trials and the association of these trials with patient survival.
This survey study determines which electronic health record (EHR) design and use factors are associated with clinician stress and burnout and identifies other sources that contribute to this problem.
This pragmatic randomized clinical trial evaluates the long-term effectiveness of a community-based physical activity coaching intervention on acute care and survival in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.
This diagnostic study uses Health and Retirement Survey and linked Medicare data to develop and validate an administrative approach to identifying older adults with fall-related injuries and to quantify the inclusiveness and validity across a spectrum of potential diagnoses of fall-related injuries.
This comparative effectiveness research study assesses whether the addition of local treatment of the primary tumor site in stage IV non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) provides a survival benefit compared with systemic therapy alone.
This study uses a decision analytical model to simulate measles outbreaks in metropolitan areas in Texas using 2018 and future reduced vaccination rates.
This economic evaluation study investigates the cost-effectiveness of the Housing First intervention with Intensive Case Management compared with treatment as usual among homeless adults with mental illness.
This cohort study examines whether severe hyperoxemia events are associated with mortality among children admitted to a pediatric intensive care unit.
This randomized clinical trial evaluates the effectiveness of various pricing and distribution methods for a self-administered test for HIV diagnosis in Zimbabwe.
This cohort study uses data from second-generation participants in the Framingham Heart Study to analyze the association of plasma amylin concentration with Alzheimer disease risk and brain structure.
This randomized clinical trial examines whether it is more effective to disburse fixed total financial incentives at a constant, increasing, or decreasing rate to encourage physical activity among pedometer-wearing adults.
This nationwide population-based cohort study investigates the association of maternal age, adjusting for patient-level and hospital-level factors, with severe maternal morbidity and maternal death in Canada.
This systematic review and meta-analysis quantifies the extent, nature, and treatability of sleep problems in caregivers of patients with dementia.
This population-based cohort study determines the association of mental health disorders with health care utilization and costs for Canadian adults with chronic disease.
This systematic review and meta-analysis examines the prevalence of deep surgical site infections after surgical repair of periarticular knee fractures, and the prevalence of septic arthritis, common microorganisms in infection cultures, and covariates associated with surgical site infections.
This cohort study of commercially insured US individuals examines the association between restless legs syndrome and risk of suicide and self-harm.
This survey study examines trends in and factors associated with exposure to secondhand smoke from combusted tobacco and secondhand aerosol from electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) among US youth from 2015 to 2018.
This survey study examines how gender disparities are associated with attrition from the workforce and how family considerations are associated with decisions about how much to work.
This survey study compares use of prophylactic cranial irradiation in patients with extensive-stage small cell lung cancer before and after the publication of a phase 3 trial that demonstrated no overall survival benefit for this therapy.
This cross-sectional study examines firearm ownership and storage practices among US military personnel who have experienced thoughts of suicide.
This cross-sectional study measures patient use of smartphone applications to download health record data.
This cross-sectional study examines the prevalence of reporting prediction intervals in network meta-analysis articles and provides a worked example.
This qualitative study describes the development and implementation of a hands-on surgical pipeline program for low-income high school students.
Customize your JAMA Network experience by selecting one or more topics from the list below.
Create a personal account or sign in to: