This cohort study examines the association between alcohol intake and risk of dementia among older adults with or without mild cognitive impairment.
This cross-sectional study examines whether a childhood history of exposure to parental incarceration and/or juvenile justice involvement is associated with mental health outcomes in early adulthood.
This cross-sectional study examines trends in racial/ethnic representation among US medical school applicants and matriculants relative to the overall age-adjusted US population.
This cohort study examines the association of low-dose radiation exposure in youths with risk of cancer using South Korean national health insurance data.
This cohort study examines the association of National Cancer Institute Clinical Trial Network studies with practice influence, measured as guideline care and new drug indications for treatment of patients with cancer.
This cross-sectional study compares the quality of home health agencies that serve traditional Medicare beneficiaries vs beneficiaries enrolled in high-quality or low-quality Medicare Advantage plans.
This cross-sectional study uses data from the Veterans Health Administration and Medicaid to examine changes in varenicline prescribing from the time of US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approval through publication and removal of public health advisories.
This cross-sectional study assesses chronic kidney disease management in Canadian primary care practices to identify care gaps to guide development and implementation of national quality improvement initiatives.
This cohort study determines whether there are differences in the frequency, amount, and type of opioids dispensed after surgery among the United States, Canada, and Sweden.
This cluster randomized trial evaluates whether electronic medication reconciliation reduces medication discrepancies, adverse drug events, and other adverse outcomes compared with usual care.
This secondary analysis of an international randomized clinical trial investigates the results of the adjudicated end point process in the Platelet-Oriented Inhibition in New TIA and Minor Ischemic Stroke (POINT) trial by comparing end points assessed by local site investigators with centrally adjudicated end points.
This cohort study examines the patterns of emergency department destination of emergency medical services transport for black, Hispanic, and white Medicare beneficiaries residing in the same area.
This cohort study investigates the association between behavioral problems at 5, 10, and 16 years of age and self-reported insomnia symptoms at 42 years of age.
This cross-sectional study using data from Singapore national health records examines the sociodemographic characteristics, health conditions, health care utilization, and health care cost patterns for different segments of a multiethnic Asian population.
This mendelian randomization study examines the association of birth weight with type 2 diabetes and glycemic traits.
This cross-sectional study estimates suicide rates and trajectories in the United States, assesses associated county-level contextual factors, and explores variation across the rural-urban continuum.
This decision analytical model analyzes the cost-effectiveness of latent tuberculosis infection testing for individuals in Hong Kong with HIV who had negative latent tuberculosis infection test results at baseline.
This diagnostic study uses machine learning models to assess the prevalence of low-yield inpatient laboratory tests.
This cohort study examines the association of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)−guided confirmatory prostate biopsy findings with the risk of pathologic disease upgrading during active surveillance for prostate cancer.
This cohort study investigates the associations of neighborhood disadvantage, gestational age, and English as a first language with speech, language, and communication concerns at age 27 to 30 months among children in Scotland.
This survey study assesses the rates of abuse, neglect, and bullying experienced at home or in school by transgender and gender-nonbinary adolescents in China and the associations of these experiences with mental health.
This economic evaluation study uses a cost model to analyze Indiana Medicaid’s cost savings associated with providing adolescents with same-day access to long-acting reversible contraception compared with requiring a second visit for placement.
This cross-sectional study evaluates whether fat body mass is associated with vertebral fracture prevalence among postmenopausal women undergoing adjuvant aromatase inhibitor therapy for breast cancer.
This systematic review and meta-analysis assesses how often the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has authorized novel interventions based on nonrandomized clinical trials and whether there is an association of the magnitude of treatment effects with FDA requirements for additional testing.
This randomized clinical trial evaluates the effectiveness of a text-messaging program, MyTeen, for promoting parental competence and mental health literacy for parents of adolescents.
This cohort study tests the associations between PCSK9 genetic variants, a PCSK9 genetic risk score, or genetically estimated PCSK9 expression levels and the risk of sepsis among patients admitted to a hospital with infection.
This cohort study examines the accuracy of clinicians’ assessments of mortality risk among older adults admitted to the hospital from the emergency department compared with the actual 1-month mortality of these patients.
This cohort study compares the overall survival of patients with metastatic intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma treated with chemotherapy alone vs chemotherapy with definitive liver-directed local therapy.
This randomized clinical trial evaluates the effect of prize-linked savings accounts, compared with standard-interest savings accounts, on savings behavior and expenditures on alcohol, gambling, and transactional sex among men in Kenya.
This cross-sectional study examines whether task selection is a factor in visuomotor adaptation strategies to perform goal-directed object movement tasks in individuals with an upper-limb prosthesis compared with individuals with normal arm function.
This population-based survey study examines the extent to which the decrease in child mortality in Kenya is associated with the US President’s Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR) funding for prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV.
This cross-sectional study examines associations between adult support and patterns of violence and risk and protective behavior co-occurrence among male youths in urban neighborhoods.
This cross-sectional study examines time trends and sex differences in the suicide mortality rate among US youths adjusted for birth cohort and age.
This case series study examines how closely documentation in electronic health records matches the review of systems and physical examination performed by emergency physicians.
This cohort study investigates the association between working memory development in young drivers and motor vehicle crashes.
This cohort study assesses the timing and regional specificity of the association of adverse childhood experiences and caregiver support with structural development of limbic and striatal brain regions in middle childhood and adolescence.
This cross-sectional study uses national survey data to assess the percentage of US hospitals and physician practices that screen patients for food insecurity, housing instability, utility needs, transportation needs, and interpersonal violence and to compare characteristics between screening and nonscreening entities.
This cross-sectional study assesses the concordance of algorithm-driven medical record review by medical oncologists for the characterization of 8 immune-related adverse events in patients with cancer treated with immune checkpoint inhibitors.
This qualitative study examines physician attitudes toward and perceptions of social media use for therapeutic trial recruitment of patients with cancer.
This phase 2 randomized clinical trial compares the effects of individual- or group-based delivery of the novel intervention Promoting Resilience in Stress Management for Parents (PRISM-P) with the effects of usual care on improved self-reported resilience among parents of children receiving a new diagnosis of cancer.
This interrupted time series analysis and cross-sectional study examines changes in alprazolam prescribing patterns after a national policy change that reduced alprazolam subsidies in Australia.
This single-blind randomized clinical trial examines whether 3-dimensional (3-D) virtual reality models used to plan robotic-assisted partial nephrectomy can reduce the operative time, estimated blood loss, clamp time, and length of hospital stay.
This study examines the use of time to nadir and depth of nadir as surrogate end points for overall survival in phase 3 randomized clinical trials evaluating first-line treatment in patients with metastatic colorectal cancer.
This matched cohort study investigates whether early-stage breast cancer and subsequent chemotherapy are associated with the risk of developing atrial fibrillation among women in Ontario, Canada, who were diagnosed with early-stage breast cancer compared with women without breast cancer.
This cohort study examines the association of comutation of tumor protein p53 (TP53) and ataxia-telangiectasia mutated (ATM) genes with response to immune checkpoint inhibitor (ICI) treatment and overall survival among patients with non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC).
This survey study analyzes the prevalence and patterns of marijuana use among adults with and without medical conditions using data from the 2016 and 2017 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System surveys.
This randomized clinical trial examines whether a novel intervention, using both light exposure during sleep and cognitive behavioral therapy, increases total sleep time in teenagers by enabling them to go to sleep earlier than usual.
This economic evaluation examines whether atezolizumab plus bevacizumab, carboplatin, and paclitaxel is cost-effective vs bevacizumab, carboplatin, and paclitaxel alone as a first-line treatment for US patients with metastatic nonsquamous non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC).
This case-control study investigates the association between urinary metabolomic biomarkers and lung cancer risk among never-smoking women in China.
This 60-year follow-up of a clinical trial investigates the association between BCG vaccination during childhood and diagnosis with cancer in adulthood.
This cohort study uses data from the US Veterans Affairs health care systems to examine whether preexisting mental health or substance use disorders and primary care utilization before a new diabetes diagnosis are associated with the long-term severity of diabetes complications.
This cohort study analyzes data from the French national trauma registry Traumabase to examine whether an early, high ratio of fresh frozen plasma to packed red blood cells is associated with all-cause 30-day mortality in adults with severe bleeding after trauma.
To provide physicians with reference cost estimates, this cohort study quantifies beneficiary and health system costs incurred in association with receipt of intensive medical services in the last month of life among patients with advanced cancer.
This meta-analysis assesses whether individuals with a mindset of optimism have a lower risk of cardiovascular events and all-cause mortality.
This case-control study assesses US vaccine effectiveness for 2 rotavirus vaccines in preventing rotavirus inpatient and emergency department visits among children younger than 5 years.
This cohort analysis examines the use of a tobacco treatment program for patients with cancer who continue to smoke after diagnosis.
This case-control study assesses the association of a genetic risk score based on variants in a DNA repair pathway with risk of a second primary contralateral breast cancer after radiation therapy for a first breast cancer.
This cohort study examines the association between coparticipation in voluntary accountable care organizations (ACOs) and hospital performance on lower-extremity joint replacement outcomes and spending.
This genetic association study examines whether germline variants of natural killer cells are associated with tumor immune microenvironment subtypes, the abundance of tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes, response to immune checkpoint therapy, clinical outcomes, and cancer risk.
This trial protocol describes a randomized clinical trial intended to compare 2 strategies for implementing a toolkit for enhancing recognition and management of urinary tract infections in nursing homes.
This randomized clinical trial examines the effect of mental attention training on leukocyte telomere length and cortical thickness among healthy adults.
This cohort study examines the long-term risk for the development of cardiovascular disease in firefighters who responded to the World Trade Center disaster on September 11, 2001, and worked at the site thereafter.
This cohort study examines rates of screening for hyperglycemia before total joint replacement among Medicare enrollees with and without diabetes.
This cross-sectional study assesses and compares the prevalence of hepatitis C virus among criminal justice populations in New Mexico, a state with high hepatitis C virus prevalence, and Georgia, a state with low hepatitis C virus prevalence.
This cohort study analyzes the association of grit scores with treatment adherence, as measured with a survey and biomarker levels, among patients with type 2 diabetes.
This quality improvement study examines the use of a novel reimbursement incentive for surgeons to counsel patients on an opioid-sparing pathway for postoperative pain management.
This randomized clinical trial compares the effect of the iExaminer teaching method on fundus examination skills with the traditional teaching method.
This cross-sectional study compares voluntary neural activation of lower extremity muscles in clinically weak older adults vs stronger older adults.
This cross-sectional study examines state drug pricing transparency laws enacted to increase supply chain price transparency in the United States.
This cohort study investigates the rate, timing, and causes of hospital readmission after cardiac arrest and the risk factors associated with readmission.
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