This systematic review and meta-analysis analyzes studies that measure job morale, indicated by levels of job burnout, satisfaction, and motivation, among physicians and dentists working in low- and middle-income countries.
This cohort study examines the association between repeated antibiotic exposure by age 48 months and body mass index at 54 months.
This systematic review and meta-analysis of 13 studies analyzes the incidence of Clostridium difficile infection and its associated hospital length of stay in the United States.
This cohort study investigates the clinicopathological characteristics and breast cancer–specific survival of patients with single hormone receptor–positive breast cancer.
This equivalence and noninferiority randomized clinical trial assesses whether a virtual teach-to-goal intervention is noninferior to an in-person teach-to-goal intervention for improving inhaler technique among adult patients hospitalized with asthma or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.
This prognostic study of patients with major depressive disorder estimates how accurately an outcome of escitalopram treatment can be predicted from electroencephalographic data.
This cross-sectional study examines the association of state laws for implementation of the Smart Snacks in School with students’ dietary intake behaviors.
This population-based cross-sectional study analyzes the association between ambient and household air pollution and bone mass in a sample of the general adult population in peri-urban India.
This cohort study examines the association of analogue compared with human insulin use with mortality and major cardiovascular events among adults with type 2 diabetes.
This cohort study examines the incidence of recrudescent fever during use of low-dose vs high-dose aspirin in conjunction with intravenous immunoglobin in children with Kawasaki disease.
This cohort study examines the association of physician peer use of bevacizumab with subsequent physician adoption and use of bevacizumab to treat US Medicare beneficiaries with cancer.
This cross-sectional study examines the quality of care provided by hospitals to patients with heart failure in China by assessing hospitals’ adherence to 4 core performance measures for inpatient care of heart failure.
This cohort study reports on the blood pressure (BP) management program, based on electronic health record system and primary care practitioner education, implemented in primary care facilities in Västerbotten County, Sweden.
This cohort study evaluates the association of deceased donor acute kidney injury with recipient graft survival and characterizes recovery and discard practices for kidneys with acute kidney injury by organ procurement organizations.
This comparative effectiveness research study assesses the outcomes associated with higher rates of surgery for US Medicare beneficiaries with proximal humerus fracture, including adverse events, mortality, and costs.
This cohort study examines the incidence, timing, risk factors, and outcomes of patients who develop mucosal barrier injury–laboratory confirmed bloodstream infection (MBI-LCBI) in the first 100 days after hematopoietic stem cell transplant (HSCT).
This cohort study examines whether implementation of hospital-based palliative care services is associated with decreased intensive care unit use during terminal hospitalizations.
This cross-sectional study assesses whether a history of childhood maltreatment is associated with additional medical costs among older adults in Japan.
This cohort study examines differences among patients from urban vs rural counties in outcomes after discharge from acute care by discharge destination.
This survey study uses nationally representative surveys from 2018 and 2019 to examine the perspectives of adults in the rural United States on the biggest issues facing their communities, including health care and the economy.
This cohort study characterizes trends in the use of robotic surgery for common surgical procedures.
This systematic review and meta-analysis evaluates whether progression-free survival is a validated surrogate end point for overall survival in patients with advanced ovarian cancer.
This cohort study examines reassessment intervals for transition from low to high fracture risk using a population-based bone mineral density registry from Manitoba, Canada.
This prognostic study compares several machine learning approaches with traditional logistic regression for development of predictive models for all-cause mortality, heart failure hospitalization, high cost, and loss in home time, among patients with heart failure.
This serial cross-sectional study examines whether US state Medicaid expansion is associated with county-level counts of opioid overdose deaths.
This cohort study examines the associations of age, cumulative multimorbidity, glycated hemoglobin level, and use of glucose level–lowering medication with hypoglycemia-related emergency department visits and hospitalizations among adults with diabetes.
This cohort study examines whether environmental factors, such as residential proximity to livestock farms, are associated with the probability of toxigenic Clostridiodes difficile carriage in patients at the time of hospital admission.
This cross-sectional study assesses out-of-pocket costs and total payments for 5 types of common oncologic procedures that can be performed using an open or robotic approach.
This case-control study uses software-based video analysis to detect and track restoration of facial emotional expression after face transplant.
This population-based cohort study examines the association of plasma concentrations of vitamin B12 with all-cause mortality among adults in the Netherlands.
This secondary analysis of the Prostate, Lung, Colorectal, and Ovarian (PLCO) Cancer Screening Trial estimates the long-term risk of any prostate cancer and clinically significant prostate cancer associated with baseline prostate-specific antigen (PSA) levels among men aged 55 to 60 years.
This cross-sectional study assesses the association of different design features of an electronic health record–based information visualization tool with the cognitive load of physicians during the clinical prioritization process.
This cross-sectional study compares the quality of hospitals that admit patients enrolled in Medicare Advantage vs hospitals that admit patients enrolled in traditional Medicare.
This cohort study measures the development of pediatric resident clinical skills using assessments based on entrustable professional activities.
This qualitative study characterizes how individuals interpret experiences of physical restraint in the emergency department.
This cross-sectional study examines the association of educational attainment with exposure to tobacco advertisements among diverse racial/ethnic groups of US young adults.
This diagnostic study examines machine learning approaches applied to harmonized electronic health record data for identifying risk of atrial fibrillation.
This secondary analysis of a randomized clinical trial assesses the association between radiographic measures of reduction and functional and patient-reported outcomes after distal radius fracture in patients aged 60 years and older.
This cross-sectional study examines the associations of fish oil supplement intake with testicular function as measured by semen quality and reproductive hormone levels in young men in Denmark.
This case-control study analyzes the results obtained from wide-field optical coherence tomographic angiography (OCTA) with and without removal of large vessels to assess the presence and severity of diabetic retinopathy among individuals with diabetes.
This case-cohort study examines the associations between proportions of circulating leukocyte subtypes and the risk of breast cancer.
This economic evaluation estimates the difference in patient-years of treatment for diabetes, hypertension, and dyslipidemia and public-payer cost between the Canadian standard of care and an improved bariatric surgery care pathway.
This cross-sectional study examines whether variations in patient characteristics are associated with physician preferences in self-assigning or selecting patients in the emergency department.
This cohort study examines the association of parity and breastfeeding with the risk of early natural menopause among women in the Nurses’ Health Study II cohort.
This cohort study examines the associations of nonmodifiable demographic and clinical patient factors vs potentially modifiable delivery of care and patient behavioral factors with adequate glycemic control in patients with insulin-treated type 2 diabetes.
This diagnostic study compares the performance of mandibular movement monitoring during sleep coupled with an automated analysis by machine learning vs polysomnography for the diagnosis of obstructive sleep apnea in adults.
This cohort study examines whether longitudinal variation of glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) is associated with cardiovascular events in patients with diabetes and multivessel coronary artery disease (CAD).
This cohort study investigates the association among therapy time, length of stay, and functional outcomes for patients aged 65 years or older recovering from hip fracture surgery in postacute care facilities.
This cross-sectional study of mothers and their children in New Zealand assesses whether exposure to antibiotics during pregnancy and/or early childhood is associated with the development of childhood obesity.
This cohort study uses data from the National Cancer Database to examine whether the type of treatment facility is associated with overall survival among patients with a diagnosis of head and neck cancer.
This case-control study examines the association between sport-related concussion and levels of traumatic brain injury biomarkers in collegiate athletes.
This cohort study compares the relative risk of the status and frequency of use of 5 cannabis products following experimental use among adolescents during 12 months of follow-up.
This survey study examines the experiences of family and unpaid caregivers for older adults when interacting with their health care workers, including being listened to, being asked about understanding of treatments, and being asked about needing help in managing care.
This cohort study validates the accuracy of the 5-point Ovarian-Adnexal Reporting Data System Magnetic Resonance Imaging (O-RADS MRI) score for risk stratification of adnexal masses.
This cross-sectional study uses data from the US Census Bureau and a multidimensional geospatial approach to quantify social determinants of health across the continental United States and to examine the association of social determinants of health with premature mortality in Chicago, Illinois.
This survey study examines the association of sociodemographic characteristics, lifetime and past-year stressors, and mental disorders with 30-day suicide ideation among US Army soldiers during their deployment in Afghanistan.
This cohort study examines the association between prenatal maternal psychological distress and fetal brain growth, cortical maturation, and biochemical development by using magnetic resonance imaging and proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy.
This randomized clinical trial assesses whether the availability of a 45-day behavioral health–virtual patient navigation program decreases hospitalization among adult patients presenting to the emergency department with a behavioral health crisis or need.
This cross-sectional study examines the association between patient race/ethnicity and the rate at which patients are offered primary care appointments and the number of days they wait for their primary care appointments.
This cross-sectional study examines whether access to reproductive health services in the United States is associated with the market share of Catholic hospitals at the county level.
This cohort study compares technical performance associated with the use of 3-dimensional (3-D) vs 2-D imaging during laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass procedures using a multiport intraoperative data capture system.
This cross-sectional study examines the association of care aides missing or rushing essential care tasks with work environments in nursing homes in Canada.
This nonrandomized controlled trial evaluates treatment of opioid use disorder in pregnant women via telemedicine vs in-person care.
This cohort study assesses physical activity levels among elderly patients hospitalized for acute medical illness and examines the association between physical activity in the hospital setting and functional decline.
This cross-sectional study examines the association of US state regulations regarding electronic cigarettes with current electronic cigarette use among adults in the United States.
This cohort study uses Ohio Medicaid and Kroger Pharmacy claims data and Area Health Resource File data to examine the association between a 2015 Ohio law allowing pharmacists to dispense naloxone without a prescription in accordance with a physician-approved protocol and naloxone dispensing rates.
This survey study assesses the association of Medicaid expansion in Michigan with enrollees’ employment or student status.
This diagnostic study evaluates the performance of a single-tier screening assay for X-linked adrenoleukodystrophy among newborns in North Carolina.
This randomized clinical trial compares the effect of a patient decision aid on lung cancer screening vs standard educational information on decision-making outcomes among persons who smoke.
This cross-sectional study uses data from the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results registries to assess the preclinical burden of colorectal cancer by analyzing its incidence in 1-year age increments, focusing on the transition between 49 and 50 years of age.
This cohort study assesses whether copy number variations are associated with specific phenotypes in patients with germline PTEN mutations.
This cross-sectional study evaluates the informational content and readability of US lung cancer screening program websites.
This cross-sectional study examines hospital participation in an incentive program that aims to improve the rate of opioid use disorder follow-up treatment among Medicaid recipients in Pennsylvania.
This cross-sectional study uses nationally representative urine drug test data to analyze changes in positivity rates for methamphetamine, cocaine, heroin, and fentanyl.
This survey study assesses public opinion on 2 firearm injury prevention proposals in California overall and by firearm ownership status.
This randomized clinical trial assesses whether patients using a mobile monitoring system with clinician access experienced improvements in depression symptoms and psychological well-being.
This economic evaluation uses Medicare claims data to evaluate changes in utilization of and Medicare payments for transitional care management services from 2013 to 2018.
This diagnostic study evaluates the association of reference panels with imputation quality for 2 single-nucleotide polymorphisms located on the apolipoprotein E (APOE) gene.
This cohort study estimates the association of a park-based violence prevention and mental health promotion after-school program with youth arrest rates in Miami-Dade County, Florida.
This cross-sectional study examines trends in the diagnosis of anogenital warts over the course of 5 years in Connecticut, a state that achieved moderate uptake of human papillomavirus vaccine.
This cross-sectional study examines the association of annual precipitation levels with annual rates of human Eastern equine encephalitis infection in Massachusetts.
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