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February 2021 - May 2018

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November 2020, Vol 3, No. 11

open access Original Investigation

PUBLIC HEALTH

Association of Electronic Nicotine Delivery System Use With Cigarette Smoking Progression or Reduction Among Young Adults

This cohort study uses propensity score matching analyses of 3 years of data from the Population Assessment of Tobacco and Health Study to assess whether there is an association between electronic nicotine delivery system use and changes in the frequency or intensity of cigarette smoking among young adults who have ever smoked.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(11):e2015893. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.15893
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

NEUROLOGY

Association of Serum Neurofilament Light Levels With Long-term Brain Atrophy in Patients With a First Multiple Sclerosis Episode

This cohort study examines the association of neurofilament light levels with long-term brain atrophy and disease progression in multiple sclerosis.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(11):e2016278. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.16278
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

PSYCHIATRY

Incidence, Persistence, and Remission Rates of Insomnia Over 5 Years

This cohort study assess the incidence, persistence, and remission rates of insomnia over a 5-year period in a population-based sample in Canada.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(11):e2018782. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.18782
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

ONCOLOGY

Evaluation of a Low-Dose Computed Tomography Lung Cancer Screening Program in Henan, China

This cross-sectional study assesses the participation and detection rates of a lung cancer screening program in China and the factors associated with participation and detection among individuals at high risk for lung cancer.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(11):e2019039. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.19039
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

PULMONARY MEDICINE

Clinical, Bronchoscopic, and Imaging Findings of e-Cigarette, or Vaping, Product Use–Associated Lung Injury Among Patients Treated at an Academic Medical Center

This case series describes the clinical features, bronchoscopic findings, imaging patterns, and outcomes of e-cigarette, or vaping, product use–associated lung injury (EVALI).

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(11):e2019176. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.19176
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

EMERGENCY MEDICINE

Association of Display of Patient Photographs in the Electronic Health Record With Wrong-Patient Order Entry Errors

This cohort study evaluates whether noninterruptive display of patient photographs in the banner of the electronic health record is associated with a decreased rate of wrong-patient order entry errors.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(11):e2019652. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.19652
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

PSYCHIATRY

Exposure to Armed Conflict in Childhood vs Older Ages and Subsequent Onset of Major Depressive Disorder

This cohort study examines the association of age and exposure to neighborhood-level violence with subsequent depression onset in an area with medium-intensity armed conflict.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(11):e2019848. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.19848
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

GERIATRICS

Association Between Wearable Device–Based Measures of Physical Frailty and Major Adverse Events Following Lower Extremity Revascularization

This cohort study tests a frailty meter that does not rely on gait to determine the risk of 30-day major adverse events among patients with chronic limb-threatening ischemia who have undergone lower extremity revascularization.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(11):e2020161. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.20161
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

PULMONARY MEDICINE

Association of Electronic Cigarette Use With Incident Respiratory Conditions Among US Adults From 2013 to 2018

This cohort study examines the association of electronic cigarette use with incidence of respiratory conditions among participants of the Population Assessment of Tobacco and Health Study.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(11):e2020816. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.20816
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

PUBLIC HEALTH

Evaluation of Trust Within a Community After Survivor Relocation Following the Great East Japan Earthquake and Tsunami

This cohort study examined levels of community trust in survey responses from communities in Iwanuma City, Japan, hosting resettled survivors of the 2011 Great East Japan Earthquake and Tsunami.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(11):e2021166. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.21166
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

GASTROENTEROLOGY AND HEPATOLOGY

Assessment of Incidence of and Surveillance Burden for Hepatocellular Carcinoma Among Patients With Hepatitis C in the Era of Direct-Acting Antiviral Agents

This decision analytical model study assesses the burden of hepatocellular carcinoma surveillance in the era of new hepatitis C antiviral treatments by projecting the number and the characteristics of new hepatocellular carcinoma incident cases and candidates for routine hepatocellular carcinoma surveillance.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(11):e2021173. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.21173
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

HEALTH POLICY

Assessment of Perceptions of Professionalism Among Faculty, Trainees, Staff, and Students in a Large University-Based Health System

This qualitative study used a mixed-methods approach to analyze survey and narrative data on how professionalism standards are operationalized and perceived in diverse health care work and learning environments.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(11):e2021452. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.21452
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

PEDIATRICS

Characteristics of Pediatric Mild Traumatic Brain Injury and Recovery in a Concussion Clinic Population

This cohort study examines patient characteristics associated with recovery time in pediatric patients with mild traumatic brain injury treated at concussion specialty clinics.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(11):e2021463. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.21463
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

UROLOGY

Association of Diet With Erectile Dysfunction Among Men in the Health Professionals Follow-up Study

This cohort study examines the association of adherence to Mediterranean or Alternative Healthy Eating Index 2010 diets with incidence of erectile dysfunction in men.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(11):e2021701. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.21701
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

MEDICAL EDUCATION

Resident Physician Experiences With and Responses to Biased Patients

This survey study evaluates the frequency of resident physician experiences with and responses to a range of biased patient behaviors.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(11):e2021769. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.21769
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

ONCOLOGY

Evaluation of Adjuvant Treatments for T1 N0 M0 Triple-Negative Breast Cancer

This cohort study evaluates the association of different adjuvant therapies with survival outcomes in patients with triple-negative breast cancer.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(11):e2021881. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.21881
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

HEALTH INFORMATICS

Use of Deep Learning to Analyze Social Media Discussions About the Human Papillomavirus Vaccine

This cohort study develops and validates deep learning models to understand public perceptions of human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccines from the perspective of behavior change theories using data from social media.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(11):e2022025. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.22025
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

DIABETES AND ENDOCRINOLOGY

Assessment of Facial Morphologic Features in Patients With Congenital Adrenal Hyperplasia Using Deep Learning

This cross-sectional study evaluates the use of machine learning for prediction of congenital adrenal hyperplasia based on distinct facial morphologic features.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(11):e2022199. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.22199
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

GASTROENTEROLOGY AND HEPATOLOGY

Prevalence of Hepatitis B Vaccination Coverage and Serologic Evidence of Immunity Among US-Born Children and Adolescents From 1999 to 2016

This cross-sectional study used NHANES data from 1999 to 2016 to assess the trends in self-reported hepatitis B vaccination coverage and serologic evidence of immunity among children and adolescents in the US.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(11):e2022388. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.22388
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

HEALTH INFORMATICS

Development and Validation of a Deep Learning Model for Detection of Allergic Reactions Using Safety Event Reports Across Hospitals

This cross-sectional study describes the development and evaluation of a deep learning model to identify allergic reaction in the free-text narrative of hospital safety reports.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(11):e2022836. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.22836
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

ONCOLOGY

Association of Preexisting Interstitial Lung Abnormalities With Immune Checkpoint Inhibitor–Induced Interstitial Lung Disease Among Patients With Nonlung Cancers

This cohort study evaluates whether interstitial lung abnormalities are associated with immune checkpoint inhibitor–induced interstitial lung disease in patients with nonlung cancers.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(11):e2022906. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.22906
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

EMERGENCY MEDICINE

Development and Validation of a Clinical Score to Predict Neurological Outcomes in Patients With Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest Treated With Extracorporeal Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation

This prognostic study develops and validates a prediction model for neurological outcomes of patients with out-of-hospital cardiac arrest with shockable rhythm treated with extracorporeal cardiopulmonary resuscitation.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(11):e2022920. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.22920
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

GASTROENTEROLOGY AND HEPATOLOGY

Factors Associated With the Risk of Progression of Low-Risk Branch-Duct Intraductal Papillary Mucinous Neoplasms

This cohort study examines the use of patient- and cyst-related factors available at baseline for estimation of the risk of progression in patients with branch-duct intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasms.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(11):e2022933. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.22933
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

PATHOLOGY AND LABORATORY MEDICINE

Evaluation of the Use of Combined Artificial Intelligence and Pathologist Assessment to Review and Grade Prostate Biopsies

This diagnostic study evaluates whether the use of an artificial intelligence–based assistive tool is associated with improvements in the grading of prostate core needle biopsies among general pathologists compared with the majority opinion of subspecialists.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(11):e2023267. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.23267
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

DIABETES AND ENDOCRINOLOGY

Effects of α-Cyclodextrin on Cholesterol Control and Hydrolyzed Ginseng Extract on Glycemic Control in People With Prediabetes: A Randomized Clinical Trial

This randomized clinical trial assesses the efficacy of α-cyclodextrin for cholesterol control and that of hydrolyzed ginseng for glycemic control in people with prediabetes and overweight or obesity.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(11):e2023491. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.23491
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

ANESTHESIOLOGY

Anesthesiologist to Patient Communication: A Systematic Review

This systematic review studies the literature on communication between patients and anesthesia professionals, with a focus on discussions related to postoperative critical care.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(11):e2023503. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.23503
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

MEDICAL EDUCATION

Trends in Race/Ethnicity Among Applicants and Matriculants to US Surgical Specialties, 2010-2018

This cross-sectional study assesses trends in the percentage of applicants and matriculants to US surgical specialties who identified as part of a racial/ethnic group underrepresented in medicine from the 2010-2011 to 2018-2019 academic years

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(11):e2023509. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.23509
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

CARDIOLOGY

Characteristics Associated With High-Performing Pediatric Heart Transplant Centers in the United States From 2006 to 2015

This cohort study examines characteristics of high-performing pediatric heart transplant centers in the United States.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(11):e2023515. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.23515
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

HEALTH INFORMATICS

Development and Performance of a Clinical Decision Support Tool to Inform Resource Utilization for Elective Operations

In this prognostic study, the development and performance of a clinical decision support tool to inform resource utilization for elective procedures requiring inpatient care were evaluated.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(11):e2023547. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.23547
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

HEMATOLOGY

The Efficacy and Safety of Vitamin C for Iron Supplementation in Adult Patients With Iron Deficiency Anemia: A Randomized Clinical Trial

This randomized clinical trial compares the equivalence and assesses the safety of oral iron supplements plus vitamin C vs oral iron supplements alone among patients with iron deficiency anemia.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(11):e2023644. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.23644
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OBSTETRICS AND GYNECOLOGY

Development of a Dynamic Diagnosis Grading System for Infertility Using Machine Learning

This prognostic study assesses whether machine learning can be used to develop a dynamic scoring system for predicting the severity of infertility in patients.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(11):e2023654. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.23654
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

NEPHROLOGY

Association of Chronic Condition Special Needs Plan With Hospitalization and Mortality Among Patients With End-Stage Kidney Disease

This cohort study examines whether enrollment in a chronic condition special needs plan is associated with improved clinical outcomes and quality of life among patients with end-stage kidney disease (ESKD).

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(11):e2023663. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.23663
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

SURGERY

Association Between Cardiac Surgeons’ Number of Years in Practice and Surgical Outcomes in New York Cardiac Centers

This cross-sectional study uses surgeon-level outcomes data from the 2014-2016 New York State Cardiac Data Reporting System to assesses the association between surgeons’ number of years in practice and outcomes in cardiac surgery.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(11):e2023671. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.23671
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

SUBSTANCE USE AND ADDICTION

Modeling Mitigation Strategies to Reduce Opioid-Related Morbidity and Mortality in the US

This decision analytical model estimates the future burden of opioid-related morbidity and mortality in the US from 2020 to 2029 and examines strategies that may be associated with mitigation of the opioid epidemic.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(11):e2023677. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.23677
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SURGERY

Exploration of Factors Associated With Surgeon Deviation From Practice Guidelines for Management of Inguinal Hernias

This qualitative study explores factors associated with surgeon choice of an open vs minimally invasive approach to inguinal hernia repair to better understand deviations from guidelines.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(11):e2023684. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.23684
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

PEDIATRICS

Assessment of Neighborhood Poverty, Cognitive Function, and Prefrontal and Hippocampal Volumes in Children

This cross-sectional study evaluates whether neighborhood poverty is associated with cognitive function and prefrontal and hippocampal brain structure in ways that are dissociable from household socioeconomic status.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(11):e2023774. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.23774
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GASTROENTEROLOGY AND HEPATOLOGY

Development, Validation, and Evaluation of a Simple Machine Learning Model to Predict Cirrhosis Mortality

This cohort study compares different machine learning methods in predicting overall mortality in cirrhosis and uses machine learning to select easily scored clinical variables for a novel prognostic model in patients with cirrhosis.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(11):e2023780. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.23780
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HEALTH POLICY

Evaluation of US Hospital Episode Spending for Acute Inpatient Conditions After the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act

This economic evaluation estimates the association between the enactment of Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (ACA) reforms and 30-day price-standardized hospital episode spending.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(11):e2023926. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.23926
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ONCOLOGY

Association of Addition of Ablative Therapy Following Transarterial Chemoembolization With Survival Rates in Patients With Hepatocellular Carcinoma

This cohort study examined the association of adding ablative therapy to transarterial chemoembolization with overall survival and freedom from local progression among patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC).

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(11):e2023942. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.23942
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

PUBLIC HEALTH

Association of Changes in Missouri Firearm Laws With Adolescent and Young Adult Suicides by Firearms

This cross-sectional study examines changes in firearm suicide rates in Missouri following the loosening of state firearm restrictions by comparing reported suicide rates with states with similar demographic characteristics that did not change firearm laws.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(11):e2024303. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.24303
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

CARDIOLOGY

Variation in Blood Pressure Classification Using 7 Blood Pressure Estimation Protocols Among Adults in Taiwan

This cross-sectional study examines the intraindividaul discrepancies in blood pressure estimates and classifications based on different BP estimation protocols.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(11):e2024311. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.24311
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SURGERY

Evaluation of Outcomes Following Surgery for Locally Advanced Pancreatic Neuroendocrine Tumors

This case series examines data from 2003 to 2018 regarding patients who underwent aggressive resection operative treatment for locally advanced pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors and their outcomes in terms of disease recurrence, quality of life, and overall 5-year survival.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(11):e2024318. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.24318
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ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH

Association of Neighborhood Deprivation With Epigenetic Aging Using 4 Clock Metrics

This cross-sectional study examines the association between neighborhood deprivation and estimates of epigenetic age acceleration and genome-wide methylation among women in the US and Puerto Rico.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(11):e2024329. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.24329
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PSYCHIATRY

Effect of Sodium Benzoate vs Placebo Among Individuals With Early Psychosis: A Randomized Clinical Trial

This randomized clinical trial examines the clinical efficacy of the adjunctive use of sodium benzoate for symptoms in people with early psychosis.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(11):e2024335. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.24335
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SURGERY

Safety and Outcomes of Different Surgical Techniques for Cubital Tunnel Decompression: A Systematic Review and Network Meta-analysis

This systematic review and network meta-analysis evaluates which operation for cubital tunnel syndrome is associated with the best chance of symptomatic cure and lowest risk of complications.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(11):e2024352. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.24352
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ONCOLOGY

Trends in Positive BRCA Test Results Among Older Women in the United States, 2008-2018

This cross-sectional study assesses whether the rate of positive BRCA test results changed between 2008 and 2018 among older women in the United States.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(11):e2024358. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.24358
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HEALTH POLICY

Medicaid Expansion and Mortality Among Patients With Breast, Lung, and Colorectal Cancer

This cross-sectional study examines whether Medicaid expansion is associated with improved mortality among patients with breast, colorectal, and lung cancer.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(11):e2024366. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.24366
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ONCOLOGY

Development and Validation of a Risk Model for Breast Cancer–Related Lymphedema

This prognostic study describes a multivariate linear regression model that combines mammographic breast density with patient, cancer, and treatment factors to identify the possible posttreatment volume of lymphedema in patients with breast cancer.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(11):e2024373. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.24373
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ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH

Evaluation of Secondhand Smoke Exposure in New York City Public Housing After Implementation of the 2018 Federal Smoke-Free Housing Policy

This cohort study examines whether the 2018 implementation of a federal ban on smoking in public housing settings was associated with a decrease in indoor levels of secondhand smoke in New York City (NYC) public housing developments 12 months later.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(11):e2024385. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.24385
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

HEALTH POLICY

Trends in Birth Rates After Elimination of Cost Sharing for Contraception by the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act

This cross-sectional study assesses the association of the elimination of cost sharing for contraception under the Patient and Protection and Affordable Care Act (ACA) with birth rates by income level among commercially insured women.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(11):e2024398. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.24398
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HEALTH POLICY

Clinical Trial Evidence Supporting US Food and Drug Administration Approval of Novel Cancer Therapies Between 2000 and 2016

This comparative effectiveness research examines clinical trial data on treatment outcomes used to support US Food and Drug Administration approval of novel cancer therapies that were approved for the first time between 2000 and 2016.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(11):e2024406. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.24406
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INFECTIOUS DISEASES

Association of Adverse Neighborhood Exposures With HIV Viral Load in Pregnant Women at Delivery

This cohort study evaluates the association between adverse neighborhood exposures and virologic control in pregnant women with HIV at labor and delivery.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(11):e2024577. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.24577
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

HEALTH POLICY

Association of Racial/Ethnic and Gender Concordance Between Patients and Physicians With Patient Experience Ratings

This cross-sectional study evaluates the associations between the patient experience as measured by scores on the Press Ganey Outpatient Medical Practice Survey and patient-physician racial/ethnic and gender concordance.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(11):e2024583. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.24583
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EMERGENCY MEDICINE

Clinical Effects of Balanced Crystalloids vs Saline in Adults With Diabetic Ketoacidosis: A Subgroup Analysis of Cluster Randomized Clinical Trials

This subgroup analysis of 2 cluster randomized clinical trials examines adults presenting to the emergency department with diabetic ketoacidosis and determines how long it takes to reach resolution by treating with balanced crystalloids vs saline.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(11):e2024596. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.24596
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HEALTH POLICY

Association of Highly Restrictive State Abortion Policies With Abortion Rates, 2000-2014

This cohort study evaluates the association of restrictive abortion laws in 18 states with state abortion rates.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(11):e2024610. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.24610
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PEDIATRICS

Association of Maternal Prepregnancy Body Mass Index With Fetal Growth and Neonatal Thalamic Brain Connectivity Among Adolescent and Young Women

This cohort study examines the association of prepregnancy BMI with fetal growth development and functional connectivity outcomes among adolescent and young women.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(11):e2024661. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.24661
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PEDIATRICS

Association of Cumulative Paternal Early Life Stress With White Matter Maturation in Newborns

This cohort study examines infants and parents in the FinnBrain Birth Cohort to assess the association between paternal cumulative early life stress and offspring brain development.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(11):e2024832. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.24832
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HEALTH POLICY

Changes in Health Services Use Among Commercially Insured US Populations During the COVID-19 Pandemic

This cross-sectional study analyzes health insurance claims among commercially-insured individuals to asess changes in the use of health services in the Unted States during the initial phase of the COVID-19 pandemic.

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JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(11):e2024984. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.24984
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF CME & MOC

DIABETES AND ENDOCRINOLOGY

Prevalence of Gestational Diabetes in India by Individual Socioeconomic, Demographic, and Clinical Factors

This cross-sectional study provides a comprehensive national assessment of gestational diabetes in India and its socioeconomic, demographic, and geographic associations.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(11):e2025074. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.25074
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NEUROLOGY

Flying After Concussion and Symptom Recovery in College Athletes and Military Cadets

This cohort study examines whether there is an association between concussion recovery and airplane travel in college athletes and military cadets.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(11):e2025082. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.25082
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OBSTETRICS AND GYNECOLOGY

Association of Insurance Status With Provision of Recommended Services During Comprehensive Postpartum Visits

This cross-sectional study examines rates of recommended services during comprehensive postpartum visits and differences between Medicaid and non-Medicaid insurance type among US women.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(11):e2025095. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.25095
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ONCOLOGY

Patient Adherence to Screening for Lung Cancer in the US: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis

This systematic review and meta-analysis examines US lung cancer screening adherence rates, patient characteristics associated with adherence, and diagnostic testing rates after screening.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(11):e2025102. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.25102
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CARDIOLOGY

Trends, Perioperative Adverse Events, and Survival of Patients With Left Ventricular Assist Devices Undergoing Noncardiac Surgery

This cohort study examines the trends, patient characteristics, and outcomes associated with noncardiac surgery among patients with left ventricular assist devices (LVADs).

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(11):e2025118. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.25118
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CARDIOLOGY

Association of Race/Ethnicity-Specific Changes in Antihypertensive Medication Classes Initiated Among Medicare Beneficiaries With the Eighth Joint National Committee Panel Member Report

This serial cross-sectional study assesses whether any race/ethnicity-specific changes occurred from before to after publication of the Eighth Joint National Committee on Prevention, Detection, Evaluation, and Treatment of High Blood Pressure panel member report for the initiation of antihypertensive medication classes in a 5% sample of Medicare beneficiaries aged 66 years or older.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(11):e2025127. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.25127
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PUBLIC HEALTH

Trends in Poor Health Indicators Among Black and Hispanic Middle-aged and Older Adults in the United States, 1999-2018

This cross-sectional study evaluates which health indicators have improved or worsened among Black and Hispanic middle-aged and older adults since the Minority Health and Health Disparities Research and Education Act of 2000.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(11):e2025134. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.25134
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NUTRITION, OBESITY, AND EXERCISE

Effect of a Low-Fat Vegan Diet on Body Weight, Insulin Sensitivity, Postprandial Metabolism, and Intramyocellular and Hepatocellular Lipid Levels in Overweight Adults: A Randomized Clinical Trial

This randomized clinical trial assesses the effects of a 16-week low-fat vegan dietary intervention on body weight, insulin resistance, postprandial metabolism, and intramyocellular and hepatocellular lipid levels in overweight adults.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(11):e2025454. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.25454
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NUTRITION, OBESITY, AND EXERCISE

Association of the Mediterranean Diet With Onset of Diabetes in the Women’s Health Study

This cohort study characterizes the relative association of conventional and novel biomarkers in Mediterranean diet–related type 2 diabetes risk reduction in a US population.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(11):e2025466. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.25466
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DIABETES AND ENDOCRINOLOGY

Associations of Intensive Lifestyle Intervention in Type 2 Diabetes With Health Care Use, Spending, and Disability: An Ancillary Study of the Look AHEAD Study

This ancillary study of a randomized clinical trial examines the long-term associations of an intensive lifestyle intervention for type 2 diabetes with health care use, spending, and disability.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(11):e2025488. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.25488
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CARDIOLOGY

Assessment of Trends in Statin Therapy for Secondary Prevention of Atherosclerotic Cardiovascular Disease in US Adults From 2007 to 2016

This cohort study assesses 10-year use, adherence, cost, and outcome trends in statin therapy for atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease in US adults using nationwide research center database information.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(11):e2025505. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.25505
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GERIATRICS

Association Between Alzheimer Disease and Cancer With Evaluation of Study Biases: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis

This systematic review and meta-analysis assesses the likelihood that methodological biases in cohort studies and case-control studies, rather than a common etiology, explain the inverse association between cancer and subsequent Alzheimer disease incidence among older adults.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(11):e2025515. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.25515
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GERIATRICS

Assessment of Sensory Impairment and Health Care Satisfaction Among Medicare Beneficiaries

This cross-sectional study assesses the association between hearing, vision, or dual sensory impairment and patient satisfaction with quality of care, communication from health professionals, and access to care among a nationally representative sample of Medicare beneficiaries.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(11):e2025522. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.25522
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NEUROLOGY

Association of Prenatal Exposure to Valproate and Other Antiepileptic Drugs With Intellectual Disability and Delayed Childhood Milestones

This cohort study evaluates risk of intellectual disability and delayed childhood milestones among children exposed prenatally to valproate and other antiepileptic drugs.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(11):e2025570. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.25570
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INFECTIOUS DISEASES

Assessment of Risk Factors and Outcomes of Severe Ehrlichiosis Infection

This cross-sectional study examines risk factors associated with severity of infection in patients with ehrlichiosis.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(11):e2025577. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.25577
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

OBSTETRICS AND GYNECOLOGY

Maternal Morbidity and Birth Satisfaction After Implementation of a Validated Calculator to Predict Cesarean Delivery During Labor Induction

This cohort study assesses whether implementation of a validated calculator for likelihood of cesarean delivery at the time of labor induction is associated with maternal morbidity and birth satisfaction.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(11):e2025582. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.25582
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

EMERGENCY MEDICINE

Association of Affordable Care Act Implementation With Ambulance Utilization for Asthma Emergencies in New York City, 2008-2018

This quasi-experimental cohort study assesses the association between Affordable Care Act implementation and asthma treatment by examining changes in ambulance dispatch rates for asthma emergencies in New York City between 2008 and 2018.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(11):e2025586. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.25586
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

HEALTH POLICY

Association Between State Medicaid Expansion and Emergency Access to Acute Care Hospitals in the United States

This cross-sectional study uses hospital-level Medicaid and geospatial data to analyze the association of state expansion of Medicaid under the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act with emergency access to acute care hospitals.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(11):e2025815. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.25815
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

ONCOLOGY

Evaluation of Fall and Fracture Risk Among Men With Prostate Cancer Treated With Androgen Receptor Inhibitors: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis

This systematic review and meta-analysis examines 11 randomized clinical trials to see whether therapy with androgen receptor inhibitors (ARIs), such as enzalutamide, apalutamide, or darolutamide, is associated with an increased risk of falls and fractures in men with prostate cancer.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(11):e2025826. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.25826
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

ONCOLOGY

Connectivity of the Cerebello-Thalamo-Cortical Pathway in Survivors of Childhood Leukemia Treated With Chemotherapy Only

This cross-sectional study examines associations among brain volume, brain network connectivity, and neurocognitive test performance in survivors of childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia treated with chemotherapy only.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(11):e2025839. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.25839
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

ONCOLOGY

Effect of Vitamin D3 Supplements on Development of Advanced Cancer: A Secondary Analysis of the VITAL Randomized Clinical Trial

This secondary analysis of a randomized clinical trial evaluates the effect vitamin D on the incidence of advanced (metastatic or fatal) cancer among adults without cancer at baseline and examines possible effect modification by body mass index.

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JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(11):e2025850. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.25850
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

ONCOLOGY

Financial Implications of Avapritinib for Treatment of Unresectable Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumors in Patients With a PDGFRA Exon 18 Variant or After 3 Previous Therapies in a Hypothetical US Health Plan

This economic evaluation assesses the budget impact associated with adding avapritinib for metastatic or unresectable GIST in patients with a platelet-derived growth factor receptor alpha (PDGFRA) exon 18 variant or after 3 or more previous treatments to a hypothetical US health plan formulary.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(11):e2025866. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.25866
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

HEALTH POLICY

Evaluation of STEMI Regionalization on Access, Treatment, and Outcomes Among Adults Living in Nonminority and Minority Communities

This cohort study examines the extent to which disparities in access, treatment, and outcomes have changed for patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) who are living in zip codes that are largely composed of Black or Hispanic individuals compared with patients in nonminority communities in regionalized vs nonregionalized counties.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(11):e2025874. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.25874
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

ONCOLOGY

Machine Learning–Guided Adjuvant Treatment of Head and Neck Cancer

This cohort study evaluates whether machine learning models could identify patients with intermediate-risk head and neck squamous cell carcinoma who would benefit from chemoradiation.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(11):e2025881. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.25881
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

PUBLIC HEALTH

Evaluation of a Patient-Centered Fall-Prevention Tool Kit to Reduce Falls and Injuries: A Nonrandomized Controlled Trial

This nonrandomized controlled trial assesses whether implementation of a nurse-led, patient-centered tool kit for fall prevention was associated with a reduction in rates of falls and fall-related injuries in 3 academic medical centers in Boston and New York City.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(11):e2025889. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.25889
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

ONCOLOGY

Evaluation of Definitive Stereotactic Body Radiotherapy and Outcomes in Adults With Extracranial Oligometastasis

This case series reports overall progression-free survival, widespread progression outcomes, and prognostic survival factors from a pooled data set of 1033 patients with oligometastasis treated with stereotactic body radiotherapy.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(11):e2026312. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.26312
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

SUBSTANCE USE AND ADDICTION

Effect of Pod e-Cigarettes vs Cigarettes on Carcinogen Exposure Among African American and Latinx Smokers: A Randomized Clinical Trial

This randomized clinical trial examines biomarkers of carcinogen exposure in African American and Latinx smokers who switch to electronic cigarettes vs smoking as usual.

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JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(11):e2026324. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.26324
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

PHARMACY AND CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY

Association Between Low-Dose Aspirin Use and Colorectal Cancer Incidence in Taiwan

This nested case-control study evaluates the association between duration and recency of low-dose aspirin use and colorectal cancer risk in an East Asian population.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(11):e2026494. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.26494
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

SURGERY

Association of Hospital-Level Intensive Care Unit Use and Outcomes in Older Patients With Isolated Rib Fractures

This cohort study characterizes interhospital variability in intensive care unit vs non–intensive care unit admission of older patients with isolated rib fractures and evaluates whether greater hospital-level use of intensive care units is associated with improved outcomes.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(11):e2026500. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.26500
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

GERIATRICS

Assessment of Leisure Time Physical Activity and Brain Health in a Multiethnic Cohort of Older Adults

This cross-sectional study examines the association between leisure time physical activity and measures of brain health assessed by magnetic resonance imaging in older adults.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(11):e2026506. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.26506
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

GLOBAL HEALTH

Predictive Modeling for Perinatal Mortality in Resource-Limited Settings

This cohort study evaluates the accuracy of a machine learning–based model to predict risk of stillbirth and neonatal mortality in low- and middle-income countries.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(11):e2026750. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.26750
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

SURGERY

Association of Circulating Tumor DNA With Disease-Free Survival in Breast Cancer: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis

This systematic review and meta-analysis uses data from studies retrieved from a Cochrane Library, ScienceDirect, PubMed, and Embase search to investigate the association of circulating tumor DNA with disease-free survival in patients with breast cancer.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(11):e2026921. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.26921
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

IMAGING

Trends in Imaging for Suspected Pulmonary Embolism Across US Health Care Systems, 2004 to 2016

This cohort study assesses the use of advanced imaging tests, including chest computed tomography, computed tomographic pulmonary angiography, and ventilation-perfusion scan, for pulmonary embolism from 2004 to 2016.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(11):e2026930. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.26930
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

ONCOLOGY

Cost-Effectiveness of Neoadjuvant-Adjuvant Treatment Strategies for Women With ERBB2 (HER2)–Positive Breast Cancer

This economic evaluation modeled the cost-effectiveness of 5 neoadjuvant-adjuvant treatment strategies for women with ERBB2-positive breast cancer.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(11):e2027074. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.27074
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

HEALTH POLICY

US Clinicians’ Experiences and Perspectives on Resource Limitation and Patient Care During the COVID-19 Pandemic

This qualitative study describes the perspectives and experiences of clinicians involved in institutional planning for resource limitation and/or patient care during the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic.

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JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(11):e2027315. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.27315
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF CME & MOC

NUTRITION, OBESITY, AND EXERCISE

Estimation of Primary Prevention of Gout in Men Through Modification of Obesity and Other Key Lifestyle Factors

This cohort study estimates the proportion of incident gout cases among US men that could be prevented through modification of obesity and other lifestyle risk factors.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(11):e2027421. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.27421
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

HEALTH INFORMATICS

Evaluation of Deep Learning to Augment Image-Guided Radiotherapy for Head and Neck and Prostate Cancers

This quality improvement study explores clinically acceptable autocontouring solutions that can be integrated into existing workflows and used in different domains of radiotherapy.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(11):e2027426. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.27426
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

INFECTIOUS DISEASES

Association of Number of Doses With Hepatitis B Vaccine Series Completion in US Adults

This cohort study uses data from the electronic health records of Kaiser Permanente Southern California members to assess whether the number of doses in a hepatitis B virus vaccine series is associated with completion of the series among US adults.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(11):e2027577. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.27577
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

MEDICAL EDUCATION

Trends in Representation of Female Applicants and Matriculants in Canadian Residency Programs Across Specialties, 1995 to 2019

This cross-sectional analysis examines the representation of female medical school graduates in residency programs by specialty using aggregate data from the Canadian Residency Matching Service database.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(11):e2027938. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.27938
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

PUBLIC HEALTH

Estimation of US Children’s Educational Attainment and Years of Life Lost Associated With Primary School Closures During the Coronavirus Disease 2019 Pandemic

This decision analytical model estimates the potential years of life lost among US primary school–aged children associated with school closures during the coronavirus disease 2019 pandemic.

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JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(11):e2028786. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.28786
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF CME & MOC

OBSTETRICS AND GYNECOLOGY

Pregnancy Outcomes Among Women With and Without Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2 Infection

This cohort study evaluates the adverse outcomes associated with severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) infection among pregnant women and describes clinical management, disease progression, hospital admission, placental abnormalities, and neonatal outcomes.

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JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(11):e2029256. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.29256
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF CME & MOC

EMERGENCY MEDICINE

Delirium in Older Patients With COVID-19 Presenting to the Emergency Department

This cohort study examines how frequently older adults with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) present to the emergency department with delirium and their associated hospital outcomes.

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JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(11):e2029540. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.29540
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF CME & MOC
open access Editorial

Elective Care and Health Services Research in the COVID-19 Era

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JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(11):e2025731. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.25731
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF CME & MOC

An Alternative View of Childhood Blood Pressure Screening: Reframing the Question

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JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(11):e2027964. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.27964
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

USPSTF Recommendations for Behavioral Counseling in Adults With Cardiovascular Disease Risk Factors: Are We Ready?

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(11):e2029682. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.29682
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF
open access Invited Commentary

PUBLIC HEALTH

Electronic Nicotine Delivery Systems Use and Cigarette Smoking Frequency and Intensity Among Young Adult Smokers

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(11):e2016121. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.16121
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

PULMONARY MEDICINE

A Finale on EVALI?The Abated but Not Forgotten Outbreak of Acute Respiratory Illness in Individuals Who Vape

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(11):e2019366. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.19366
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

MEDICAL EDUCATION

Addressing Microaggressions in the Health Care Workforce—A Path Toward Achieving Equity and Inclusion

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(11):e2021770. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.21770
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

ANESTHESIOLOGY

Preoperative Conversations About Postoperative Risks, Outcomes, and Quality of Life—Time to Start Thinking Outside the Box

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(11):e2024048. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.24048
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

CARDIOLOGY

Measuring Quality in Pediatric Heart Transplantation—An Important but Challenging Goal

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(11):e2024137. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.24137
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

PEDIATRICS

Neighborhood Poverty and Brain Development: Adaptation or Maturation, Fixed or Reversible?

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(11):e2024139. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.24139
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

GASTROENTEROLOGY AND HEPATOLOGY

Assessing Risk of Progression of Low-Risk Branch-Duct Intraductal Papillary Mucinous Neoplasms

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(11):e2024486. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.24486
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

PUBLIC HEALTH

Firearm Policy and Youth Suicide—In Pursuit of Mechanistic Explanations

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(11):e2024920. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.24920
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

ONCOLOGY

Time for BRCA Testing Among Women 65 Years or Older in the United States

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(11):e2024921. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.24921
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

ONCOLOGY

Repurposing the Mammographic Breast Density Category for Predicting Lymphedema Risk in Patients With Breast Cancer

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(11):e2024923. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.24923
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

HEALTH POLICY

Understanding the Patient Experience Through the Lenses of Racial/Ethnic and Gender Patient-Physician Concordance

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(11):e2025349. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.25349
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

CARDIOLOGY

Translating Outcomes Data Into Improved Shared Decision-Making in Patients With Left Ventricular Assist Devices

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(11):e2025673. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.25673
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

CARDIOLOGY

Statins and LDL-C in Secondary Prevention—So Much Progress, So Far to Go

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(11):e2025675. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.25675
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

OBSTETRICS AND GYNECOLOGY

A Predictive Instrument for Cesarean Delivery After Labor Induction

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(11):e2025676. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.25676
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

ONCOLOGY

Heterogeneity of the Effect of Vitamin D Supplementation in Randomized Controlled Trials on Cancer Prevention

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(11):e2027176. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.27176
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

HEALTH POLICY

The Paradox of STEMI Regionalization: Widened Disparities Despite Some Benefits

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(11):e2027283. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.27283
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

MEDICAL EDUCATION

The Impacts of Gender Disparity in Residency Matching

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(11):e2028161. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.28161
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF
open access Research Letter

SURGERY

Diagnosis of Thoracic Aortic Aneurysms by Computed Tomography Without Allometric Scaling

This diagnostic study of computed tomography scans at a single tertiary care center compares radiologist descriptions of abnormal size ascending aortas with definitions of aorta diameters defined by nomograms.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(11):e2023689. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.23689
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

PUBLIC HEALTH

Association Between Health Care Utilization and Immigration Enforcement Events in San Francisco

This cohort study explores whether an inclusive, local health care system could serve as a buffer against adverse effects on access to health care due to actions related to immigration status in patients who are likely undocumented.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(11):e2025065. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.25065
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

DERMATOLOGY

Use of Skin Cancer Procedures, Medicare Reimbursement, and Overall Expenditures, 2012-2017

This cohort study describes recent trends in use and payment rates and in overall expenditure for skin cancer procedures in the Medicare Part B population in the United States.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(11):e2025139. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.25139
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

ONCOLOGY

Evaluation of Preoperative Chemotherapy or Radiation and Overall Survival in Patients With Nonmetastatic, Resectable Retroperitoneal Sarcoma

This cohort study compares overall survival among patients with nonmetastatic, resectable retroperitoneal sarcoma treated with surgical treatment alone vs surgical treatment and chemotherapy or radiation.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(11):e2025529. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.25529
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

SURGERY

Evaluation of Electric Scooter Head and Neck Injuries in Paris, 2017-2019

This case series study evaluates head and neck injuries caused by electric scooters in Paris, 2017-2019, focusing on user behavior and injury types.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(11):e2026698. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.26698
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

PEDIATRICS

Bidirectional Association Between Daily Physical Activity and Postconcussion Symptoms Among Youth

This cohort study investigates whether a bidirectional association exists between daily physical activity and postconcussion symptoms among youths with physician-confirmed concussion.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(11):e2027486. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.27486
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

PUBLIC HEALTH

Neighborhood Racial Composition and Gun Homicides

This cross-sectional study examines disparities in gun homicide rates among neighborhoods of different racial composition for fixed levels of socioeconomic status.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(11):e2027591. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.27591
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

PEDIATRICS

Race/Ethnicity Among Children With COVID-19–Associated Multisystem Inflammatory Syndrome

This cohort study describes the distribution of race/ethnicity among cases of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19)–associated multisystem inflammatory syndrome in children reported to the New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(11):e2030280. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.30280
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF
open access Correction

Percentage Error in Abstract and Results

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(11):e2028966. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.28966
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Errors in Text

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(11):e2029099. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.29099
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Errors in Byline, Affiliations, and Conflict of Interest Disclosures

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(11):e2029176. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.29176
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Errors in Byline and Affiliations

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(11):e2029182. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.29182
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Error in the Abstract Results

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(11):e2029188. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.29188
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Error in Author Affiliation

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(11):e2029291. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.29291
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Errors in Abstract, Results, Discussion, Conclusions, and Table 1

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(11):e2030492. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.30492
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Error in Results

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(11):e2030649. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.30649
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open access JAMA Network Open Masthead

JAMA Network Open

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(11):e2025663. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.25663
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