This quasi-experimental cohort study uses data from 3 Swedish lotteries to assess whether the magnitude of the prize won is associated with long-term health behaviors and overall health.
This economic evaluation study assesses the cost-effectiveness of 3 therapeutic strategies (endoscopic therapy, laparoscopic colectomy, and open colectomy) for patients with T1 colorectal cancer with biomarker profiles that predict varying levels of tumor progression in the US payer perspective.
This prognostic study validates the accuracy of a predictive scoring system for 90-day mortality among patients with locally advanced head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) who have completed concurrent chemoradiotherapy.
This randomized clinical trial investigates the effect on blood pressure of an artificial intelligence smartphone coaching application (app) designed to promote home monitoring and behavioral changes vs a blood pressure tracking smartphone app.
This diagnostic accuracy study evaluates whether artificial intelligence can overcome human mammography interpretation limits with a rigorous, unbiased evaluation of machine learning algorithms.
This cross-sectional study examines the association between restricted prescribing of nonopioid drugs and use of opioids in patients insured through Medicare.
This randomized clinical trial investigates the use of pregnenolone vs placebo for low back pain among Iraq- and Afghanistan-era US military veterans.
This cross-sectional study characterizes the spatiotemporal spread of Lyme disease in humans among counties in US endemic regions.
This cross-sectional study investigates patient-physician concordance in the understanding of chemotherapy treatment plans among adult patients with cancer.
This quality improvement study evaluates the success of treating children with type 1 diabetes in a day hospital vs a traditional inpatient model.
This cross-sectional study of published journal articles examines the prevalence of studies that measure patient quality of life at all, and how many of these persist with measurements for the entirety of a patient’s life.
This cohort study examines the longitudinal trends in postacute care use and outcomes after hip and knee replacements and in gaps among 3 groups: Medicare-only patients, dual-eligible patients with full Medicaid benefits, and dual-eligible patients with partial Medicaid benefits.
This cohort study examines the association of immigrant or refugee status and immigration-related factors with the experience of assault among youths and young adults in Ontario, Canada.
This cohort study examines rates of central line–associated bloodstream infection (CLABSI) among patients with single vs concurrent central venous catheters to determine variations in risk associated with use of multiple central venous catheters.
This cross-sectional study investigates whether levels of childhood family connection are associated with greater flourishing in young adulthood among those with type 1 diabetes and whether this association is present across levels of adverse childhood experiences and childhood social position.
This comparative effectiveness study examines the suitability of using SEER-Medicare linked data to assess the overall survival associated with adding a drug to an existing treatment regimen for elderly patients with cancer.
This diagnostic study investigates real-time acquisition of fluorescence confocal microscopy of interventional radiology–guided specimens in the radiology suite and compares accuracy of diagnoses with hematoxylin-eosin (H&E)–stained sections among patients undergoing core-needle biopsy.
This cross-sectional survey study analyzes findings from a nationwide survey of adult cancer survivors in Canada, including the physical, emotional, and practical concerns and associated unmet needs 1 year or more after the end of treatment.
This cross-sectional study uses data from a large integrated health care system to assess search patterns and practices among electronic health record users.
This case-control study examines the prevalence of myopic maculopathy among individuals aged 40 years or older in rural and urban areas in Russia.
This cross-sectional study investigates the epidemiology of drug poisoning suicides in US state census and national sample data.
This cohort study uses insurance claims data to compare patients with a potentially missed diagnosis of appendicitis with those diagnosed with appendicitis during the initial emergency department visit to identify factors associated with potentially missed appendicitis among adults and children.
This cross-sectional study examines the association between area deprivation, rurality, and screening for breast, cervical, and colorectal cancer in patients from an integrated health care delivery system across 3 US Midwest states (Minnesota, Iowa, and Wisconsin).
This cohort study examines the association of disease progression and health-related quality of life among adult patients with breast, lung, pancreatic, or colorectal cancer.
This secondary analysis of a randomized clinical trial examines whether patients’ baseline inflammatory status is associated with the effect of nutritional support on 30-day mortality among hospitalized adults.
This randomized clinical trial examined the effect of in-person social services navigation assistance vs a written information sheet on caregiver-reported social risk factors and child and caregiver health.
This cross-sectional study evaluates the representation of women overall and in leadership positions in academic medical oncology, radiation oncology, and surgical oncology programs and assesses the association of women leadership with overall faculty representation of women per program.
This cross-sectional study compares preoperative estimates of scar length by patients and surgeons with the scar length after Mohs micrographic surgery for facial skin cancers.
This cohort study compares longitudinal changes in insurance coverage over 24 years of follow-up between recent immigrant, early immigrant, and nonimmigrant adults in the US.
This prognostic study assesses whether a deep learning model can predict final infarct lesions using magnetic resonance images acquired at initial presentation and compares the model with current clinical prediction methods among patients with acute ischemic stroke.
This cross-sectional study examines the temporal pattern of opioid prescribing for patients with pain conditions in an urban emergency department over a 10-year period.
This population-based cohort study examines the co-occurrence of asthma and type 1 diabetes, as well as familial aggregation of the diseases, in children.
This cohort study examines whether alcohol screening provides information regarding alcohol-clustering conditions, including depression, anxiety, and use of tobacco, marijuana, and illicit drugs among US adults.
This quality improvement study compares patient-reported pain and satisfaction scores within 6 months of a tooth extraction among patients who used vs did not use opioids.
This randomized clinical trial evaluates changes in impulse inhibition elicited by repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation in patients with methamphetamine addiction.
This cohort study examined incidence of breast cancer among US women aged 25 to 39 years from 1935 to 2015 compared with parity data from the same era to determine if the increase in breast cancer incidence could be explained by a decrease in parity.
This cohort study used data from the Human Early Life Exposome (HELIX) project, a collaboration of 5 European birth cohort studies, to examine the associations of maternal fish consumption and mercury exposure during pregnancy with metabolic health and inflammatory biomarkers in children.
This cross-sectional study examines the prevalence and risk factors associated with nonmedical prescription opioid use among transgender women and girls aged 16 to 29 years.
This cohort study assesses the association of opioids prescribed to family members with pharmaceutical opioid overdose among adolescents and young adults in the United States.
This quality improvement study examines the association of a lay health worker–led symptom screening and referral intervention with symptom burden, survival, health care use, and total costs among Medicare Advantage enrollees with a new diagnosis of solid or hematologic malignant neoplasms.
This prognostic cohort study evaluates novel ambulation metrics in predicting 30-day readmission rates, discharge location, and length of stay using a real-time location system to continuously monitor the voluntary ambulations of postoperative cardiac surgery patients.
This cohort study examines how time trends in the prevalence and incidence of overweight and obesity among children and adolescents in Spain differ by age, sex, socioeconomic status, urban/rural residence, and nationality.
This cross-sectional epidemiologic assessment calculates the number of individuals who smoke associated with the death of 1 individual who does not smoke and assesses trends in this number from 1990 to 2016.
This cross-sectional study uses diffusion tensor imaging to examine microstructural differences in white matter among children with vs without developmental coordination disorder.
This survey study examines the prevalence of and risk factors associated with nonfatal drug or alcohol overdose among veterans who have experienced homelessness.
This systematic review and meta-analysis examines the strength and consistency of findings in the medical literature regarding the association of prenatal exposure to methadone and buprenorphine with early childhood cognitive developmental, particularly when accounting for variables outside opioid exposure.
This cross-sectional study measures the differences in length of stay at inpatient rehabilitation services and health outcomes between traditional Medicare and Medicare Advantage beneficiaries.
This cohort study determines the proportion and degree of total spending directly associated with mental health conditions vs spending on other non–mental health conditions among Medicare beneficiaries in the US.
This nonrandomized clinical trial examines the efficacy and safety of apatinib plus vinorelbine in patients in China with wild-type advanced non–small cell lung cancer (NCSLC) that was resistant to 2 or more lines of chemotherapy.
This cohort study identifies sociodemographic and health-related factors associated with receipt of nondefinitive therapy among patients aged 70 years and younger with high-risk prostate cancer.
This prognostic study evaluates the performance of a risk prediction method using data from electronic health records to predict incident suicide attempts across multiple US health care systems.
This cohort study examines adherence to 6 evidence-based practices for patients with rib fractures in US trauma centers as well as its association with mortality.
This cross-sectional study examines the respiratory and nonrespiratory diagnoses reported for US adults hospitalized with laboratory-confirmed influenza between 2010 and 2018.
This cohort study examines thyroid function and structure in patients with alkaptonuria.
This cohort study examines 1-year mortality and 1-year readmission rates for myocardial infarction or coronary revascularization for US veterans participating in Veterans Health Administration vs non–Veterans Health Administration cardiac rehabilitation programs.
This economic evaluation study examines whether the passage of the Health Information Technology for Economic and Clinical Health Act was associated with an increase in key measures of health care information technology entrepreneurship.
This cohort study examines whether maternal exposure to high levels of magnetic field nonionizing radiation is associated with a higher risk of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in offspring.
This systematic review and meta-analysis assesses whether there is an association between placebo and erectile dysfunction outcomes among men enrolled in placebo-controlled, phosphodiesterase 5 inhibitor trials.
This cohort study estimates the prevalence of diabetes medication intensification and the likelihood of benefit associated with medication intensification among older adults hospitalized in a Veterans Health Administration hospital.
This cohort study uses the Humana claims data set to examine whether exposure to hormone-modulating therapy is associated with the risk of neurodegenerative disease in women with breast cancer.
This economic evaluation assesses the cost-effectiveness of medical management of early pregnancy loss with mifepristone pretreatment plus misoprostol vs misoprostol alone in the United States.
This cohort study explores the association between socioeconomic status and asthma-related visits to the emergency department (ED) among individuals enrolled in the World Trade Center Health Registry.
This cross-sectional study examines racial/ethnic differences in depression severity, symptom burden, and care among older community-dwelling adults in the United States.
This systematic review and meta-analysis evaluates the immune checkpoint inhibitor regimens used along with the incidence of adverse events reported in randomized clinical trials for treatment of advanced melanoma.
This systematic review and meta-analysis assesses the effectiveness and safety of osimertinib in the management of intracranial metastatic disease.
This quality improvement study presents a machine learning framework for assessing surgical video clips by categorizing them based on the surgical step being performed and the level of the surgeon’s competence.
This cross-sectional study compares disease-specific federal and foundation funding for sickle cell disease and cystic fibrosis research and assesses the factors associated with research productivity.
This randomized clinical trial examines whether default options in advance directives influence care choices and clinical outcomes among seriously ill patients.
This survey study assesses views and experiences with sharing clinical notes (open notes) with patients among several types of clinician.
This cohort study evaluates radiologists’ recall and cancer detection rates before and after beginning interpretation of digital breast tomosynthesis examinations.
This cohort study examines whether blood type O is associated with hemorrhage after tonsillectomy with or without adenoidectomy in children.
This cohort study examines differences in health care utilization, care satisfaction, and health status for US Medicare Advantage and traditional Medicare beneficiaries with and without Alzheimer disease and related dementias.
This cohort study examines differences in prostate cancer mortality in white vs black men stratified by geographic region.
This cohort study estimates the financial costs associated with a positive surgical margin during radical prostatectomy according to the odds of undergoing adjuvant radiation therapy.
This randomized clinical trial assesses whether improved basic preventive measures can reduce perioperative Staphylococcus aureus transmission and surgical site infection.
This cross-sectional study assesses the magnitude of mental health consequences and associated factors among health care workers treating patients exposed to coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) in China.
This retrospective study uses a Canadian reporting system to validate an algorithm that identifies oral anticoagulation prescriptions given to patients with atrial fibrillation treated in emergency departments.
This exploratory study analyzes the cost-effectiveness of incorporating biomarkers into eligibility assessment for lung screening.
This cohort study uses latent profile analysis to examine the variation in mild cognitive impairment among participants in the National Alzheimer Coordinating Center (NACC) database.
This cross-sectional study estimates the percentage of US patients with cancer who are eligible for immune checkpoint inhibitor drugs.
This cross-sectional study assesses the prevalence of smoking through a multisite survey of individuals aged 15 years or older living in rural Wisconsin who inject drugs.
This cross-sectional study examines the association of the proportion of women on a medical conference planning committee with the proportion of women speakers at the conference.
This randomized clinical trial investigates the effect of acupuncture vs a sham procedure or usual care for chemotherapy-induced peripheral neuropathy symptoms.
This cross-sectional study calculates the increase in clinical cancer knowledge represented in the National Comprehensive Cancer Network (NCCN) Clinical Practice Guidelines from 1996 to 2019.
This cross-sectional study examines whether teenagers’ exposure to communities with high obesity rates is associated with ideal body type and risk of obesity.
This cross-sectional study assesses the association between end-of-life health care costs and fee-for-service Medicare spending and examines whether expenditures attributed to decedents have changed over time.
This cross-sectional study examines the age at which US transgender adults first experienced gender dysphoria and the number of life-years that transgender adults lived with untreated gender dysphoria and its comorbidities before seeking gender-affirming surgery.
This cross-sectional study examines the representation of women in authorship and dissemination of analyses of physician compensation.
This cohort study examines subjective patient-reported outcomes after nasal breathing surgery and identifies factors associated with patients’ perception of the procedure’s value.
This cross-sectional study assesses the incidence and severity of traumatic injuries associated with motorized scooters, as well as the associated use of protective devices and intoxicants.
This case series reports a cluster-spreading event in Huai’an, Jiangsu Province, China, in which a patient with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) may have transmitted severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) to 8 healthy individuals.
Customize your JAMA Network experience by selecting one or more topics from the list below.