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November 2022 - May 2018

Decade

Year

Issue

March 2020, Vol 3, No. 3

open access Original Investigation

PUBLIC HEALTH

Association Between Lottery Prize Size and Self-reported Health Habits in Swedish Lottery Players

This quasi-experimental cohort study uses data from 3 Swedish lotteries to assess whether the magnitude of the prize won is associated with long-term health behaviors and overall health.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(3):e1919713. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.19713
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

GASTROENTEROLOGY AND HEPATOLOGY

Cost-effectiveness Evaluation of Targeted Surgical and Endoscopic Therapies for Early Colorectal Adenocarcinoma Based on Biomarker Profiles

This economic evaluation study assesses the cost-effectiveness of 3 therapeutic strategies (endoscopic therapy, laparoscopic colectomy, and open colectomy) for patients with T1 colorectal cancer with biomarker profiles that predict varying levels of tumor progression in the US payer perspective.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(3):e1919963. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.19963
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

ONCOLOGY

Assessment of Predictive Scoring System for 90-Day Mortality Among Patients With Locally Advanced Head and Neck Squamous Cell Carcinoma Who Have Completed Concurrent Chemoradiotherapy

This prognostic study validates the accuracy of a predictive scoring system for 90-day mortality among patients with locally advanced head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) who have completed concurrent chemoradiotherapy.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(3):e1920671. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.20671
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

CARDIOLOGY

Effect of Home Blood Pressure Monitoring via a Smartphone Hypertension Coaching Application or Tracking Application on Adults With Uncontrolled Hypertension: A Randomized Clinical Trial

This randomized clinical trial investigates the effect on blood pressure of an artificial intelligence smartphone coaching application (app) designed to promote home monitoring and behavioral changes vs a blood pressure tracking smartphone app.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(3):e200255. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.0255
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

IMAGING

Evaluation of Combined Artificial Intelligence and Radiologist Assessment to Interpret Screening Mammograms

This diagnostic accuracy study evaluates whether artificial intelligence can overcome human mammography interpretation limits with a rigorous, unbiased evaluation of machine learning algorithms.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(3):e200265. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.0265
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

HEALTH POLICY

Association of Formulary Exclusions and Restrictions for Opioid Alternatives With Opioid Prescribing Among Medicare Beneficiaries

This cross-sectional study examines the association between restricted prescribing of nonopioid drugs and use of opioids in patients insured through Medicare.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(3):e200274. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.0274
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

PHARMACY AND CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY

Effect of Pregnenolone vs Placebo on Self-reported Chronic Low Back Pain Among US Military Veterans: A Randomized Clinical Trial

This randomized clinical trial investigates the use of pregnenolone vs placebo for low back pain among Iraq- and Afghanistan-era US military veterans.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(3):e200287. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.0287
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

INFECTIOUS DISEASES

Current and Future Spatiotemporal Patterns of Lyme Disease Reporting in the Northeastern United States

This cross-sectional study characterizes the spatiotemporal spread of Lyme disease in humans among counties in US endemic regions.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(3):e200319. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.0319
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

MEDICAL EDUCATION

Analysis of Patient-Physician Concordance in the Understanding of Chemotherapy Treatment Plans Among Patients With Cancer

This cross-sectional study investigates patient-physician concordance in the understanding of chemotherapy treatment plans among adult patients with cancer.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(3):e200341. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.0341
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

DIABETES AND ENDOCRINOLOGY

Assessment of a Day Hospital Management Program for Children With Type 1 Diabetes

This quality improvement study evaluates the success of treating children with type 1 diabetes in a day hospital vs a traditional inpatient model.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(3):e200347. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.0347
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

ONCOLOGY

Patient Experience Captured by Quality-of-Life Measurement in Oncology Clinical Trials

This cross-sectional study of published journal articles examines the prevalence of studies that measure patient quality of life at all, and how many of these persist with measurements for the entirety of a patient’s life.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(3):e200363. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.0363
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

ORTHOPEDICS

Trends in Postacute Care Use and Outcomes After Hip and Knee Replacements in Dual-Eligible Medicare and Medicaid Beneficiaries, 2013-2016

This cohort study examines the longitudinal trends in postacute care use and outcomes after hip and knee replacements and in gaps among 3 groups: Medicare-only patients, dual-eligible patients with full Medicaid benefits, and dual-eligible patients with partial Medicaid benefits.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(3):e200368. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.0368
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

PUBLIC HEALTH

Association of Immigrant and Refugee Status With Risk Factors for Exposure to Violent Assault Among Youths and Young Adults in Canada

This cohort study examines the association of immigrant or refugee status and immigration-related factors with the experience of assault among youths and young adults in Ontario, Canada.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(3):e200375. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.0375
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

INFECTIOUS DISEASES

Comparison of Rates of Central Line–Associated Bloodstream Infections in Patients With 1 vs 2 Central Venous Catheters

This cohort study examines rates of central line–associated bloodstream infection (CLABSI) among patients with single vs concurrent central venous catheters to determine variations in risk associated with use of multiple central venous catheters.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(3):e200396. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.0396
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

PEDIATRICS

Association of Childhood Family Connection With Flourishing in Young Adulthood Among Those With Type 1 Diabetes

This cross-sectional study investigates whether levels of childhood family connection are associated with greater flourishing in young adulthood among those with type 1 diabetes and whether this association is present across levels of adverse childhood experiences and childhood social position.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(3):e200427. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.0427
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

ONCOLOGY

Estimates of Overall Survival in Patients With Cancer Receiving Different Treatment Regimens: Emulating Hypothetical Target Trials in the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER)–Medicare Linked Database

This comparative effectiveness study examines the suitability of using SEER-Medicare linked data to assess the overall survival associated with adding a drug to an existing treatment regimen for elderly patients with cancer.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(3):e200452. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.0452
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

PATHOLOGY AND LABORATORY MEDICINE

Comparison of Real-Time Fluorescence Confocal Digital Microscopy With Hematoxylin-Eosin–Stained Sections of Core-Needle Biopsy Specimens

This diagnostic study investigates real-time acquisition of fluorescence confocal microscopy of interventional radiology–guided specimens in the radiology suite and compares accuracy of diagnoses with hematoxylin-eosin (H&E)–stained sections among patients undergoing core-needle biopsy.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(3):e200476. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.0476
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

HEALTH POLICY

Evaluation of Factors Associated With Unmet Needs in Adult Cancer Survivors in Canada

This cross-sectional survey study analyzes findings from a nationwide survey of adult cancer survivors in Canada, including the physical, emotional, and practical concerns and associated unmet needs 1 year or more after the end of treatment.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(3):e200506. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.0506
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

HEALTH INFORMATICS

Assessment of Electronic Health Record Search Patterns and Practices by Practitioners in a Large Integrated Health Care System

This cross-sectional study uses data from a large integrated health care system to assess search patterns and practices among electronic health record users.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(3):e200512. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.0512
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

OPHTHALMOLOGY

Prevalence of Myopic Maculopathy Among Adults in a Russian Population

This case-control study examines the prevalence of myopic maculopathy among individuals aged 40 years or older in rural and urban areas in Russia.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(3):e200567. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.0567
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

PSYCHIATRY

Incidence and Lethality of Suicidal Overdoses by Drug Class

This cross-sectional study investigates the epidemiology of drug poisoning suicides in US state census and national sample data.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(3):e200607. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.0607
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

EMERGENCY MEDICINE

Factors Associated With Potentially Missed Diagnosis of Appendicitis in the Emergency Department

This cohort study uses insurance claims data to compare patients with a potentially missed diagnosis of appendicitis with those diagnosed with appendicitis during the initial emergency department visit to identify factors associated with potentially missed appendicitis among adults and children.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(3):e200612. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.0612
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

PUBLIC HEALTH

Association of Neighborhood Measures of Social Determinants of Health With Breast, Cervical, and Colorectal Cancer Screening Rates in the US Midwest

This cross-sectional study examines the association between area deprivation, rurality, and screening for breast, cervical, and colorectal cancer in patients from an integrated health care delivery system across 3 US Midwest states (Minnesota, Iowa, and Wisconsin).

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(3):e200618. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.0618
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

ONCOLOGY

Association of Disease Progression With Health-Related Quality of Life Among Adults With Breast, Lung, Pancreatic, and Colorectal Cancer

This cohort study examines the association of disease progression and health-related quality of life among adult patients with breast, lung, pancreatic, or colorectal cancer.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(3):e200643. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.0643
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

NUTRITION, OBESITY, AND EXERCISE

Association of Baseline Inflammation With Effectiveness of Nutritional Support Among Patients With Disease-Related Malnutrition: A Secondary Analysis of a Randomized Clinical Trial

This secondary analysis of a randomized clinical trial examines whether patients’ baseline inflammatory status is associated with the effect of nutritional support on 30-day mortality among hospitalized adults.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(3):e200663. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.0663
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

PEDIATRICS

Effects of In-Person Assistance vs Personalized Written Resources About Social Services on Household Social Risks and Child and Caregiver Health: A Randomized Clinical Trial

This randomized clinical trial examined the effect of in-person social services navigation assistance vs a written information sheet on caregiver-reported social risk factors and child and caregiver health.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(3):e200701. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.0701
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

ONCOLOGY

Women’s Representation in Leadership Positions in Academic Medical Oncology, Radiation Oncology, and Surgical Oncology Programs

This cross-sectional study evaluates the representation of women overall and in leadership positions in academic medical oncology, radiation oncology, and surgical oncology programs and assesses the association of women leadership with overall faculty representation of women per program.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(3):e200708. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.0708
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

DERMATOLOGY

Comparison of Accuracy of Patient and Physician Scar Length Estimates Before Mohs Micrographic Surgery for Facial Skin Cancers

This cross-sectional study compares preoperative estimates of scar length by patients and surgeons with the scar length after Mohs micrographic surgery for facial skin cancers.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(3):e200725. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.0725
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

HEALTH POLICY

Changes in Health Insurance Coverage Over Time by Immigration Status Among US Older Adults, 1992-2016

This cohort study compares longitudinal changes in insurance coverage over 24 years of follow-up between recent immigrant, early immigrant, and nonimmigrant adults in the US.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(3):e200731. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.0731
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

NEUROLOGY

Use of Deep Learning to Predict Final Ischemic Stroke Lesions From Initial Magnetic Resonance Imaging

This prognostic study assesses whether a deep learning model can predict final infarct lesions using magnetic resonance images acquired at initial presentation and compares the model with current clinical prediction methods among patients with acute ischemic stroke.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(3):e200772. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.0772
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

EMERGENCY MEDICINE

Temporal Factors Associated With Opioid Prescriptions for Patients With Pain Conditions in an Urban Emergency Department

This cross-sectional study examines the temporal pattern of opioid prescribing for patients with pain conditions in an urban emergency department over a 10-year period.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(3):e200802. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.0802
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

PEDIATRICS

Familial Coaggregation of Asthma and Type 1 Diabetes in Children

This population-based cohort study examines the co-occurrence of asthma and type 1 diabetes, as well as familial aggregation of the diseases, in children.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(3):e200834. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.0834
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

PUBLIC HEALTH

Association of Alcohol Screening Scores With Adverse Mental Health Conditions and Substance Use Among US Adults

This cohort study examines whether alcohol screening provides information regarding alcohol-clustering conditions, including depression, anxiety, and use of tobacco, marijuana, and illicit drugs among US adults.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(3):e200895. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.0895
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

SURGERY

Association of Opioid Use With Pain and Satisfaction After Dental Extraction

This quality improvement study compares patient-reported pain and satisfaction scores within 6 months of a tooth extraction among patients who used vs did not use opioids.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(3):e200901. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.0901
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

PSYCHIATRY

Effect of Low-Frequency Repetitive Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation on Impulse Inhibition in Abstinent Patients With Methamphetamine Addiction: A Randomized Clinical Trial

This randomized clinical trial evaluates changes in impulse inhibition elicited by repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation in patients with methamphetamine addiction.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(3):e200910. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.0910
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

PUBLIC HEALTH

Trends in Parity and Breast Cancer Incidence in US Women Younger Than 40 Years From 1935 to 2015

This cohort study examined incidence of breast cancer among US women aged 25 to 39 years from 1935 to 2015 compared with parity data from the same era to determine if the increase in breast cancer incidence could be explained by a decrease in parity.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(3):e200929. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.0929
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

NUTRITION, OBESITY, AND EXERCISE

Association of Fish Consumption and Mercury Exposure During Pregnancy With Metabolic Health and Inflammatory Biomarkers in Children

This cohort study used data from the Human Early Life Exposome (HELIX) project, a collaboration of 5 European birth cohort studies, to examine the associations of maternal fish consumption and mercury exposure during pregnancy with metabolic health and inflammatory biomarkers in children.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(3):e201007. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.1007
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

SUBSTANCE USE AND ADDICTION

Prevalence and Risk Factors of Nonmedical Prescription Opioid Use Among Transgender Girls and Young Women

This cross-sectional study examines the prevalence and risk factors associated with nonmedical prescription opioid use among transgender women and girls aged 16 to 29 years.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(3):e201015. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.1015
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

SUBSTANCE USE AND ADDICTION

Association of Opioids Prescribed to Family Members With Opioid Overdose Among Adolescents and Young Adults

This cohort study assesses the association of opioids prescribed to family members with pharmaceutical opioid overdose among adolescents and young adults in the United States.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(3):e201018. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.1018
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

HEALTH POLICY

Association of a Lay Health Worker Intervention With Symptom Burden, Survival, Health Care Use, and Total Costs Among Medicare Enrollees With Cancer

This quality improvement study examines the association of a lay health worker–led symptom screening and referral intervention with symptom burden, survival, health care use, and total costs among Medicare Advantage enrollees with a new diagnosis of solid or hematologic malignant neoplasms.

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JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(3):e201023. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.1023
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

PHYSICAL MEDICINE AND REHABILITATION

Assessment of Patient Ambulation Profiles to Predict Hospital Readmission, Discharge Location, and Length of Stay in a Cardiac Surgery Progressive Care Unit

This prognostic cohort study evaluates novel ambulation metrics in predicting 30-day readmission rates, discharge location, and length of stay using a real-time location system to continuously monitor the voluntary ambulations of postoperative cardiac surgery patients.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(3):e201074. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.1074
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

PEDIATRICS

Time Trends and Sociodemographic Factors Associated With Overweight and Obesity in Children and Adolescents in Spain

This cohort study examines how time trends in the prevalence and incidence of overweight and obesity among children and adolescents in Spain differ by age, sex, socioeconomic status, urban/rural residence, and nationality.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(3):e201171. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.1171
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

PUBLIC HEALTH

Estimated Worldwide Mortality Attributed to Secondhand Tobacco Smoke Exposure, 1990-2016

This cross-sectional epidemiologic assessment calculates the number of individuals who smoke associated with the death of 1 individual who does not smoke and assesses trends in this number from 1990 to 2016.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(3):e201177. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.1177
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

PEDIATRICS

Differences in White Matter Microstructure Among Children With Developmental Coordination Disorder

This cross-sectional study uses diffusion tensor imaging to examine microstructural differences in white matter among children with vs without developmental coordination disorder.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(3):e201184. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.1184
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SUBSTANCE USE AND ADDICTION

Prevalence of and Risk Factors Associated With Nonfatal Overdose Among Veterans Who Have Experienced Homelessness

This survey study examines the prevalence of and risk factors associated with nonfatal drug or alcohol overdose among veterans who have experienced homelessness.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(3):e201190. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.1190
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PEDIATRICS

Cognitive Outcomes of Young Children After Prenatal Exposure to Medications for Opioid Use Disorder: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis

This systematic review and meta-analysis examines the strength and consistency of findings in the medical literature regarding the association of prenatal exposure to methadone and buprenorphine with early childhood cognitive developmental, particularly when accounting for variables outside opioid exposure.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(3):e201195. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.1195
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

HEALTH POLICY

Assessment of Differences in Inpatient Rehabilitation Services for Length of Stay and Health Outcomes Between US Medicare Advantage and Traditional Medicare Beneficiaries

This cross-sectional study measures the differences in length of stay at inpatient rehabilitation services and health outcomes between traditional Medicare and Medicare Advantage beneficiaries.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(3):e201204. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.1204
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

HEALTH POLICY

Association of Mental Health Disorders With Health Care Spending in the Medicare Population

This cohort study determines the proportion and degree of total spending directly associated with mental health conditions vs spending on other non–mental health conditions among Medicare beneficiaries in the US.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(3):e201210. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.1210
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

ONCOLOGY

Efficacy and Safety of Apatinib Plus Vinorelbine in Patients With Wild-Type Advanced Non–Small Cell Lung Cancer After Second-Line Treatment Failure: A Nonrandomized Clinical Trial

This nonrandomized clinical trial examines the efficacy and safety of apatinib plus vinorelbine in patients in China with wild-type advanced non–small cell lung cancer (NCSLC) that was resistant to 2 or more lines of chemotherapy.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(3):e201226. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.1226
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

ONCOLOGY

Association of Sociodemographic and Health-Related Factors With Receipt of Nondefinitive Therapy Among Younger Men With High-Risk Prostate Cancer

This cohort study identifies sociodemographic and health-related factors associated with receipt of nondefinitive therapy among patients aged 70 years and younger with high-risk prostate cancer.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(3):e201255. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.1255
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

HEALTH INFORMATICS

Validation of an Electronic Health Record–Based Suicide Risk Prediction Modeling Approach Across Multiple Health Care Systems

This prognostic study evaluates the performance of a risk prediction method using data from electronic health records to predict incident suicide attempts across multiple US health care systems.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(3):e201262. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.1262
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

SURGERY

Association Between Adherence to Evidence-Based Practices for Treatment of Patients With Traumatic Rib Fractures and Mortality Rates Among US Trauma Centers

This cohort study examines adherence to 6 evidence-based practices for patients with rib fractures in US trauma centers as well as its association with mortality.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(3):e201316. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.1316
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

INFECTIOUS DISEASES

Respiratory and Nonrespiratory Diagnoses Associated With Influenza in Hospitalized Adults

This cross-sectional study examines the respiratory and nonrespiratory diagnoses reported for US adults hospitalized with laboratory-confirmed influenza between 2010 and 2018.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(3):e201323. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.1323
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DIABETES AND ENDOCRINOLOGY

Assessment of Thyroid Function in Patients With Alkaptonuria

This cohort study examines thyroid function and structure in patients with alkaptonuria.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(3):e201357. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.1357
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

CARDIOLOGY

Association of Cardiac Rehabilitation With Survival Among US Veterans

This cohort study examines 1-year mortality and 1-year readmission rates for myocardial infarction or coronary revascularization for US veterans participating in Veterans Health Administration vs non–Veterans Health Administration cardiac rehabilitation programs.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(3):e201396. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.1396
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HEALTH INFORMATICS

Association of the Meaningful Use Electronic Health Record Incentive Program With Health Information Technology Venture Capital Funding

This economic evaluation study examines whether the passage of the Health Information Technology for Economic and Clinical Health Act was associated with an increase in key measures of health care information technology entrepreneurship.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(3):e201402. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.1402
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ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH

Association Between Maternal Exposure to Magnetic Field Nonionizing Radiation During Pregnancy and Risk of Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder in Offspring in a Longitudinal Birth Cohort

This cohort study examines whether maternal exposure to high levels of magnetic field nonionizing radiation is associated with a higher risk of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in offspring.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(3):e201417. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.1417
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UROLOGY

Placebo Responses Among Men With Erectile Dysfunction Enrolled in Phosphodiesterase 5 Inhibitor Trials: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis

This systematic review and meta-analysis assesses whether there is an association between placebo and erectile dysfunction outcomes among men enrolled in placebo-controlled, phosphodiesterase 5 inhibitor trials.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(3):e201423. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.1423
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GERIATRICS

Prevalence of Diabetes Medication Intensifications in Older Adults Discharged From US Veterans Health Administration Hospitals

This cohort study estimates the prevalence of diabetes medication intensification and the likelihood of benefit associated with medication intensification among older adults hospitalized in a Veterans Health Administration hospital.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(3):e201511. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.1511
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NEUROLOGY

Association Between Hormone-Modulating Breast Cancer Therapies and Incidence of Neurodegenerative Outcomes for Women With Breast Cancer

This cohort study uses the Humana claims data set to examine whether exposure to hormone-modulating therapy is associated with the risk of neurodegenerative disease in women with breast cancer.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(3):e201541. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.1541
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OBSTETRICS AND GYNECOLOGY

Cost-effectiveness of Mifepristone Pretreatment for the Medical Management of Nonviable Early Pregnancy: Secondary Analysis of a Randomized Clinical Trial

This economic evaluation assesses the cost-effectiveness of medical management of early pregnancy loss with mifepristone pretreatment plus misoprostol vs misoprostol alone in the United States.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(3):e201594. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.1594
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

PUBLIC HEALTH

Association Between Socioeconomic Status and Asthma-Related Emergency Department Visits Among World Trade Center Rescue and Recovery Workers and Survivors

This cohort study explores the association between socioeconomic status and asthma-related visits to the emergency department (ED) among individuals enrolled in the World Trade Center Health Registry.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(3):e201600. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.1600
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

PSYCHIATRY

Association of Race and Ethnicity With Late-Life Depression Severity, Symptom Burden, and Care

This cross-sectional study examines racial/ethnic differences in depression severity, symptom burden, and care among older community-dwelling adults in the United States.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(3):e201606. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.1606
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ONCOLOGY

Immune Checkpoint Inhibitors and Immune-Related Adverse Events in Patients With Advanced Melanoma: A Systematic Review and Network Meta-analysis

This systematic review and meta-analysis evaluates the immune checkpoint inhibitor regimens used along with the incidence of adverse events reported in randomized clinical trials for treatment of advanced melanoma.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(3):e201611. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.1611
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

ONCOLOGY

Assessment of Effectiveness and Safety of Osimertinib for Patients With Intracranial Metastatic Disease: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis

This systematic review and meta-analysis assesses the effectiveness and safety of osimertinib in the management of intracranial metastatic disease.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(3):e201617. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.1617
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HEALTH INFORMATICS

Evaluation of Deep Learning Models for Identifying Surgical Actions and Measuring Performance

This quality improvement study presents a machine learning framework for assessing surgical video clips by categorizing them based on the surgical step being performed and the level of the surgeon’s competence.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(3):e201664. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.1664
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HEALTH POLICY

Comparison of US Federal and Foundation Funding of Research for Sickle Cell Disease and Cystic Fibrosis and Factors Associated With Research Productivity

This cross-sectional study compares disease-specific federal and foundation funding for sickle cell disease and cystic fibrosis research and assesses the factors associated with research productivity.

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JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(3):e201737. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.1737
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF CME & MOC

CRITICAL CARE MEDICINE

Effect of Default Options in Advance Directives on Hospital-Free Days and Care Choices Among Seriously Ill Patients: A Randomized Clinical Trial

This randomized clinical trial examines whether default options in advance directives influence care choices and clinical outcomes among seriously ill patients.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(3):e201742. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.1742
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HEALTH POLICY

The Views and Experiences of Clinicians Sharing Medical Record Notes With Patients

This survey study assesses views and experiences with sharing clinical notes (open notes) with patients among several types of clinician.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(3):e201753. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.1753
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ONCOLOGY

Assessment of Radiologist Performance in Breast Cancer Screening Using Digital Breast Tomosynthesis vs Digital Mammography

This cohort study evaluates radiologists’ recall and cancer detection rates before and after beginning interpretation of digital breast tomosynthesis examinations.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(3):e201759. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.1759
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HEMATOLOGY

Association of Blood Type With Postsurgical Mucosal Bleeding in Pediatric Patients Undergoing Tonsillectomy With or Without Adenoidectomy

This cohort study examines whether blood type O is associated with hemorrhage after tonsillectomy with or without adenoidectomy in children.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(3):e201804. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.1804
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HEALTH POLICY

Health Care Utilization, Care Satisfaction, and Health Status for Medicare Advantage and Traditional Medicare Beneficiaries With and Without Alzheimer Disease and Related Dementias

This cohort study examines differences in health care utilization, care satisfaction, and health status for US Medicare Advantage and traditional Medicare beneficiaries with and without Alzheimer disease and related dementias.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(3):e201809. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.1809
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UROLOGY

Geographic Distribution of Racial Differences in Prostate Cancer Mortality

This cohort study examines differences in prostate cancer mortality in white vs black men stratified by geographic region.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(3):e201839. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.1839
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UROLOGY

Estimated Costs Associated With Radiation Therapy for Positive Surgical Margins During Radical Prostatectomy

This cohort study estimates the financial costs associated with a positive surgical margin during radical prostatectomy according to the odds of undergoing adjuvant radiation therapy.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(3):e201913. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.1913
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INFECTIOUS DISEASES

The Effect of Improving Basic Preventive Measures in the Perioperative Arena on Staphylococcus aureus Transmission and Surgical Site Infections: A Randomized Clinical Trial

This randomized clinical trial assesses whether improved basic preventive measures can reduce perioperative Staphylococcus aureus transmission and surgical site infection.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(3):e201934. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.1934
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PSYCHIATRY

Factors Associated With Mental Health Outcomes Among Health Care Workers Exposed to Coronavirus Disease 2019

This cross-sectional study assesses the magnitude of mental health consequences and associated factors among health care workers treating patients exposed to coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) in China.

has active quiz has audio
JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(3):e203976. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.3976
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open access Editorial

USPSTF’s Hepatitis C Screening Recommendation—A Necessary Step to Tackling an Evolving Epidemic

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JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(3):e200538. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.0538
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JAMA Network Open—The Year in Review, 2019

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(3):e203017. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.3017
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open access Invited Commentary

GASTROENTEROLOGY AND HEPATOLOGY

Assessment of Treatment Cost-effectiveness Using a Colorectal Cancer Mutation Profile

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(3):e1919991. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.19991
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IMAGING

The Path to Implementation of Artificial Intelligence in Screening Mammography Is Not All That Clear

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(3):e200282. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.0282
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INFECTIOUS DISEASES

Challenges in Predicting Lyme Disease Risk

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(3):e200328. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.0328
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ONCOLOGY

Importance of Quality-of-Life Measurement Throughout the Disease Course

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(3):e200388. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.0388
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INFECTIOUS DISEASES

How Should Surveillance Systems Account for Concurrent Intravascular Catheters?

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(3):e200400. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.0400
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SUBSTANCE USE AND ADDICTION

Tobacco Use in High-Risk Populations

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(3):e200474. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.0474
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ONCOLOGY

Ongoing Gender Inequity in Leadership Positions of Academic Oncology Programs: The Broken Pipeline

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(3):e200691. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.0691
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PEDIATRICS

Implementation Considerations for Social Determinants of Health Screening and Referral Interventions

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(3):e200693. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.0693
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SUBSTANCE USE AND ADDICTION

The Role of the Household in Prescription Opioid Safety

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(3):e201108. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.1108
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EMERGENCY MEDICINE

Opioid Deprescribing in Emergency Medicine—A Tool in an Expanding Toolkit

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(3):e201129. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.1129
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PSYCHIATRY

New Evidence to Help to Prevent Lethal Outcomes in Intentional Overdoses

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(3):e201131. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.1131
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PUBLIC HEALTH

Violence Against Immigrant Youth in Canada: Why More Research Is Needed

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(3):e201456. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.1456
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GERIATRICS

The Challenges of Diabetes Medication Management at Hospital Discharge in Older Adults

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(3):e201500. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.1500
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SURGERY

Rib Fractures, the Evidence Supporting Their Management, and Adherence to That Evidence Base

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(3):e201591. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.1591
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HEALTH POLICY

Implications of Medicare Advantage for Patients With Alzheimer Disease and Related Dementias

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(3):e201853. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.1853
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UROLOGY

Racial Regional Variations in Prostate Cancer Survival Must Be Viewed in the Context of Overall Racial Disparities in Prostate Cancer

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(3):e201854. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.1854
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UROLOGY

Financial Impact of Positive Surgical Margins During Radical Prostatectomy and the Odds of Receiving Adjuvant Radiation Therapy

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(3):e201894. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.1894
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INFECTIOUS DISEASES

Bundled Interventions to Reduce Surgical Site Infections Are Effective and Urgently Needed

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(3):e201895. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.1895
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DIABETES AND ENDOCRINOLOGY

Small Data Challenges of Studying Rare Diseases

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(3):e201965. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.1965
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PSYCHIATRY

Exercising Heart and Head in Managing Coronavirus Disease 2019 in Wuhan

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JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(3):e204006. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.4006
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF CME & MOC
open access Research Letter

CARDIOLOGY

Assessment of an Algorithm for Prescription of Oral Anticoagulation for Patients With Atrial Fibrillation in Emergency Departments

This retrospective study uses a Canadian reporting system to validate an algorithm that identifies oral anticoagulation prescriptions given to patients with atrial fibrillation treated in emergency departments.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(3):e200306. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.0306
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PUBLIC HEALTH

Assessment of Biomarker Testing for Lung Cancer Screening Eligibility

This exploratory study analyzes the cost-effectiveness of incorporating biomarkers into eligibility assessment for lung screening.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(3):e200409. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.0409
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NEUROLOGY

Distilling Heterogeneity of Mild Cognitive Impairment in the National Alzheimer Coordinating Center Database Using Latent Profile Analysis

This cohort study uses latent profile analysis to examine the variation in mild cognitive impairment among participants in the National Alzheimer Coordinating Center (NACC) database.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(3):e200413. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.0413
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ONCOLOGY

Estimation of the Percentage of US Patients With Cancer Who Are Eligible for Immune Checkpoint Inhibitor Drugs

This cross-sectional study estimates the percentage of US patients with cancer who are eligible for immune checkpoint inhibitor drugs.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(3):e200423. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.0423
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SUBSTANCE USE AND ADDICTION

Prevalence of Tobacco Use Among Rural-Dwelling Individuals Who Inject Drugs

This cross-sectional study assesses the prevalence of smoking through a multisite survey of individuals aged 15 years or older living in rural Wisconsin who inject drugs.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(3):e200493. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.0493
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HEALTH POLICY

Association Between the Proportion of Women on a Conference Planning Committee and the Proportion of Women Speakers at Medical Conferences

This cross-sectional study examines the association of the proportion of women on a medical conference planning committee with the proportion of women speakers at the conference.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(3):e200677. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.0677
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ONCOLOGY

Effect of Acupuncture vs Sham Procedure on Chemotherapy-Induced Peripheral Neuropathy Symptoms: A Randomized Clinical Trial

This randomized clinical trial investigates the effect of acupuncture vs a sham procedure or usual care for chemotherapy-induced peripheral neuropathy symptoms.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(3):e200681. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.0681
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ONCOLOGY

Changes in Length and Complexity of Clinical Practice Guidelines in Oncology, 1996-2019

This cross-sectional study calculates the increase in clinical cancer knowledge represented in the National Comprehensive Cancer Network (NCCN) Clinical Practice Guidelines from 1996 to 2019.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(3):e200841. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.0841
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NUTRITION, OBESITY, AND EXERCISE

Association of Exposure to Communities With High Obesity With Body Type Norms and Obesity Risk Among Teenagers

This cross-sectional study examines whether teenagers’ exposure to communities with high obesity rates is associated with ideal body type and risk of obesity.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(3):e200846. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.0846
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HEALTH POLICY

Association of Declines in End-of-Life Health Care Costs With Fee-for-Service Enrollee Per Capita Expenditures

This cross-sectional study assesses the association between end-of-life health care costs and fee-for-service Medicare spending and examines whether expenditures attributed to decedents have changed over time.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(3):e200861. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.0861
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

PUBLIC HEALTH

Age at First Experience of Gender Dysphoria Among Transgender Adults Seeking Gender-Affirming Surgery

This cross-sectional study examines the age at which US transgender adults first experienced gender dysphoria and the number of life-years that transgender adults lived with untreated gender dysphoria and its comorbidities before seeking gender-affirming surgery.

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JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(3):e201236. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.1236
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MEDICAL JOURNALS AND PUBLISHING

Representation of Women in Authorship and Dissemination of Analyses of Physician Compensation

This cross-sectional study examines the representation of women in authorship and dissemination of analyses of physician compensation.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(3):e201330. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.1330
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OTOLARYNGOLOGY

Factors Associated With Patient Satisfaction After Nasal Breathing Surgery

This cohort study examines subjective patient-reported outcomes after nasal breathing surgery and identifies factors associated with patients’ perception of the procedure’s value.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(3):e201409. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.1409
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

EMERGENCY MEDICINE

Traumatic Injuries Associated With Standing Motorized Scooters

This cross-sectional study assesses the incidence and severity of traumatic injuries associated with motorized scooters, as well as the associated use of protective devices and intoxicants.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(3):e201925. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.1925
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INFECTIOUS DISEASES

Possible Transmission of Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) in a Public Bath Center in Huai’an, Jiangsu Province, China

This case series reports a cluster-spreading event in Huai’an, Jiangsu Province, China, in which a patient with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) may have transmitted severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) to 8 healthy individuals.

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JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(3):e204583. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.4583
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF CME & MOC
open access Peer Reviewers List

JAMA Network Open Peer Reviewers in 2019

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(3):e200465. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.0465
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open access Correction

Error in Conclusions

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(3):e201568. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.1568
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Errors in Abstract, Results, and Table

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(3):e202596. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.2596
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Error in Results Section

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(3):e204401. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.4401
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Error in Author Affiliations

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(3):e204429. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.4429
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open access JAMA Network Open Masthead

JAMA Network Open

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(3):e200960. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.0960
Abstract Full Text
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