This case series delineates and compares the immunologic features of mild and moderate coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) in pediatric patients.
This cohort study investigates the prevalence, causes, and clinical implications of hypokalemia, including its possible association with treatment outcomes, among patients with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) in Wenzhou, China.
This systematic review and meta-analysis examines the prevalence of reported gastrointestinal symptoms in patients with coronavirus disease 2019 and of viral RNA shedding detected in these patients’ stool.
This cohort study examines the association between climate and the spread of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) infection.
This case series describes the clinical characteristics and outcomes of patients with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) at a health system in metropolitan Detroit, Michigan, and provides a comparative analysis of hospitalized and ambulatory patient populations.
This survey study examines the association of sociodemographic characteristics with reported incidence, knowledge, and behavior regarding coronavirus disease 2019 among US adults.
This systematic review examines US state guidelines for ventilator allocation decision-making during the coronavirus disease 2019 pandemic.
This case series study examines measures implemented in a community in China to restrict the spread of coronavirus disease 2019.
This randomized clinical trial evaluates the effect of treatment with colchicine on cardiac and inflammatory biomarkers and clinical outcomes in patients hospitalized with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19).
This survey study evaluates whether new uptake of flavored e-cigarettes is more strongly associated with subsequent smoking initiation and cessation than uptake of unflavored e-cigarettes, separately for youths, emerging adults, and prime-age adults.
This survey study of adults aged 18 to 44 years examines trends in reported frequency of sexual activity and number of sexual partners and the association between measures of sexual activity and sociodemographic variables.
This cross-sectional study assesses trends in current e-cigarette use by socioeconomic position among individuals who have quit smoking for at least 1 year, captures postcessation initiation among those who quit within the past year and did not use an e-cigarette in their most recent quit attempt and among those who quit smoking before 2011.
This cluster randomized trial evaluates the effectiveness of Mouth Care Without a Battle, a program that increases staff knowledge and attitudes regarding oral hygiene, changes oral care, and improves oral hygiene, in reducing the incidence of pneumonia among nursing home residents.
This study reports the development and validation of a population risk algorithm that predicts the 10-year incidence of the first major chronic disease in an adult population.
This cohort study assesses the associations of ENDS use with cigarette smoking relapse among adult former cigarette smokers.
This cohort study assesses the association of elevation in glycated hemoglobin level with the risk of pancreatic cancer.
This cross-sectional study of 910 Indigenous Australian adults examines incidence of and demographic patterns in oral human papillomavirus (HPV) infection.
This comparative effectiveness study examines the association of bariatric interventions with micronutrient deficiencies and endocrine disturbances.
This cohort study describes population-based trends in neonatal intensive care unit admissions and patient-days, readmissions, and mortality rates in the birth population of a large integrated health care system.
This randomized clinical trial examines whether sildenafil reduces the risk of perinatal mortality or morbidity vs placebo in children of pregnant women with severe early onset fetal growth restriction.
This cross-sectional study examines how facial paralysis is associated with perception of attractiveness, femininity or masculinity, and personality.
This cohort study explores whether objectively measured lifestyle factors, such as physical activity, conversation, and sleep, are associated with cortical amyloid burden and cerebral glucose metabolism in older adults with mild cognitive impairment.
This cross-sectional study examines whether work requirements in the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) are associated with lower program participation rates and whether there are racial/ethnic disparities or spillover effects for people with disabilities.
This cohort study compares the performances of a deep learning survival neural network with a tumor, node, and metastasis staging system in the prediction of survival.
This cohort study examines the association of benzodiazepine or benzodiazepine-like hypnotic (z-hypnotics) exposure with immediate birth outcomes among pregnant women in Norway.
This survey study assesses the frequency and types of errors identified by patients who read open ambulatory visit notes.
This cross-sectional study examines patient sociodemographic characteristics, technology access, and potential in-person visit barriers to assess the association between patient characteristics and telemedicine vs in-person health care visits.
This cohort study investigates hospital readmission and mortality outcomes after hospital discharge against medical advice.
This cohort study evaluates potential risk factors and precipitants associated with severe disability that develops progressively (during ≥2 months) vs catastrophically (from 1 month to the next) in older adults.
This case series study examines the types of survey data available on cannabis use among aming US adults and adolescents.
This cohort study traces the biological responses and associated phenotypes of an upbringing in a socially and economically disadvantaged environment.
This cohort study in Taiwan compares the clinical outcomes of warfarin use and non–vitamin K antagonist oral anticoagulant use in patients with atrial fibrillation with a history of intracranial hemorrhage using a nationwide cohort with atrial fibrillation.
This cohort study evaluates the risk of all-cause and cause-specific mortality among nondaily and daily cigarette smokers, by cigarettes per month, years after reducing from daily to nondaily smoking, and years since quitting.
This secondary analysis of a randomized clinical trial compares the effect on pediatric acute care utilization of a written resources handout vs an in-person navigation service intervention to address family social needs.
This randomized clinical trial examines suvorexant vs placebo as a daytime sleep aid among shift workers.
This cross-sectional study examines the relative frequency of etiologies of papilledema and describes the clinical and demographic differences between patients with idiopathic intracranial hypertension and other causes of papilledema.
This secondary analysis of a randomized clinical trial evaluates how lifestyle factors, including smoking, alcohol intake, and diet, may change the risk of gastric cancer (GC) incidence and mortality and whether the effects of vitamin and garlic supplementation on GC are associated with major lifestyle factors.
This cohort study examines the association between childhood experiences of placement in out-of-home care and trajectories of hospitalization because of suicide attempts from early into late adulthood in Sweden.
This cohort study uses data from Danish health registers to generate estimates of years of life lost and life-years lost and to use these alternative measurement approaches to assess whether specific mental disorders are associated with premature mortality in the Danish population.
This prognostic study examines the extent to which a machine learning approach, using gradient-boosted decision trees, can predict acute improvement in individual depressive symptoms with antidepressants based on pretreatment symptom scores and electroencephalographic measures.
This cross-sectional study models the association of spiritual and religious constructs with patient-reported outcomes of anxiety, depressive symptoms, fatigue, and pain interference.
This cross-sectional study examines the patterns of opioid prescribing among non–US-born individuals in the US.
This qualitative study uses aggregated root cause analysis data to identify themes associated with health information technology–related outpatient diagnostic delays within a large, integrated health care system.
This cohort study evaluates whether racial/ethnic disparities in key care practices and major outcomes changed among extremely preterm infants from 2002 to 2016 at centers participating in the Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development Neonatal Research Network.
This randomized clinical trial examines the efficacy of individual or group telephone counseling vs an educational control for weight loss maintenance among individuals in rural communities in the US.
This qualitative study uses medical record–stimulated recall to examine primary care clinicians’ decision-making on stopping cancer screening in specific older patients with limited life expectancy.
This randomized clinical trial examines whether D-cycloserine administration augments exposure therapy for adults with social anxiety disorder.
This survey study examines the possible association between internet addiction and nonsuicidal self-injury in adolescents in China.
This cross-sectional study evaluates the association of Medicaid expansion under the Affordable Care Act with changes in use of contraception among patients at risk of pregnancy receiving care at US community health centers.
This cohort study evaluates whether an association exists between myocardial injury assessed with cardiac magnetic resonance imaging and the release of serum procalcitonin in patients with acute ST-elevation myocardial infarction who are treated with primary percutaneous coronary intervention.
This cohort study investigates the association between nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) use and survival in patients with head and neck squamous cell carcinoma treated with chemoradiation therapy (CRT) at a single institution between 2005 and 2017.
This cohort study evaluates the association between programmed cell death ligand 1 testing and first-line immune checkpoint inhibitor use in patients with advanced non–small cell lung cancer.
This cohort study uses data from the Women’s Health Initiative study to compare the prognostic features and mortality rate of women with interval breast cancers diagnosed within 1 year or between 1 and 2.5 years of a mammogram with negative results with the prognostic features and mortality rate of women with breast cancers detected by screening.
This randomized clinical trial examines the effectiveness of an 18-month multifaceted intervention incorporating behavioral counseling, care coordination, and care management for overall cardiovascular risk reduction in adults with serious mental illness.
This systematic review and meta-analysis assess the rate and patient-level factors associated with increased risks of prolonged use of opioid medications after surgery.
This comparative effectiveness analysis of commercial administrative claims uses propensity score matching to investigate the effectiveness of medical therapy for reducing risk of perianal fistulizing complications among young people with Crohn disease.
This cross-sectional study examines the association between electronic health record use and fatigue and efficiency among intensive care unit physicians completing a simulation activity in a prominent electronic health record.
This randomized clinical trial investigates the safety and efficacy of oral apixaban vs subcutaneous enoxaparin for postoperative thromboprophylaxis in patients with gynecologic cancer.
This cohort study compares the rates of fractures associated with obesity among bariatric surgery–eligible patients who did not undergo surgery, patients who underwent Roux-en-Y gastric bypass, and patients who underwent sleeve gastrectomy.
This cohort study of Medicare beneficiaries undergoing general, vascular, and gynecologic surgery assesses how adjustment for dual eligibility for Medicare and Medicaid is associated with risk-adjusted readmission rates after surgery.
This cross-sectional study investigates whether there are regional disparities in prior authorization requirements for combined tenofovir disoproxil fumarate and emtricitabine with qualified health plans and assesses if any qualified health plan characteristics explain the disparities.
This cross-sectional study assesses the feasibility of linking neuropathology data to social determinants of health by evaluating the association between neighborhood disadvantage and Alzheimer disease–related neuropathology among decedents in Wisconsin and California.
This cross-sectional study uses data from the National Ambulatory Medical Care Survey from 2005-2016 to assess continued and new physician prescribing of muscle relaxants in the United States.
This cross-sectional study estimates rates of prevalence of asthma among a diverse sample of US children and adolescents with developmental delay and/or disability.
This cross-sectional study characterizes the early use of California’s extreme risk protection order (ERPO) policy by providing an aggregate, statewide description of ERPOs, the individuals subject to them, and petitioners.
This prognostic study assesses the development and validation of a clinical prediction tool to estimate the uptake of seasonal influenza vaccine among at-risk adults in England from primary care data.
This cohort study assesses the associations between low to moderate alcohol drinking and cognitive function trajectories or rates of cognitive decline from middle to older age in a nationally representative sample of US adults.
This randomized clinical trial evaluates whether nocturnal oxygen therapy (NOT) prevents nocturnal hypoxemia and breathing disturbances among lowlanders with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) in the first night of a stay at 2048 m and reduces the incidence of altitude-related adverse health effects.
This cohort study compares overall life expectancy and comorbidity-free life expectancy by HIV status for insured adults with and without HIV infection from 2000 to 2016 in the US.
This survey study assesses the association of burnout, professional fulfillment, and self-care practices of physician leaders with their independently assessed leadership behaviors.
This population-based cohort study assesses the risk of developing diabetic retinopathy after cataract surgery among individuals with diabetes in Singapore.
This cohort study analyzes the cost implications for Medicare of direct-acting antiviral medications used by beneficiaries with or without hepatitis C–related liver disease.
This cross-sectional study assesses the use of general and specialized primary care, medical specialty, and mental health services among patients at high risk of hospitalization in the Veterans Health Administration.
This cohort study examines the risk of cardiovascular death and sudden cardiac death associated with use of azithromycin vs amoxicillin.
This systematic review and meta-analysis examines the association between perirectal hydrogel spacer placement and clinical outcomes of men receiving radiotherapy for prostate cancer.
This systematic review summarizes the association of climate change, including heat, ozone, and fine particulate matter, with adverse pregnancy outcomes, such as preterm birth, low birth weight, and stillbirth, in the US.
This secondary analysis of cross-sectional studies assesses the relative mortality trends associated with mammographic screening and postsurgical adjuvant endocrine therapy and chemotherapy among women with early breast cancer in Victoria, Australia.
This prognostic study examines participants’ scores on 8 screening tools to identify drivers who are potentially unsafe compared with on-road driving test scores.
This meta-analysis and systemic review assess combined cognitive behavioral therapy and pharmacotherapy for alcohol or other substance use disorders in adults.
This cross-sectional study assesses the extent to which potential best practices, including those from tobacco control, were incorporated into state and local marijuana policy in California.
This cohort study uses data from the Great Smoky Mountains Study to examine whether despair among young adults is associated with suicidal thoughts and behavior, alcohol misuse, and drug misuse.
This systematic review assesses the need for considering overestimation of treatment effect by applying 2 bias-adjusted estimators to previously published, early-terminated oncology clinical trials.
This cohort study compares baseline characteristics and mortality risk in patients with peripheral artery disease who reported high levels of stress vs those who did not report such levels of stress.
This cross-sectional study examines the worldwide temporal trends of thyroid cancer according to geographic location, sex, age, and socioeconomic index.
This systematic review and meta-analysis examines the prevalence of depression in adolescent and adult offspring of mothers who experience antenatal and postnatal depression.
This case-control study uses data from 2001 to 2017 to assess the transmission of Clostridioides difficile infection in family members in a household with another family member with primary C difficile infection.
This qualitative study identifies health-related discussion in Twitter posts mentioning a statin and analyzes the content within these posts.
This cohort study examines the association between older age (≥75 years) and the risk of postcolonoscopy complications in a sample of outpatients in Ontario, Canada.
This cross-sectional study evaluates the proportion of US adults who purchase prescription medications in other countries and the patient factors associated with the behavior.
This cohort study evaluates the association of spine surgery with modification of opioid availability postoperatively.
This cohort study investigates how the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic is associated with national enrollment in cancer clinical trials.
This cohort study assesses anxiety, depression, mood, and fear of workplace violence in a cohort of young physicians in China before and during the coronavirus disease 2019 outbreak.
This cohort study examines the association of thromboelastographic results with hypercoagulability among patients with coronavirus disease 2019 who have been admitted to an intensive care unit.
This cohort study investigates the documentation of psychiatric symptoms in narrative clinical notes as coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) prevalence increased in eastern Massachusetts.
This prognostic study compares the diagnostic equivalence of patient-collected lower nasal specimens with that of health care worker–collected oropharyngeal specimens for severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) testing.
This quality improvement study examines the effects of sterilization with hydrogen peroxide and a chlorine dioxide solution on the filtration efficiency of N95, KN95, and surgical face masks.
This decision analytical model study examines the feasibility of using pool testing to identify patients with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) in a setting with limited testing availability.
This cohort study investigates whether MUC16 variation could be a useful biomarker for immune checkpoint inhibitor (ICI) therapy.
This cohort study assesses for temporal selection bias in patients with lung, breast, colorectal, pancreatic, or urothelial cancer from a single institution who had tumor profiling using a next-generation sequencing protocol between 2013 and 2017.
This survey study assesses the perceptions of e-cigarettes among current smokers in England before and after the US outbreak of vaping-associated lung injury.
This cross-sectional survey assesses the association of perceived electronic health record usability with patient interaction and work-life integration among US physicians.
This cohort study assesses the use of patient-reported vs physician-estimated angina in patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention.
This cross-sectional study examined whether the US Affordable Care Act (ACA) Marketplace was associated with changes in primary care spending and use.
This survey study assesses public opinions on banning the sale of unsafe products, their attention to warning labels, and their beliefs about crib bumpers.
This cross-sectional study uses data from the 2013-2018 National Health Interview Survey to examine the association between enrollment in a high-deductible health plan and access to care among cancer survivors differentiated by race/ethnicity.
This cross-sectional study assesses the level of electronic health record (EHR) and prescription drug monitoring program integration in hospitals in US counties with vs without high opioid prescribing rates.
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