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July 2020 - May 2018

Decade

Year

Issue

June 2020, Vol 3, No. 6

open access Original Investigation

PEDIATRICS

Clinical and Immune Features of Hospitalized Pediatric Patients With Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) in Wuhan, China

This case series delineates and compares the immunologic features of mild and moderate coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) in pediatric patients.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(6):e2010895. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.10895
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

INFECTIOUS DISEASES

Assessment of Hypokalemia and Clinical Characteristics in Patients With Coronavirus Disease 2019 in Wenzhou, China

This cohort study investigates the prevalence, causes, and clinical implications of hypokalemia, including its possible association with treatment outcomes, among patients with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) in Wenzhou, China.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(6):e2011122. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.11122
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

GASTROENTEROLOGY AND HEPATOLOGY

Prevalence of Gastrointestinal Symptoms and Fecal Viral Shedding in Patients With Coronavirus Disease 2019: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis

This systematic review and meta-analysis examines the prevalence of reported gastrointestinal symptoms in patients with coronavirus disease 2019 and of viral RNA shedding detected in these patients’ stool.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(6):e2011335. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.11335
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

INFECTIOUS DISEASES

Temperature, Humidity, and Latitude Analysis to Estimate Potential Spread and Seasonality of Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19)

This cohort study examines the association between climate and the spread of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) infection.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(6):e2011834. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.11834
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

INFECTIOUS DISEASES

Clinical Characteristics and Morbidity Associated With Coronavirus Disease 2019 in a Series of Patients in Metropolitan Detroit

This case series describes the clinical characteristics and outcomes of patients with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) at a health system in metropolitan Detroit, Michigan, and provides a comparative analysis of hospitalized and ambulatory patient populations.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(6):e2012270. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.12270
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

HEALTH POLICY

Disparities in Coronavirus 2019 Reported Incidence, Knowledge, and Behavior Among US Adults

This survey study examines the association of sociodemographic characteristics with reported incidence, knowledge, and behavior regarding coronavirus disease 2019 among US adults.

has active quiz
JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(6):e2012403. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.12403
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF CME & MOC

CRITICAL CARE MEDICINE

Variation in Ventilator Allocation Guidelines by US State During the Coronavirus Disease 2019 Pandemic: A Systematic Review

This systematic review examines US state guidelines for ventilator allocation decision-making during the coronavirus disease 2019 pandemic.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(6):e2012606. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.12606
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

PUBLIC HEALTH

Assessment of Coronavirus Disease 2019 Community Containment Strategies in Shenzhen, China

This case series study examines measures implemented in a community in China to restrict the spread of coronavirus disease 2019.

has active quiz
JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(6):e2012934. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.12934
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF CME & MOC

INFECTIOUS DISEASES

Effect of Colchicine vs Standard Care on Cardiac and Inflammatory Biomarkers and Clinical Outcomes in Patients Hospitalized With Coronavirus Disease 2019: The GRECCO-19 Randomized Clinical Trial

This randomized clinical trial evaluates the effect of treatment with colchicine on cardiac and inflammatory biomarkers and clinical outcomes in patients hospitalized with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19).

has active quiz
JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(6):e2013136. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.13136
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF CME & MOC

SUBSTANCE USE AND ADDICTION

Associations of Flavored e-Cigarette Uptake With Subsequent Smoking Initiation and Cessation

This survey study evaluates whether new uptake of flavored e-cigarettes is more strongly associated with subsequent smoking initiation and cessation than uptake of unflavored e-cigarettes, separately for youths, emerging adults, and prime-age adults.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(6):e203826. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.3826
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

PUBLIC HEALTH

Trends in Frequency of Sexual Activity and Number of Sexual Partners Among Adults Aged 18 to 44 Years in the US, 2000-2018

This survey study of adults aged 18 to 44 years examines trends in reported frequency of sexual activity and number of sexual partners and the association between measures of sexual activity and sociodemographic variables.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(6):e203833. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.3833
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

SUBSTANCE USE AND ADDICTION

Association of Socioeconomic Position With e-Cigarette Use Among Individuals Who Quit Smoking in England, 2014 to 2019

This cross-sectional study assesses trends in current e-cigarette use by socioeconomic position among individuals who have quit smoking for at least 1 year, captures postcessation initiation among those who quit within the past year and did not use an e-cigarette in their most recent quit attempt and among those who quit smoking before 2011.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(6):e204207. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.4207
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

GERIATRICS

Effectiveness of a Mouth Care Program Provided by Nursing Home Staff vs Standard Care on Reducing Pneumonia Incidence: A Cluster Randomized Trial

This cluster randomized trial evaluates the effectiveness of Mouth Care Without a Battle, a program that increases staff knowledge and attitudes regarding oral hygiene, changes oral care, and improves oral hygiene, in reducing the incidence of pneumonia among nursing home residents.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(6):e204321. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.4321
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

HEALTH POLICY

Development and Validation of the Chronic Disease Population Risk Tool (CDPoRT) to Predict Incidence of Adult Chronic Disease

This study reports the development and validation of a population risk algorithm that predicts the 10-year incidence of the first major chronic disease in an adult population.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(6):e204669. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.4669
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

SUBSTANCE USE AND ADDICTION

Association of Electronic Nicotine Delivery System Use With Cigarette Smoking Relapse Among Former Smokers in the United States

This cohort study assesses the associations of ENDS use with cigarette smoking relapse among adult former cigarette smokers.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(6):e204813. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.4813
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

GASTROENTEROLOGY AND HEPATOLOGY

Association of Glycated Hemoglobin Levels With Risk of Pancreatic Cancer

This cohort study assesses the association of elevation in glycated hemoglobin level with the risk of pancreatic cancer.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(6):e204945. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.4945
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

INFECTIOUS DISEASES

Prevalence of Oral Human Papillomavirus Infection Among Australian Indigenous Adults

This cross-sectional study of 910 Indigenous Australian adults examines incidence of and demographic patterns in oral human papillomavirus (HPV) infection.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(6):e204951. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.4951
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

NUTRITION, OBESITY, AND EXERCISE

Associations of Bariatric Interventions With Micronutrient and Endocrine Disturbances

This comparative effectiveness study examines the association of bariatric interventions with micronutrient deficiencies and endocrine disturbances.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(6):e205123. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.5123
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

PEDIATRICS

Trends in Neonatal Intensive Care Unit Utilization in a Large Integrated Health Care System

This cohort study describes population-based trends in neonatal intensive care unit admissions and patient-days, readmissions, and mortality rates in the birth population of a large integrated health care system.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(6):e205239. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.5239
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

OBSTETRICS AND GYNECOLOGY

Maternal Sildenafil vs Placebo in Pregnant Women With Severe Early-Onset Fetal Growth Restriction: A Randomized Clinical Trial

This randomized clinical trial examines whether sildenafil reduces the risk of perinatal mortality or morbidity vs placebo in children of pregnant women with severe early onset fetal growth restriction.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(6):e205323. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.5323
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

OTOLARYNGOLOGY

Association of Facial Paralysis With Perceptions of Personality and Physical Traits

This cross-sectional study examines how facial paralysis is associated with perception of attractiveness, femininity or masculinity, and personality.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(6):e205495. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.5495
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

GERIATRICS

Association of Modifiable Lifestyle Factors With Cortical Amyloid Burden and Cerebral Glucose Metabolism in Older Adults With Mild Cognitive Impairment

This cohort study explores whether objectively measured lifestyle factors, such as physical activity, conversation, and sleep, are associated with cortical amyloid burden and cerebral glucose metabolism in older adults with mild cognitive impairment.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(6):e205719. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.5719
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

HEALTH POLICY

Association of Work Requirements With Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program Participation by Race/Ethnicity and Disability Status, 2013-2017

This cross-sectional study examines whether work requirements in the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) are associated with lower program participation rates and whether there are racial/ethnic disparities or spillover effects for people with disabilities.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(6):e205824. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.5824
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

ONCOLOGY

Development and Validation of a Deep Learning Model for Non–Small Cell Lung Cancer Survival

This cohort study compares the performances of a deep learning survival neural network with a tumor, node, and metastasis staging system in the prediction of survival.

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JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(6):e205842. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.5842
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

PHARMACY AND CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY

Associations of Maternal Use of Benzodiazepines or Benzodiazepine-like Hypnotics During Pregnancy With Immediate Pregnancy Outcomes in Norway

This cohort study examines the association of benzodiazepine or benzodiazepine-like hypnotic (z-hypnotics) exposure with immediate birth outcomes among pregnant women in Norway.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(6):e205860. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.5860
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

HEALTH INFORMATICS

Frequency and Types of Patient-Reported Errors in Electronic Health Record Ambulatory Care Notes

This survey study assesses the frequency and types of errors identified by patients who read open ambulatory visit notes.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(6):e205867. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.5867
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

HEALTH INFORMATICS

Patient Characteristics Associated With Choosing a Telemedicine Visit vs Office Visit With the Same Primary Care Clinicians

This cross-sectional study examines patient sociodemographic characteristics, technology access, and potential in-person visit barriers to assess the association between patient characteristics and telemedicine vs in-person health care visits.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(6):e205873. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.5873
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

HEALTH POLICY

Association of Hospital Discharge Against Medical Advice With Readmission and In-Hospital Mortality

This cohort study investigates hospital readmission and mortality outcomes after hospital discharge against medical advice.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(6):e206009. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.6009
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

GERIATRICS

Risk Factors and Precipitants of Severe Disability Among Community-Living Older Persons

This cohort study evaluates potential risk factors and precipitants associated with severe disability that develops progressively (during ≥2 months) vs catastrophically (from 1 month to the next) in older adults.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(6):e206021. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.6021
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

SUBSTANCE USE AND ADDICTION

Evaluation of Availability of Survey Data About Cannabis Use

This case series study examines the types of survey data available on cannabis use among aming US adults and adolescents.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(6):e206039. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.6039
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

PEDIATRICS

Association of Neighborhood Disadvantage in Childhood With DNA Methylation in Young Adulthood

This cohort study traces the biological responses and associated phenotypes of an upbringing in a socially and economically disadvantaged environment.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(6):e206095. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.6095
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

CARDIOLOGY

Association of Ischemic Stroke, Major Bleeding, and Other Adverse Events With Warfarin Use vs Non–vitamin K Antagonist Oral Anticoagulant Use in Patients With Atrial Fibrillation With a History of Intracranial Hemorrhage

This cohort study in Taiwan compares the clinical outcomes of warfarin use and non–vitamin K antagonist oral anticoagulant use in patients with atrial fibrillation with a history of intracranial hemorrhage using a nationwide cohort with atrial fibrillation.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(6):e206424. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.6424
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

PUBLIC HEALTH

Dose-Response Association of Low-Intensity and Nondaily Smoking With Mortality in the United States

This cohort study evaluates the risk of all-cause and cause-specific mortality among nondaily and daily cigarette smokers, by cigarettes per month, years after reducing from daily to nondaily smoking, and years since quitting.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(6):e206436. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.6436
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

PEDIATRICS

Effects of In-Person Navigation to Address Family Social Needs on Child Health Care Utilization: A Randomized Clinical Trial

This secondary analysis of a randomized clinical trial compares the effect on pediatric acute care utilization of a written resources handout vs an in-person navigation service intervention to address family social needs.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(6):e206445. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.6445
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

PSYCHIATRY

Effect of Suvorexant vs Placebo on Total Daytime Sleep Hours in Shift Workers: A Randomized Clinical Trial

This randomized clinical trial examines suvorexant vs placebo as a daytime sleep aid among shift workers.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(6):e206614. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.6614
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

OPHTHALMOLOGY

Etiology of Papilledema in Patients in the Eye Clinic Setting

This cross-sectional study examines the relative frequency of etiologies of papilledema and describes the clinical and demographic differences between patients with idiopathic intracranial hypertension and other causes of papilledema.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(6):e206625. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.6625
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

GASTROENTEROLOGY AND HEPATOLOGY

Association Between Lifestyle Factors, Vitamin and Garlic Supplementation, and Gastric Cancer Outcomes: A Secondary Analysis of a Randomized Clinical Trial

This secondary analysis of a randomized clinical trial evaluates how lifestyle factors, including smoking, alcohol intake, and diet, may change the risk of gastric cancer (GC) incidence and mortality and whether the effects of vitamin and garlic supplementation on GC are associated with major lifestyle factors.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(6):e206628. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.6628
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

PSYCHIATRY

Association of Child Placement in Out-of-Home Care With Trajectories of Hospitalization Because of Suicide Attempts From Early to Late Adulthood

This cohort study examines the association between childhood experiences of placement in out-of-home care and trajectories of hospitalization because of suicide attempts from early into late adulthood in Sweden.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(6):e206639. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.6639
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

PSYCHIATRY

Association of Specific Mental Disorders With Premature Mortality in the Danish Population Using Alternative Measurement Methods

This cohort study uses data from Danish health registers to generate estimates of years of life lost and life-years lost and to use these alternative measurement approaches to assess whether specific mental disorders are associated with premature mortality in the Danish population.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(6):e206646. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.6646
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

PSYCHIATRY

Evaluation of a Machine Learning Model Based on Pretreatment Symptoms and Electroencephalographic Features to Predict Outcomes of Antidepressant Treatment in Adults With Depression: A Prespecified Secondary Analysis of a Randomized Clinical Trial

This prognostic study examines the extent to which a machine learning approach, using gradient-boosted decision trees, can predict acute improvement in individual depressive symptoms with antidepressants based on pretreatment symptom scores and electroencephalographic measures.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(6):e206653. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.6653
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

PEDIATRICS

Association of Religious and Spiritual Factors With Patient-Reported Outcomes of Anxiety, Depressive Symptoms, Fatigue, and Pain Interference Among Adolescents and Young Adults With Cancer

This cross-sectional study models the association of spiritual and religious constructs with patient-reported outcomes of anxiety, depressive symptoms, fatigue, and pain interference.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(6):e206696. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.6696
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

PUBLIC HEALTH

Association Between Opioid Prescriptions and Non–US-Born Status in the US

This cross-sectional study examines the patterns of opioid prescribing among non–US-born individuals in the US.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(6):e206745. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.6745
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

HEALTH INFORMATICS

Assessment of Health Information Technology–Related Outpatient Diagnostic Delays in the US Veterans Affairs Health Care System: A Qualitative Study of Aggregated Root Cause Analysis Data

This qualitative study uses aggregated root cause analysis data to identify themes associated with health information technology–related outpatient diagnostic delays within a large, integrated health care system.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(6):e206752. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.6752
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

PEDIATRICS

Racial/Ethnic Disparities Among Extremely Preterm Infants in the United States From 2002 to 2016

This cohort study evaluates whether racial/ethnic disparities in key care practices and major outcomes changed among extremely preterm infants from 2002 to 2016 at centers participating in the Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development Neonatal Research Network.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(6):e206757. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.6757
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

NUTRITION, OBESITY, AND EXERCISE

Effect of Telehealth Extended Care for Maintenance of Weight Loss in Rural US Communities: A Randomized Clinical Trial

This randomized clinical trial examines the efficacy of individual or group telephone counseling vs an educational control for weight loss maintenance among individuals in rural communities in the US.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(6):e206764. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.6764
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

GERIATRICS

Assessment of Clinician Decision-making on Cancer Screening Cessation in Older Adults With Limited Life Expectancy

This qualitative study uses medical record–stimulated recall to examine primary care clinicians’ decision-making on stopping cancer screening in specific older patients with limited life expectancy.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(6):e206772. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.6772
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

PSYCHIATRY

Dose Timing of D-Cycloserine to Augment Exposure Therapy for Social Anxiety Disorder: A Randomized Clinical Trial

This randomized clinical trial examines whether D-cycloserine administration augments exposure therapy for adults with social anxiety disorder.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(6):e206777. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.6777
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

PEDIATRICS

Association of Internet Addiction With Nonsuicidal Self-injury Among Adolescents in China

This survey study examines the possible association between internet addiction and nonsuicidal self-injury in adolescents in China.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(6):e206863. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.6863
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

HEALTH POLICY

Evaluation of Medicaid Expansion Under the Affordable Care Act and Contraceptive Care in US Community Health Centers

This cross-sectional study evaluates the association of Medicaid expansion under the Affordable Care Act with changes in use of contraception among patients at risk of pregnancy receiving care at US community health centers.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(6):e206874. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.6874
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

CARDIOLOGY

Association of Myocardial Injury With Serum Procalcitonin Levels in Patients With ST-Elevation Myocardial Infarction

This cohort study evaluates whether an association exists between myocardial injury assessed with cardiac magnetic resonance imaging and the release of serum procalcitonin in patients with acute ST-elevation myocardial infarction who are treated with primary percutaneous coronary intervention.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(6):e207030. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.7030
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

ONCOLOGY

Association of Nonsteroidal Anti-inflammatory Drug Use With Survival in Patients With Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Head and Neck Treated With Chemoradiation Therapy

This cohort study investigates the association between nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) use and survival in patients with head and neck squamous cell carcinoma treated with chemoradiation therapy (CRT) at a single institution between 2005 and 2017.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(6):e207199. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.7199
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

ONCOLOGY

Association of Programmed Cell Death Ligand 1 Expression Status With Receipt of Immune Checkpoint Inhibitors in Patients With Advanced Non–Small Cell Lung Cancer

This cohort study evaluates the association between programmed cell death ligand 1 testing and first-line immune checkpoint inhibitor use in patients with advanced non–small cell lung cancer.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(6):e207205. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.7205
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

ONCOLOGY

Comparison of Mortality Among Participants of Women’s Health Initiative Trials With Screening-Detected Breast Cancers vs Interval Breast Cancers

This cohort study uses data from the Women’s Health Initiative study to compare the prognostic features and mortality rate of women with interval breast cancers diagnosed within 1 year or between 1 and 2.5 years of a mammogram with negative results with the prognostic features and mortality rate of women with breast cancers detected by screening.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(6):e207227. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.7227
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

PSYCHIATRY

Effect of a Comprehensive Cardiovascular Risk Reduction Intervention in Persons With Serious Mental Illness: A Randomized Clinical Trial

This randomized clinical trial examines the effectiveness of an 18-month multifaceted intervention incorporating behavioral counseling, care coordination, and care management for overall cardiovascular risk reduction in adults with serious mental illness.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(6):e207247. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.7247
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

SURGERY

Rate and Risk Factors Associated With Prolonged Opioid Use After Surgery: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis

This systematic review and meta-analysis assess the rate and patient-level factors associated with increased risks of prolonged use of opioid medications after surgery.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(6):e207367. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.7367
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

GASTROENTEROLOGY AND HEPATOLOGY

Association Between Steroid-Sparing Therapy and the Risk of Perianal Fistulizing Complications Among Young Patients With Crohn Disease

This comparative effectiveness analysis of commercial administrative claims uses propensity score matching to investigate the effectiveness of medical therapy for reducing risk of perianal fistulizing complications among young people with Crohn disease.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(6):e207378. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.7378
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

HEALTH INFORMATICS

Association of Electronic Health Record Use With Physician Fatigue and Efficiency

This cross-sectional study examines the association between electronic health record use and fatigue and efficiency among intensive care unit physicians completing a simulation activity in a prominent electronic health record.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(6):e207385. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.7385
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

SURGERY

Safety and Efficacy of Apixaban vs Enoxaparin for Preventing Postoperative Venous Thromboembolism in Women Undergoing Surgery for Gynecologic Malignant Neoplasm: A Randomized Clinical Trial

This randomized clinical trial investigates the safety and efficacy of oral apixaban vs subcutaneous enoxaparin for postoperative thromboprophylaxis in patients with gynecologic cancer.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(6):e207410. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.7410
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

SURGERY

Association of Bariatric Surgery With Risk of Fracture in Patients With Severe Obesity

This cohort study compares the rates of fractures associated with obesity among bariatric surgery–eligible patients who did not undergo surgery, patients who underwent Roux-en-Y gastric bypass, and patients who underwent sleeve gastrectomy.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(6):e207419. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.7419
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

HEALTH POLICY

Association of Medicaid Eligibility With Surgical Readmission Among Medicare Beneficiaries

This cohort study of Medicare beneficiaries undergoing general, vascular, and gynecologic surgery assesses how adjustment for dual eligibility for Medicare and Medicaid is associated with risk-adjusted readmission rates after surgery.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(6):e207426. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.7426
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

HEALTH POLICY

Regional Disparities in Qualified Health Plans’ Prior Authorization Requirements for HIV Pre-exposure Prophylaxis in the United States

This cross-sectional study investigates whether there are regional disparities in prior authorization requirements for combined tenofovir disoproxil fumarate and emtricitabine with qualified health plans and assesses if any qualified health plan characteristics explain the disparities.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(6):e207445. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.7445
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

PUBLIC HEALTH

Association of Neighborhood-Level Disadvantage With Alzheimer Disease Neuropathology

This cross-sectional study assesses the feasibility of linking neuropathology data to social determinants of health by evaluating the association between neighborhood disadvantage and Alzheimer disease–related neuropathology among decedents in Wisconsin and California.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(6):e207559. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.7559
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

PHARMACY AND CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY

Assessment of Physician Prescribing of Muscle Relaxants in the United States, 2005-2016

This cross-sectional study uses data from the National Ambulatory Medical Care Survey from 2005-2016 to assess continued and new physician prescribing of muscle relaxants in the United States.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(6):e207664. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.7664
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

PULMONARY MEDICINE

Estimated Prevalence of Asthma in US Children With Developmental Disabilities

This cross-sectional study estimates rates of prevalence of asthma among a diverse sample of US children and adolescents with developmental delay and/or disability.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(6):e207728. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.7728
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

PUBLIC HEALTH

Assessment of Extreme Risk Protection Order Use in California From 2016 to 2019

This cross-sectional study characterizes the early use of California’s extreme risk protection order (ERPO) policy by providing an aggregate, statewide description of ERPOs, the individuals subject to them, and petitioners.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(6):e207735. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.7735
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

HEALTH INFORMATICS

Development and Validation of a Clinical Prediction Tool for Seasonal Influenza Vaccination in England

This prognostic study assesses the development and validation of a clinical prediction tool to estimate the uptake of seasonal influenza vaccine among at-risk adults in England from primary care data.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(6):e207743. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.7743
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

NEUROLOGY

Association of Low to Moderate Alcohol Drinking With Cognitive Functions From Middle to Older Age Among US Adults

This cohort study assesses the associations between low to moderate alcohol drinking and cognitive function trajectories or rates of cognitive decline from middle to older age in a nationally representative sample of US adults.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(6):e207922. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.7922
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

PULMONARY MEDICINE

Effect of Nocturnal Oxygen Therapy on Nocturnal Hypoxemia and Sleep Apnea Among Patients With Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease Traveling to 2048 Meters: A Randomized Clinical Trial

This randomized clinical trial evaluates whether nocturnal oxygen therapy (NOT) prevents nocturnal hypoxemia and breathing disturbances among lowlanders with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) in the first night of a stay at 2048 m and reduces the incidence of altitude-related adverse health effects.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(6):e207940. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.7940
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

INFECTIOUS DISEASES

Comparison of Overall and Comorbidity-Free Life Expectancy Between Insured Adults With and Without HIV Infection, 2000-2016

This cohort study compares overall life expectancy and comorbidity-free life expectancy by HIV status for insured adults with and without HIV infection from 2000 to 2016 in the US.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(6):e207954. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.7954
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

HEALTH POLICY

Association of Burnout, Professional Fulfillment, and Self-care Practices of Physician Leaders With Their Independently Rated Leadership Effectiveness

This survey study assesses the association of burnout, professional fulfillment, and self-care practices of physician leaders with their independently assessed leadership behaviors.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(6):e207961. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.7961
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

OPHTHALMOLOGY

Association of Cataract Surgery With Risk of Diabetic Retinopathy Among Asian Participants in the Singapore Epidemiology of Eye Diseases Study

This population-based cohort study assesses the risk of developing diabetic retinopathy after cataract surgery among individuals with diabetes in Singapore.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(6):e208035. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.8035
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

HEALTH POLICY

Association of Direct-Acting Antiviral Therapy for Hepatitis C With After-Treatment Costs Among Medicare Beneficiaries

This cohort study analyzes the cost implications for Medicare of direct-acting antiviral medications used by beneficiaries with or without hepatitis C–related liver disease.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(6):e208081. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.8081
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

HEALTH POLICY

Use of General Primary Care, Specialized Primary Care, and Other Veterans Affairs Services Among High-Risk Veterans

This cross-sectional study assesses the use of general and specialized primary care, medical specialty, and mental health services among patients at high risk of hospitalization in the Veterans Health Administration.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(6):e208120. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.8120
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

CARDIOLOGY

Association of Azithromycin Use With Cardiovascular Mortality

This cohort study examines the risk of cardiovascular death and sudden cardiac death associated with use of azithromycin vs amoxicillin.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(6):e208199. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.8199
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

ONCOLOGY

Association of the Placement of a Perirectal Hydrogel Spacer With the Clinical Outcomes of Men Receiving Radiotherapy for Prostate Cancer: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis

This systematic review and meta-analysis examines the association between perirectal hydrogel spacer placement and clinical outcomes of men receiving radiotherapy for prostate cancer.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(6):e208221. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.8221
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH

Association of Air Pollution and Heat Exposure With Preterm Birth, Low Birth Weight, and Stillbirth in the US: A Systematic Review

This systematic review summarizes the association of climate change, including heat, ozone, and fine particulate matter, with adverse pregnancy outcomes, such as preterm birth, low birth weight, and stillbirth, in the US.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(6):e208243. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.8243
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

ONCOLOGY

Assessment of Breast Cancer Mortality Trends Associated With Mammographic Screening and Adjuvant Therapy From 1986 to 2013 in the State of Victoria, Australia

This secondary analysis of cross-sectional studies assesses the relative mortality trends associated with mammographic screening and postsurgical adjuvant endocrine therapy and chemotherapy among women with early breast cancer in Victoria, Australia.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(6):e208249. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.8249
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

GERIATRICS

Validation of Brief Screening Tools to Identify Impaired Driving Among Older Adults in Australia

This prognostic study examines participants’ scores on 8 screening tools to identify drivers who are potentially unsafe compared with on-road driving test scores.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(6):e208263. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.8263
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

PSYCHIATRY

Combined Pharmacotherapy and Cognitive Behavioral Therapy for Adults With Alcohol or Substance Use Disorders: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis

This meta-analysis and systemic review assess combined cognitive behavioral therapy and pharmacotherapy for alcohol or other substance use disorders in adults.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(6):e208279. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.8279
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

PUBLIC HEALTH

Assessment of Incorporation of Lessons From Tobacco Control in City and County Laws Regulating Legal Marijuana in California

This cross-sectional study assesses the extent to which potential best practices, including those from tobacco control, were incorporated into state and local marijuana policy in California.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(6):e208393. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.8393
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

PUBLIC HEALTH

Associations of Despair With Suicidality and Substance Misuse Among Young Adults

This cohort study uses data from the Great Smoky Mountains Study to examine whether despair among young adults is associated with suicidal thoughts and behavior, alcohol misuse, and drug misuse.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(6):e208627. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.8627
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

STATISTICS AND RESEARCH METHODS

Assessment of Hazard Ratios in Oncology Clinical Trials Terminated Early for Superiority: A Systematic Review

This systematic review assesses the need for considering overestimation of treatment effect by applying 2 bias-adjusted estimators to previously published, early-terminated oncology clinical trials.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(6):e208633. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.8633
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

CARDIOLOGY

Association of Perceived Stress Levels With Long-term Mortality in Patients With Peripheral Artery Disease

This cohort study compares baseline characteristics and mortality risk in patients with peripheral artery disease who reported high levels of stress vs those who did not report such levels of stress.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(6):e208741. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.8741
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

ONCOLOGY

Global Burden of Thyroid Cancer From 1990 to 2017

This cross-sectional study examines the worldwide temporal trends of thyroid cancer according to geographic location, sex, age, and socioeconomic index.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(6):e208759. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.8759
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

PSYCHIATRY

Risk of Depression in the Adolescent and Adult Offspring of Mothers With Perinatal Depression: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis

This systematic review and meta-analysis examines the prevalence of depression in adolescent and adult offspring of mothers who experience antenatal and postnatal depression.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(6):e208783. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.8783
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

INFECTIOUS DISEASES

Association of Household Exposure to Primary Clostridioides difficile Infection With Secondary Infection in Family Members

This case-control study uses data from 2001 to 2017 to assess the transmission of Clostridioides difficile infection in family members in a household with another family member with primary C difficile infection.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(6):e208925. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.8925
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

HEALTH INFORMATICS

Assessment of Beliefs and Attitudes About Statins Posted on Twitter: A Qualitative Study

This qualitative study identifies health-related discussion in Twitter posts mentioning a statin and analyzes the content within these posts.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(6):e208953. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.8953
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

GASTROENTEROLOGY AND HEPATOLOGY

Association Between Age and Complications After Outpatient Colonoscopy

This cohort study examines the association between older age (≥75 years) and the risk of postcolonoscopy complications in a sample of outpatients in Ontario, Canada.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(6):e208958. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.8958
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

HEALTH POLICY

Socioeconomic and Demographic Characteristics of US Adults Who Purchase Prescription Drugs From Other Countries

This cross-sectional study evaluates the proportion of US adults who purchase prescription medications in other countries and the patient factors associated with the behavior.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(6):e208968. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.8968
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

SURGERY

Association Between Spine Surgery and Availability of Opioid Medication

This cohort study evaluates the association of spine surgery with modification of opioid availability postoperatively.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(6):e208974. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.8974
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF
open access Editorial

What We Do Not Know About e-Cigarettes Is a Lot

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(6):e204850. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.4850
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF
open access Invited Commentary

CRITICAL CARE MEDICINE

Improving Ventilator Rationing Through Collaboration With Experts on Resource Allocation

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(6):e2012838. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.12838
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

INFECTIOUS DISEASES

Colchicine for the Treatment of Myocardial Injury in Patients With Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19)—An Old Drug With New Life?

has active quiz
JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(6):e2013556. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.13556
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF CME & MOC

PUBLIC HEALTH

Possible Reasons US Adults Are Not Having Sex as Much as They Used To

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(6):e203889. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.3889
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

PEDIATRICS

Using Neonatal Intensive Care Units More Wisely for At-Risk Newborns and Their Families

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(6):e205693. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.5693
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

PEDIATRICS

The Role of Neighborhood Social Characteristics on the Epigenome—Why the Lack of Investigations?

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(6):e206111. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.6111
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

ONCOLOGY

Prognosis and Treatment of Non–Small Cell Lung Cancer in the Age of Deep Learning

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(6):e206368. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.6368
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

PEDIATRICS

Improving Child Health Care Outcomes Through Social Needs Intervention—A Signal

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(6):e206456. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.6456
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

PSYCHIATRY

Are Electroencephalogram-Derived Predictors of Antidepressant Efficacy Closer to Clinical Usefulness?

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(6):e207133. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.7133
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

NUTRITION, OBESITY, AND EXERCISE

Weight Loss Maintenance in Rural Populations in the United States: Can Telemedicine Help?

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(6):e207134. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.7134
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

HEALTH POLICY

Medicaid Expansion, Safety Net Clinics, and Opportunities to Improve Contraceptive Care

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(6):e207136. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.7136
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

OPHTHALMOLOGY

Implications of a Swollen Optic Nerve

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(6):e207159. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.7159
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

ONCOLOGY

Biomarker Testing in Lung Cancer—What Does It Mean?

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(6):e207171. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.7171
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

SURGERY

Apixaban vs Enoxaparin for Postoperative Prophylaxis: Safety of an Oral Alternative for the Prevention of Venous Thromboembolism

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(6):e208019. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.8019
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

HEALTH POLICY

Social Risk Adjustment in Health Care Performance Measures

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(6):e208020. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.8020
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

PUBLIC HEALTH

Practitioners’ Perspective on Extreme Risk Protection Orders

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(6):e208021. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.8021
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

PULMONARY MEDICINE

Nocturnal Oxygen for High Altitude Travel in Patients With Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(6):e208022. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.8022
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

INFECTIOUS DISEASES

What It Means to Age With HIV Infection: Years Gained Are Not Comorbidity Free

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(6):e208023. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.8023
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

HEALTH POLICY

The Current Health Care Crisis—Inspirational Leadership (or Lack Thereof) Is Contagious

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(6):e208024. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.8024
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

GASTROENTEROLOGY AND HEPATOLOGY

Preventing Perianal Disease: We Can Do Better

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(6):e208041. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.8041
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH

A Clarion Warning About Pregnancy Outcomes and the Climate Crisis

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(6):e208811. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.8811
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

SURGERY

Redefining Opioid Use Patterns After Surgical Procedures: Why a New Paradigm Is Critical

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(6):e209457. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.9457
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

HEALTH POLICY

High-Risk Patients and Utilization of Primary Care in the US Veterans Affairs Health System

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(6):e209518. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.9518
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF
open access Research Letter

ONCOLOGY

Association of the Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) Outbreak With Enrollment in Cancer Clinical Trials

This cohort study investigates how the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic is associated with national enrollment in cancer clinical trials.

has active quiz
JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(6):e2010651. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.10651
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF CME & MOC

PSYCHIATRY

Mental Health of Young Physicians in China During the Novel Coronavirus Disease 2019 Outbreak

This cohort study assesses anxiety, depression, mood, and fear of workplace violence in a cohort of young physicians in China before and during the coronavirus disease 2019 outbreak.

has active quiz
JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(6):e2010705. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.10705
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF CME & MOC

INFECTIOUS DISEASES

Thromboelastographic Results and Hypercoagulability Syndrome in Patients With Coronavirus Disease 2019 Who Are Critically Ill

This cohort study examines the association of thromboelastographic results with hypercoagulability among patients with coronavirus disease 2019 who have been admitted to an intensive care unit.

has active quiz
JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(6):e2011192. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.11192
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF CME & MOC

PSYCHIATRY

Electronic Health Record Documentation of Psychiatric Assessments in Massachusetts Emergency Department and Outpatient Settings During the Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) Pandemic

This cohort study investigates the documentation of psychiatric symptoms in narrative clinical notes as coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) prevalence increased in eastern Massachusetts.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(6):e2011346. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.11346
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

INFECTIOUS DISEASES

Assessment of Sensitivity and Specificity of Patient-Collected Lower Nasal Specimens for Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2 Testing

This prognostic study compares the diagnostic equivalence of patient-collected lower nasal specimens with that of health care worker–collected oropharyngeal specimens for severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) testing.

has active quiz
JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(6):e2012005. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.12005
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF CME & MOC

OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH

Effects of Sterilization With Hydrogen Peroxide and Chlorine Dioxide on the Filtration Efficiency of N95, KN95, and Surgical Face Masks

This quality improvement study examines the effects of sterilization with hydrogen peroxide and chlorine dioxide on the filtration efficiency of N95, KN95, and surgical face masks.

has active quiz
JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(6):e2012099. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.12099
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF CME & MOC

GLOBAL HEALTH

Simulation of Pool Testing to Identify Patients With Coronavirus Disease 2019 Under Conditions of Limited Test Availability

This decision analytical model study examines the feasibility of using pool testing to identify patients with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) in a setting with limited testing availability.

has active quiz
JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(6):e2013075. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.13075
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF CME & MOC

IMMUNOLOGY

Association of Immune Checkpoint Inhibitor Therapy With Survival in Patients With Cancers With MUC16 Variants

This cohort study investigates whether MUC16 variation could be a useful biomarker for immune checkpoint inhibitor (ICI) therapy.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(6):e205837. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.5837
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

ONCOLOGY

Assessment of Temporal Selection Bias in Genomic Testing in a Cohort of Patients With Cancer

This cohort study assesses for temporal selection bias in patients with lung, breast, colorectal, pancreatic, or urothelial cancer from a single institution who had tumor profiling using a next-generation sequencing protocol between 2013 and 2017.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(6):e206976. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.6976
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

PUBLIC HEALTH

Association of the US Outbreak of Vaping-Associated Lung Injury With Perceived Harm of e-Cigarettes Compared With Cigarettes

This survey study assesses the perceptions of e-cigarettes among current smokers in England before and after the US outbreak of vaping-associated lung injury.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(6):e206981. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.6981
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

HEALTH INFORMATICS

Association of Perceived Electronic Health Record Usability With Patient Interactions and Work-Life Integration Among US Physicians

This cross-sectional survey assesses the association of perceived electronic health record usability with patient interaction and work-life integration among US physicians.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(6):e207374. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.7374
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

CARDIOLOGY

Comparison of Patient-Reported vs Physician-Estimated Angina in Patients Undergoing Elective and Urgent Percutaneous Coronary Intervention

This cohort study assesses the use of patient-reported vs physician-estimated angina in patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(6):e207406. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.7406
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

HEALTH POLICY

Association of Changes in Primary Care Spending and Use With Participation in the US Affordable Care Act Health Insurance Marketplaces

This cross-sectional study examined whether the US Affordable Care Act (ACA) Marketplace was associated with changes in primary care spending and use.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(6):e207442. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.7442
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

PEDIATRICS

Public Opinion on the Sale of Crib Bumpers

This survey study assesses public opinions on banning the sale of unsafe products, their attention to warning labels, and their beliefs about crib bumpers.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(6):e208089. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.8089
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

HEALTH POLICY

Association Between High-Deductible Health Plans and Disparities in Access to Care Among Cancer Survivors

This cross-sectional study uses data from the 2013-2018 National Health Interview Survey to examine the association between enrollment in a high-deductible health plan and access to care among cancer survivors differentiated by race/ethnicity.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(6):e208965. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.8965
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

SUBSTANCE USE AND ADDICTION

Evaluation of Prescription Drug Monitoring Program Integration With Hospital Electronic Health Records by US County-Level Opioid Prescribing Rates

This cross-sectional study assesses the level of electronic health record (EHR) and prescription drug monitoring program integration in hospitals in US counties with vs without high opioid prescribing rates.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(6):e209085. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.9085
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF
open access Correction

Incorrect Date in the Methods Section

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(6):e2010560. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.10560
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

Error in Methods

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(6):e2010845. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.10845
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

Grant Numbers Added to Funding/Support

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(6):e2010994. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.10994
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

Errors in Demographic Data in Results Section of Abstract and Text and in the Table

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(6):e2013153. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.13153
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

Incorrect Reporting of Statistical Tests

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(6):e2014310. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.14310
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF
open access JAMA Network Open Masthead

JAMA Network Open

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(6):e209926. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.9926
Abstract Full Text
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