This cross-sectional study examines whether state-level policies designating opioid use disorder (OUD) a qualifying condition for medical cannabis are associated with dispensaries claiming that cannabis can treat OUD.
This case-crossover study evaluates the short-term associations of influenza activity and environmental exposures with invasive pneumococcal disease risk in temperate countries and examines the generalizability of such associations across multiple jurisdictions.
This post hoc secondary analysis of a randomized clinical trial of patients with decompensated heart failure assesses whether telemonitoring adherence is associated with risk of hospitalization, emergency department visit, or death.
This qualitative study explores the experiences of bereaved family caregivers with advance care planning for children with medical complexity.
This cohort study examines the use of magnetic resonance imaging for low back pain in US Department of Veterans Affairs primary care clinics to assess concordance with published guidelines.
This cohort study examines the associations of neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio with lung function and risk of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease among US veterans with up to 30 years of follow-up.
This systematic review and meta-analysis investigates the association of professional-led and layperson-led weight loss interventions with short- and long-term weight reduction among children and adolescents with overweight and obesity.
This randomized clinical trial evaluates whether treatment with the dopaminergic agonist rotigotine has an effect on cognitive function in patients with mild to moderate Alzheimer disease in Italy.
This cross-sectional study examines the association between rates of mortality and readmission used by Medicare to determine financial penalties and to rank hospital quality with the case mix of patients with do-not-resuscitate status at US hospitals.
This cohort study evaluates patients’ overall risk-standardized survival rate for in-hospital cardiac arrest and examines its association with risk-adjusted rates of acute resuscitation and postresuscitation survival.
This randomized clinical trial assesses the effect of application of cold atmospheric plasma in addition to standard care treatment compared with placebo on wound healing in terms of more rapid and clinical meaningful wound surface regression.
This survey study describes the self-reported level of adherence, familiarity, and implementation needs associated with national peanut allergy prevention recommendations among pediatricians caring for infants.
This analysis assesses the accuracy of current pathologist workforce estimates in the US by examining why divergency appears in different published resources.
This cohort study examines the prescribing rates and duration of antibiotic therapy in patients with possible pneumonia whose clinical signs are within the reference ranges.
This cohort study examines the use of machine learning in testing to categorize behavior types in individuals with depression and anxiety.
This cross-sectional study evaluates factors associated with fertility preservation counseling before initiating chemotherapy among patients of reproductive age with recently diagnosed cancer.
This randomized clinical trial examines the safety and efficacy of cannabis for pain in adults with sickle cell disease.
This cross-sectional study evaluates the association of gender with assessment of internal medicine residents.
This cross-sectional study investigates the association between hearing loss, psychological distress, and mental health care utilization among adults in the United States.
This survey study assesses which patients who may be eligible for a health savings account do not have one and what decisions patients with these accounts make about contributing to them in a representative sample of US adults.
This phase 2 clinical trial evaluates the biological activity and safety of capecitabine plus cetuximab as a novel maintenance therapy for RAS wild-type metastatic colorectal cancer.
This qualitative study examines how patient race and gender are associated with clinician recommendations for allocation of advanced heart failure therapies.
his cohort study examines the survival advantages associated with second-generation direct-acting antiviral medications among adults with hepatitis C virus infection.
This cohort study evaluates the association of inferior vena cava (IVC) filters with the development of pulmonary embolism (PE) in patients with cancer and deep venous thrombosis (DVT).
This cohort study examines the association of demographic characteristics and early-life sociodemographic factors by birth cohort with the incidence of dementia among US participants in the Adult Changes in Thought study who were born between 1893 and 1949 and followed up from 1994 to 2015.
This cross-sectional study examines whether increases in transgender and gender diverse young people presenting to specialist gender clinics are associated with related media coverage.
This qualitative study solicits the perspectives of women leaders on the workplace and cultural changes that need to take place in academic medicine to increase inclusivity and gender equity.
This cohort study uses data from linked health and administrative databases in Ontario, Canada, to investigate health care use and costs among children, adolescents, and young adults diagnosed with somatic symptom and related disorders.
This cohort study analyzes data from the Progression of Atherosclerotic Plaque Determined by Computed Tomographic Angiography Imaging study to explore the association of cardiovascular risk factor burden with progression of coronary atherosclerosis and development of adverse plaque characteristics.
This cohort study investigates the association between retinal vessel characteristics and neurological functioning in children aged 4 to 5 years.
This diagnostic study develops a machine learning tool for use in preoperative noninvasive identification of lymph metastasis on magnetic resonance imaging in patients with cervical cancer.
This cross-sectional study examines responses from a large, nationally representative telephone survey of older adults in the US to determine rates of screening for colorectal, cervical, or breast cancer after recommended upper age limits.
This survey study assesses primary care physicians’ prioritization of preventive services.
This cohort study investigates the implications of sex, age, socioeconomic status, cardiovascular disease (CVD) diagnosis, cardiothoracic surgery, and comorbidity for the association between cardiac rehabilitation participation and all-cause mortality.
This comparative effectiveness study evaluates the screening recall and cancer detection rates of digital mammography vs digital breast tomosynthesis stratified by age, baseline screening, subsequent screening round, and breast density category in a large US cohort of women aged 40 to 79 years.
This comparative effectiveness study examines the concordance of data from an observational cancer registry with data from randomized clinical trials.
This mathematical modeling study estimates viral aerosol emissions from simulated individuals with asymptomatic to moderate coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19).
This cohort study examines the association of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) with adverse outcomes in patients hospitalized with influenza or influenza pneumonia.
This survey study investigates the prevalence of and risk factors associated with mental health symptoms in the general population in China during the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic.
This survey study examines a nationwide social media campaign about personal hygiene and physical distancing in the Netherlands and evaluates its effectiveness in improving behavior and curbing the spread of the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic.
This cohort study describes patient characteristics and prehospital presentation of patients with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) cared for by emergency medical services (EMS) in King County, Washington.
This cohort study compares the incidence of stress cardiomyopathy among patients presenting with acute coronary syndrome at 2 Ohio hospitals during the coronavirus disease 2019 pandemic vs prepandemic time points.
This survey study examined the knowledge, concerns, and behaviors of individuals living in different coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) exposure zones during the first week of the pandemic in Italy.
This cohort study examines the trends and risk factors associated with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) death in long-term care facilities in Ontario, Canada.
This cohort study examines the association of county-level factors with variation in the instantaneous reproduction number of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) in the United States.
This analytic modeling study defines the screening performance standards for severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) tests that would permit the safe return of students to US residential college campuses for the fall 2020 semester.
This cross-sectional study examines mask wearing and face-touching behaviors before and during the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic in China, Japan, South Korea, Western Europe, and the US.
This cross-sectional study uses data from the Veterans Health Administration to formulate and test an algorithm to detect intensive hypertension treatment.
This cohort study uses medical records, death certificates, and hospital discharge data to describe health care exposures and outcomes among adult patients with sepsis and septic shock.
This prognostic study identifies independent clinical and molecular measurements associated with overall and recurrence-free survival by homogeneous treatment in patients with breast cancer.
This systematic review and meta-analysis evaluates the incidence of occult spinal dysraphism and the proportion of cases managed with a neurosurgical intervention among neonates or infants with various cutaneous stigmata.
This systematic review summarizes the published literature on populations and mental health and/or substance use disorder conditions examined by alternative payment and delivery models as well as the associations of these models with mental health and/or substance use disorder outcomes.
This economic evaluation estimates the cost-effectiveness of a stepwise approach to diabetes prevention among adults in India participating in the Diabetes Community Lifestyle Improvement Program.
This cross-sectional study investigates how ongoing changes in the timing of spring onset related to climate change are associated with rates of asthma hospitalization in Maryland.
This cohort study assesses whether TP53 clonal variants can be detected in Papanicolaou test samples from women later diagnosed with high-grade serous epithelial ovarian cancer (HGS-EOC).
This survey study examines the association of instability of positive affect with all-cause mortality in older adults in England.
This cohort study assesses the validity of organism-specific International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision (ICD-9) administrative codes for pneumonia in adult patients using microbiological data as the criterion standard.
This survey study of caregivers of people with Alzheimer disease and related dementias assesses caregiver views on firearm safety risks, experiences with health care professional–delivered counseling, and preferred sources of information about firearm safety.
This case series study examines the feasibility and safety of intratumoral delivery of immunotherapy among patients undergoing cancer care in clinical trials.
This repeated cross-sectional study uses data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys to examine trends in chronic kidney disease prevalence across major sociodemographic groups, as defined by race/ethnicity and socioeconomic status.
This cohort study examines the association of innovations in radiotherapy techniques and systemic treatment with clinical outcomes among Canadian patients with melanoma brain metastasis between 2007 and 2016.
This cohort study examines whether illness severity is associated with changes in the association between target temperature and patient outcome.
This cohort study examines the performance of the Pooled Cohort Equations (PCE) for 5-year atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease risk estimation in a contemporary cohort and tests the hypothesis that inclusion of statin therapy improves model performance.
This cohort study assesses trends in prenatal opioid use and the potential association between prenatal opioid use and preterm birth and adverse perinatal outcomes in a population-based perinatal database in Ontario, Canada.
This cohort study introduces a new representation of patient data called disease severity hierarchy that leverages domain knowledge in a nested fashion to create subpopulations that share increasing amounts of clinical details suitable for risk prediction.
This qualitative study assesses the association between digital technology and emerging challenges for health policy and privacy.
This case-control study examines the association of polygenic risk scores with changes in breast cancer risk in women who are carriers of pathogenic variants in breast cancer susceptibility genes.
This randomized clinical trial evaluates the efficacy of an acceptance and commitment therapy–based group intervention, delivered using videoconferencing, in reducing posttraumatic stress symptoms in parents of children with life-threatening illness.
This case series describes the neurologic and cardiopulmonary complications associated with synthetic cannabinoid intoxication experienced by adult patients admitted to intensive care.
This nonrandomized controlled trial evaluates the resection margin rates as well as the safety and usability of a newly developed image-guided navigation technique among patients who underwent a rectal cancer resection.
This cross-sectional study examines the association of family income and family risk of food insecurity with iron status in healthy young children attending primary care in Toronto, Canada.
This secondary analysis of a randomized clinical trial evaluates the association of baseline atrial fibrillation episode duration with post–atrial fibrillation ablation arrhythmia outcomes.
This survey study examines the self-reported health of enrollees in Michigan’s Medicaid expansion, the Healthy Michigan Plan, among respondents to surveys in 2016 and 2017.
This cohort study examined the association of postoperative neurocognitive disorders with health care expenditures among US Medicare patients.
This cohort study assesses whether an employer-mandated switch from a low-deductible health plan to high-deductible health plan is associated with the risk of major adverse cardiovascular outcomes among more than 1.5 million individuals in the US.
This cross-sectional study examines cigarette smoking prevalence and behaviors (continuing or quitting smoking) among cancer survivors and compares them between survivors of smoking-related cancers and non–smoking-related cancers.
This cross-sectional study uses 2016 Medicare claims data to assess the frequency of patient encounters with community pharmacists compared with primary care physicians for preventive care and chronic disease management.
To evaluate associations of apolipoprotein E protein levels in different lipoproteins with cognitive function and risk of dementia, this case-cohort study embedded in the Ginkgo Evaluation of Memory Study analyzed data from 1351 community-dwelling participants 74 years and older, and found the presence of apoE in high-density lipoproteins that lack apolipoprotein C3 was associated with better cognitive function and decreased risk of dementia.
This systematic review and meta-analysis examines the rates of bystander cardiopulmonary resuscitation and use of interventions used for training.
This systematic review and meta-analysis assesses whether the use of airway checklists is associated with improved outcomes in patients undergoing endotracheal intubation.
This survey study examines use of the informed consent form in decision-making by parents on enrollment of their children in a weight management study.
This cohort study characterizes the clinical features associated with antenatal exposure to the Zika virus in children and assesses whether an association exists between head circumference at birth and neurodevelopmental outcomes.
This cross-sectional survey study evaluates resilience among physicians and US workers and assesses the association between resilience and burnout among US physicians.
This cross-sectional study compares observed performance scores measured using medical record abstraction and electronic health record–generated reports with misclassification-adjusted performance scores obtained using bayesian latent class analysis among patients treated in primary care practices.
This cross-sectional study provides an overview of the characteristics of international medical graduates from Muslim-majority nations, including their contributions to the US physician workforce, and describes trends in the number of applications for certification to the Educational Commission for Foreign Medical Graduates between 2019 and 2018, both overall and for citizens of Muslim-majority nations.
This cohort study examines the association of sperm-associated antigen 5 (SPAG5) transcript and protein expression with treatment response in patients with estrogen receptor–positive breast cancer.
This survey study assesses the reach of court-ordered tobacco industry antismoking advertisements the association between exposure to these advertisements and intentions and/or attempts to quit smoking among cigarette smokers.
This prognostic study evaluates the external validity of the Oakland Score for use in assessing the risk of adverse outcomes and the likelihood of safe hospital discharge among a large population of adult patients with acute lower gastrointestinal bleeding in the United States.
This quality improvement study evaluates the effectiveness of a program in which clinicians at Veterans Affairs (VA) clinics receive ongoing feedback on their attention to patient contextual factors via patient-collected, audio-recorded sessions.
This cohort study identifies the prevalence of tobacco use and examines the association of both smoking and smoking cessation with survival in a cohort of adults who experienced a myocardial infarction at a young age.
This cohort study compares the association of radioactive iodine or antithyroid drug treatments for hyperthyroidism vs surgical management with solid cancer mortality in patients without cancer.
This interrupted time series study evaluates the association between federal value-based incentive programs and health care–associated infection rates in acute care hospitals in the United States.
This systematic review and meta-analysis examines the association of major food sources of fructose-containing sugars with incident metabolic syndrome.
This consensus statement uses a Delphi consensus process to create a national research agenda to help guide future work in prehospital hemorrhage control performed by layperson immediate responders.
This cohort study investigates whether preoperative patient frailty and operative stress are associated with postoperative mortality for patients undergoing elective vs emergent surgical procedures.
This survey study investigates perceptions of the Trump administration’s new public charge rule among low-income Texan adults.
This cross-sectional study uses data from the Premier Healthcare Database to compare in-hospital mortality, home discharge, and hospital length of stay among older adults with and without dementia who have undergone major surgical procedures.
This cross-sectional study examines the usage rates and trends of shorter vs longer radiation regimens for breast cancer and prostate cancer treatments in the US.
This cross-sectional study examines the association between article citations, Altmetric attention scores, and cumulative page views of pediatric research articles from 4 high-impact medical journals.
This cohort study examines regional patterns in end-of-life health care use among Medicare beneficiaries with chronic diseases treated at US hospitals, intensive care units, and hospice facilities from 2010 to 2016.
This cross-sectional study examines the preprint publication policies of 100 clinical journals with the highest impact factor.
This survey study examined data from medical schools’ disability offices to estimate the proportion of students who disclose psychological disabilities.
This cohort study investigates trends in opioid use and pain control in US patients who underwent total hip or knee arthroplasty from 2014 to 2017.
This survey study uses data from the Medical Group Management Association’s voluntary physician compensation survey from 2008 to 2017 to examine trends in compensation for primary care and specialist physicians after passage of the Affordable Care Act.
This survey study assess whether patterns in firearm ownership are associated with opinions on firearm safety among adults in California.
This cross-sectional study examines the frequency at which at-risk populations are excluded from clinical trials of interventions for delirium.
This systematic review examines current randomized clinical trials of therapeutic agents to treat coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19).
This cohort study examines changes in completion of and expressed preferences on an online advanced directive platform during the coronavirus 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic.
This cohort study examines use of medical leave among emergency medical service (EMS) responders and firefighters in New York, New York, during the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic compared with earlier periods.
This diagnostic study compares unsupervised home self-collected midnasal swabs vs clinician-collected nasopharyngeal swabs for the detection of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2).
This cross-sectional study examines rates of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) infection among asymptomatic health care workers and community residents in the greater Houston, Texas, area.
This case series examines whether interleukin 7 (IL-7) is associated with restored host protective immunity in patients with severe coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) and immunosuppression.
This cross-sectional study describes the characteristics and quality of nursing homes that reported coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) cases in 23 US states and the District of Columbia.
This cross-sectional study compares the use of weighted and unweighted population data to assess inequities in coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) deaths by race/ethnicity as reported by the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).
This cross-sectional study examines the association of neighborhood race/ethnicity and poverty with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) infections and related deaths in urban US counties.
This cross-sectional study examines the frequency of disagreements within the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) regarding approval of novel therapeutic agents.
This survey study examines trends in the gender distribution of academic positions in medical schools and university-affiliated hospitals in Japan from 1980 to 2018.
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