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August 2020 - May 2018

Decade

Year

Issue

July 2020, Vol 3, No. 7

open access Original Investigation

SUBSTANCE USE AND ADDICTION

Association of State Policies Allowing Medical Cannabis for Opioid Use Disorder With Dispensary Marketing for This Indication

This cross-sectional study examines whether state-level policies designating opioid use disorder (OUD) a qualifying condition for medical cannabis are associated with dispensaries claiming that cannabis can treat OUD.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(7):e2010001. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.10001
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

GLOBAL HEALTH

Association of Influenza Activity and Environmental Conditions With the Risk of Invasive Pneumococcal Disease

This case-crossover study evaluates the short-term associations of influenza activity and environmental exposures with invasive pneumococcal disease risk in temperate countries and examines the generalizability of such associations across multiple jurisdictions.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(7):e2010167. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.10167
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

CARDIOLOGY

Association of Adherence to Weight Telemonitoring With Health Care Use and Death: A Secondary Analysis of a Randomized Clinical Trial

This post hoc secondary analysis of a randomized clinical trial of patients with decompensated heart failure assesses whether telemonitoring adherence is associated with risk of hospitalization, emergency department visit, or death.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(7):e2010174. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.10174
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

PEDIATRICS

Assessment of Bereaved Caregiver Experiences of Advance Care Planning for Children With Medical Complexity

This qualitative study explores the experiences of bereaved family caregivers with advance care planning for children with medical complexity.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(7):e2010337. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.10337
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

IMAGING

Assessment of Primary Care Clinician Concordance With Guidelines for Use of Magnetic Resonance Imaging in Patients With Nonspecific Low Back Pain in the Veterans Affairs Health System

This cohort study examines the use of magnetic resonance imaging for low back pain in US Department of Veterans Affairs primary care clinics to assess concordance with published guidelines.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(7):e2010343. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.10343
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

PULMONARY MEDICINE

Association of Neutrophil to Lymphocyte Ratio With Pulmonary Function in a 30-Year Longitudinal Study of US Veterans

This cohort study examines the associations of neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio with lung function and risk of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease among US veterans with up to 30 years of follow-up.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(7):e2010350. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.10350
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

PEDIATRICS

Layperson-Led vs Professional-Led Behavioral Interventions for Weight Loss in Pediatric Obesity: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis

This systematic review and meta-analysis investigates the association of professional-led and layperson-led weight loss interventions with short- and long-term weight reduction among children and adolescents with overweight and obesity.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(7):e2010364. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.10364
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

NEUROLOGY

Effect of Rotigotine vs Placebo on Cognitive Functions Among Patients With Mild to Moderate Alzheimer Disease: A Randomized Clinical Trial

This randomized clinical trial evaluates whether treatment with the dopaminergic agonist rotigotine has an effect on cognitive function in patients with mild to moderate Alzheimer disease in Italy.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(7):e2010372. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.10372
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

STATISTICS AND RESEARCH METHODS

Association of Do-Not-Resuscitate Patient Case Mix With Publicly Reported Risk-Standardized Hospital Mortality and Readmission Rates

This cross-sectional study examines the association between rates of mortality and readmission used by Medicare to determine financial penalties and to rank hospital quality with the case mix of patients with do-not-resuscitate status at US hospitals.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(7):e2010383. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.10383
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

CARDIOLOGY

Association of Hospital-Level Acute Resuscitation and Postresuscitation Survival With Overall Risk-Standardized Survival to Discharge for In-Hospital Cardiac Arrest

This cohort study evaluates patients’ overall risk-standardized survival rate for in-hospital cardiac arrest and examines its association with risk-adjusted rates of acute resuscitation and postresuscitation survival.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(7):e2010403. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.10403
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

DIABETES AND ENDOCRINOLOGY

Effect of Cold Atmospheric Plasma Therapy vs Standard Therapy Placebo on Wound Healing in Patients With Diabetic Foot Ulcers: A Randomized Clinical Trial

This randomized clinical trial assesses the effect of application of cold atmospheric plasma in addition to standard care treatment compared with placebo on wound healing in terms of more rapid and clinical meaningful wound surface regression.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(7):e2010411. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.10411
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

ALLERGY

Assessment of Pediatrician Awareness and Implementation of the Addendum Guidelines for the Prevention of Peanut Allergy in the United States

This survey study describes the self-reported level of adherence, familiarity, and implementation needs associated with national peanut allergy prevention recommendations among pediatricians caring for infants.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(7):e2010511. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.10511
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

PATHOLOGY AND LABORATORY MEDICINE

Reevaluation of the US Pathologist Workforce Size

This analysis assesses the accuracy of current pathologist workforce estimates in the US by examining why divergency appears in different published resources.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(7):e2010648. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.10648
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

INFECTIOUS DISEASES

Prevalence of Clinical Signs Within Reference Ranges Among Hospitalized Patients Prescribed Antibiotics for Pneumonia

This cohort study examines the prescribing rates and duration of antibiotic therapy in patients with possible pneumonia whose clinical signs are within the reference ranges.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(7):e2010700. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.10700
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

PSYCHIATRY

A Machine Learning Approach to Understanding Patterns of Engagement With Internet-Delivered Mental Health Interventions

This cohort study examines the use of machine learning in testing to categorize behavior types in individuals with depression and anxiety.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(7):e2010791. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.10791
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

ONCOLOGY

Evaluation of Reported Fertility Preservation Counseling Before Chemotherapy Using the Quality Oncology Practice Initiative Survey

This cross-sectional study evaluates factors associated with fertility preservation counseling before initiating chemotherapy among patients of reproductive age with recently diagnosed cancer.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(7):e2010806. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.10806
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

HEMATOLOGY

Effect of Inhaled Cannabis for Pain in Adults With Sickle Cell Disease: A Randomized Clinical Trial

This randomized clinical trial examines the safety and efficacy of cannabis for pain in adults with sickle cell disease.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(7):e2010874. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.10874
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

MEDICAL EDUCATION

Association of Gender With Learner Assessment in Graduate Medical Education

This cross-sectional study evaluates the association of gender with assessment of internal medicine residents.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(7):e2010888. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.10888
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

OTOLARYNGOLOGY

Association of Hearing Loss With Psychological Distress and Utilization of Mental Health Services Among Adults in the United States

This cross-sectional study investigates the association between hearing loss, psychological distress, and mental health care utilization among adults in the United States.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(7):e2010986. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.10986
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

HEALTH POLICY

Use of Health Savings Accounts Among US Adults Enrolled in High-Deductible Health Plans

This survey study assesses which patients who may be eligible for a health savings account do not have one and what decisions patients with these accounts make about contributing to them in a representative sample of US adults.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(7):e2011014. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.11014
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

GASTROENTEROLOGY AND HEPATOLOGY

Effect of Reduced-Dose Capecitabine Plus Cetuximab as Maintenance Therapy for RAS Wild-Type Metastatic Colorectal Cancer: A Phase 2 Clinical Trial

This phase 2 clinical trial evaluates the biological activity and safety of capecitabine plus cetuximab as a novel maintenance therapy for RAS wild-type metastatic colorectal cancer.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(7):e2011036. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.11036
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

CARDIOLOGY

Association of Gender and Race With Allocation of Advanced Heart Failure Therapies

This qualitative study examines how patient race and gender are associated with clinician recommendations for allocation of advanced heart failure therapies.

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JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(7):e2011044. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.11044
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

GASTROENTEROLOGY AND HEPATOLOGY

Association of Direct-Acting Antiviral Treatment With Mortality Among Medicare Beneficiaries With Hepatitis C

his cohort study examines the survival advantages associated with second-generation direct-acting antiviral medications among adults with hepatitis C virus infection.

has audio
JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(7):e2011055. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.11055
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

ONCOLOGY

Association of Inferior Vena Cava Filter Placement With Rates of Pulmonary Embolism in Patients With Cancer and Acute Lower Extremity Deep Venous Thrombosis

This cohort study evaluates the association of inferior vena cava (IVC) filters with the development of pulmonary embolism (PE) in patients with cancer and deep venous thrombosis (DVT).

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(7):e2011079. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.11079
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

PUBLIC HEALTH

Association of Demographic and Early-Life Socioeconomic Factors by Birth Cohort With Dementia Incidence Among US Adults Born Between 1893 and 1949

This cohort study examines the association of demographic characteristics and early-life sociodemographic factors by birth cohort with the incidence of dementia among US participants in the Adult Changes in Thought study who were born between 1893 and 1949 and followed up from 1994 to 2015.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(7):e2011094. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.11094
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

PEDIATRICS

Association of Media Coverage of Transgender and Gender Diverse Issues With Rates of Referral of Transgender Children and Adolescents to Specialist Gender Clinics in the UK and Australia

This cross-sectional study examines whether increases in transgender and gender diverse young people presenting to specialist gender clinics are associated with related media coverage.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(7):e2011161. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.11161
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

MEDICAL EDUCATION

A Qualitative Analysis of Career Advice Given to Women Leaders in an Academic Medical Center

This qualitative study solicits the perspectives of women leaders on the workplace and cultural changes that need to take place in academic medicine to increase inclusivity and gender equity.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(7):e2011292. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.11292
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

PEDIATRICS

Health Care Use and Costs of Children, Adolescents, and Young Adults With Somatic Symptom and Related Disorders

This cohort study uses data from linked health and administrative databases in Ontario, Canada, to investigate health care use and costs among children, adolescents, and young adults diagnosed with somatic symptom and related disorders.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(7):e2011295. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.11295
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

CARDIOLOGY

Association of Cardiovascular Disease Risk Factor Burden With Progression of Coronary Atherosclerosis Assessed by Serial Coronary Computed Tomographic Angiography

This cohort study analyzes data from the Progression of Atherosclerotic Plaque Determined by Computed Tomographic Angiography Imaging study to explore the association of cardiovascular risk factor burden with progression of coronary atherosclerosis and development of adverse plaque characteristics.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(7):e2011444. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.11444
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

PEDIATRICS

Association of Retinal Microvascular Characteristics With Short-term Memory Performance in Children Aged 4 to 5 Years

This cohort study investigates the association between retinal vessel characteristics and neurological functioning in children aged 4 to 5 years.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(7):e2011537. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.11537
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

HEALTH INFORMATICS

Development of a Deep Learning Model to Identify Lymph Node Metastasis on Magnetic Resonance Imaging in Patients With Cervical Cancer

This diagnostic study develops a machine learning tool for use in preoperative noninvasive identification of lymph metastasis on magnetic resonance imaging in patients with cervical cancer.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(7):e2011625. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.11625
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

PUBLIC HEALTH

Geographic Variation in Overscreening for Colorectal, Cervical, and Breast Cancer Among Older Adults

This cross-sectional study examines responses from a large, nationally representative telephone survey of older adults in the US to determine rates of screening for colorectal, cervical, or breast cancer after recommended upper age limits.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(7):e2011645. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.11645
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

HEALTH POLICY

Assessment of Physician Priorities in Delivery of Preventive Care

This survey study assesses primary care physicians’ prioritization of preventive services.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(7):e2011677. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.11677
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

CARDIOLOGY

Association of Cardiac Rehabilitation With All-Cause Mortality Among Patients With Cardiovascular Disease in the Netherlands

This cohort study investigates the implications of sex, age, socioeconomic status, cardiovascular disease (CVD) diagnosis, cardiothoracic surgery, and comorbidity for the association between cardiac rehabilitation participation and all-cause mortality.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(7):e2011686. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.11686
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

IMAGING

Screening Performance of Digital Breast Tomosynthesis vs Digital Mammography in Community Practice by Patient Age, Screening Round, and Breast Density

This comparative effectiveness study evaluates the screening recall and cancer detection rates of digital mammography vs digital breast tomosynthesis stratified by age, baseline screening, subsequent screening round, and breast density category in a large US cohort of women aged 40 to 79 years.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(7):e2011792. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.11792
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

ONCOLOGY

Evaluation of the Use of Cancer Registry Data for Comparative Effectiveness Research

This comparative effectiveness study examines the concordance of data from an observational cancer registry with data from randomized clinical trials.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(7):e2011985. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.11985
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH

Estimation of Viral Aerosol Emissions From Simulated Individuals With Asymptomatic to Moderate Coronavirus Disease 2019

This mathematical modeling study estimates viral aerosol emissions from simulated individuals with asymptomatic to moderate coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19).

has active quiz
JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(7):e2013807. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.13807
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF CME & MOC

INFECTIOUS DISEASES

Association of Nonsteroidal Anti-inflammatory Drug Use and Adverse Outcomes Among Patients Hospitalized With Influenza

This cohort study examines the association of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) with adverse outcomes in patients hospitalized with influenza or influenza pneumonia.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(7):e2013880. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.13880
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

PSYCHIATRY

Prevalence of and Risk Factors Associated With Mental Health Symptoms Among the General Population in China During the Coronavirus Disease 2019 Pandemic

This survey study investigates the prevalence of and risk factors associated with mental health symptoms in the general population in China during the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(7):e2014053. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.14053
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

PUBLIC HEALTH

Association of a Public Health Campaign About Coronavirus Disease 2019 Promoted by News Media and a Social Influencer With Self-reported Personal Hygiene and Physical Distancing in the Netherlands

This survey study examines a nationwide social media campaign about personal hygiene and physical distancing in the Netherlands and evaluates its effectiveness in improving behavior and curbing the spread of the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic.

has active quiz
JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(7):e2014323. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.14323
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF CME & MOC

INFECTIOUS DISEASES

Clinical Characteristics of Patients With Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) Receiving Emergency Medical Services in King County, Washington

This cohort study describes patient characteristics and prehospital presentation of patients with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) cared for by emergency medical services (EMS) in King County, Washington.

has active quiz
JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(7):e2014549. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.14549
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF CME & MOC

CARDIOLOGY

Incidence of Stress Cardiomyopathy During the Coronavirus Disease 2019 Pandemic

This cohort study compares the incidence of stress cardiomyopathy among patients presenting with acute coronary syndrome at 2 Ohio hospitals during the coronavirus disease 2019 pandemic vs prepandemic time points.

has active quiz
JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(7):e2014780. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.14780
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF CME & MOC

PUBLIC HEALTH

Knowledge, Concerns, and Behaviors of Individuals During the First Week of the Coronavirus Disease 2019 Pandemic in Italy

This survey study examined the knowledge, concerns, and behaviors of individuals living in different coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) exposure zones during the first week of the pandemic in Italy.

has active quiz
JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(7):e2015821. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.15821
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF CME & MOC

INFECTIOUS DISEASES

Risk Factors Associated With Mortality Among Residents With Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) in Long-term Care Facilities in Ontario, Canada

This cohort study examines the trends and risk factors associated with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) death in long-term care facilities in Ontario, Canada.

has active quiz
JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(7):e2015957. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.15957
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF CME & MOC

INFECTIOUS DISEASES

Association of Social Distancing, Population Density, and Temperature With the Instantaneous Reproduction Number of SARS-CoV-2 in Counties Across the United States

This cohort study examines the association of county-level factors with variation in the instantaneous reproduction number of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) in the United States.

has active quiz
JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(7):e2016099. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.16099
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF CME & MOC

PUBLIC HEALTH

Assessment of SARS-CoV-2 Screening Strategies to Permit the Safe Reopening of College Campuses in the United States

This analytic modeling study defines the screening performance standards for severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) tests that would permit the safe return of students to US residential college campuses for the fall 2020 semester.

has active quiz
JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(7):e2016818. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.16818
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF CME & MOC

GLOBAL HEALTH

Comparison of Face-Touching Behaviors Before and During the Coronavirus Disease 2019 Pandemic

This cross-sectional study examines mask wearing and face-touching behaviors before and during the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic in China, Japan, South Korea, Western Europe, and the US.

has active quiz
JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(7):e2016924. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.16924
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF CME & MOC

GERIATRICS

Validation of a Health System Measure to Capture Intensive Medication Treatment of Hypertension in the Veterans Health Administration

This cross-sectional study uses data from the Veterans Health Administration to formulate and test an algorithm to detect intensive hypertension treatment.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(7):e205417. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.5417
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

PUBLIC HEALTH

Assessment of Health Care Exposures and Outcomes in Adult Patients With Sepsis and Septic Shock

This cohort study uses medical records, death certificates, and hospital discharge data to describe health care exposures and outcomes among adult patients with sepsis and septic shock.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(7):e206004. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.6004
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

ONCOLOGY

Association of Independent Prognostic Factors and Treatment Modality With Survival and Recurrence Outcomes in Breast Cancer

This prognostic study identifies independent clinical and molecular measurements associated with overall and recurrence-free survival by homogeneous treatment in patients with breast cancer.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(7):e207213. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.7213
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

PEDIATRICS

Incidence of Occult Spinal Dysraphism Among Infants With Cutaneous Stigmata and Proportion Managed With Neurosurgery: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis

This systematic review and meta-analysis evaluates the incidence of occult spinal dysraphism and the proportion of cases managed with a neurosurgical intervention among neonates or infants with various cutaneous stigmata.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(7):e207221. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.7221
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

PSYCHIATRY

Association of Alternative Payment and Delivery Models With Outcomes for Mental Health and Substance Use Disorders: A Systematic Review

This systematic review summarizes the published literature on populations and mental health and/or substance use disorder conditions examined by alternative payment and delivery models as well as the associations of these models with mental health and/or substance use disorder outcomes.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(7):e207401. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.7401
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

DIABETES AND ENDOCRINOLOGY

Cost-effectiveness of a Stepwise Approach vs Standard Care for Diabetes Prevention in India

This economic evaluation estimates the cost-effectiveness of a stepwise approach to diabetes prevention among adults in India participating in the Diabetes Community Lifestyle Improvement Program.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(7):e207539. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.7539
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

ALLERGY

Association Between Changes in Timing of Spring Onset and Asthma Hospitalization in Maryland

This cross-sectional study investigates how ongoing changes in the timing of spring onset related to climate change are associated with rates of asthma hospitalization in Maryland.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(7):e207551. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.7551
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

ONCOLOGY

Detection of TP53 Clonal Variants in Papanicolaou Test Samples Collected up to 6 Years Prior to High-Grade Serous Epithelial Ovarian Cancer Diagnosis

This cohort study assesses whether TP53 clonal variants can be detected in Papanicolaou test samples from women later diagnosed with high-grade serous epithelial ovarian cancer (HGS-EOC).

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(7):e207566. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.7566
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

PUBLIC HEALTH

Association of Positive Affect Instability With All-Cause Mortality in Older Adults in England

This survey study examines the association of instability of positive affect with all-cause mortality in older adults in England.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(7):e207725. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.7725
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

INFECTIOUS DISEASES

Assessment of the Accuracy of Using ICD-9 Diagnosis Codes to Identify Pneumonia Etiology in Patients Hospitalized With Pneumonia

This cohort study assesses the validity of organism-specific International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision (ICD-9) administrative codes for pneumonia in adult patients using microbiological data as the criterion standard.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(7):e207750. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.7750
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

GERIATRICS

Views on Firearm Safety Among Caregivers of People With Alzheimer Disease and Related Dementias

This survey study of caregivers of people with Alzheimer disease and related dementias assesses caregiver views on firearm safety risks, experiences with health care professional–delivered counseling, and preferred sources of information about firearm safety.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(7):e207756. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.7756
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

ONCOLOGY

Assessment of Image-Guided Intratumoral Delivery of Immunotherapeutics in Patients With Cancer

This case series study examines the feasibility and safety of intratumoral delivery of immunotherapy among patients undergoing cancer care in clinical trials.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(7):e207911. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.7911
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

NEPHROLOGY

National Trends in the Prevalence of Chronic Kidney Disease Among Racial/Ethnic and Socioeconomic Status Groups, 1988-2016

This repeated cross-sectional study uses data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys to examine trends in chronic kidney disease prevalence across major sociodemographic groups, as defined by race/ethnicity and socioeconomic status.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(7):e207932. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.7932
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

ONCOLOGY

Association of Innovations in Radiotherapy and Systemic Treatments With Clinical Outcomes in Patients With Melanoma Brain Metastasis From 2007 to 2016

This cohort study examines the association of innovations in radiotherapy techniques and systemic treatment with clinical outcomes among Canadian patients with melanoma brain metastasis between 2007 and 2016.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(7):e208204. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.8204
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

CRITICAL CARE MEDICINE

Association of Initial Illness Severity and Outcomes After Cardiac Arrest With Targeted Temperature Management at 36 °C or 33 °C

This cohort study examines whether illness severity is associated with changes in the association between target temperature and patient outcome.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(7):e208215. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.8215
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

CARDIOLOGY

Estimation of Atherosclerotic Cardiovascular Disease Risk Among Patients in the Veterans Affairs Health Care System

This cohort study examines the performance of the Pooled Cohort Equations (PCE) for 5-year atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease risk estimation in a contemporary cohort and tests the hypothesis that inclusion of statin therapy improves model performance.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(7):e208236. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.8236
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

OBSTETRICS AND GYNECOLOGY

Association of Maternal Opioid Use in Pregnancy With Adverse Perinatal Outcomes in Ontario, Canada, From 2012 to 2018

This cohort study assesses trends in prenatal opioid use and the potential association between prenatal opioid use and preterm birth and adverse perinatal outcomes in a population-based perinatal database in Ontario, Canada.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(7):e208256. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.8256
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

HEALTH INFORMATICS

Development and Validation of a Risk Stratification Model Using Disease Severity Hierarchy for Mortality or Major Cardiovascular Event

This cohort study introduces a new representation of patient data called disease severity hierarchy that leverages domain knowledge in a nested fashion to create subpopulations that share increasing amounts of clinical details suitable for risk prediction.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(7):e208270. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.8270
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

ETHICS

Health Policy and Privacy Challenges Associated With Digital Technology

This qualitative study assesses the association between digital technology and emerging challenges for health policy and privacy.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(7):e208285. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.8285
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

ONCOLOGY

Association of a Polygenic Risk Score With Breast Cancer Among Women Carriers of High- and Moderate-Risk Breast Cancer Genes

This case-control study examines the association of polygenic risk scores with changes in breast cancer risk in women who are carriers of pathogenic variants in breast cancer susceptibility genes.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(7):e208501. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.8501
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

PEDIATRICS

Effect of a Videoconference-Based Online Group Intervention for Traumatic Stress in Parents of Children With Life-threatening Illness: A Randomized Clinical Trial

This randomized clinical trial evaluates the efficacy of an acceptance and commitment therapy–based group intervention, delivered using videoconferencing, in reducing posttraumatic stress symptoms in parents of children with life-threatening illness.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(7):e208507. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.8507
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

SUBSTANCE USE AND ADDICTION

Critical Illness Secondary to Synthetic Cannabinoid Ingestion

This case series describes the neurologic and cardiopulmonary complications associated with synthetic cannabinoid intoxication experienced by adult patients admitted to intensive care.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(7):e208516. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.8516
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

SURGERY

Association of Image-Guided Navigation With Complete Resection Rate in Patients With Locally Advanced Primary and Recurrent Rectal Cancer: A Nonrandomized Controlled Trial

This nonrandomized controlled trial evaluates the resection margin rates as well as the safety and usability of a newly developed image-guided navigation technique among patients who underwent a rectal cancer resection.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(7):e208522. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.8522
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

PEDIATRICS

Association of Family Income and Risk of Food Insecurity With Iron Status in Young Children

This cross-sectional study examines the association of family income and family risk of food insecurity with iron status in healthy young children attending primary care in Toronto, Canada.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(7):e208603. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.8603
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

CARDIOLOGY

Association of Atrial Fibrillation Episode Duration With Arrhythmia Recurrence Following Ablation: A Secondary Analysis of a Randomized Clinical Trial

This secondary analysis of a randomized clinical trial evaluates the association of baseline atrial fibrillation episode duration with post–atrial fibrillation ablation arrhythmia outcomes.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(7):e208748. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.8748
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

HEALTH POLICY

Examination of Changes in Health Status Among Michigan Medicaid Expansion Enrollees From 2016 to 2017

This survey study examines the self-reported health of enrollees in Michigan’s Medicaid expansion, the Healthy Michigan Plan, among respondents to surveys in 2016 and 2017.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(7):e208776. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.8776
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

ANESTHESIOLOGY

Economic Burden of Postoperative Neurocognitive Disorders Among US Medicare Patients

This cohort study examined the association of postoperative neurocognitive disorders with health care expenditures among US Medicare patients.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(7):e208931. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.8931
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

HEALTH POLICY

Association Between Switching to a High-Deductible Health Plan and Major Cardiovascular Outcomes

This cohort study assesses whether an employer-mandated switch from a low-deductible health plan to high-deductible health plan is associated with the risk of major adverse cardiovascular outcomes among more than 1.5 million individuals in the US.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(7):e208939. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.8939
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

PUBLIC HEALTH

Smoking Behaviors in Survivors of Smoking-Related and Non–Smoking-Related Cancers

This cross-sectional study examines cigarette smoking prevalence and behaviors (continuing or quitting smoking) among cancer survivors and compares them between survivors of smoking-related cancers and non–smoking-related cancers.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(7):e209072. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.9072
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

PHARMACY AND CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY

Evaluation of Frequency of Encounters With Primary Care Physicians vs Visits to Community Pharmacies Among Medicare Beneficiaries

This cross-sectional study uses 2016 Medicare claims data to assess the frequency of patient encounters with community pharmacists compared with primary care physicians for preventive care and chronic disease management.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(7):e209132. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.9132
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

NEUROLOGY

Association of Apolipoprotein E in Lipoprotein Subspecies With Risk of Dementia

To evaluate associations of apolipoprotein E protein levels in different lipoproteins with cognitive function and risk of dementia, this case-cohort study embedded in the Ginkgo Evaluation of Memory Study analyzed data from 1351 community-dwelling participants 74 years and older, and found the presence of apoE in high-density lipoproteins that lack apolipoprotein C3 was associated with better cognitive function and decreased risk of dementia.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(7):e209250. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.9250
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

EMERGENCY MEDICINE

Assessment of Community Interventions for Bystander Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation in Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis

This systematic review and meta-analysis examines the rates of bystander cardiopulmonary resuscitation and use of interventions used for training.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(7):e209256. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.9256
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

ANESTHESIOLOGY

Association of Checklist Use in Endotracheal Intubation With Clinically Important Outcomes: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis

This systematic review and meta-analysis assesses whether the use of airway checklists is associated with improved outcomes in patients undergoing endotracheal intubation.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(7):e209278. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.9278
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

ETHICS

Assessing Parent Decisions About Child Participation in a Behavioral Health Intervention Study and Utility of Informed Consent Forms

This survey study examines use of the informed consent form in decision-making by parents on enrollment of their children in a weight management study.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(7):e209296. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.9296
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

INFECTIOUS DISEASES

Association Between Antenatal Exposure to Zika Virus and Anatomical and Neurodevelopmental Abnormalities in Children

This cohort study characterizes the clinical features associated with antenatal exposure to the Zika virus in children and assesses whether an association exists between head circumference at birth and neurodevelopmental outcomes.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(7):e209303. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.9303
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

PSYCHIATRY

Resilience and Burnout Among Physicians and the General US Working Population

This cross-sectional survey study evaluates resilience among physicians and US workers and assesses the association between resilience and burnout among US physicians.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(7):e209385. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.9385
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

HEALTH POLICY

Validity of Medical Record Abstraction and Electronic Health Record–Generated Reports to Assess Performance on Cardiovascular Quality Measures in Primary Care

This cross-sectional study compares observed performance scores measured using medical record abstraction and electronic health record–generated reports with misclassification-adjusted performance scores obtained using bayesian latent class analysis among patients treated in primary care practices.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(7):e209411. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.9411
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

HEALTH POLICY

Prevalence of International Medical Graduates From Muslim-Majority Nations in the US Physician Workforce From 2009 to 2019

This cross-sectional study provides an overview of the characteristics of international medical graduates from Muslim-majority nations, including their contributions to the US physician workforce, and describes trends in the number of applications for certification to the Educational Commission for Foreign Medical Graduates between 2019 and 2018, both overall and for citizens of Muslim-majority nations.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(7):e209418. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.9418
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

ONCOLOGY

Association of Sperm-Associated Antigen 5 and Treatment Response in Patients With Estrogen Receptor–Positive Breast Cancer

This cohort study examines the association of sperm-associated antigen 5 (SPAG5) transcript and protein expression with treatment response in patients with estrogen receptor–positive breast cancer.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(7):e209486. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.9486
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

PUBLIC HEALTH

Association of Exposure to Court-Ordered Tobacco Industry Antismoking Advertisements With Intentions and Attempts to Quit Smoking Among US Adults

This survey study assesses the reach of court-ordered tobacco industry antismoking advertisements the association between exposure to these advertisements and intentions and/or attempts to quit smoking among cigarette smokers.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(7):e209504. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.9504
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

GASTROENTEROLOGY AND HEPATOLOGY

External Validation of the Oakland Score to Assess Safe Hospital Discharge Among Adult Patients With Acute Lower Gastrointestinal Bleeding in the US

This prognostic study evaluates the external validity of the Oakland Score for use in assessing the risk of adverse outcomes and the likelihood of safe hospital discharge among a large population of adult patients with acute lower gastrointestinal bleeding in the United States.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(7):e209630. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.9630
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

HEALTH POLICY

Evaluation of a Patient-Collected Audio Audit and Feedback Quality Improvement Program on Clinician Attention to Patient Life Context and Health Care Costs in the Veterans Affairs Health Care System

This quality improvement study evaluates the effectiveness of a program in which clinicians at Veterans Affairs (VA) clinics receive ongoing feedback on their attention to patient contextual factors via patient-collected, audio-recorded sessions.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(7):e209644. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.9644
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

CARDIOLOGY

Association of Smoking Cessation and Survival Among Young Adults With Myocardial Infarction in the Partners YOUNG-MI Registry

This cohort study identifies the prevalence of tobacco use and examines the association of both smoking and smoking cessation with survival in a cohort of adults who experienced a myocardial infarction at a young age.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(7):e209649. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.9649
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

DIABETES AND ENDOCRINOLOGY

Association of Radioactive Iodine, Antithyroid Drug, and Surgical Treatments With Solid Cancer Mortality in Patients With Hyperthyroidism

This cohort study compares the association of radioactive iodine or antithyroid drug treatments for hyperthyroidism vs surgical management with solid cancer mortality in patients without cancer.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(7):e209660. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.9660
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

HEALTH POLICY

Association Between Federal Value-Based Incentive Programs and Health Care–Associated Infection Rates in Safety-Net and Non–Safety-Net Hospitals

This interrupted time series study evaluates the association between federal value-based incentive programs and health care–associated infection rates in acute care hospitals in the United States.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(7):e209700. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.9700
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

NUTRITION, OBESITY, AND EXERCISE

Association of Major Food Sources of Fructose-Containing Sugars With Incident Metabolic Syndrome: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis

This systematic review and meta-analysis examines the association of major food sources of fructose-containing sugars with incident metabolic syndrome.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(7):e209993. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.9993
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF
open access Consensus Statement

EMERGENCY MEDICINE

Defining a Research Agenda for Layperson Prehospital Hemorrhage Control: A Consensus Statement

This consensus statement uses a Delphi consensus process to create a national research agenda to help guide future work in prehospital hemorrhage control performed by layperson immediate responders.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(7):e209393. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.9393
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF
open access Editorial

Health Disparities in Advanced Heart Failure Treatment: The Intersection of Race and Sex

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(7):e2011034. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.11034
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF
open access Invited Commentary

NUTRITION, OBESITY, AND EXERCISE

Current Intake and Demographic Disparities in the Association of Fructose-Rich Foods and Metabolic Syndrome

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(7):e2010224. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.10224
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

HEALTH POLICY

Value-Based Incentive Programs and Health Disparities

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(7):e2010231. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.10231
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

PATHOLOGY AND LABORATORY MEDICINE

Discrepancies in the Reporting of Pathology Workforce Data—Is Reevaluation Also Needed for Other Medical Specialties?

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(7):e2010908. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.10908
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

PEDIATRICS

Leveraging Tweets, Citations, and Social Networks to Improve Bibliometrics

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(7):e2010911. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.10911
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

STATISTICS AND RESEARCH METHODS

Implications of Including Hospital Do-Not-Resuscitate Rates in Risk Adjustment for Pay-for-Performance Programs

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(7):e2010915. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.10915
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

PSYCHIATRY

Digital Health and Engagement—Looking Behind the Measures and Methods

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(7):e2010918. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.10918
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

CARDIOLOGY

Postresuscitation Management and Survival After Cardiac Arrest—The Whole Package

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(7):e2010921. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.10921
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

MEDICAL EDUCATION

Gender Differences in Resident Assessment: The Glass Ceiling and Sticky Floor for Women in Medicine Begin Early

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(7):e2010985. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.10985
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

HEALTH POLICY

High-Deductible Health Plans and Health Savings Accounts: A Match Made in Heaven but Not for This Irrational World

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(7):e2011000. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.11000
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

GERIATRICS

Firearm Safety in an Aging United States

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(7):e2011182. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.11182
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

PUBLIC HEALTH

The Enigma of Decreasing Dementia Incidence

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(7):e2011199. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.11199
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

PEDIATRICS

It’s Time to View Severe Medically Unexplained Symptoms as Red-Flag Symptoms of Depression and Anxiety

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(7):e2011520. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.11520
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

ALLERGY

Clinician Adoption of US Peanut Introduction Guidelines—A Case for Conditional Recommendations and Contextual Considerations to Empower Shared Decision-Making

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(7):e2011535. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.11535
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

ONCOLOGY

Evidence Supporting the Use of Inferior Vena Cava Filters in Patients With Cancer—Coming Into Focus

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(7):e2011942. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.11942
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

ONCOLOGY

Are Observational, Real-World Studies Suitable to Make Cancer Treatment Recommendations?

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(7):e2012119. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.12119
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

IMAGING

Benefits of Digital Breast Tomosynthesis Beyond Baseline Screening

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(7):e2012361. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.12361
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

PEDIATRICS

Media Coverage and Care-Seeking for Transgender and Gender-Diverse Youth

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(7):e2015373. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.15373
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

PUBLIC HEALTH

Reopening Colleges During the Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) Pandemic—One Size Does Not Fit All

has active quiz
JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(7):e2017838. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.17838
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF CME & MOC

CRITICAL CARE MEDICINE

Moving Beyond One-Size-Fits-All Treatment for Patients After Cardiac Arrest

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(7):e208809. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.8809
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

SURGERY

Clinical Advantage of Image-Guided Navigation for Locally Advanced Primary and Recurrent Rectal Cancer

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(7):e208810. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.8810
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

HEALTH POLICY

The Need to Expand Coverage and Enhance Access to Essential Services on a Predeductible Basis Following COVID-19

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(7):e209456. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.9456
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

INFECTIOUS DISEASES

Head Circumference as a Measure of In Utero Zika Virus Exposure and Outcomes

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(7):e209461. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.9461
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

EMERGENCY MEDICINE

The Research Agenda for Stop the Bleed: Beyond Focused Empiricism in Prehospital Hemorrhage Control

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(7):e209465. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.9465
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

NEUROLOGY

Plasma Apolipoprotein E Levels and Risk of Dementia—You Are the Company You Keep

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(7):e209501. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.9501
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

ANESTHESIOLOGY

Checklists for Tracheal Intubation of Critically Ill Adults

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(7):e209511. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.9511
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

PSYCHIATRY

Addressing Burnout—Focus on Systems, Not Resilience

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(7):e209514. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.9514
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF
open access Research Letter

SURGERY

Association of Preoperative Frailty and Operative Stress With Mortality After Elective vs Emergency Surgery

This cohort study investigates whether preoperative patient frailty and operative stress are associated with postoperative mortality for patients undergoing elective vs emergent surgical procedures.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(7):e2010358. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.10358
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

HEALTH POLICY

Assessment of Perceptions of the Public Charge Rule Among Low-Income Adults in Texas

This survey study investigates perceptions of the Trump administration’s new public charge rule among low-income Texan adults.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(7):e2010391. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.10391
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

SURGERY

Outcomes of Common Major Surgical Procedures in Older Adults With and Without Dementia

This cross-sectional study uses data from the Premier Healthcare Database to compare in-hospital mortality, home discharge, and hospital length of stay among older adults with and without dementia who have undergone major surgical procedures.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(7):e2010395. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.10395
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

HEALTH POLICY

Evaluation of Use of Shorter Radiation Regimens for Breast and Prostate Cancer in the US, 2015-2017

This cross-sectional study examines the usage rates and trends of shorter vs longer radiation regimens for breast cancer and prostate cancer treatments in the US.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(7):e2010519. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.10519
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

PEDIATRICS

Association Between Citations, Altmetrics, and Article Views in Pediatric Research

This cross-sectional study examines the association between article citations, Altmetric attention scores, and cumulative page views of pediatric research articles from 4 high-impact medical journals.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(7):e2010784. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.10784
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

HEALTH POLICY

Regional Variation in Use of End-of-Life Care at Hospitals, Intensive Care Units, and Hospices Among Older Adults With Chronic Illness in the US, 2010 to 2016

This cohort study examines regional patterns in end-of-life health care use among Medicare beneficiaries with chronic diseases treated at US hospitals, intensive care units, and hospice facilities from 2010 to 2016.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(7):e2010810. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.10810
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

MEDICAL JOURNALS AND PUBLISHING

Assessment of Preprint Policies of Top-Ranked Clinical Journals

This cross-sectional study examines the preprint publication policies of 100 clinical journals with the highest impact factor.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(7):e2011127. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.11127
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

MEDICAL EDUCATION

Assessment of Disclosure of Psychological Disability Among US Medical Students

This survey study examined data from medical schools’ disability offices to estimate the proportion of students who disclose psychological disabilities.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(7):e2011165. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.11165
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

ORTHOPEDICS

Opioid Use and Pain Control After Total Hip and Knee Arthroplasty in the US, 2014 to 2017

This cohort study investigates trends in opioid use and pain control in US patients who underwent total hip or knee arthroplasty from 2014 to 2017.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(7):e2011972. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.11972
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

HEALTH POLICY

Trends in Compensation for Primary Care and Specialist Physicians After Implementation of the Affordable Care Act

This survey study uses data from the Medical Group Management Association’s voluntary physician compensation survey from 2008 to 2017 to examine trends in compensation for primary care and specialist physicians after passage of the Affordable Care Act.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(7):e2011981. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.11981
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

PUBLIC HEALTH

Patterns of Firearm Ownership and Opinions on Firearm Policies Among Adults in California

This survey study assess whether patterns in firearm ownership are associated with opinions on firearm safety among adults in California.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(7):e2012096. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.12096
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

GERIATRICS

Assessment of the Generalizability of Clinical Trials of Delirium Interventions

This cross-sectional study examines the frequency at which at-risk populations are excluded from clinical trials of interventions for delirium.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(7):e2015080. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.15080
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

STATISTICS AND RESEARCH METHODS

Characteristics of the Multiplicity of Randomized Clinical Trials for Coronavirus Disease 2019 Launched During the Pandemic

This systematic review examines current randomized clinical trials of therapeutic agents to treat coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19).

has active quiz
JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(7):e2015100. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.15100
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF CME & MOC

GERIATRICS

Completion of Advance Directives and Documented Care Preferences During the Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) Pandemic

This cohort study examines changes in completion of and expressed preferences on an online advanced directive platform during the coronavirus 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic.

has active quiz
JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(7):e2015762. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.15762
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF CME & MOC

EMERGENCY MEDICINE

Medical Leave Associated With COVID-19 Among Emergency Medical System Responders and Firefighters in New York City

This cohort study examines use of medical leave among emergency medical service (EMS) responders and firefighters in New York, New York, during the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic compared with earlier periods.

has active quiz
JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(7):e2016094. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.16094
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF CME & MOC

INFECTIOUS DISEASES

Comparison of Unsupervised Home Self-collected Midnasal Swabs With Clinician-Collected Nasopharyngeal Swabs for Detection of SARS-CoV-2 Infection

This diagnostic study compares unsupervised home self-collected midnasal swabs vs clinician-collected nasopharyngeal swabs for the detection of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2).

has active quiz
JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(7):e2016382. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.16382
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF CME & MOC

INFECTIOUS DISEASES

Prevalence of SARS-CoV-2 Infection Among Asymptomatic Health Care Workers in the Greater Houston, Texas, Area

This cross-sectional study examines rates of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) infection among asymptomatic health care workers and community residents in the greater Houston, Texas, area.

has active quiz
JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(7):e2016451. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.16451
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF CME & MOC

INFECTIOUS DISEASES

Association of Interleukin 7 Immunotherapy With Lymphocyte Counts Among Patients With Severe Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19)

This case series examines whether interleukin 7 (IL-7) is associated with restored host protective immunity in patients with severe coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) and immunosuppression.

has active quiz
JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(7):e2016485. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.16485
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF CME & MOC

HEALTH POLICY

Characteristics and Quality of US Nursing Homes Reporting Cases of Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19)

This cross-sectional study describes the characteristics and quality of nursing homes that reported coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) cases in 23 US states and the District of Columbia.

has active quiz
JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(7):e2016930. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.16930
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF CME & MOC

PUBLIC HEALTH

Comparison of Weighted and Unweighted Population Data to Assess Inequities in Coronavirus Disease 2019 Deaths by Race/Ethnicity Reported by the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

This cross-sectional study compares the use of weighted and unweighted population data to assess inequities in coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) deaths by race/ethnicity as reported by the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).

has active quiz
JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(7):e2016933. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.16933
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF CME & MOC

HEALTH POLICY

Assessment of Community-Level Disparities in Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) Infections and Deaths in Large US Metropolitan Areas

This cross-sectional study examines the association of neighborhood race/ethnicity and poverty with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) infections and related deaths in urban US counties.

has active quiz
JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(7):e2016938. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.16938
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF CME & MOC

HEALTH POLICY

Disagreements Within the US Food and Drug Administration Regarding Approval of Novel Therapeutic Agents, 2011-2015

This cross-sectional study examines the frequency of disagreements within the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) regarding approval of novel therapeutic agents.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(7):e209498. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.9498
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

MEDICAL EDUCATION

Assessment of Academic Achievement of Female Physicians in Japan

This survey study examines trends in the gender distribution of academic positions in medical schools and university-affiliated hospitals in Japan from 1980 to 2018.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(7):e209957. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.9957
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF
open access Correction

Error in Results Section

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(7):e2014510. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.14510
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

Errors in Results Section, References, and Figure Citation

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(7):e2014787. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.14787
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

Error in Title, Text, and Tables

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(7):e2014910. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.14910
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Error in Methods Section

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(7):e2016001. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.16001
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Spelling Error in Author Name

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(7):e2016196. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.16196
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Error in Figure 2B

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(7):e2016899. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.16899
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF
open access JAMA Network Open Masthead

JAMA Network Open

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(7):e2012726. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.12726
Abstract Full Text
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