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August 2020 - May 2018

Decade

Year

Issue

August 2020, Vol 3, No. 8

open access Original Investigation

NEPHROLOGY

Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation Preferences of People Receiving Dialysis

This cross-sectional survey study describes the cardiopulmonary resuscitation preferences of patients receiving dialysis and how these preferences are associated with their responses to questions about other aspects of end-of-life care.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(8):e2010398. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.10398
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

CARDIOLOGY

Comparison of 4 Acute Pulmonary Embolism Mortality Risk Scores in Patients Evaluated by Pulmonary Embolism Response Teams

This cohort study examines the performance of risk assessment scores among US patients with acute pulmonary embolism.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(8):e2010779. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.10779
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

CARDIOLOGY

Evaluation of Aspirin and Statin Therapy Use and Adherence in Patients With Premature Atherosclerotic Cardiovascular Disease

This cross-sectional study evaluates the pattern of aspirin use and statin use and adherence in US veterans with premature atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(8):e2011051. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.11051
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

ONCOLOGY

Associations of Socioeconomic Status, Public vs Private Insurance, and Race/Ethnicity With Metastatic Sarcoma at Diagnosis

This cross-sectional study evaluates whether socioeconomic status, insurance status, or race/ethnicity are associated with the presence of metastases at the time of diagnosis of sarcoma.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(8):e2011087. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.11087
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

NUTRITION, OBESITY, AND EXERCISE

Association of Child and Adolescent Mental Health With Adolescent Health Behaviors in the UK Millennium Cohort

This cohort study examines associations of reported mental health issues at ages 7 and 14 years with health behaviors in adolescence.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(8):e2011381. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.11381
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH

Association Between Bisphenol A Exposure and Risk of All-Cause and Cause-Specific Mortality in US Adults

This nationally representative cohort study assesses whether exposure to the ubiquitous chemical bisphenol A is associated with long-term risk of mortality from cardiovascular disease, cancer, or all causes among US adults.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(8):e2011620. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.11620
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

ONCOLOGY

Development of a Machine Learning Model for Survival Risk Stratification of Patients With Advanced Oral Cancer

This cohort study developed and validated a machine learning–based algorithm that can provide survival risk stratification for patients with advanced oral cancer who have comprehensive clinicopathologic and genetic data.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(8):e2011768. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.11768
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

ONCOLOGY

Evaluation of 1-Year vs Shorter Durations of Adjuvant Trastuzumab Among Patients With Early Breast Cancer: An Individual Participant Data and Trial-Level Meta-analysis

This meta-analysis compares shorter duration with 1 year of adjuvant trastuzumab for patients with early breast cancer.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(8):e2011777. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.11777
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

PSYCHIATRY

Effect of Clinician Training in the Modular Approach to Therapy for Children vs Usual Care on Clinical Outcomes and Use of Empirically Supported Treatments: A Randomized Clinical Trial

This randomized clinical trial evaluates whether clinician training in the Modular Approach to Therapy for Children (MATCH) is associated with more use of empirically supported treatment and better clinical outcomes than usual care among adolescents receiving mental health care in New Zealand.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(8):e2011799. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.11799
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

OBSTETRICS AND GYNECOLOGY

Association of Metformin With Pregnancy Outcomes in Women With Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome Undergoing In Vitro Fertilization: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis

This systematic review and meta-analysis assesses whether metformin is associated with improved outcomes of in vitro fertilization or intracytoplasmic sperm injection and embryo transfer among women with polycystic ovarian syndrome.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(8):e2011995. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.11995
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

PUBLIC HEALTH

Assessment of Trends in Cigarette Smoking Cessation After Cancer Diagnosis Among US Adults, 2000 to 2017

This serial cross-sectional study of the National Health Interview Survey evaluates temporal trends in and sociodemographic and behavioral factors associated with cigarette smoking cessation among adult cancer survivors in the US.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(8):e2012164. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.12164
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

HEALTH POLICY

Assessment of Racial Disparities in Mortality Rates Among Older Adults Living in US Rural vs Urban Counties From 1968 to 2016

This cross-sectional study uses data from the CDC WONDER database and the Area Health Resources Files to examine historical trends and disparities in mortality rates between Black and White adults 65 years and older living in urban and rural communities in the US from 1968 to 2016.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(8):e2012241. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.12241
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

NEUROLOGY

Effects of Candesartan vs Lisinopril on Neurocognitive Function in Older Adults With Executive Mild Cognitive Impairment: A Randomized Clinical Trial

This randomized clinical trial compares treatment with candesartan vs lisinopril among adults with hypertension and mild cognitive impairment.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(8):e2012252. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.12252
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

PSYCHIATRY

Effectiveness of Emotional Memory Reactivation vs Control Memory Reactivation Before Electroconvulsive Therapy in Adult Patients With Depressive Disorder: A Randomized Clinical Trial

This randomized clinical trial assesses whether emotional memory retrieval in adult patients before receiving electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) weakens underlying cognitive schemas, improves ECT effectiveness, increases ECT response, and reduces relapse rates.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(8):e2012389. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.12389
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

STATISTICS AND RESEARCH METHODS

Application of the Reverse Fragility Index to Statistically Nonsignificant Randomized Clinical Trial Results

This cross-sectional study describes application of the reverse fragility index in establishing the clinical relevance of published clinical trials with null results.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(8):e2012469. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.12469
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

NEUROLOGY

Cost-effectiveness of Mechanical Thrombectomy More Than 6 Hours After Symptom Onset Among Patients With Acute Ischemic Stroke

This economic evaluation study compares the cost-effectiveness of 2 strategies (mechanical thrombectomy with standard medical care vs standard medical care alone) for various subgroups of patients with acute ischemic stroke who were receiving care more than 6 hours after symptom onset.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(8):e2012476. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.12476
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

INFECTIOUS DISEASES

Evaluation of the Cost-effectiveness of Infection Control Strategies to Reduce Hospital-Onset Clostridioides difficile Infection

This economic evaluation study compares the cost-effectiveness of 9 Clostridioides difficile single intervention strategies and 8 multi-intervention bundles.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(8):e2012522. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.12522
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

ONCOLOGY

Association of Sex, Age, and Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group Performance Status With Survival Benefit of Cancer Immunotherapy in Randomized Clinical Trials: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis

This meta-analysis examines the association of sex, age, and Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status with overall survival in patients treated with immune checkpoint inhibitors for advanced cancer.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(8):e2012534. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.12534
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

HEALTH POLICY

Association of Implementing an Incentive Metric in the Oregon Medicaid Program With Effective Contraceptive Use

This statewide cohort study of more than 1.5 million person-years uses a comparative interrupted time series analysis to assess whether implementing an incentive metric is associated with effective contraceptive use among women enrolled in the Oregon Medicaid program.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(8):e2012540. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.12540
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

HEALTH POLICY

Assessment of Bypass of the Nearest Primary Health Care Facility Among Women in Ghana

This survey study examines the prevalence, individual characteristics and experiences, and costs associated with bypassing the nearest health care facility among women in Ghana.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(8):e2012552. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.12552
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

PUBLIC HEALTH

Association of Childhood Intrafamilial Aggression and Childhood Peer Bullying With Adult Depressive Symptoms in China

This cross-sectional study examines the mediating role of childhood peer bullying in the association between childhood intrafamilial aggression and depression in Chinese adults.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(8):e2012557. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.12557
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

PEDIATRICS

Association of Childhood Maltreatment With Suicide Behaviors Among Young People: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis

This systematic review and meta-analysis assesses the association between experiences of childhood maltreatment and suicide behaviors in children and young adults.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(8):e2012563. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.12563
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

OBSTETRICS AND GYNECOLOGY

Quality of Antenatal Care for Women Who Experience Imprisonment in Ontario, Canada

his cohort study examines antenatal care quality indicators for women who experience imprisonment compared with women in the general population in Ontario, Canada.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(8):e2012576. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.12576
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

ORTHOPEDICS

Effect of Spinal Manipulative and Mobilization Therapies in Young Adults With Mild to Moderate Chronic Low Back Pain: A Randomized Clinical Trial

This randomized clinical trial evaluates the effectiveness of spinal manipulation and spinal mobilization compared with a placebo at reducing pain and disability among young adults with mild to moderate chronic low back pain.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(8):e2012589. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.12589
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

ONCOLOGY

Association of Mindfulness-Based Interventions With Anxiety Severity in Adults With Cancer: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis

This systematic review and meta-analysis of 28 randomized controlled trials examines the effectiveness in mindfulness-based interventions in reducing anxiety and depression in adult patients with cancer.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(8):e2012598. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.12598
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

CARDIOLOGY

Comparison of Heart Team vs Interventional Cardiologist Recommendations for the Treatment of Patients With Multivessel Coronary Artery Disease

This cross-sectional study examines the differences in treatment decisions between a heart team and an original treating interventional cardiologist for patients with multivessel coronary artery disease.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(8):e2012749. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.12749
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

MEDICAL EDUCATION

Assessment of Training in Health Disparities in US Internal Medicine Residency Programs

This survey study examines the associations of internal medicine program directors’ perceptions of health disparities programs with those of the residents in internal medicine programs.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(8):e2012757. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.12757
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

HEALTH POLICY

Burnout, Depression, Career Satisfaction, and Work-Life Integration by Physician Race/Ethnicity

This cross-sectional national study investigates possible differences in occupational burnout, depressive symptoms, career satisfaction, and work-life integration by race/ethnicity in a sample of US physicians.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(8):e2012762. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.12762
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

PUBLIC HEALTH

Trends in Adiposity and Food Insecurity Among US Adults

This cross-sectional study examines the prevalence of food insecurity in the context of obesity and other sociodemographic factors among adults aged 20 years or older.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(8):e2012767. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.12767
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

PEDIATRICS

Association of Timely Outpatient Mental Health Services for Youths After Psychiatric Hospitalization With Risk of Death by Suicide

This cohort study assesses whether receipt of outpatient care within 7 days of psychiatric hospital discharge is associated with a reduced risk of subsequent suicide among child and adolescent inpatients and examines factors associated with timely follow-up care.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(8):e2012887. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.12887
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

NEPHROLOGY

Internal and External Validation of a Machine Learning Risk Score for Acute Kidney Injury

This diagnostic study internally and externally validates a machine learning risk score for detecting acute kidney injury in hospitalized patients.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(8):e2012892. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.12892
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

INFECTIOUS DISEASES

Risk of New Bloodstream Infections and Mortality Among People Who Inject Drugs With Infective Endocarditis

This cohort study assesses new bloodstream infections in people who inject drugs (PWID) and are receiving treatment for infective endocarditis and investigates whether new infections and treatment settings are associated with mortality.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(8):e2012974. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.12974
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

PEDIATRICS

Recommendations on Complementary Food Introduction Among Pediatric Practitioners

This survey study characterizes pediatric practitioner recommendations regarding complementary food introduction and waiting periods between the introduction of new foods.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(8):e2013070. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.13070
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

PHYSICAL MEDICINE AND REHABILITATION

Plasma Biomarker Concentrations Associated With Return to Sport Following Sport-Related Concussion in Collegiate Athletes—A Concussion Assessment, Research, and Education (CARE) Consortium Study

This diagnostic study examines whether plasma biomarkers can differentiate collegiate athletes who return to sport in less than 14 days vs 14 days or more following a sports-related concussion.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(8):e2013191. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.13191
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

ONCOLOGY

Association of MUC16 Mutation With Response to Immune Checkpoint Inhibitors in Solid Tumors

This cohort study examines whether MUC16 mutation is associated with response to treatment with immune checkpoint inhibitors and outcomes among patients with solid tumors, non–small cell lung cancer, and melanoma.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(8):e2013201. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.13201
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

PSYCHIATRY

Assessment of Relationship of Ketamine Dose With Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy of Glx and GABA Responses in Adults With Major Depression: A Randomized Clinical Trial

This randomized clinical trial evaluates whether ketamine dose and brain glutamate and glutamine (Glx) and γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA) level responses to ketamine are related to antidepressant benefit and adverse effects.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(8):e2013211. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.13211
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

ONCOLOGY

Incidence Trends of Breast Cancer Molecular Subtypes by Age and Race/Ethnicity in the US From 2010 to 2016

This cross-sectional study examines the incidence of different molecular subtypes of breast cancers among different racial/ethnic and age groups.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(8):e2013226. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.13226
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

PSYCHIATRY

Assessment of Anhedonia in Adults With and Without Mental Illness: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis

This systematic review and meta-analysis assesses levels of anhedonia in healthy individuals and patients with mental illness according to the Snaith-Hamilton Pleasure Scale.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(8):e2013233. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.13233
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

GERIATRICS

Prehospital and Posthospital Fall Injuries in Older US Adults

This cohort study estimates the risk of older adult fall injury within and across discrete periods during a 12-month care episode anchored by an acute hospitalization.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(8):e2013243. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.13243
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

PSYCHIATRY

Effect of D-Cycloserine on the Effect of Concentrated Exposure and Response Prevention in Difficult-to-Treat Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder: A Randomized Clinical Trial

This randomized clinical trial evaluates whether D-cycloserine potentiates the effect of concentrated exposure and response prevention among patients with difficult-to-treat obsessive-compulsive disorder.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(8):e2013249. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.13249
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

COMPLEMENTARY AND ALTERNATIVE MEDICINE

Effect of a Brief Mindfulness-Based Program on Stress in Health Care Professionals at a US Biomedical Research Hospital: A Randomized Clinical Trial

This randomized clinical trial examines the effect of a brief mindfulness-based program on stress reduction among health care professionals in a US research hospital.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(8):e2013424. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.13424
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

PSYCHIATRY

Long-term Trends in Mental Health Disorders After the 2011 Great East Japan Earthquake and Tsunami

This cohort study examines the long-term trajectories of posttraumatic stress and depressive symptoms among older, community-living adults who were affected by the 2011 Great East Japan earthquake and tsunami.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(8):e2013437. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.13437
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

PUBLIC HEALTH

Association of Weight Loss Between Early Adulthood and Midlife With All-Cause Mortality Risk in the US

This cohort study examines all-cause mortality in individuals with stable weight or weight changes over time.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(8):e2013448. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.13448
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

PUBLIC HEALTH

Association of Pregnancy and Insurance Status With Treatment Access for Opioid Use Disorder

This cross-sectional study examines whether pregnancy and insurance status are associated with a woman’s ability to obtain an appointment with an opioid use disorder treatment clinician.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(8):e2013456. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.13456
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

RHEUMATOLOGY

Physical Activity Throughout Adolescence and Peak Hip Strength in Young Adults

This cohort study of healthy offspring from the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children examines the association of time spent in moderate to vigorous–intensity and light-intensity physical activity throughout adolescence with peak hip strength in adulthood.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(8):e2013463. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.13463
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

HEALTH POLICY

Characteristics and Price Increases Among Sole-Source, Off-Patent Drugs in the United States, 2008 to 2018

This cross-sectional study describes key attributes of sole-source, off-patent, off-exclusivity drugs; characterizes the prevalence of price increases; and identifies attributes associated with price increases.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(8):e2013595. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.13595
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

SUBSTANCE USE AND ADDICTION

National Patterns in Prescription Opioid Use and Misuse Among Cancer Survivors in the United States

This cross-sectional study of results from the National Survey on Drug Use and Health compares patterns of opioid use and misuse among cancer survivors with respondents without a history of cancer.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(8):e2013605. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.13605
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

MEDICAL EDUCATION

Factors Associated With Burnout and Stress in Trainee Physicians: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis

This systematic review and meta-analysis examines the factors associated with burnout and stress among physicians receiving standard postgraduate training.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(8):e2013761. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.13761
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

IMAGING

Associations Between Longitudinal Trajectories of Cognitive and Social Activities and Brain Health in Old Age

This cohort study examines trajectories of cognitive and social activities from midlife to late life and evaluates whether these trajectories are associated with brain structure, functional connectivity, and cognition.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(8):e2013793. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.13793
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

SUBSTANCE USE AND ADDICTION

Association of Depression With Past-Month Cannabis Use Among US Adults Aged 20 to 59 Years, 2005 to 2016

This cross-sectional study examines the association of depression with past-month cannabis use among US adults and the time trends for this association from 2005 to 2016.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(8):e2013802. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.13802
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

CRITICAL CARE MEDICINE

Assessment of Costs of Avoidable Delays in Intensive Care Unit Discharge

This population-based cohort study describes the epidemiology and health care costs associated with potentially avoidable delays in intensive care unit discharge among adult patients in a large integrated health care system.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(8):e2013913. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.13913
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

PHARMACY AND CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY

Quality Testing of Difficult-to-Make Prescription Pharmaceutical Products Marketed in the US

This quality improvement study examines quality testing of prescription pharmaceutical products that are manufactured in various regions of the world and marketed in the US.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(8):e2013920. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.13920
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

ONCOLOGY

Evaluation of Cytoreductive Surgery With or Without Hyperthermic Intraperitoneal Chemotherapy for Stage III Epithelial Ovarian Cancer

This cohort study compares survival outcomes between primary cytoreductive surgery with hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy (HIPEC) vs primary cytoreductive surgery alone for patients with stage III epithelial ovarian cancer.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(8):e2013940. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.13940
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

NEPHROLOGY

Assessment of Interobserver Reliability of Nephrologist Examination of Urine Sediment

This diagnostic study assesses interobserver reliability of nephrologist examination of urine sediment using high-resolution digital images and videos of the urine sediment of patients across the US undergoing kidney biopsy.

has audio
JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(8):e2013959. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.13959
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

GLOBAL HEALTH

Association of Neighborhood Disadvantage With Cardiovascular Risk Factors and Events Among Refugees in Denmark

This quasi-experimental cohort study uses data from the Danish population register of adult immigrants arriving from 1986 to 1998 and health outcomes from the inpatient clinic register, outpatient clinic register, and prescription drug register to assess the association between disadvantaged neighborhoods and cardiovascular disease risk among refugees.

has audio
JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(8):e2014196. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.14196
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

ONCOLOGY

Effect of a Daily Text Messaging and Directly Supervised Therapy Intervention on Oral Mercaptopurine Adherence in Children With Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia: A Randomized Clinical Trial

This randomized clinical trial examines whether a multicomponent intervention results in a higher proportion of pediatric patients with acute lymphoblastic leukemia maintaining mercaptopurine adherence rates of 95% or higher compared with education alone.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(8):e2014205. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.14205
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

INFECTIOUS DISEASES

Efficacy and Safety of Antibiotics for Treatment of Scrub Typhus: A Network Meta-analysis

This network meta-analysis compares the efficacy and safety of 8 antibiotics used for treatment of scrub typhus.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(8):e2014487. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.14487
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

NUTRITION, OBESITY, AND EXERCISE

Association of Sex or Race With the Effect of Weight Loss on Physical Function: A Secondary Analysis of 8 Randomized Clinical Trials

This secondary analysis of 8 randomized clinical trials assesses whether stratification by sex and race is associated with meaningful differences in physical function response to weight loss among older adults.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(8):e2014631. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.14631
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

GERIATRICS

Evaluation of Racial Disparities in Hospice Use and End-of-Life Treatment Intensity in the REGARDS Cohort

This cohort study uses data from the Reasons for Geographic and Racial Differences in Stroke study to examine differences between Black and White patients in end-of-life care in a population sample with well-characterized causes of death.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(8):e2014639. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.14639
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

INFECTIOUS DISEASES

Comparative Effectiveness of Community-Based vs Clinic-Based Healthy Choices Motivational Intervention to Improve Health Behaviors Among Youth Living With HIV: A Randomized Clinical Trial

This randomized clinical trial assesses the comparative effectiveness of the Healthy Choices intervention when delivered in a clinic- vs home-based setting on medication adherence and alcohol use among youths and young adults living with HIV.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(8):e2014650. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.14650
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

STATISTICS AND RESEARCH METHODS

Assessment of Trends in the Design, Accrual, and Completion of Trials Registered in ClinicalTrials.gov by Sponsor Type, 2000-2019

This cross-sectional study assesses characteristics and trends in clinical trials registered in ClinicalTrials.gov from 2000 to 2019 and how they differed by sponsor type.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(8):e2014682. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.14682
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

PUBLIC HEALTH

Incidence, Distribution, and Lethality of Firearm Injuries in California From 2005 to 2015

This cross-sectional study examines incidence, distribution, and lethality of firearm injuries in California from 2005 to 2015.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(8):e2014736. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.14736
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

CARDIOLOGY

Trends in Atrial Fibrillation Incidence Rates Within an Integrated Health Care Delivery System, 2006 to 2018

This cohort study estimates atrial fibrillation (AF) incidence rates from 2006 to 2018 in a US community-based setting and investigates possible explanations for increasing AF by evaluating the changing features of incident AF cases and the pool of patients at risk for AF.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(8):e2014874. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.14874
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

HEALTH POLICY

National Trends in the Association of Race and Ethnicity With Predialysis Nephrology Care in the United States From 2005 to 2015

This national registry study examines national trends in racial/ethnic disparities in the receipt of predialysis nephrology care at least 1 year before dialysis initiation among adults with end-stage kidney disease in the United States from 2005 to 2015.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(8):e2015003. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.15003
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

PUBLIC HEALTH

Comparison of Self-reported Measures of Hearing With an Objective Audiometric Measure in Adults in the English Longitudinal Study of Ageing

This cross-sectional study examines the concordance of self-reported measures of hearing difficulty with objective hearing data and the factors associated with the potential discordances among these measures in people 50 years and older in England.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(8):e2015009. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.15009
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

HEALTH POLICY

Assessment of Variation in Cesarean Delivery Rates Between Public and Private Health Facilities in India From 2005 to 2016

This cross-sectional study uses data from the National Family Health Survey to assess the association of public vs private sector health facilities with the increase in cesarean delivery rates and to estimate the avoidable burden of cesarean deliveries in India between 2005 and 2016.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(8):e2015022. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.15022
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

PUBLIC HEALTH

Assessment of Health Conditions and Health Service Use Among Transgender Patients in Canada

This cross-sectional study draws from identified and linked and health administrative data in Ontario, Canada, to compare the sociodemographic characteristics and health care use of transgender individuals with the general population of the province.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(8):e2015036. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.15036
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH

Association of Exposure to Endocrine-Disrupting Chemicals During Adolescence With Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder–Related Behaviors

This cross-sectional analysis evaluates the association between exposure to select endocrine-disrupting chemicals during adolescence and attention-deficit/hyperactivity (ADHD)–related behaviors.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(8):e2015041. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.15041
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

NEUROLOGY

Effect of Short-term Integrated Palliative Care on Patient-Reported Outcomes Among Patients Severely Affected With Long-term Neurological Conditions: A Randomized Clinical Trial

This randomized clinical trial evaluates the effect of short-term integrated palliative care vs standard care among patients severely affected by long-term neurological conditions.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(8):e2015061. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.15061
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

INFECTIOUS DISEASES

Risk of Chronic Cardiomyopathy Among Patients With the Acute Phase or Indeterminate Form of Chagas Disease: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis

This systematic review and meta-analysis assesses the risk of developing chronic cardiomyopathy among patients with acute and indeterminate chronic forms of Chagas disease.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(8):e2015072. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.15072
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

OBSTETRICS AND GYNECOLOGY

Evaluation of Drug Labels Following the 2015 Pregnancy and Lactation Labeling Rule

This cross-sectional study identifies the drugs that have adhered to the new US Food and Drug Administration Pregnancy and Lactation Labeling Rule, sheds light on the continued need for implementation of pregnancy, lactation, and reproduction into clinical studies, and evaluates how many new therapeutic products have human and animal data specific to pregnancy and lactation.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(8):e2015094. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.15094
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

ONCOLOGY

Type of Androgen Deprivation Therapy and Risk of Dementia Among Patients With Prostate Cancer in Taiwan

This cohort study examines the association between all-cause dementia, including Alzheimer disease, and different types of androgen deprivation therapy among patients with prostate cancer in Taiwan.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(8):e2015189. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.15189
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

MEDICAL EDUCATION

Projected Estimates of African American Medical Graduates of Closed Historically Black Medical Schools

This economic evaluation uses data from historically Black medical schools that were closed during the period surrounding the publication of the 1910 Flexner report to examine the implications of these school closures for the number of African American medical school graduates and physicians.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(8):e2015220. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.15220
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

PSYCHIATRY

Effectiveness of a Digital Cognitive Behavior Therapy–Guided Self-Help Intervention for Eating Disorders in College Women: A Cluster Randomized Clinical Trial

This cluster randomized clinical trial examines whether a coached, digital, cognitive behavior therapy intervention improves outcomes for college women with eating disorders compared with referral to usual care.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(8):e2015633. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.15633
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

GERIATRICS

Effect of Telehealth Treatment by Lay Counselors vs by Clinicians on Depressive Symptoms Among Older Adults Who Are Homebound: A Randomized Clinical Trial

This randomized clinical trial examines the effectiveness of depression treatment tele-delivered by lay counselors compared with by clinicians or an attention control among older adults who are homebound.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(8):e2015648. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.15648
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

INFECTIOUS DISEASES

Coronavirus Disease 2019 Outcomes in French Nursing Homes That Implemented Staff Confinement With Residents

This cohort study examines coronavirus disease 2019 outcomes in nursing homes where staff self-confined with residents compared with overall national outcomes in France.

has active quiz
JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(8):e2017533. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.17533
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF CME & MOC

INFECTIOUS DISEASES

Comparison of International Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems, Tenth Revision Codes With Electronic Medical Records Among Patients With Symptoms of Coronavirus Disease 2019

This cohort study compares the performance of International Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems, Tenth Revision (ICD-10) codes specific for fever, cough, and dyspnea with electronic medical record review for patients tested for coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19).

has active quiz
JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(8):e2017703. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.17703
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF CME & MOC

INFECTIOUS DISEASES

Association of Race With Mortality Among Patients Hospitalized With Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) at 92 US Hospitals

This cohort study evaluates the association of race with all-cause, in-hospital mortality among patients with coronavirus disease 2019, adjusting for sociodemographic and clinical factors.

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JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(8):e2018039. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.18039
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF CME & MOC

ORTHOPEDICS

Association of Computer-Assisted Virtual Preoperative Planning With Postoperative Mortality and Complications in Older Patients With Intertrochanteric Hip Fracture

This cohort study uses data from a level 1 trauma center database to evaluate the association of computer-assisted virtual preoperative planning with the risk of 90-day all-cause mortality and postoperative complications among older patients with intertrochanteric hip fractures in China.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(8):e205830. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.5830
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

PUBLIC HEALTH

A Cross-Sectional Analysis of Community Water Fluoridation and Prevalence of Pediatric Dental Surgery Among Medicaid Enrollees

This cross-sectional study of Medicaid-enrolled children from 5 US states evaluates whether access to community water fluoridation is associated with decreased prevalence of dental surgery under general anesthesia.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(8):e205882. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.5882
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

PSYCHIATRY

Magnetic Seizure Therapy for Suicidality in Treatment-Resistant Depression

This nonrandomized controlled trial examines the association of magnetic seizure therapy with suicidality in patients with treatment-resistant depression.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(8):e207434. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.7434
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

HEALTH POLICY

Trends in Costs of Care for Medicare Beneficiaries Treated in the Emergency Department From 2011 to 2016

This cross-sectional study examines trends in total standardized 30-day costs of care associated with an emergency department visit among Medicare beneficiaries.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(8):e208229. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.8229
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

ONCOLOGY

Association of Cerebrospinal Fluid Tumor DNA Genotyping With Survival Among Patients With Lung Adenocarcinoma and Central Nervous System Metastases

This cohort study examines the association of molecular alterations in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) with the survival of patients with a diagnosis of lung adenocarcinoma and central nervous system (CNS) metastases.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(8):e209077. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.9077
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

GERIATRICS

Association of Geriatric Comanagement and 90-Day Postoperative Mortality Among Patients Aged 75 Years and Older With Cancer

This cohort study examines outcomes associated with geriatric comanaged perioperative care vs care managed by the surgery team alone among patients aged 75 years and older with cancer.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(8):e209265. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.9265
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

CRITICAL CARE MEDICINE

Derivation and Validation of Novel Phenotypes of Multiple Organ Dysfunction Syndrome in Critically Ill Children

This cohort study determines whether data-driven phenotypes of MODS based on the trajectory of 6 organ dysfunctions have prognostic and therapeutic relevance in critically ill children.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(8):e209271. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.9271
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

HEALTH POLICY

Patient and Visit Characteristics Associated With Use of Direct Scheduling in Primary Care Practices

This cross-sectional study examines the patient and visit characteristics associated with online portal-based scheduling of medical visits.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(8):e209637. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.9637
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF
open access Editorial

Responsibility of Medical Journals in Addressing Racism in Health Care

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(8):e2016531. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.16531
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

Call for Papers on Prevention and the Effects of Systemic Racism in Health

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(8):e2016825. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.16825
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF
open access Invited Commentary

NEPHROLOGY

Distinguishing Wants vs Preferences for End-of-Life Care: Can You Tell Me What You Want, What You Really, Really Want?

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(8):e2010907. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.10907
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

HEALTH POLICY

Inequities in the Mortality Rates of Older Americans—Race, Sex, Place, and Time

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(8):e2012437. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.12437
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

PEDIATRICS

Childhood Maltreatment and Suicidality: One Link in a Tangled Chain Toward Risk Reduction

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(8):e2013095. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.13095
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

OBSTETRICS AND GYNECOLOGY

Maternal Health Equity and Justice for Pregnant Women Who Experience Incarceration

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(8):e2013096. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.13096
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

MEDICAL EDUCATION

The Unacceptable Pace of Progress in Health Disparities Education in Residency Programs

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(8):e2013097. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.13097
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

CARDIOLOGY

Treatment Recommendations for Patients With Multivessel Coronary Artery Disease—There Is No “I” in Heart Team, But Is the Heart Team Better Than the I?

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(8):e2013098. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.13098
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

HEALTH POLICY

Are Hispanic, Black, and Asian Physicians Truly Less Burned Out Than White Physicians?Individual and Institutional Considerations

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(8):e2013099. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.13099
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

PEDIATRICS

Bridging Gaps in Follow-up Appointments After Hospitalization and Youth Suicide: Mental Health Care Disparities Matter

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(8):e2013100. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.13100
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

NEPHROLOGY

Guiding Clinical Decisions Through Predictive Risk Rules

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(8):e2013101. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.13101
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

INFECTIOUS DISEASES

High-Risk Infective Endocarditis in People Who Inject Drugs: Are New Bloodstream Infections a Complication and Marker?

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(8):e2013102. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.13102
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

PUBLIC HEALTH

Pregnancy and Access to Treatment for Opioid Use Disorder

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(8):e2013899. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.13899
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

RHEUMATOLOGY

Physical Activity Level During Adolescence—Possible Ways to Apply the Knowledge Gathered

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(8):e2013900. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.13900
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

ONCOLOGY

Are We Ready for Hyperthermic Intraperitoneal Chemotherapy in the Upfront Treatment of Ovarian Cancer?

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(8):e2014184. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.14184
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

MEDICAL EDUCATION

Factors Associated With Trainee Physician Burnout—Where Should the Focus Be?

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(8):e2014345. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.14345
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

GLOBAL HEALTH

Neighborhood Environment Has a Profound Association With Refugees’ Health

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(8):e2014355. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.14355
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

MEDICAL EDUCATION

Historically Black Universities and Medical Colleges—Responding to the Call for Justice

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(8):e2015246. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.15246
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

NEUROLOGY

Short-term Palliative Care for Advanced Neurologic Disease

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(8):e2015247. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.15247
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

PSYCHIATRY

Increasing Access for the Treatment of Eating Disorders Among College Students

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(8):e2016117. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.16117
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

GERIATRICS

Evidence, Efficacy, and Economics—A Better Path Forward for US Health Care

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(8):e2016118. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.16118
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

INFECTIOUS DISEASES

Race Disparities in the COVID-19 Pandemic—Solutions Lie in Policy, Not Biology

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(8):e2018696. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.18696
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

GERIATRICS

Geriatric Comanagement: A Secret Ingredient of the Elusive Recipe

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(8):e209460. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.9460
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF
open access Research Letter

PSYCHIATRY

Assessment of Real-World Use of Behavioral Health Mobile Applications by a Novel Stickiness Metric

This cross-sectional study uses a novel “stickiness” measure to evaluate which mobile applications for smoking cessation, meditation, and other behavioral health areas are associated with long-term engagement.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(8):e2011978. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.11978
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

CARDIOLOGY

Association of Second-Generation Drug-Eluting Stent Length With 2-Year Adverse Clinical Outcomes Among Japanese Patients With Ischemic Heart Disease

This cohort study examines the association between second-generation drug-eluting stent length and cardiovascular and bleeding events in Japanese patients with ischemic heart disease.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(8):e2012546. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.12546
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

HEALTH POLICY

The Changing Characteristics of Technologies Covered by Medicare’s New Technology Add-on Payment Program

This economic evaluation explores how Medicare’s new technology add-on payment program (NTAP), which provides reimbursement for newly available drugs and devices, has changed during its lifetime since its initiation in 2013.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(8):e2012569. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.12569
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

CARDIOLOGY

Association of Triglyceride Deposit Cardiomyovasculopathy With Drug-Eluting Stent Restenosis Among Patients With Diabetes

This cohort study uses data from a single-center cardiac catheter database to investigate the association of cardiac stent restenosis in patients with diabetes mellitus and comorbid triglyceride deposit cardiomyovasculopathy.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(8):e2012583. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.12583
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

PUBLIC HEALTH

Assessment of Menthol and Nonmenthol Cigarette Consumption in the US, 2000 to 2018

This cross-sectional study examines trends in menthol cigarette use compared with nonmenthol cigarette use in the US.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(8):e2013601. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.13601
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

HEALTH INFORMATICS

Feasibility of Use of a Smart Speaker to Administer Snellen Visual Acuity Examinations in a Clinical Setting

This diagnostic study investigates whether there are clinically significant differences between Snellen visual acuity examinations performed by a human vs a smart speaker.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(8):e2013908. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.13908
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

PSYCHIATRY

Association of Acyl-Ghrelin With Posttraumatic Stress Disorder in Adolescents Who Experienced Severe Trauma

This cross-sectional study examines acyl-ghrelin levels in Pakistani adolescents who experienced severe trauma and have posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) compared with adolescents who have not experienced severe trauma.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(8):e2013946. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.13946
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

ONCOLOGY

Association of Endocrine Therapy With Overall Survival in Women With Small, Hormone Receptor–Positive, ERBB2-Negative Breast Cancer

This cohort study examines the association of overall survival with endocrine therapy to treat hormone receptor–positive, ERBB2-negative breast cancer.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(8):e2013973. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.13973
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

SUBSTANCE USE AND ADDICTION

Monthly Patient Volumes of Buprenorphine-Waivered Clinicians in the US

This cross-sectional study examines the number of patients prescribed buprenorphine by US clinicians who were waivered to treat 30, 100, or 275 patients concurrently.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(8):e2014045. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.14045
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

PSYCHIATRY

Psychiatric Sequelae Among Community Social Service Agency Staff 1 Year After a Mass Shooting

This cross-sectional study examines the prevalence of mental health disorders and substance use among professional staff members at community social service agencies 1 year after a mass shooting in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(8):e2014050. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.14050
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

HEALTH POLICY

Appointment Wait Times for Specialty Care in Veterans Health Administration Facilities vs Community Medical Centers

This cross-sectional study compares appointment wait times at Veterans Health Administration facilities and those at community medical centers accessed via the Veterans Choice Program.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(8):e2014313. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.14313
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

CARDIOLOGY

Comparison of Patient Self-reported Health Status With Clinician-Assigned New York Heart Association Classification

This cross-sectional study examines clinician-assigned New York Heart Association (NYHA) classification vs patient-reported health status using the Kansas City Cardiomyopathy Questionnaire.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(8):e2014319. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.14319
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

HEALTH POLICY

Postmarket Clinical Evidence for High-Risk Therapeutic Medical Devices Receiving Food and Drug Administration Premarket Approval in 2010 and 2011

This cross-sectional study provides a 5-year update on the status and availability of postmarket evidence for high-risk medical devices that received FDA premarket approval in 2010 and 2011.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(8):e2014496. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.14496
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

EMERGENCY MEDICINE

Estimated Incidence of Electric Scooter Injuries in the US From 2014 to 2019

This cross-sectional study uses data from the US Consumer Product Safety Commission’s National Electronic Injury Surveillance System to assess trends in the prevalence of electric scooter injuries in the US from 2014 to 2019.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(8):e2014500. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.14500
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

ONCOLOGY

Trends in Diagnosis and Disparities in Initial Management of High-Risk Prostate Cancer in the US

This retrospective study uses data from the National Cancer Database of new cancer diagnoses across the US to examine trends in proportional diagnosis rates and management of patients with high-risk prostate cancer.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(8):e2014674. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.14674
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

HEALTH POLICY

Comparison of Health Care Spending by Age in 8 High-Income Countries

This cross-sectional study compares health care spending by age in the US with spending in 8 other high-income countries.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(8):e2014688. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.14688
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

ONCOLOGY

Changes in the Number of US Patients With Newly Identified Cancer Before and During the Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) Pandemic

This cross-sectional study examines changes in the number of patients with newly identified cancer before and during the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic in the United States.

has active quiz
JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(8):e2017267. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.17267
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF CME & MOC

OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH

Prevalence of Health Care Worker Burnout During the Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) Pandemic in Japan

This cross-sectional study evaluates the prevalence of and factors associated with burnout among frontline health care workers during the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic in Japan.

has active quiz
JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(8):e2017271. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.17271
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF CME & MOC

HEALTH INFORMATICS

Periodic Oscillations in Daily Reported Infections and Deaths for Coronavirus Disease 2019

This cross-sectional study investigates oscillatory patterns in daily reported infections and deaths for coronavirus disease 2019.

has active quiz
JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(8):e2017521. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.17521
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF CME & MOC

PUBLIC HEALTH

Comparison of Estimated Excess Deaths in New York City During the COVID-19 and 1918 Influenza Pandemics

This cohort study compares the excess deaths in New York City during the peak of the 1918 H1N1 influenza pandemic with those during the early period of the COVID-19 pandemic.

has active quiz
JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(8):e2017527. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.17527
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF CME & MOC

PATHOLOGY AND LABORATORY MEDICINE

Assessment of Lupus Anticoagulant Positivity in Patients With Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19)

This cohort study assesses the prevalence of lupus anticoagulant (LA) positivity in patients with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) and examines the association of LA positivity with patient outcomes.

has active quiz
JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(8):e2017539. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.17539
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF CME & MOC

INFECTIOUS DISEASES

Outcomes Associated With Use of a Kinin B2 Receptor Antagonist Among Patients With COVID-19

This case-control study examines the association between receipt of the bradykinin 2 (B2) receptor antagonist icatibant and improved oxygenation in patients with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19).

has active quiz
JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(8):e2017708. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.17708
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF CME & MOC

PUBLIC HEALTH

Comparison of Readability of Official Public Health Information About COVID-19 on Websites of International Agencies and the Governments of 15 Countries

This cross-sectional study evaluates the readability of information on COVID-19 on websites of international agencies, governments of 15 countries, and US health departments.

has active quiz
JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(8):e2018033. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.18033
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF CME & MOC

PUBLIC HEALTH

Assessment of SARS-CoV-2 Transmission on an International Flight and Among a Tourist Group

This case series describes severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2) transmission on a international commercial airline flight.

has active quiz
JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(8):e2018044. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.18044
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF CME & MOC

PUBLIC HEALTH

Epidemiology of COVID-19 Among Incarcerated Individuals and Staff in Massachusetts Jails and Prisons

This cohort study describes the COVID-19 burden among incarcerated individuals and staff in Massachusetts jails and prisons and assesses the association of COVID-19 case rates with decarceration and testing rates.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(8):e2018851. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.18851
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

PUBLIC HEALTH

Modeling Contact Tracing Strategies for COVID-19 in the Context of Relaxed Physical Distancing Measures

This mathematical modeling study examines the potential for contract tracing to reduce the spread of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) in the context of reduced physical distancing under different assumptions for case detection, tracing, and quarantine efficacy.

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(8):e2019217. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.19217
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

PUBLIC HEALTH

Assessment of Pediatric Outpatient Visits for Notifiable Infectious Diseases in a University Hospital in Beijing During COVID-19

This cross-sectional study assesses changes in numbers of pediatric outpatient visits for notifiable infectious diseases acquired through droplet transmission, contact transmission, or both after implementation of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19)–related public health measures during the COVID-19 outbreak in Beijing, China.

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JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(8):e2019224. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.19224
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF CME & MOC
open access Correction

Error in Funding/Support

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(8):e2017413. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.17413
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

Error in Product Description

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(8):e2018414. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.18414
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

Errors in Figure 3 and Supplement 2

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(8):e2018477. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.18477
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

Data Processing and Patient Eligibility Indicator Errors in Study About Dose Tapering Among Patients Prescribed Long-term Opioid Therapy

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(8):e2018893. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.18893
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

Error in Figure

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(8):e2019157. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.19157
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Error in Affiliations and Corresponding Author Email

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(8):e2019190. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.19190
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Error in Figure

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(8):e2019768. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.19768
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Error in Results Section

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(8):e2019975. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.19975
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Error in Author Affiliation

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(8):e2020371. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.20371
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Error in Methods

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(8):e2020705. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.20705
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF
open access JAMA Network Open Masthead

JAMA Network Open

JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(8):e2015346. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.15346
Abstract Full Text
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