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April 2022 - May 2018

Decade

Year

Issue

March 2021, Vol 4, No. 3

open access Original Investigation

EMERGENCY MEDICINE

Association of a Geriatric Emergency Department Innovation Program With Cost Outcomes Among Medicare Beneficiaries

This cross-sectional study assesses the association of geriatric emergency department program implementation with Medicare costs per beneficiary.

JAMA Netw Open. 2021;4(3):e2037334. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.37334
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

ONCOLOGY

Benefit, Harm, and Cost-effectiveness Associated With Magnetic Resonance Imaging Before Biopsy in Age-based and Risk-stratified Screening for Prostate Cancer

This decision analytical model uses a hypothetical cohort of men in England to evaluate whether magnetic resonance imaging before biopsy for prostate cancer screening is associated with improvements in benefit-harm and cost-effectiveness profiles compared with biopsy-first screening.

JAMA Netw Open. 2021;4(3):e2037657. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.37657
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

CARDIOLOGY

Delirium and Functional Recovery in Patients Discharged to Skilled Nursing Facilities After Hospitalization for Heart Failure

This cohort study assesses the association between delirium and functional recovery for patients recently discharged to skilled nursing facilities after heart failure hospitalization.

JAMA Netw Open. 2021;4(3):e2037968. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.37968
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

SUBSTANCE USE AND ADDICTION

Assessment of Annual Cost of Substance Use Disorder in US Hospitals

This economic evaluation investigates the annual estimated medical cost of substance use disorder in US emergency departments and inpatient settings.

JAMA Netw Open. 2021;4(3):e210242. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2021.0242
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

MEDICAL EDUCATION

Association of a Health Equity Curriculum With Medical Students’ Knowledge of Social Determinants of Health and Confidence in Working With Underserved Populations

This cohort study assesses whether a health equity curriculum is associated with knowledge of social determinants of health and confidence with working with underserved populations among US medical students.

JAMA Netw Open. 2021;4(3):e210297. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2021.0297
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

ONCOLOGY

Gene Sequencing for Pathogenic Variants Among Adults With Breast and Ovarian Cancer in the Caribbean

This genetic association study assesses the prevalence of pathogenic gene variants among adults with breast and ovarian cancer in 7 Caribbean nations.

JAMA Netw Open. 2021;4(3):e210307. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2021.0307
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

GASTROENTEROLOGY AND HEPATOLOGY

Association of Anti–Tumor Necrosis Factor Therapy With Mortality Among Veterans With Inflammatory Bowel Disease

This cohort study examines the association between use of anti–tumor necrosis factor (TNF) therapy or corticosteroids and all-cause mortality in a national cohort of veterans with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD).

JAMA Netw Open. 2021;4(3):e210313. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2021.0313
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

PEDIATRICS

Racial Disparities in Diagnosis of Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder in a US National Birth Cohort

This cohort study uses a US birth cohort of children covered by commercial insurance to examine the association between race/ethnicity and diagnosis of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD).

JAMA Netw Open. 2021;4(3):e210321. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2021.0321
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

HEALTH POLICY

Association of Supporting Trial Evidence and Reimbursement for Off-Label Use of Cancer Drugs

This cross-sectional study examines the association of evidence for benefit from randomized clinical trials with off-label cancer drug reimbursement decisions in Switzerland.

JAMA Netw Open. 2021;4(3):e210380. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2021.0380
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

HEALTH INFORMATICS

Assessment of Respiratory Function in Infants and Young Children Wearing Face Masks During the COVID-19 Pandemic

This cohort study examines whether the use of surgical face masks among children was associated with changes in respiratory function or signs of respiratory distress.

has active quiz
JAMA Netw Open. 2021;4(3):e210414. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2021.0414
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF CME & MOC

CARDIOLOGY

Association of Long-term Use of Antihypertensive Medications With Late Outcomes Among Patients With Aortic Dissection

This cohort study using the National Health Insurance Research Database in Taiwan compares outcomes after long-term use of β-blockers, angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors, angiotensin receptor blockers, or other antihypertensive medications among adults treated for aortic dissection.

JAMA Netw Open. 2021;4(3):e210469. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2021.0469
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

SUBSTANCE USE AND ADDICTION

Office-Based Addiction Treatment Retention and Mortality Among People Experiencing Homelessness

This cohort study examines the association between mortality and retention within office-based addiction treatment settings in individuals with opioid use disorder who are experiencing homelessness.

JAMA Netw Open. 2021;4(3):e210477. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2021.0477
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

HEALTH POLICY

Factors Associated With Prescriptions for Branded Medications in the Medicare Part D Program

This cross-sectional study assessed factors associated with prescriptions of branded medications when generic drugs were available using Medicare part D multisource prescription drug claims in 2017.

JAMA Netw Open. 2021;4(3):e210483. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2021.0483
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

PUBLIC HEALTH

Assessment of a Hotel-Based COVID-19 Isolation and Quarantine Strategy for Persons Experiencing Homelessness

This cohort study assesses the safety of a hotel-based isolation and quarantine care system and its association with hospital inpatient capacity during the COVID-19 pandemic.

has active quiz
JAMA Netw Open. 2021;4(3):e210490. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2021.0490
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF CME & MOC

HEALTH POLICY

Prevalence and Persistence of Cost-Related Medication Nonadherence Among Medicare Beneficiaries at High Risk of Hospitalization

This cohort study evaluates the prevalence and persistence of cost-related medication nonadherence (CRN) among Medicare beneficiaries at high risk of hospitalization as well as the characteristics associated with CRN in this population.

JAMA Netw Open. 2021;4(3):e210498. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2021.0498
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

SURGERY

Prevalence and Trends in Smoking Among Surgical Patients in Michigan, 2012-2019

This cross-sectional study describes the prevalence of smoking in a population of patients undergoing common surgical procedures and identifies any clinical or demographic characteristics associated with smoking.

JAMA Netw Open. 2021;4(3):e210553. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2021.0553
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

PSYCHIATRY

A Pilot Study Using Frequent Inpatient Assessments of Suicidal Thinking to Predict Short-Term Postdischarge Suicidal Behavior

This prognostic study tests whether modeling dynamic changes in real-time suicidal thoughts during psychiatric hospitalization can improve predictions of postdischarge suicide attempts vs using only baseline data or using the mean level of real-time suicidal thoughts during hospitalization.

JAMA Netw Open. 2021;4(3):e210591. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2021.0591
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

NEUROLOGY

Classification of Comprehensive Neuro-Ophthalmologic Measures of Postacute Concussion

This cohort study identifies neuro-ophthalmologic measures that accurately differentiate athletes with and without concussion.

JAMA Netw Open. 2021;4(3):e210599. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2021.0599
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

INFECTIOUS DISEASES

Estimated Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus Decolonization in Intensive Care Units Associated With Single-Application Chlorhexidine Gluconate or Mupirocin

This mathematical modeling study estimates the decolonization of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) associated with chlorhexidine gluconate and mupirocin in a simulated intensive care unit (ICU).

JAMA Netw Open. 2021;4(3):e210652. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2021.0652
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

CARDIOLOGY

Patient Preference Distribution for Use of Statin Therapy

This survey study examines the preferences of patients for use of statin therapy in prevention of cardiovascular disease based on the participants’ understanding of the benefits and risks associated with use of the medications.

JAMA Netw Open. 2021;4(3):e210661. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2021.0661
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

EMERGENCY MEDICINE

Assessment of the Acceptability and Feasibility of Using Mobile Robotic Systems for Patient Evaluation

This descriptive survey and cohort study investigates the acceptability and feasibility of using a mobile robotic system to facilitate health care tasks in a hospital setting.

has active quiz has multimedia
JAMA Netw Open. 2021;4(3):e210667. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2021.0667
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF CME & MOC

GERIATRICS

Comparison of Palliative Care Delivery in the Last Year of Life Between Adults With Terminal Noncancer Illness or Cancer

This cohort study examines the delivery of palliative care among adults in their last year of life who died of terminal noncancer illness compared with those who died of cancer.

JAMA Netw Open. 2021;4(3):e210677. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2021.0677
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

PUBLIC HEALTH

Experiences of Latinx Individuals Hospitalized for COVID-19: A Qualitative Study

This qualitative study describes the experiences of Latinx adults who were hospitalized for and survived coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) in 2 major US cities.

has active quiz
JAMA Netw Open. 2021;4(3):e210684. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2021.0684
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF CME & MOC

SURGERY

Effectiveness of Standard Local Anesthetic Bupivacaine and Liposomal Bupivacaine for Postoperative Pain Control in Patients Undergoing Truncal Incisions: A Randomized Clinical Trial

This randomized clinical trial investigates the effectiveness of liposomal bupivacaine vs standard bupivacaine for postoperative pain in patients with truncal incisions for cardiothoracic or vascular procedures.

JAMA Netw Open. 2021;4(3):e210753. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2021.0753
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

HEALTH POLICY

Changes in Health Care Use Among Undocumented Patients, 2014-2018

This cohort study examines the changes in use of health care services among undocumented immigrants during increased anti-immigrant rhetoric before the 2016 presidential election.

JAMA Netw Open. 2021;4(3):e210763. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2021.0763
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

NEPHROLOGY

Association of Ibuprofen Prescription With Acute Kidney Injury Among Hospitalized Children in China

This cohort study evaluates the risks and incidence of acute kidney injury observed in hospitalized children who received ibuprofen, the most commonly prescribed nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug in the world.

JAMA Netw Open. 2021;4(3):e210775. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2021.0775
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

PSYCHIATRY

Assessment of Cesarean Delivery and Neurodevelopmental and Psychiatric Disorders in the Children of a Population-Based Swedish Birth Cohort

This cohort study uses data from multiple Swedish birth registries to assess whether cesarean birth is associated with neurodevelopmental or psychiatric disorders in children delivered in this manner.

JAMA Netw Open. 2021;4(3):e210837. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2021.0837
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

ONCOLOGY

Evaluation of Absolute Lymphocyte Count at Diagnosis and Mortality Among Patients With Localized Bone or Soft Tissue Sarcoma

This cohort study assesses whether lymphopenia at diagnosis is associated with overall survival among patients with localized bone and soft tissue sarcoma.

JAMA Netw Open. 2021;4(3):e210845. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2021.0845
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

ONCOLOGY

Comparison of Cancer Prevalence in Patients With Neurofibromatosis Type 1 at an Academic Cancer Center vs in the General Population From 1985 to 2020

This cohort study examines the cancer prevalence and survival outcomes among patients with neurofibromatosis type 1 vs the general population.

JAMA Netw Open. 2021;4(3):e210945. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2021.0945
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

HEALTH POLICY

Effect of Behaviorally Designed Gamification With a Social Support Partner to Increase Mobility After Hospital Discharge: A Randomized Clinical Trial

This randomized clinical trial tests a behaviorally designed gamification intervention with a social support partner to increase patient mobility after hospital discharge.

JAMA Netw Open. 2021;4(3):e210952. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2021.0952
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

PSYCHIATRY

Efficacy of Active vs Sham Intermittent Theta Burst Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation for Patients With Bipolar Depression: A Randomized Clinical Trial

This randomized clinical trial examines whether intermittent theta burst transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) to the left dorsolateral prefrontal cortex is safe and efficacious in the treatment of acute bipolar depression.

JAMA Netw Open. 2021;4(3):e210963. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2021.0963
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

INFECTIOUS DISEASES

Association Between Contact Precautions and Transmission of Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus in Veterans Affairs Hospitals

This cohort study estimates the effectiveness of contact precautions on reducing methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) transmission in US Department of Veterans Affairs hospitals based on the MRSA Prevention Initiative.

JAMA Netw Open. 2021;4(3):e210971. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2021.0971
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

ONCOLOGY

Validation of the American Joint Committee on Cancer Eighth Edition Staging of Patients With Metastatic Cutaneous Melanoma Treated With Immune Checkpoint Inhibitors

This cohort study evaluates the outcomes of patients with metastatic cutaneous melanoma based on the M stage category from the American Joint Committee on Cancer (AJCC) eighth edition and determines whether these designations continue to inform the prognosis of patients who have received immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs).

JAMA Netw Open. 2021;4(3):e210980. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2021.0980
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

PEDIATRICS

Parent and Adolescent Reports of Adolescent Access to Household Firearms in the United States

This survey study examines adolescent firearm access in homes with guns, how storage may modify access, and discordance between parent and adolescent report of access.

JAMA Netw Open. 2021;4(3):e210989. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2021.0989
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

NEUROLOGY

Neuroanatomical Substrates and Symptoms Associated With Magnetic Resonance Imaging of Patients With Mild Traumatic Brain Injury

This multicenter cohort study assesses neuroanatomical substrates in patients with mild traumatic brain injury and the optimal timing for magnetic resonance imaging.

JAMA Netw Open. 2021;4(3):e210994. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2021.0994
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

NEUROLOGY

Evaluation of Selective Survival and Sex/Gender Differences in Dementia Incidence Using a Simulation Model

This decision analytical model assesses the potential role of selective survival in sex/gender differences in dementia incidence.

JAMA Netw Open. 2021;4(3):e211001. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2021.1001
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

PULMONARY MEDICINE

Use and Performance of the STOP-Bang Questionnaire for Obstructive Sleep Apnea Screening Across Geographic Regions: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

This systematic review and meta-analysis evaluates the utility of the STOP-Bang (snoring, tired, observed apnea, blood pressure, body mass index, age, neck size, gender) questionnaire in the sleep clinic setting to screen for and stratify the risk of obstructive sleep apnea among populations from different geographical regions.

JAMA Netw Open. 2021;4(3):e211009. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2021.1009
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

PSYCHIATRY

Effect of a Compassion Cultivation Training Program for Caregivers of People With Mental Illness in Denmark: A Randomized Clinical Trial

This randomized clinical trial examines the effect of a compassion cultivation training program on depression, anxiety, and stress among informal caregivers of people with mental illness in Denmark.

JAMA Netw Open. 2021;4(3):e211020. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2021.1020
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

INFECTIOUS DISEASES

Association of Age With Likelihood of Developing Symptoms and Critical Disease Among Close Contacts Exposed to Patients With Confirmed SARS-CoV-2 Infection in Italy

This cohort study examines the association of age with the likelihood of experiencing symptoms and progressing to critical illness after infection with severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) in Italy.

has active quiz
JAMA Netw Open. 2021;4(3):e211085. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2021.1085
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF CME & MOC

NEPHROLOGY

Assessment of Acute Kidney Injury and Longitudinal Kidney Function After Hospital Discharge Among Patients With and Without COVID-19

This cohort study compares kidney function post discharge in patients with and without COVID-19 who experienced acute kidney injury during hospitalization.

has active quiz
JAMA Netw Open. 2021;4(3):e211095. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2021.1095
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF CME & MOC

CARDIOLOGY

Association of Socioeconomic Status With Risk Factor Target Achievements and Use of Secondary Prevention After Myocardial Infarction

This nationwide cohort study conducted in a country with a public health care system assesses whether socioeconomic status is associated with risk factor target achievements or with risk-modifying activities among community-dwelling adults in the year after surviving first-ever myocardial infarction.

JAMA Netw Open. 2021;4(3):e211129. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2021.1129
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

ONCOLOGY

Definition, Incidence, and Challenges for Assessment of Hyperprogressive Disease During Cancer Treatment With Immune Checkpoint Inhibitors: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis

The systematic review and meta-analysis examines differences in the criteria and definitions used for hyperprogressive disease in studies assessing patients receiving immune checkpoint inhibitors for cancer.

JAMA Netw Open. 2021;4(3):e211136. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2021.1136
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

NUTRITION, OBESITY, AND EXERCISE

Temporal Associations Among Body Mass Index, Fasting Insulin, and Systemic Inflammation: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis

This systematic review and meta-analysis summarize evidence on the temporality of the association between higher body mass index and chronic inflammation and/or hyperinsulinemia.

JAMA Netw Open. 2021;4(3):e211263. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2021.1263
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

GERIATRICS

Outcome Goals and Health Care Preferences of Older Adults With Multiple Chronic Conditions

This cross-sectional study describes the outcome goals and health care preferences of older adults with multiple chronic conditions.

JAMA Netw Open. 2021;4(3):e211271. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2021.1271
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

HEALTH INFORMATICS

Association of Clinician Diagnostic Performance With Machine Learning–Based Decision Support Systems: A Systematic Review

This systematic review examines the association between use of machine learning–based clinical decision support systems and clinician performance.

JAMA Netw Open. 2021;4(3):e211276. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2021.1276
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

INFECTIOUS DISEASES

Risk Factors Associated With SARS-CoV-2 Seropositivity Among US Health Care Personnel

This cross-sectional study evaluates the risk factors associated with severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) seropositivity among health care personnel.

has active quiz
JAMA Netw Open. 2021;4(3):e211283. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2021.1283
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF CME & MOC

NEUROLOGY

Diagnostic Utility of Measuring Cerebral Atrophy in the Behavioral Variant of Frontotemporal Dementia and Association With Clinical Deterioration

This diagnostic/prognostic study assesses the utility of 6 visual atrophy scales and the Magnetic Resonance Parkinsonism Index in patients with behavioral variant frontotemporal dementia to distinguish those with high vs low confidence of frontotemporal lobar degeneration.

JAMA Netw Open. 2021;4(3):e211290. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2021.1290
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

NEUROLOGY

Evaluation of Posttraumatic Headache Phenotype and Recovery Time After Youth Concussion

This cohort study of youth experiencing posttraumatic headache following concussion examines the association between migraine phenotype and recovery outcomes.

JAMA Netw Open. 2021;4(3):e211312. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2021.1312
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

PEDIATRICS

Association of Preterm Birth With Prescription of Psychotropic Drugs in Adolescence and Young Adulthood

This cohort study examines the association between preterm birth and psychotropic drug prescriptions during adolescence and young adulthood.

JAMA Netw Open. 2021;4(3):e211420. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2021.1420
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

HEALTH INFORMATICS

Prospective Validation of an Electronic Health Record–Based, Real-Time Suicide Risk Model

This cohort study evaluates the performance of a suicide attempt risk prediction model implemented in a vendor-supplied electronic health record to predict subsequent suicidal ideation and suicide attempt.

JAMA Netw Open. 2021;4(3):e211428. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2021.1428
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

PEDIATRICS

Receipt of Behavioral Health Services Among US Children and Youth With Adverse Childhood Experiences or Mental Health Symptoms

This cross-sectional study estimates the proportion of children with high levels of adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) and/or high levels of mental health symptoms who were not receiving services from behavioral health professionals.

JAMA Netw Open. 2021;4(3):e211435. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2021.1435
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

PSYCHIATRY

Machine Learning Assessment of Early Life Factors Predicting Suicide Attempt in Adolescence or Young Adulthood

This prognostic study examines the use of early factors in predicting suicide attempt in adolescence and young adulthood.

JAMA Netw Open. 2021;4(3):e211450. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2021.1450
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

INFECTIOUS DISEASES

Association of Clinical, Biological, and Brain Magnetic Resonance Imaging Findings With Electroencephalographic Findings for Patients With COVID-19

This cohort study investigates clinical, biological, and brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings in association with electroencephalographic (EEG) features for patients with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) and refines the features of COVID-19–related encephalopathy.

has active quiz
JAMA Netw Open. 2021;4(3):e211489. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2021.1489
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF CME & MOC

GERIATRICS

Prevalence of Concurrent Functional Vision and Hearing Impairment and Association With Dementia in Community-Dwelling Medicare Beneficiaries

This cohort study of community-dwelling older adults in the US examined the age-specific prevalence of functional dual sensory impairment and assessed cross-sectional and longitudinal associations between functional dual impairment and dementia.

JAMA Netw Open. 2021;4(3):e211558. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2021.1558
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

ORTHOPEDICS

Assessment of Extractability and Accuracy of Electronic Health Record Data for Joint Implant Registries

This cohort study quantifies the extractability and accuracy of registry-relevant data from the electronic health record (EHR) and assesses the ability of these data to track trends in implant use and implant survivorship, using data stored since 2000 in the EHR of the largest integrated health care system in the United States.

JAMA Netw Open. 2021;4(3):e211728. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2021.1728
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

PATHOLOGY AND LABORATORY MEDICINE

Point-of-Care Digital Cytology With Artificial Intelligence for Cervical Cancer Screening in a Resource-Limited Setting

This diagnostic study uses data from a single health center in Kenya to investigate the use of digital microscopy and artificial intelligence in a resource-limited area to detect abnormal cells in Papanicolaou tests.

JAMA Netw Open. 2021;4(3):e211740. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2021.1740
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

NUTRITION, OBESITY, AND EXERCISE

Comparison of Fruit and Vegetable Intake Among Urban Low-Income US Adults Receiving a Produce Voucher in 2 Cities

This pre-post cohort study assesses the association between food vouchers for produce and different changes in diet among adults in Los Angeles and San Francisco, California.

JAMA Netw Open. 2021;4(3):e211757. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2021.1757
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

HEALTH POLICY

Trends in Use of Low-Value Care in Traditional Fee-for-Service Medicare and Medicare Advantage

This cross-sectional study compares use of low-value care among individuals enrolled in traditional Medicare and those enrolled in Medicare Advantage and examines trends in use from 2006 to 2015.

JAMA Netw Open. 2021;4(3):e211762. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2021.1762
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

HEALTH POLICY

Association of Medicare Mandatory Bundled Payment Program With the Receipt of Elective Hip and Knee Replacement in White, Black, and Hispanic Beneficiaries

This cohort study examines the association of the Medicare Comprehensive Care for Joint Replacement model with the receipt of elective joint replacement across White, Black, and Hispanic Medicare beneficiaries.

JAMA Netw Open. 2021;4(3):e211772. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2021.1772
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

PEDIATRICS

Cost-effectiveness of Brief Behavioral Therapy for Pediatric Anxiety and Depression in Primary Care

‎This economic evaluation assessed the cost-effectiveness of a pediatric transdiagnostic brief behavioral therapy program for anxiety and/or depression in primary care compared with assisted referral to community outpatient mental health care.

JAMA Netw Open. 2021;4(3):e211778. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2021.1778
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

ONCOLOGY

Neoadjuvant Chemotherapy or Endocrine Therapy for Invasive Ductal Carcinoma of the Breast With High Hormone Receptor Positivity and Human Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor 2 Negativity

This cohort study evaluate all-cause mortality among patients with strongly hormone receptor–positive and human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (ERBB2)–negative breast cancer treated with neoadjuvant endocrine therapy vs neoadjuvant chemotherapy.

JAMA Netw Open. 2021;4(3):e211785. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2021.1785
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

ONCOLOGY

Prevalence of Missing Data in the National Cancer Database and Association With Overall Survival

This cohort study examines real-world data in the National Cancer Database to assess the prevalence of missing data and the association between missing data and overall survival among patients with the 3 most common types of cancer in the US.

JAMA Netw Open. 2021;4(3):e211793. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2021.1793
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

PUBLIC HEALTH

Predisplacement Abuse and Postdisplacement Factors Associated With Mental Health Symptoms After Forced Migration Among Rohingya Refugees in Bangladesh

This cross-sectional study examines the prevalence of posttraumatic stress symptoms among displaced Rohingya adults and investigates the association of predisplacement abuse and postdisplacement factors with posttraumatic stress symptoms.

JAMA Netw Open. 2021;4(3):e211801. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2021.1801
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

GERIATRICS

Receipt of Posthospitalization Care Training Among Medicare Beneficiaries’ Family Caregivers

This cross-sectional study assesses the prevalence and factors associated with receipt of adequate transitional care training among caregivers of older adults undergoing posthospitalization care transition.

JAMA Netw Open. 2021;4(3):e211806. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2021.1806
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

ONCOLOGY

Comparison of Survival Outcomes Among Patients With Breast Cancer With Distant vs Ipsilateral Supraclavicular Lymph Node Metastases

This cohort study evaluates the association of distant vs ipsilateral supraclavicular lymph node metastases with survival among patients with breast cancer.

JAMA Netw Open. 2021;4(3):e211809. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2021.1809
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

OBSTETRICS AND GYNECOLOGY

Racial/Ethnic Disparities in Very Preterm Birth and Preterm Birth Before and During the COVID-19 Pandemic

This cross-sectional study uses a difference-in-differences analysis to assess whether racial/ethnic disparities in very preterm birth or preterm birth increased in the first wave of the coronavirus disease 2019 pandemic vs the year prior to the pandemic among women who delivered in New York City.

has active quiz
JAMA Netw Open. 2021;4(3):e211816. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2021.1816
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF CME & MOC

ONCOLOGY

Assessment of Lymph Node Metastasis in Patients With Gastric Cancer to Identify Those Suitable for Middle Segmental Gastrectomy

This cohort study assesses lymph node (LN) metastasis in patients with gastric cancer to identify those suitable for middle segmental gastrectomy.

JAMA Netw Open. 2021;4(3):e211840. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2021.1840
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

SURGERY

Use of Ultrasmall Core-Shell Fluorescent Silica Nanoparticles for Image-Guided Sentinel Lymph Node Biopsy in Head and Neck Melanoma: A Nonrandomized Clinical Trial

This nonrandomized clinical trial evaluates whether an ultrasmall, molecularly targeted core-shell silica nanoparticle can safely and reliably identify optically avid SLNs in head and neck melanoma during fluorescence-guided biopsy.

has multimedia
JAMA Netw Open. 2021;4(3):e211936. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2021.1936
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

SUBSTANCE USE AND ADDICTION

Evaluation of State Cannabis Laws and Rates of Self-harm and Assault

This cohort study examines the incidence of self-harm and assault injuries in the US since the legalization of medical as well as recreational use of cannabis.

JAMA Netw Open. 2021;4(3):e211955. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2021.1955
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

PEDIATRICS

Family-Centered Prevention Effects on the Association Between Racial Discrimination and Mental Health in Black Adolescents: Secondary Analysis of 2 Randomized Clinical Trials

This secondary analysis of 2 randomized clinical trials examines the effects of family-centered prevention programs in mediating the adverse mental health outcomes associated with experience of racial discrimination among Black youths.

JAMA Netw Open. 2021;4(3):e211964. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2021.1964
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

ONCOLOGY

Assessment of a Risk-Based Approach for Triaging Mammography Examinations During Periods of Reduced Capacity

This cohort study assesses strategies to triage patients for mammogram cancer screening during times of reduced capacity.

JAMA Netw Open. 2021;4(3):e211974. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2021.1974
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

INFECTIOUS DISEASES

Assessment of the Appropriateness of Antimicrobial Use in US Hospitals

This cross-sectional study evaluates the appropriateness of antimicrobial use for hospitalized patients treated for community-acquired pneumonia or a urinary tract infection present at admission or for patients who had received fluoroquinolone or intravenous vancomycin treatment.

JAMA Netw Open. 2021;4(3):e212007. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2021.2007
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

OBSTETRICS AND GYNECOLOGY

Evaluation of Hospital Cesarean Delivery–Related Profits and Rates in the United States

This cross-sectional study of discharge data from a national database of US hospitals examines the association of profits hospitals received from cesarean procedures and rates of cesarean delivery.

JAMA Netw Open. 2021;4(3):e212235. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2021.2235
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

ANESTHESIOLOGY

Use of Machine Learning to Develop and Evaluate Models Using Preoperative and Intraoperative Data to Identify Risks of Postoperative Complications

This cohort study assesses machine learning models for predicting postoperative complications using independent and combined preoperative and intraoperative data and their clinically meaningful model-agnostic interpretations.

JAMA Netw Open. 2021;4(3):e212240. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2021.2240
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

UROLOGY

Comparison of 1-Year Health Care Costs and Use Associated With Open vs Robotic-Assisted Radical Prostatectomy

This cohort study examines the use of health care services and cost at the index hospitalization and 1 year post discharge in men undergoing open vs robotic-assisted radical prostatectomy.

JAMA Netw Open. 2021;4(3):e212265. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2021.2265
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

ONCOLOGY

Laboratory, Clinical, and Survival Outcomes Associated With Peptide Receptor Radionuclide Therapy in Patients With Gastroenteropancreatic Neuroendocrine Tumors

This cohort study examines laboratory, clinical, and survival outcomes among patients with gastroenteropancreatic neuroendocrine tumors (NETs) treated with peptide receptor radionuclide therapy.

JAMA Netw Open. 2021;4(3):e212274. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2021.2274
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

PSYCHIATRY

Association Between Disturbed Sleep and Depression in Children and Youths: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis of Cohort Studies

This systematic review and meta-analysis evaluates the association between disturbed sleep and depression in children and youths.

JAMA Netw Open. 2021;4(3):e212373. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2021.2373
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

PUBLIC HEALTH

US Hospital Capacity Managers’ Experiences and Concerns Regarding Preparedness for Seasonal Influenza and Influenza-like Illness

This qualitative study uses interviews with capacity management personnel in US acute care hospitals during the 2017-2018 influenza season to examine views regarding hospitals’ responses to high patient volumes and the level of hospital preparedness for future pandemic events.

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JAMA Netw Open. 2021;4(3):e212382. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2021.2382
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF CME & MOC

ONCOLOGY

Evaluation of Reliability and Correlations of Quality Measures in Cancer Care

This cross-sectional study assesses measures of care process, utilization, end-of-life care, and survival at oncology practices that treat older Medicare beneficiaries with newly diagnosed lung, breast, or colorectal cancer.

JAMA Netw Open. 2021;4(3):e212474. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2021.2474
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

CARDIOLOGY

Risk Factors for Syncope Associated With Multigenerational Relatives With a History of Syncope

This cohort study examines whether a family history of syncope among first-, second-, or third-degree relatives is associated with an increased risk for syncope.

JAMA Netw Open. 2021;4(3):e212521. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2021.2521
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

PSYCHIATRY

Association of Child and Family Attributes With Outcomes in Children With Autism

This cohort study of children with autism spectrum disorder in Canada assesses the prevalence of positive developmental outcomes using clinical metrics of proficiency and growth and examines associations between outcomes and individual- and family-level variables.

JAMA Netw Open. 2021;4(3):e212530. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2021.2530
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

PUBLIC HEALTH

Assessment of Use and Fit of Face Masks Among Individuals in Public During the COVID-19 Pandemic in China

This cross-sectional study examines the proportion of people using face masks improperly in public and the factors associated with increasing face mask airtightness.

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JAMA Netw Open. 2021;4(3):e212574. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2021.2574
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF CME & MOC

PUBLIC HEALTH

The Triglyceride-Glucose Index and Obesity-Related Risk of End-Stage Kidney Disease in Austrian Adults

This cohort study examines the use of the triglyceride-glucose index as a measure of insulin resistance in individuals who are overweight or obese.

JAMA Netw Open. 2021;4(3):e212612. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2021.2612
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

HEALTH INFORMATICS

In-Person and Telehealth Ambulatory Contacts and Costs in a Large US Insured Cohort Before and During the COVID-19 Pandemic

This cohort study examines the patterns and costs of ambulatory care in the US before and during the initial stage of the COVID-19 pandemic and assesses how patient, practitioner, community, and COVID-19–related factors are associated with telehealth adoption.

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JAMA Netw Open. 2021;4(3):e212618. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2021.2618
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF CME & MOC

PEDIATRICS

Trajectories of Children's Executive Function After Traumatic Brain Injury

This cohort study uses data from pediatric trauma centers to assess the recovery of children’s executive function after experiencing mild-to-severe traumatic brain injury.

JAMA Netw Open. 2021;4(3):e212624. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2021.2624
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

INFECTIOUS DISEASES

High-Dose vs Standard-Dose Amoxicillin Plus Clavulanate for Adults With Acute Sinusitis: A Randomized Clinical Trial

This randomized clinical trial evaluates the effects of high-dose amoxicillin plus clavulanate vs standard-dose amoxicillin plus clavulanate in adults with acute bacterial sinusitis.

JAMA Netw Open. 2021;4(3):e212713. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2021.2713
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

INFECTIOUS DISEASES

SARS-CoV-2 Seroprevalence and Symptom Onset in Culturally Linked Orthodox Jewish Communities Across Multiple Regions in the United States

This cross-sectional study elucidates the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) seroprevalence and onset of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) symptoms in a culturally linked orthodox Jewish community across 5 US states.

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JAMA Netw Open. 2021;4(3):e212816. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2021.2816
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF CME & MOC

HEALTH POLICY

Assessment of Care Handoffs Among Hospitalist Physicians and 30-Day Mortality in Hospitalized Medicare Beneficiaries

This cross-sectional study examines the association between inpatient handoffs among hospitalist physicians and patient mortality among hospitalized Medicare beneficiaries.

JAMA Netw Open. 2021;4(3):e213040. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2021.3040
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

INFECTIOUS DISEASES

Comparison of Time to Clinical Improvement With vs Without Remdesivir Treatment in Hospitalized Patients With COVID-19

This propensity score–matched multicenter comparative effectiveness research study that included a high proportion of non-White individuals assesses whether remdesivir administered alone or with corticosteroids is associated with time to clinical improvement or time to death in patients hospitalized with confirmed coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19).

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JAMA Netw Open. 2021;4(3):e213071. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2021.3071
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF CME & MOC

PUBLIC HEALTH

Longitudinal Assessment of Physical Activity and Cognitive Outcomes Among Women at Midlife

This cohort study examines the association over time of physical activity levels and cognitive test results among women at midlife.

JAMA Netw Open. 2021;4(3):e213227. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2021.3227
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

OBSTETRICS AND GYNECOLOGY

Association Between Maternal Caffeine Consumption and Metabolism and Neonatal Anthropometry: A Secondary Analysis of the NICHD Fetal Growth Studies–Singletons

This cohort study examines the association between maternal caffeine consumption and multiple measures of neonatal anthropometry using data from the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development Fetal Growth Studies–Singletons study.

JAMA Netw Open. 2021;4(3):e213238. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2021.3238
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

SURGERY

Patient-Reported Opioid Consumption and Pain Intensity After Common Orthopedic and Urologic Surgical Procedures With Use of an Automated Text Messaging System

This quality improvement study used an automated test messaging system to assess the number of opioid tablets prescribed vs the self-reported number of tablets taken as well as self-reported pain intensity and ability to manage pain after orthopedic and urologic procedures.

JAMA Netw Open. 2021;4(3):e213243. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2021.3243
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

PEDIATRICS

Mental Health and Psychosocial Risk and Protective Factors Among Black and Latinx Transgender Youth Compared With Peers

This survey study compares past-year mental health symptoms and psychosocial factors among Black and Latinx transgender youth, White transgender youth, and Black and Latinx cisgender youth.

JAMA Netw Open. 2021;4(3):e213256. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2021.3256
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

HEALTH INFORMATICS

Assessment of Diagnosis and Triage in Validated Case Vignettes Among Nonphysicians Before and After Internet Search

This survey study evaluates the factors associated with accurate diagnosis and triage by nonphysician adults who use the internet to find health information.

JAMA Netw Open. 2021;4(3):e213287. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2021.3287
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

CARDIOLOGY

Change in Kidney Function and 2-Year Mortality After Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement

This cohort study uses data from a tertiary academic medical center to assess whether transcatheter aortic valve replacement is associated with changes in kidney function or mortality in patients undergoing the procedure.

JAMA Netw Open. 2021;4(3):e213296. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2021.3296
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

ONCOLOGY

Assessment of Simulated SARS-CoV-2 Infection and Mortality Risk Associated With Radiation Therapy Among Patients in 8 Randomized Clinical Trials

This comparative effectiveness study investigates how the COVID-19 pandemic is associated with the benefits and risks of standard radiation therapy in simulated patients.

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JAMA Netw Open. 2021;4(3):e213304. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2021.3304
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF CME & MOC

INFECTIOUS DISEASES

Development of a Machine Learning Model Using Electronic Health Record Data to Identify Antibiotic Use Among Hospitalized Patients

This cohort study evaluates whether variables of varying complexity and feasibility of measurement, derived retrospectively from the electronic health records, accurately identify inpatient antimicrobial exposure

JAMA Netw Open. 2021;4(3):e213460. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2021.3460
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

NEUROLOGY

Latent Profile Analysis of Neuropsychiatric Symptoms and Cognitive Function of Adults 2 Weeks After Traumatic Brain Injury: Findings From the TRACK-TBI Study

This cohort study characterizes phenotypes of neuropsychiatric and cognitive functioning in patients 2 weeks after traumatic brain injury and assess whether these phenotypes are associated with 6-month outcomes.

JAMA Netw Open. 2021;4(3):e213467. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2021.3467
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

HEALTH POLICY

Racial/Ethnic Disparities in Interhospital Transfer for Conditions With a Mortality Benefit to Transfer Among Patients With Medicare

This cross-sectional study examines disparities by race/ethnicity in interhospital transfer among among Medicare-enrolled patients with conditions previously found to have a potential mortality benefit from transfer.

JAMA Netw Open. 2021;4(3):e213474. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2021.3474
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

HEALTH INFORMATICS

Factors Associated With Opting Out of Automated Text and Telephone Messages Among Adult Members of an Integrated Health Care System

This cohort study assesses whether a high volume of automated text or interactive voice response telephone messages is associated with requests to opt out of future messages.

JAMA Netw Open. 2021;4(3):e213479. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2021.3479
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

ONCOLOGY

Assessment of an Exhaled Breath Test Using High-Pressure Photon Ionization Time-of-Flight Mass Spectrometry to Detect Lung Cancer

This diagnostic study examines whether a breath test that uses high-pressure photon ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry (HPPI-TOFMS) can accurately distinguish patients with lung cancer from those without.

JAMA Netw Open. 2021;4(3):e213486. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2021.3486
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

HEMATOLOGY

Cost-effectiveness of Novel Treatment Sequences for Transplant-Ineligible Patients With Multiple Myeloma

This economic evaluation assesses the optimal sequence of treatments for transplant-ineligible patients with multiple myeloma from the perspective of the patient, physician, and society.

JAMA Netw Open. 2021;4(3):e213497. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2021.3497
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

CARDIOLOGY

Association of Thrombus Aspiration With Time and Mortality Among Patients With ST-Segment Elevation Myocardial Infarction: A Post Hoc Analysis of the Randomized TOTAL Trial

This post hoc analysis of a randomized clinical trial studies the association of thrombus aspiration with outcomes among patients presenting with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction based on time.

JAMA Netw Open. 2021;4(3):e213505. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2021.3505
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

NUTRITION, OBESITY, AND EXERCISE

Association of Obesity With Survival Outcomes in Patients With Cancer: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis

This systematic review and meta-analysis assesses the association between obesity and survival outcomes following a diagnosis of cancer.

JAMA Netw Open. 2021;4(3):e213520. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2021.3520
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

IMAGING

Association Between Socioeconomic Status and In Utero Fetal Brain Development

This cohort study examines the association between parental socioeconomic status measures and brain volume and cortical features among fetuses.

JAMA Netw Open. 2021;4(3):e213526. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2021.3526
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

PEDIATRICS

Utility of Fetal Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance for Prenatal Diagnosis of Complex Congenital Heart Defects

This cohort study assesses the clinical utility of fetal cardiovascular magnetic resonance imaging when fetal echocardiography could not visualize all relevant anatomy.

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JAMA Netw Open. 2021;4(3):e213538. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2021.3538
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

ONCOLOGY

Association of a Shortened Duration of Adjuvant Chemotherapy With Overall Survival Among Individuals With Stage III Colon Cancer

This comparative effectiveness study examines the association between a shortened duration of adjuvant chemotherapy among individuals with stage III colon cancer using real-world data.

JAMA Netw Open. 2021;4(3):e213587. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2021.3587
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

CARDIOLOGY

Association Between Renin-Angiotensin-Aldosterone System Inhibitors and Clinical Outcomes in Patients With COVID-19: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis

This systematic review and meta-analysis examines the association between the receipt of angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors or angiotensin receptor blockers and clinical outcomes among adult patients with coronavirus disease 2019.

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JAMA Netw Open. 2021;4(3):e213594. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2021.3594
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF CME & MOC

PEDIATRICS

Preterm Birth and the Development of Visual Attention During the First 2 Years of Life: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis

This systematic review and meta-analysis investigates visual attention functioning during the first 2 years of life in infants born preterm versus full term.

JAMA Netw Open. 2021;4(3):e213687. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2021.3687
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

HEALTH POLICY

Estimation and Comparison of Current and Future Racial/Ethnic Representation in the US Health Care Workforce

This cross-sectional study used 2019 data from the American Community Survey and the Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System to estimate and compare the representation of Black, Hispanic, and Native American minority groups in 10 health care professions and in the educational pipeline for these professions.

JAMA Netw Open. 2021;4(3):e213789. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2021.3789
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

INFECTIOUS DISEASES

Simulation-Based Estimation of SARS-CoV-2 Infections Associated With School Closures and Community-Based Nonpharmaceutical Interventions in Ontario, Canada

This decision analytical modelling study uses a simulated population of people in Ontario, Canada, to estimate COVID-19 case counts associated with school closures and reopenings vs community-based nonpharmaceutical interventions.

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JAMA Netw Open. 2021;4(3):e213793. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2021.3793
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF CME & MOC

UROLOGY

Estimated Costs and Long-term Outcomes of Patients With High-Risk Non–Muscle-Invasive Bladder Cancer Treated With Bacillus Calmette-Guérin in the Veterans Affairs Health System

This cohort study describes real-world patient characteristics, long-term outcomes, and the economic burden in a population of US veterans with non–muscle-invasive bladder cancer.

JAMA Netw Open. 2021;4(3):e213800. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2021.3800
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

CARDIOLOGY

Prevalence of Hypertension Among Pregnant Women When Using the 2017 American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association Blood Pressure Guidelines and Association With Maternal and Fetal Outcomes

This cohort study estimates the prevalence of hypertension among pregnant women using the 2017 American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association (ACC/AHA) definition of hypertension instead of the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists threshold and assesses identification of adverse maternal or fetal outcomes associated with use of the ACC/AHA guidelines.

JAMA Netw Open. 2021;4(3):e213808. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2021.3808
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

HEALTH POLICY

Association Between Risk Factors for Complications From COVID-19, Perceived Chances of Infection and Complications, and Protective Behavior in the US

This cross-sectional survey study assesses whether adults with risk factors for COVID-19 complications perceive an elevated chance of complications and undertake fewer higher infection risk behaviors.

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JAMA Netw Open. 2021;4(3):e213984. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2021.3984
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF CME & MOC

INFECTIOUS DISEASES

Association of Vitamin D Levels, Race/Ethnicity, and Clinical Characteristics With COVID-19 Test Results

This cohort study examines the associations of vitamin D levels, race, and other characteristics with positive COVID-19 test results.

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JAMA Netw Open. 2021;4(3):e214117. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2021.4117
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF CME & MOC

HEALTH POLICY

Assessment of Disparities Associated With a Crisis Standards of Care Resource Allocation Algorithm for Patients in 2 US Hospitals During the COVID-19 Pandemic

This cohort study evaluates whether unanticipated disparities by race or ethnicity would arise from the use of a resource allocation policy during the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic.

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JAMA Netw Open. 2021;4(3):e214149. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2021.4149
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF CME & MOC

INFECTIOUS DISEASES

Association of Age With SARS-CoV-2 Antibody Response

This cross-sectional study investigates the association of age with the quantity and quality of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) antibody responses.

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JAMA Netw Open. 2021;4(3):e214302. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2021.4302
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF CME & MOC

GERIATRICS

Risk Factors Associated With SARS-CoV-2 Infections, Hospitalization, and Mortality Among US Nursing Home Residents

This cohort study examined risk factors associated with SARS-CoV-2 infection incidence, hospitalization, and death among nursing home residents in the US.

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JAMA Netw Open. 2021;4(3):e216315. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2021.6315
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF CME & MOC
open access Editorial

USPSTF Recommendations for Hearing Loss Screening in Asymptomatic Older Adults—A Case of Missing Evidence and Missing Treatment Options

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JAMA Netw Open. 2021;4(3):e210274. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2021.0274
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

Expanded Access to Lung Cancer Screening—Implementing Wisely to Optimize Health

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JAMA Netw Open. 2021;4(3):e210275. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2021.0275
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

JAMA Network Open—The Year in Review, 2020

JAMA Netw Open. 2021;4(3):e212388. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2021.2388
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF
open access Invited Commentary

EMERGENCY MEDICINE

Geriatric Emergency Care Reduces Health Care Costs—What Are the Next Steps?

JAMA Netw Open. 2021;4(3):e210147. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2021.0147
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

PUBLIC HEALTH

Housing Is an Essential Part of Health Care—“Treat ‘Em and House ‘Em”

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JAMA Netw Open. 2021;4(3):e210635. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2021.0635
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF CME & MOC

PUBLIC HEALTH

Listening to Latinx Patient Perspectives on COVID-19 to Inform Future Prevention Efforts

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JAMA Netw Open. 2021;4(3):e210737. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2021.0737
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF CME & MOC

PSYCHIATRY

Therapeutic Neuromodulation for Bipolar Disorder—The Case for Biomarker-Driven Treatment Development

JAMA Netw Open. 2021;4(3):e211055. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2021.1055
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

ONCOLOGY

Cancer and Neurofibromatosis Type 1—Confirming What We Knew and Telling Us Something New

JAMA Netw Open. 2021;4(3):e211061. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2021.1061
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

CARDIOLOGY

Soliciting Patients to Help Define Treatment Thresholds

JAMA Netw Open. 2021;4(3):e211181. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2021.1181
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

PEDIATRICS

Adolescent Access to Firearms—This Is Definitely Our Lane

JAMA Netw Open. 2021;4(3):e211333. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2021.1333
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

HEALTH INFORMATICS

Discovery, Learning, and Experimentation With Artificial Intelligence–Based Tools at the Point of Care—Perils and Opportunity

JAMA Netw Open. 2021;4(3):e211474. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2021.1474
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

INFECTIOUS DISEASES

Delineating the Impact of Mupirocin and Chlorhexidine Gluconate in Intensive Care Units—Models and Real-Life Considerations

JAMA Netw Open. 2021;4(3):e211573. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2021.1573
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

INFECTIOUS DISEASES

Contact Precautions and Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus—Modeling Our Way to Safety

JAMA Netw Open. 2021;4(3):e211574. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2021.1574
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

INFECTIOUS DISEASES

Community COVID-19 Incidence and Health Care Personnel COVID-19 Seroprevalence

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JAMA Netw Open. 2021;4(3):e211575. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2021.1575
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF CME & MOC

GERIATRICS

Making Care Fit in the Lives and Loves of Patients With Chronic Conditions

JAMA Netw Open. 2021;4(3):e211576. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2021.1576
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

NEUROLOGY

The Prognostic Role of Magnetic Resonance Imaging Biomarkers in Mild Traumatic Injury

JAMA Netw Open. 2021;4(3):e211824. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2021.1824
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

ONCOLOGY

Hyperprogression in Patients With Cancer Receiving Immune Checkpoint Inhibitors

JAMA Netw Open. 2021;4(3):e211839. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2021.1839
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

GERIATRICS

Hearing, Vision, or Dual Sensory Impairment and Dementia Risk

JAMA Netw Open. 2021;4(3):e211846. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2021.1846
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

ONCOLOGY

The Prognostic Importance of Lymph Node Metastasis in Patients With Gastric Cancer and Identifying Those Suitable for Middle Segmental Gastrectomy

JAMA Netw Open. 2021;4(3):e211877. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2021.1877
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

ONCOLOGY

Distant Lymph Node Metastases From Breast Cancer—Is it Time to Review TNM Cancer Staging?

JAMA Netw Open. 2021;4(3):e212026. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2021.2026
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

ONCOLOGY

Prostate Cancer Screening—The Need for and Clinical Relevance of Decision Analytical Models

JAMA Netw Open. 2021;4(3):e212182. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2021.2182
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

PUBLIC HEALTH

Refugee Mental Health—An Urgent Call for Research and Action

JAMA Netw Open. 2021;4(3):e212543. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2021.2543
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

PEDIATRICS

The Use of Protective Caregiving to Create Positive Racial-Ethnic Socialization and Mitigate Psychological Outcomes of Racial Discrimination

JAMA Netw Open. 2021;4(3):e212544. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2021.2544
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

SUBSTANCE USE AND ADDICTION

Cannabis Policy Heterogeneity and Effects on Research—Complexity Expected

JAMA Netw Open. 2021;4(3):e212545. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2021.2545
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

ONCOLOGY

Selecting Patients for Mammographic Evaluation Based on Breast Cancer Risk During the COVID-19 Pandemic

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JAMA Netw Open. 2021;4(3):e212546. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2021.2546
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF CME & MOC

ANESTHESIOLOGY

Linking Preoperative and Intraoperative Data for Risk Prediction: More Answers or Just More Data?

JAMA Netw Open. 2021;4(3):e212547. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2021.2547
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

UROLOGY

Costs of Robotic-Assisted Radical Prostatectomy 1 Year After Surgery: Pay Now and Save Later?

JAMA Netw Open. 2021;4(3):e212548. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2021.2548
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

PSYCHIATRY

Inspecting the Glass Half-Full Identifies Strengths in the Development of Children With Autism Spectrum Disorder

JAMA Netw Open. 2021;4(3):e213155. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2021.3155
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

CARDIOLOGY

Can Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement Cure Cardiorenal Syndrome?

JAMA Netw Open. 2021;4(3):e213753. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2021.3753
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

UROLOGY

Quantifying the Costs of Care Among Patients With High-Risk Non–Muscle-Invasive Bladder Cancer Treated in the Veterans Health Administration

JAMA Netw Open. 2021;4(3):e213816. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2021.3816
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

HEALTH POLICY

Health Care for People Experiencing Homelessness—What Outcomes Matter?

JAMA Netw Open. 2021;4(3):e213837. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2021.3837
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

HEALTH POLICY

Continuity of Care Matters in All Health Care Settings

JAMA Netw Open. 2021;4(3):e213842. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2021.3842
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

ONCOLOGY

Trial Emulation and Real-World Evidence

JAMA Netw Open. 2021;4(3):e213845. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2021.3845
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF

ONCOLOGY

A Modeling Approach to Radiation Therapy in the Era of COVID-19

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JAMA Netw Open. 2021;4(3):e213850. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2021.3850
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF CME & MOC

HEALTH POLICY

Racial Equity in Crisis Standards of Care—Reassuring Data or Reason for Concern?

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JAMA Netw Open. 2021;4(3):e214527. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2021.4527
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PEDIATRICS

Fetal Cardiac Imaging for Congenital Heart Disease—Is Cardiac Magnetic Resonance Imaging the Future?

JAMA Netw Open. 2021;4(3):e214617. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2021.4617
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INFECTIOUS DISEASES

Using Data and Modeling to Understand the Risks of In-Person Education

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JAMA Netw Open. 2021;4(3):e214619. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2021.4619
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PUBLIC HEALTH

How to Better Study the Associations Between Physical Activity, Exercise, and Cognitive and Brain Health

JAMA Netw Open. 2021;4(3):e215153. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2021.5153
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open access Research Letter

STATISTICS AND RESEARCH METHODS

Recruitment and Results Reporting of COVID-19 Randomized Clinical Trials Registered in the First 100 Days of the Pandemic

This survey analysis of randomized clinical trials registered within 100 days of the first reported case of coronavirus disease 2019 assessed recruitment and results reporting.

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JAMA Netw Open. 2021;4(3):e210330. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2021.0330
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MEDICAL EDUCATION

Representation of Female Faculty at US Medical Schools and Success in Obtaining National Institutes of Health Funding, 2008-2018

This cross-sectional study assesses the representation and success of female faculty at US medical schools and their success in obtaining funding from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) between 2008 and 2018.

JAMA Netw Open. 2021;4(3):e210388. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2021.0388
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INFECTIOUS DISEASES

Outcomes and Mortality Among Adults Hospitalized With COVID-19 at US Medical Centers

This cohort study assesses characteristics and outcomes among adults hospitalized with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) at US medical centers as well as COVID-19–related mortality over the initial 6 months of the pandemic.

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JAMA Netw Open. 2021;4(3):e210417. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2021.0417
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SUBSTANCE USE AND ADDICTION

Alcohol Withdrawal Rates in Hospitalized Patients During the COVID-19 Pandemic

This cohort study examines whether alcohol withdrawal rates among hospitalized patients with alcohol use disorder increased during the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic.

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JAMA Netw Open. 2021;4(3):e210422. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2021.0422
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STATISTICS AND RESEARCH METHODS

Assessment of the Temporal Trajectory of Clinical Trials for COVID-19 Interventions After Highly Publicized Lay and Medical Attention

This cross-sectional study assesses the temporal trajectory of clinical trial registration for COVID-19 interventions that were highly publicized during the COVID-19 pandemic vs treatments that were not comparably promoted.

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JAMA Netw Open. 2021;4(3):e210689. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2021.0689
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SUBSTANCE USE AND ADDICTION

Association of Cannabis Retailer Proximity and Density With Cannabis Use Among Pregnant Women in Northern California After Legalization of Cannabis for Recreational Use

This cross-sectional study examines the association of cannabis retailer proximity and density with cannabis use among pregnant women after legalization of cannabis for recreational use in California.

JAMA Netw Open. 2021;4(3):e210694. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2021.0694
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PSYCHIATRY

Racial/Ethnic Disparities in the Prevalence and Trends of Autism Spectrum Disorder in US Children and Adolescents

This cross-sectional study uses data from the National Health Interview Survey to assess racial/ethnic disparities in the prevalence and trends of autism spectrum disorder among US children and adolescents.

JAMA Netw Open. 2021;4(3):e210771. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2021.0771
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MEDICAL EDUCATION

Association Between Resident Duty Hours and Self-study Time Among Postgraduate Medical Residents in Japan

This cross-sectional study uses information from the General Medicine In-Training Examination survey in Japan to assess the association between resident duty hours and self-study time.

JAMA Netw Open. 2021;4(3):e210782. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2021.0782
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GLOBAL HEALTH

Hospital Admissions Associated With Noncommunicable Diseases During the COVID-19 Outbreak in Brazil

This cross-sectional study uses data from the Brazilian Unified Health System to compare the number of hospital admissions for treatment of noncommunicable diseases from January to June 2020 with that during the corresponding period in each of the previous 3 years in São Paulo, Brazil.

JAMA Netw Open. 2021;4(3):e210799. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2021.0799
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OPHTHALMOLOGY

Prevalence of Keratoconus in Persons With Down Syndrome in a National Registry in Norway

This cross-sectional study evaluates the association of keratoconus with Down syndrome by estimation of the prevalence of keratoconus in persons with Down syndrome in Norway.

JAMA Netw Open. 2021;4(3):e210814. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2021.0814
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HEALTH POLICY

Between-Community Low-Income Status and Inclusion in Mandatory Bundled Payments in Medicare’s Comprehensive Care for Joint Replacement Model

This cohort study examines whether communities in Medicare’s Comprehensive Care for Joint Replacement (CJR) Model are representative of others nationwide with respect to residents’ socioeconomic status.

JAMA Netw Open. 2021;4(3):e211016. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2021.1016
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ONCOLOGY

National Trends in the Use of Neoadjuvant Therapy Before Cancer Surgery in the US From 2004 to 2016

This cohort study uses information obtained from the US National Cancer Database to evaluate trends in the use of neoadjuvant therapy before tumor resection for various types of cancer from 2004 to 2016.

JAMA Netw Open. 2021;4(3):e211031. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2021.1031
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CARDIOLOGY

Gender and Disparity in First Authorship in Cardiology Randomized Clinical Trials

This cross-sectional study assesses the annual proportions and overall trend of female first authors in cardiology randomized clinical trials from 2011 to 2020.

JAMA Netw Open. 2021;4(3):e211043. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2021.1043
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DIABETES AND ENDOCRINOLOGY

Characteristics of and Mortality Associated With Diabetic Ketoacidosis Among US Patients Hospitalized With or Without COVID-19

This cohort study analyzed inpatient data from multiple US hospitals to characterize patients with and without coronavirus disease (COVID-19) who had diabetic ketoacidosis.

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JAMA Netw Open. 2021;4(3):e211091. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2021.1091
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SURGERY

Access to Cancer Surgery in a Universal Health Care System During the COVID-19 Pandemic

This cohort study quantifies the cancer surgical backlog and determines whether there were differences in sociodemographic and hospital characteristics among patients undergoing cancer surgery in the pre– and peri–coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) periods.

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JAMA Netw Open. 2021;4(3):e211104. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2021.1104
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HEALTH POLICY

Time to Marketing of Generic Drugs After Patent Expiration in Canada

This cross-sectional study uses marketing data to assess the time from patent expiration of brand name drugs to marketing of generic drug forms.

JAMA Netw Open. 2021;4(3):e211143. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2021.1143
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HEALTH POLICY

Trends in Well-Child Visits With Out-of-Pocket Costs in the US Before and After the Affordable Care Act

This cross-sectional study uses national claims data to assess trends in well-child care visits with out-of-pocket costs before and after passage of the Affordable Care Act.

JAMA Netw Open. 2021;4(3):e211248. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2021.1248
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HEALTH POLICY

Estimated Prevalence of US Physicians With Disabilities

This survey study uses data from the Association of American Medical Colleges National Sample Survey of Physicians to assess the prevalence and characteristics of US physicians with disabilities among a survey of 6000 practicing physicians.

JAMA Netw Open. 2021;4(3):e211254. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2021.1254
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CARDIOLOGY

Off-label Use of Direct Oral Anticoagulants in Patients Receiving Surgical Mechanical and Bioprosthetic Heart Valves

This cohort study assesses direct oral anticoagulant use in patients with surgical prosthetic heart valves in the United States and evaluates differences in preoperative and postoperative profiles in patients discharged while receiving direct oral anticoagulant vs warfarin.

JAMA Netw Open. 2021;4(3):e211259. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2021.1259
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SURGERY

Intermediate-Term Outcomes of Endoscopic or Open Vein Harvesting for Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting: The REGROUP Randomized Clinical Trial

This randomized clinical trial examines intermediate-term outcomes of endoscopic vs open vein harvesting for coronary artery bypass grafting as part of the Randomized Endo-Vein Graft Perspective (REGROUP) trial.

JAMA Netw Open. 2021;4(3):e211439. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2021.1439
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INFECTIOUS DISEASES

Seroprevalence of SARS-CoV-2 Antibodies in the US Adult Asymptomatic Population as of September 30, 2020

This cross-sectional study of a sample of healthy adults assesses the seroprevalence of SARS-CoV-2 antibodies in the US asymptomatic population as of September 30, 2020.

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JAMA Netw Open. 2021;4(3):e211552. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2021.1552
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GERIATRICS

Nursing Home Characteristics Associated With Resident COVID-19 Morbidity in Communities With High Infection Rates

This cross-sectional study uses data from the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services Nursing Home COVID-19 Public File to assess the characteristics associated with resident morbidity among 3008 nursing homes in US communities with the highest COVID-19 infection prevalence.

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JAMA Netw Open. 2021;4(3):e211555. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2021.1555
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OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH

Effectiveness of Elastomeric Half-Mask Respirators vs N95 Filtering Facepiece Respirators During Simulated Resuscitation: A Nonrandomized Controlled Trial

This nonrandomized controlled trial compares the effectiveness of elastomeric half-mask respirators with that of N95 filtering facepiece respirators during cardiopulmonary resuscitation.

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JAMA Netw Open. 2021;4(3):e211564. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2021.1564
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MEDICAL JOURNALS AND PUBLISHING

Assessment of Concordance and Discordance Among Clinical Studies Posted as Preprints and Subsequently Published in High-Impact Journals

This cross-sectional study examines the concordance between clinical studies posted as preprints and subsequently published in high-impact journals, including key study characteristics, reported results, and study interpretations.

JAMA Netw Open. 2021;4(3):e212110. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2021.2110
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HEALTH POLICY

The Cost of Transferring Dialysis Care From the Employer-Based Market to Medicare

This cohort study investigates the frequency and characteristics of patients with end-stage kidney disease receiving dialysis who prematurely transition from their employer-based group health plan to Medicare.

JAMA Netw Open. 2021;4(3):e212113. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2021.2113
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PUBLIC HEALTH

Patient e-Visit Use and Outcomes for Common Symptoms in an Integrated Health Care Delivery System

This cohort study examines whether e-visits can adequately treat patients who have medical concerns or whether follow-up care is typically still needed within 72 hours or 7 days.

JAMA Netw Open. 2021;4(3):e212174. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2021.2174
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PUBLIC HEALTH

Body Weight Changes During Pandemic-Related Shelter-in-Place in a Longitudinal Cohort Study

This cohort study investigates whether the shelter-in-place orders in the US during the early weeks of the COVID-19 pandemic were associated with changes in body weight among adults.

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JAMA Netw Open. 2021;4(3):e212536. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2021.2536
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HEALTH POLICY

Participation of Black US Residents in Clinical Trials of 24 Cardiovascular Drugs Granted FDA Approval, 2006-2020

This cross-sectional study investigates the representation status of Black US residents in clinical trials of 24 cardiovascular drugs granted US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approval between January 1, 2006, and August 31, 2020.

JAMA Netw Open. 2021;4(3):e212640. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2021.2640
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MEDICAL EDUCATION

Career Trajectories of Women From Underrepresented Minority Groups at an Academic Medical Center

This cohort study explores retention of women faculty members stratified by their race/ethnicity using data from a longitudinal study at 1 research-oriented institution.

JAMA Netw Open. 2021;4(3):e212723. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2021.2723
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HEALTH INFORMATICS

Association of Patients Reading Clinical Notes With Perception of Medication Adherence Among Persons With Serious Mental Illness

This survey study examines how patients with a mental illness diagnosis who read at least 1 clinical note in the last year perceived its association with their medication adherence.

JAMA Netw Open. 2021;4(3):e212823. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2021.2823
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INFECTIOUS DISEASES

Implementation of a Recuperation Unit and Hospitalization Rates Among People Experiencing Homelessness With COVID-19

This cohort study examines the association of the opening of a COVID-19 recuperation unit adjacent to a large safety-net hospital with COVID-19 hospitalization rates among people experiencing homelessness.

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JAMA Netw Open. 2021;4(3):e212826. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2021.2826
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF CME & MOC

HEALTH POLICY

Use of a Community Center Primary Care Clinic and Subsequent Emergency Department Visits Among Unhoused Women

This cohort study evaluates the association between use of a community center primary care clinic and subsequent nonemergent emergency department (ED) visits by unhoused women who exchange sex and inject drugs.

JAMA Netw Open. 2021;4(3):e213134. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2021.3134
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PSYCHIATRY

Association of Acute Symptoms of COVID-19 and Symptoms of Depression in Adults

This survey study investigates where acute coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is associated with the probability of subsequent depressive symptoms among US adults.

JAMA Netw Open. 2021;4(3):e213223. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2021.3223
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PEDIATRICS

Maternal and Perinatal Factors Associated With Kawasaki Disease Among Offspring in Taiwan

This case-control study investigates the association of perinatal factors and maternal autoimmune diseases with the development of Kawasaki disease using the Taiwan Maternal and Child Health Database.

JAMA Netw Open. 2021;4(3):e213233. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2021.3233
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HEALTH POLICY

Spending and Out-of-Pocket Prices for Brand-Name Drugs Among Commercially Insured Individuals in Massachusetts, 2015-2017

This cross-sectional study analyzes data on aggregate utilization and aggregate spending by patients and by pharmacy benefit managers to pharmacies for every brand-name drug prescription dispensed to all fully insured patients and some self-insured patients with commercial insurance in Massachusetts from 2015 to 2017.

JAMA Netw Open. 2021;4(3):e213252. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2021.3252
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MEDICAL JOURNALS AND PUBLISHING

Prevalence of Medical Journal Websites That Deny Access to Users Who Block Browser Cookies

This cross-sectional study of 1700 medical journal websites assesses the prevalence of journals denying access to website users who blocked browser cookies.

JAMA Netw Open. 2021;4(3):e213492. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2021.3492
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PUBLIC HEALTH

Trends in Health Care Worker Intentions to Receive a COVID-19 Vaccine and Reasons for Hesitancy

This survey study queried employees of a health care system before COVID-19 vaccine distribution to assess their intentions to receive a vaccine and to understand their reasons for hesitancy to do so.

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JAMA Netw Open. 2021;4(3):e215344. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2021.5344
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF CME & MOC
open access Peer Reviewers List

JAMA Network Open Peer Reviewers in 2020

JAMA Netw Open. 2021;4(3):e211468. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2021.1468
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open access Correction

Errors in Abstract, Table, and Discussion

JAMA Netw Open. 2021;4(3):e212581. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2021.2581
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Error in the Discussion Section

JAMA Netw Open. 2021;4(3):e213081. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2021.3081
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Errors in Abstract, Methods, Results, Figure, and Tables

JAMA Netw Open. 2021;4(3):e213314. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2021.3314
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Error in Abstract Conclusions and Relevance

JAMA Netw Open. 2021;4(3):e213451. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2021.3451
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Error in the Supplement

JAMA Netw Open. 2021;4(3):e213558. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2021.3558
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Errors in the Results Section of the Abstract

JAMA Netw Open. 2021;4(3):e213659. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2021.3659
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Error in Table

JAMA Netw Open. 2021;4(3):e214572. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2021.4572
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Errors in Figure

JAMA Netw Open. 2021;4(3):e215118. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2021.5118
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Error in Sample Sizes

JAMA Netw Open. 2021;4(3):e215373. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2021.5373
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Error in Visual Abstract

JAMA Netw Open. 2021;4(3):e216209. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2021.6209
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Error in Reporting of Age Variable in Database

JAMA Netw Open. 2021;4(3):e216703. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2021.6703
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Errors in the Table

JAMA Netw Open. 2021;4(3):e217149. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2021.7149
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Errors in Key Points and Results

JAMA Netw Open. 2021;4(3):e217292. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2021.7292
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Error in Article Information

JAMA Netw Open. 2021;4(3):e217664. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2021.7664
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Error in Byline

JAMA Netw Open. 2021;4(3):e217894. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2021.7894
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open access JAMA Network Open Masthead

JAMA Network Open

JAMA Netw Open. 2021;4(3):e212992. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2021.2992
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