This decision analytical modeling study examines the associations of cohorting, staffing, and testing interventions with COVID-19 transmission in nursing homes.
This cross-sectional study reviews the self-reported demographic characteristics, geographic distribution, as well as board certification and training of US-based clinically active physicians who provide emergency care to children and adolescents.
This qualitative study evaluates a crowdsourcing open call as an approach to university community engagement and strategic planning to ensure safety during the COVID-19 pandemic.
This cohort study examines the use of oral anticoagulation therapy in patients with bipolar disorder or schizophrenia who develop atrial fibrillation.
This randomized clinical trial examines the effectiveness of behaviorally designed gamification to promote lifestyle change among adults with uncontrolled type 2 diabetes.
This cohort study uses data from the Vizient Clinical Data Base to examine hospital discharge rates and outcomes of hospitalizations as well as demographic factors among US patients with ischemic stroke before and during the COVID-19 pandemic.
This cross-sectional study describes the development of dementia and the level of cognitive decline among individuals with varying socioeconomic backgrounds who underwent a diagnostic evaluation for dementia.
This cohort study examines the rate of results reporting among interventional cancer trials registered on ClinicalTrials.gov from 2007 to 2017.
This cohort study assesses the implementation outcomes of a pharmacogenomic testing program comprising a point-of-care model evaluating targeted drugs and a preemptive model using whole-genome sequencing to evaluate potential drug therapies among children in a pediatric tertiary care setting.
This cohort study estimates the volume of patients required to achieve a first US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approval for a new anticancer drug or biologic therapy.
This cross-sectional study compares 3 machine learning algorithms with the most widely used existing model to assess which best predicts the risk of gastrointestinal (GI) bleeding in adult patients receiving antithrombotic treatment.
This cohort study uses data from the Chingford 1000 Women Study to examine both cross-sectional and longitudinal associations between lumbar spine radiographic changes and the severity of back pain–related disability among middle-aged, community-dwelling women.
This quality improvement study compares commonly used screening methods for alcohol and drug use among adult patients at primary care clinics to examine their association with implementation outcomes and to evaluate the best approach for implementing electronic health record–integrated screening.
This cross-sectional survey study assesses use of consumer digital information for COVID-19 control that US adults consider to be acceptable and the factors associated with higher or lower approval of use of this information.
This cross-sectional study analyzes data collected via questionnaires to assess whether associations exist between prenatal, early postnatal, or current exposure to secondhand smoke and symptoms or subtypes of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder among school-aged children in China.
This randomized clinical trial examines the effect of community health worker care on hospital readmissions within 30 days for adults enrolled in an accountable care organization.
This cohort study evaluates whether the association between prostate-specific antigen (PSA) failure and death may be different in men with locally advanced vs localized prostate cancer enrolled in 2 randomized clinical trials.
This cohort study assesses the treatment patterns of and survival outcomes associated with checkpoint inhibitor immunotherapy, cytotoxic chemotherapy, and combined chemoimmunotherapy for older patients with advanced non–small cell lung cancer and Medicare coverage.
This cohort study assesses longitudinal changes in posttraumatic stress disorder severity and posttraumatic coping among severely traumatized Yazidi female refugees, as well as risk and protective factors for posttraumatic stress disorder course.
This diagnostic study attempts to develop and validate a deep learning algorithm to quantify interstitial fibrosis and tubular atrophy (IFTA) using kidney ultrasonography images.
This decision analytical model study assesses whether a machine learning model trained on routinely collected administrative health data from a single-payer health system in Canada can be used to predict the onset of type 2 diabetes in the population.
This cohort study assesses the association of first-line targeted therapy, immunotherapy, and combination targeted therapy and immunotherapy regimens with overall survival in a real-world cohort of patients with metastatic clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC).
This cohort study investigates the association of sex hormones with disease severity and inflammatory cytokines in patients with COVID-19.
This cohort study evaluates the association between bitter taste receptor phenotype and patient clinical course after infection with SARS-CoV-2.
This systematic review uses data from cohort studies to examine the frequency, variety, and severity of persistent symptoms among individuals with previous COVID-19 infection.
This cross-sectional study examines which personal and professional factors may be associated with lower work-life integration scores among US physicians.
This meta-analysis examines 8 randomized clinical trials and assesses whether home-based rehabilitation or inpatient and/or outpatient rehabilitation is associated with better outcomes among patients recovering from arthroscopic isolated meniscectomy.
This systematic review uses Consensus-Based Standards for the Selection of Health Measurement Instruments guidelines to identify the best available multidomain patient-reported outcome measure tools that assess maternal postpartum recovery beyond delivery hospitalization.
This case-control study investigated the association between long-term exposure to particulate matter with an aerodynamic diameter of no more than 2.5 μm with anosmia.
This cohort study examines the association between delayed surgical treatment and recurrence and survival among patients with non–small cell lung cancer in a cohort of patients treated in the Veterans Health Administration system.
This survey study of adults residing in Michigan during June to December 2020 examines associations between race/ethnicity, medical mistrust within racial/ethnic groups, and willingness to participate in COVID-19 vaccine trials or to receive a COVID-19 vaccine.
This cohort study examines whether low levels of vitamin D are associated with SARS-CoV-2 seropositivity, an indicator of previous infection.
This cross-sectional study investigates the amount of Medicare funding for dental and podiatry graduate medical education programs at teaching hospitals from 1998 to 2018.
This cohort study evaluates the extent to which marriage is associated with cancer-specific survival, stage at diagnosis, and treatment among patients with 9 common solid cancers and recommends methods for reducing the survival gap.
This cross-sectional study assesses the associations of incarceration of a family member with perceived well-being and projected life expectancy among adults in the US.
This cross-sectional study assesses the reasons that individuals in the US are accessing self-managed medication abortion through online telemedicine services and the factors associated with these requests.
This cohort study evaluates whether the implementation of a large-scale Medicare policy is associated with unequal use of and access to joint replacement care among older adults from various racial/ethnic groups and socioeconomic backgrounds.
This cohort study investigates the neurological phenotypes, incidence, and outcomes among adults hospitalized with COVID-19.
This cohort study examines whether gluten intake is associated with cognitive function in women without celiac disease.
This cohort study investigates whether there is an association between prescription of low-dose quetiapine and risk for type 2 diabetes among Danish adults.
This cross-sectional study compares the numbers and factors associated with death due to stroke in younger and middle-aged adults among US counties.
This systematic review and meta-analysis assesses the prevalence of bacterial meningitis among febrile infants 29 to 60 days of age with a positive urinalysis result to evaluate whether lumbar puncture is routinely required.
This systematic review uses data from randomized clinical trials to investigate how often new single-enantiomer drugs are compared with their existing racemic precursors and determine whether safety or efficacy differences are observed.
This cohort study investigates the association of wearable device use with pulse rate and health care use among adults with atrial fibrillation (AF).
This diagnostic study develops and validates a deep convolutional neural network to detect both apparent and occult scaphoid fractures from radiographic images.
This birth cohort study examines the associations of infant physical development and rapid growth with the timing of puberty onset in girls in China.
This quality improvement study describes current trends in preoperative patient optimization, identifies barriers to optimization, develops interventions to address these barriers, and then pilots these interventions among high-risk patients undergoing ventral and incisional hernia repair.
This cross-sectional study describes the administration and outcome of a short screening tool for assessing executive function, memory, language, and perceptual motor function of adults with sickle cell disease.
This case-control study assesses the association of Medicaid expansion with health insurance status, stage at diagnosis, and receipt of treatment among patients with newly diagnosed genitourinary cancers.
This cross-sectional study examines surgical never events occurring in hospitals in California and summarizes recommendations to prevent future events.
This cross-sectional study examines where drugs were tested for US Food and Drug Administration approval and determines how commonly and quickly these drugs received marketing approval in the countries where they were tested, both overall and by country income level and geographical region.
This diagnostic study develops a quantitative and qualitative method to evaluate artificial intelligence–based wound assessment tools compared with expert human assessments.
This cohort study evaluates registered use, off-label use, and omissions of surfactant treatment by gestational age and associations with outcomes, mainly among very preterm infants (gestational age <32 weeks).
This cohort study compares risk of recall and high-risk recall between medical devices that received US Food and Drug Administration 510(k) clearance and those that received premarket approval.
This cohort study of Veterans Health Administration records examines the prevalence of low-value preoperative tests for eye cataract operations and associations with patient demographic characteristics, procedure type, and facility size.
This systematic review and meta-analysis uses data from clinical trials to compare treatments for cocaine use disorder and examines whether any treatment approaches are associated with reductions in cocaine use among adults who are actively using cocaine.
This network meta-analysis and cost-effectiveness analysis assesses whether nivolumab or pembrolizumab is more cost-effective for treatment of US patients with platinum-refractory recurrent or metastatic head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC).
This simulated modeling study examines whether using restricted mean duration of response in phase 2 trials can better inform decisions about continuing or discontinuing before starting phase 3 immuno-oncology clinical trials compared with progression-free survival and objective response rate.
This meta-analysis investigates the prevalence of participants from racial/ethnic minority groups compared with White individuals in clinical trials for primary open-angle glaucoma.
This cross-sectional study investigates whether trends in obesity-associated cancer mortality mirror the slowed mortality improvements observed for heart disease associated with the obesity epidemic.
This case-control study estimates the association between use of antithrombotic drugs and risk of intracerebral hemorrhage and assesses changes in the incidence of intracerebral hemorrhage in the general population in Denmark.
This cross-sectional study compared preeclampsia prevalence, risk factors, and pregnancy outcomes between the Swedish and Chinese populations.
This systematic review and meta-analysis uses data from observational studies to assess the diagnostic yields of cystoscopy and computed tomographic urography for the detection of urinary tract cancers among patients evaluated for microhematuria.
This cohort study examines rates of testing for SARS-CoV-2 and receipt of test results within 7 days of febrile illness onset using data from smartphone-based weekly surveys administered as part of the COVID-19 Citizen Science Study.
This cohort study formulates a new definition of metabolically healthy obesity and examines its use in estimation of cardiovascular disease mortality and total mortality.
This comparative effectiveness study uses national Medicare data on hospitalizations to evaluate whether the inclusion of present-on-admission indicators is associated with improved discrimination in Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS) hospital quality risk models for 30-day mortality and readmission.
This diagnostic study uses data from the eye examinations of preterm infants to assess whether a deep learning algorithm can perform at a level comparable with that of ophthalmologists in identifying retinopathy of prematurity on wide-field retinal images.
This cohort study assesses the association of duration, dose, current use status, and type of ingredients in prescription opioids consumed by patients before and after hospital discharge with risk of opioid-related adverse health care events.
This economic evaluation uses data from the CheckMate 227 clinical trial and a Markov model to examine the cost-effectiveness of nivolumab-ipilimumab combination therapy vs platinum-doublet chemotherapy as first-line treatment for patients with advanced non–small cell lung cancer.
This cohort study evaluates the association between county-level income inequality and COVID-19 cases and deaths from March 2020 through February 2021 in bimonthly time epochs.
This cohort study investigates the associations of long-acting injectable antipsychotics with all-cause, natural-cause, and suicide mortality risks in patients with newly diagnosed schizophrenia.
This cohort study examines the association between price changes for brand-name drugs and out-of-pocket spending by patients with different insurance plans.
This cross-sectional study investigates the clinical characteristics and sources of infection of COVID-19 among children and youths in Hong Kong.
This cohort study of patients included in the US American Heart Association COVID-19 Cardiovascular Disease Registry evaluates whether any changes in the in-hospital COVID-19 mortality rates during the first 9 months of the pandemic are associated with individual characteristics of patients with COVID-19.
This study describes the out-of-pocket burden on patients with coinsurance and assesses its association with pharmaceutical competition.
This cross-sectional study assesses whether health literacy, contextual factors, or sociodemographic characteristics are associated with perception of voluntariness among parents who consent for their child’s participation in a leukemia therapeutic clinical trial.
This randomized clinical trial compares patient satisfaction between depot buprenorphine and sublingual buprenorphine in adult outpatients with opioid dependence.
This qualitative study identifies barriers to improving statin therapy adherence and control of cholesterol levels with financial incentives and insights for the design of future interventions among patients with high cholesterol levels.
This population-based validation study compares the prediction of kidney failure from models that do and do not account for the competing risk of death in adults with severe chronic kidney disease.
This survey study examines data from interviews with youth aged 10 to 17 years and caregivers of children aged 2 to 9 years to assess how many youth in these age groups have received medical care in the US as a result of violence.
This cross-sectional study describes the prevalence and clinical characteristics of primary care patients with cannabis use documented in their electronic health records.
This cohort study examines the association of preterm birth with risk of mortality and morbidity among infants born in China from 2010 to 2019.
This cross-sectional study uses data from the National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions to examine associations between specific criteria of borderline personality disorder and suicide attempts in US adults.
This cohort study uses a simulation model to assess the association between increases in screening for prostate cancer and prostate cancer diagnosis, treatment, and mortality.
This cohort study evaluates whether prostate-specific antigen velocity is associated with clinical progression in patients with low-risk prostate cancer treated with active surveillance and identifies differences between African American and non-Hispanic White patients.
This cross-sectional study compares the quality of diabetes care and medication management provided to adults with dementia with that provided to adults without dementia who had similar limited life expectancy.
This randomized clinical trial assesses whether 5 sessions of flotation–restricted environmental stimulation therapy alleviate chronic pain in adults.
This meta-analysis compares the effectiveness and safety of allogeneic vs autologous hematopoietic stem cell transplant in patients with refractory or relapsed peripheral T-cell lymphoma.
This cross-sectional study examines the association of initiation of pharmacist-led assessment of allergy status in patients with self-reported penicillin allergy with antimicrobial use and clinical outcomes in a tertiary care hospital in the US.
This cohort study investigates postnatal growth and hormone levels among Brazilian children with microcephaly caused by Zika virus.
This cross-sectional study assesses the availability of the direct oral anticoagulant reversal agents idarucizumab and andexanet alfa in US hospitals.
This cohort study evaluates rates of preterm birth and stillbirth in Ontario, Canada, during the first 6 months of the COVID-19 pandemic.
This cross-sectional study evaluates the compliance of hospitals with a Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services ruling mandating that hospital chargemasters be publicly available in a machine-readable file.
This cohort study reports the outcomes of using positive behavior supports to promote masking in school-aged children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) and/or attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) attending a summer day treatment program.
This cross-sectional study used online search data to assess changes in home birth information-seeking behaviors across the United States and United Kingdom during the COVID-19 pandemic.
This cohort study describes the clinical characteristics and outcomes of patients with multisystem inflammatory syndrome among adults with laboratory-confirmed SARS-CoV-2 infection at a single US tertiary care medical center.
This cross-sectional study investigates which community factors may be associated with the increase in telemedicine use during the COVID-19 pandemic.
This cross-sectional study evaluates the association of the shelter-in-place order with fatal drug overdoses in San Francisco, California.
This survey study examines knowledge, attitudes, and practice patterns relating to female sexual health among obstetricians and gynecologists in China.
This cross-sectional study evaluates racial and ethnic representation among departmental chairs and faculty in academic medicine in the US from 1980 to 2019.
This cohort study examines trends in medication use among patients hospitalized for COVID-19–related treatment in a large US university health care system from the start of stay-at-home orders in March 2020 throughout the rest of the year.
This cross-sectional study examines variation in SARS-CoV-2 infection risk and socioeconomic disadvantage among a Mayan-Latinx population in the Fruitvale, California, community.
This cohort study examines the association between Medical College Admission Test (MCAT) scores, disability status and category, and performance on US Medical Licensing Examination (USMLE) Step 1 and Step 2 CK scores.
This cross-sectional study examines reports of cannabis exposure at US poison control centers for trends in patient and product characteristics, stratified by manufactured cannabis products and plant materials.
This cohort study investigates the rates of breast cancer screening before and during the COVID-19 pandemic among women in Washington State.
This comparative effectiveness research compares survival end points and response rates among patients with metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer (mCRPC) treated with olaparib and cabazitaxel using results from 2 phase 3 randomized clinical trials.
This cohort study examines the prevalence of and risk factors for mental illness among current and former coal miners in the United States.
This cross-sectional study evaluates changes in reporting practices for race, sex, and socioeconomic status in randomized clinical trials in 2015 vs 2019.
This cross-sectional study examines trends in the suicide rate among racial and ethnic subgroups in the United States from 1999 to 2019.
This cross-sectional study of all hematology/oncology drugs approved by the US Food and Drug Administration in 2020 assesses the functioning of the drug approval process following disruptions related to the COVID-19 pandemic.
This cross-sectional study quantifies the added burden of fatal opioid overdoses during the first 6 months of the COVID-19 pandemic in Ontario, Canada.
This qualitative study analyzes department of health websites for all 50 US states for accessibility and usability in obtaining COVID-19 vaccine eligibility information and appointments.
This cross-sectional study uses direct pharmaceutical claims data from a commercial claims database to assess the use of 6 types of immunosuppressive drugs among commercially insured US adults in 2018 and 2019.
This cross-sectional study assesses the prevalence of high-risk human papillomavirus (hrHPV) types not covered by the 9-valent HPV vaccine among patients of African vs non-African ancestry with advanced squamous cell carcinoma.
This cohort study examines the association of BRCA1 and BRCA2 with tumor mutation burden and response to immune checkpoint inhibitors.
This cohort study uses data from the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results–Medicare Linked Database to assess the attribution of patients with newly diagnosed lung, breast, colorectal, or prostate cancer to care from multidisciplinary specialists—medical oncologists, surgeons, or radiation oncologists—within 6 months after diagnosis.
This cross-sectional study examines age at smoking initiation, prevalence of cigarette use, and prevalence of exposure to smoking-related risk factors among youths in sub-Saharan Africa.
This cross-sectional study examines paid parental leave policies for faculty and staff physicians at leading US hospitals and cancer centers.
This cohort study examines whether there is an association between primary care appointment times and statin prescribing rates for patients with elevated risk of major adverse cardiovascular events.
This cross-sectional study examines racial and ethnic diversity among obstetrics and gynecology (OBGYN), surgical, and nonsurgical residents in the US.
This cohort study examines the geographical variations in the incidence of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and calculates the nationwide cumulative incidence of ASD in Japan.
This cross-sectional study analyzes changes in Medicaid enrollment for all 50 US states and Washington, DC, during the first 9 months of 2020, at the beginning of the COVID-19 pandemic.
This survey study examines gender difference in physician use of social media for professional advancement.
This cross-sectional study quantifies the number and duration of distinct advertisements that appear during child-directed videos on a video-sharing platform as well as the frequency of age-inappropriate ads.
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