This randomized clinical trial investigates whether different briefing contents before a minimal acupuncture treatment among patients with chronic low back pain affect treatment outcome expectations and reported adverse side effects.
This meta-analysis reviews research on individuals with sagittal synostosis to determine whether, and to what extent, they experience cognitive, behavioral, and psychological difficulties compared with their healthy peers or normative data for each measure.
This propensity score–matched cohort study compares the 4-year health care expenditures of matched cohorts of patients undergoing Roux-en-Y gastric bypass vs sleeve gastrectomy and, secondarily, assesses factors independently associated with expenditures and compares them between procedures.
This cohort study assesses whether a COVID-19 stay-at-home order was associated with changes in police report rates or domestic violence resource availability that differed by racial/ethnic majority compositions in 77 community areas of Chicago, Illinois.
This cohort study compares the use of colorectal cancer screening tests before and after the availability of the multitarget stool DNA test.
This economic evaluation examines the long-term cost-effectiveness of a multicomponent hypertension management program compared with usual care among patients with hypertension receiving care in public clinics in Argentina from a health care system perspective.
This cohort study examines the association between maternal health literacy and maternal and neonatal outcomes among nulliparous individuals in the US.
This randomized clinical trial evaluates the wound healing efficacy of topical ON101 cream compared with a standard absorbent dressing in the treatment of patients with chronic diabetic foot ulcers.
This nonrandomized clinical trial evaluates deimplementation outcomes of educational outreach and audit and feedback strategies aiming to reduce guideline-discordant continuous pulse oximetry use in children hospitalized with bronchiolitis who are not receiving supplemental oxygen.
This cohort study examines whether sleep duration is associated with all-cause and major-cause mortality in individuals from Japan, China, Singapore, and Korea.
This cross-sectional study examines the magnitude of unreported COVID-19 cases and deaths in the National Healthcare Safety Network and provides estimates of cases and deaths adjusted for nonreporting.
This cross-sectional study characterizes factors associated with urine drug positivity for nonprescribed substances among patients prescribed buprenorphine.
This cross-sectional study investigates the gender distribution of the editors in chief at leading medical journals.
This comparative effectiveness study assesses the effectiveness of extended-release buprenorphine injections to treat opioid use disorder among adults transitioning from jail to the community compared with daily sublingual buprenorphine treatment.
This cohort study compares the safety and clinical outcomes associated with chlorthalidone vs hydrochlorothiazide use among older adults with varying levels of kidney function.
This decision analytical model investigates the association of delays in public health policy on social distancing during the COVID-19 pandemic and the number of hospitalizations and deaths from the disease in St Louis, Missouri.
This cohort study uses network analysis to examine whether interhospital transfers of patients with emergency general surgery conditions are consistently directed to hospitals with more resources and better clinical outcomes.
This case-control study examines the outcomes associated with jail decarceration during the COVID-19 pandemic.
This survey study evaluates the association of resident physician unions with burnout, suicidality, job satisfaction, duty hour violations, mistreatment, educational environment, salary, and benefits among surgical residents in the US.
This randomized clinical trial evaluates the effectiveness of a telecare case management program at allowing older adults who are homebound in Hong Kong to stay in the community with optimal well-being during the COVID-19 pandemic.
This cohort study uses administrative claims and laboratory results from a nationwide database to assess the sociodemographic, clinical, and treatment-related factors associated with diabetic ketoacidosis and hyperglycemic hyperosmolar states among adults with type 1 or type 2 diabetes in the US from 2014 to 2020.
This cohort study assesses whether surgeon experience with total hip arthroplasty (THA) in patients with severe obesity is associated with risk of complications.
This economic evaluation analyzes the cost-effectiveness of screening and prevention strategies by genotype among women with Lynch syndrome.
This cohort study examines the immune response of patients receiving maintenance hemodialysis to vaccination with 1 vs 2 doses of the BNT162b2 vaccine.
This cohort study estimates the absolute risk of maternal and neonatal complications among women who gave birth in China during a 6-year period stratified by in vitro fertilization, twin or singleton pregnancy, and maternal age.
This cohort study assesses mammography use in a sample of women from participating federally qualified health centers to examine whether providing individualized breast cancer risk estimates is associated with increased uptake of cancer control measures.
This cohort study uses propensity score matching to examine the association of epidural analgesia use during labor with infection in full-term neonates.
This cross-sectional study investigates use of the noninvasive enhanced liver fibrosis test to estimate advanced fibrosis among patients with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease.
This nonrandomized controlled trial examines the safety and tolerability of transdermal cannabidiol (CBD) gel among children with developmental and epileptic encephalopathies and assesses the association between treatment with CBD gel and seizure frequency.
This cohort study evaluates the association between blood donor sex and age on mortality or serious morbidity in very low-birth-weight (VLBW) infants receiving blood transfusions.
This cohort study examines temporal trends and variations in time-to-antibiotics for sepsis in the US Department of Veterans Affairs health care system.
This survey study estimates the association between school closures and child mental health outcomes and examines how this association varies across sociodemographic factors.
This cross-sectional study examines whether hearing loss among shipyard workers increases more rapidly at extended higher frequencies and whether subtle auditory processing deficits are present in those with extensive noise exposure but little or no hearing loss.
This cohort study compares rates of perinatal complications among pregnant individuals with and without antepartum sepsis hospitalization.
This cross-sectional study identifies risk factors associated with SARS-CoV-2 infection among farmworkers in California.
This systematic review and meta-analysis examines the ratio of males to females and the prevalence of sex-stratified data in published reports of large pharmaceutical randomized clinical trials for Alzheimer disease.
This randomized clinical trial tests the relative effectiveness of financial incentives and environmental strategies, alone and in combination, on initial weight loss and maintenance of weight loss in employees with obesity at 3 large employers in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
This cross-sectional study compares dental outcomes among low-income adults in states that expanded Medicaid coverage under the Affordable Care Act (ACA) compared with those in states that did not expand Medicaid coverage.
This systematic review reports the potential for withdrawal, pain level, treatment success, adverse events, and other outcomes of discontinuing long-term opioid therapy and switching to buprenorphine.
This cross-sectional study describes the clinical characteristics and outcomes of patients with COVID-19 infection in Gabon from March to June 2020.
This cross-sectional study examines the intentions on becoming pregnant of women in New York City who were mothers of young children during the first wave of the COVID-19 pandemic.
This cross-sectional study describes the risks of insurance churn (ie, gain, loss, or change in coverage) and catastrophic health expenditures among nonelderly patients with cancer in the US, assessing for changes associated with implementation of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act.
This cohort study examines the association of timing and duration of prenatal analgesic opioid exposure with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in children.
This cohort study assesses the association of local and national COVID-19 restrictions with tumor burden, as measured by total plasma circulating tumor DNA concentration, among patients newly diagnosed with metastatic colorectal cancer.
This randomized clinical trial tests whether a higher (1200 IU) vs standard (400 IU) dose of vitamin D3 has beneficial effects on neurodevelopment in the first 2 years of life and whether serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D concentration is associated with neurodevelopment.
This cross-sectional study investigates trends in human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine adverse event reporting and trends in HPV vaccine safety concerns among caregivers of vaccine-eligible US adolescents from 2015 to 2018.
This survey study describes the practices of frontline dispensary staff who interact with customers purchasing cannabis for medical purposes and assesses whether dispensary practices vary according to state cannabis law medicalization.
This cohort study assesses the association of step volume and intensity with premature all-cause mortality among Black and White participants in the Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults study.
This cohort study describes the annual and biennial variation in respiratory virus seasonality in a northern climate.
This qualitative study examines perspectives on and possible improvements for kidney disease education among Latinx patients receiving emergency-only hemodialysis.
This case-control study examines changes in quality of care at rural hospitals that merged with or were acquired by other hospitals compared with hospitals that remained independent.
This cohort study uses data from the Nurses’ Health Study II to assess the association between habitual alcohol consumption and subsequent risk for type 2 diabetes among women with a history of gestational diabetes.
This randomized clinical trial examines the effect of medication reconciliation on unplanned hospital returns among Swiss patients who were older, had polypharmacy, or met both conditions.
This prognostic study describes the development and validation of a novel staging system for nonmetastatic nasopharyngeal carcinoma based on recursive partitioning analysis of Epstein-Barr virus status.
This systematic review assesses the proportion of patients in the control arms of randomized clinical trials who received postprotocol immunotherapy in trials comparing combination immunotherapy regimens with tyrosine kinase inhibitor for first-line treatment of advanced kidney cell carcinoma.
This cross-sectional study uses a natural language processing algorithm to estimate prevalence of access of adolescent patient portal accounts by guardians at 3 academic children's hospitals.
This case series study compares survival and disease recurrence of patients with lung neuroendocrine tumors associated with Cushing syndrome treated using lobectomy or pneumonectomy vs sublobar resection.
This cohort study uses data from the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results Program to conduct an epidemiologic and survival analysis of patients with gastroenteropancreatic neuroendocrine tumors and to establish a nomogram to predict the survival probability of these patients.
This cross-sectional study examines the characteristics and presence of research waste, defined as unpublished data, inadequate reporting, or avoidable design limitations, among randomized clinical trials in gastric cancer.
This cross-sectional study compares current rates of prescription of fluorouracil, folinic acid, oxaliplatin, and irinotecan plus bevacizumab (FOLFOXIRI-B) with rates from 2015 to 2018 and assesses Dutch medical oncologists’ perspectives on treatment with FOLFOXIRI-B.
This cohort study analyzes methicillin-susceptible Staphylococcus aureus (MSSA) colonization and infection events among patients in a single neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) and assesses the performance of spa typing and whole-genome sequencing for routine S aureus surveillance.
This prognostic study establishes and validates a model based on vessels encapsulating tumor clusters and microvascular invasion to estimate recurrence-free survival in patients undergoing radical hepatectomy for hepatocellular carcinoma.
This cross-sectional study examines changes in the rates of emergency department presentation by individuals with cannabis-related vomiting since legalization of cannabis in Colorado.
This systematic review and meta-analysis examines site-specific cancer incidence and mortality and evaluates the radiation dose-response association after radioactive iodine treatment for hyperthyroidism.
This nonrandomized controlled trial evaluated the association of publicly reported feedback for hospital medication safety with improvement in the subsequent year.
This cross-sectional study examines trends in the concentration of health care spending in different population groups and expenditure categories in the US between 2001 and 2018.
This survey study examines associations of mitigating behaviors and receipt of economic aid with SARS-CoV-2 infection among a group of predominately Black and Hispanic adults tested for SARS-CoV-2 during the first surge of the COVID-19 pandemic in spring 2020.
This cross-sectional study examines the consistency of variability in admission rates of patients presenting to the emergency department by sociodemographic factors.
This survey study investigates the epidemiologic, laboratory, and traceback findings associated with persistent, extensively drug-resistant strains of Campylobacter jejuni associated with US pet store puppies.
This cohort study assesses whether human papillomavirus infection, a frequent infection among women of childbearing age, is associated with preterm birth.
This study assesses the performance of endoscopic ultrasonography after nonmagnifying and magnifying endoscopy for the diagnosis of cancer invasion depth among patients with esophageal squamous cell carcinoma.
This cross-sectional study uses data from the Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project national inpatient sample between 2010 and 2017 to examine care management patterns during terminal hospitalization among adult patients with metastatic cancer.
This cohort study examines the association of care environment with HIV incidence and death among orphaned and separated youths living in institutional, family-based, and street settings in western Kenya over an almost 10-year period.
This case series examines the presence of silicone bleed and migration among women with cohesive or noncohesive gel silicone breast implants.
This case series characterizes the immunologic mechanisms underlying allergic reactions to mRNA COVID-19 vaccines.
This systematic review and meta-analysis examines the placebo effect shown in randomized clinical trials of patients with treatment-resistant depression.
This cohort study compares the rates and characteristics of deaths from drug overdose before vs during the COVID-19 pandemic in Rhode Island.
This cohort study investigates the feasibility and utility of a modified genetic and hearing screening program among newborn infants in Nantong, China.
This cohort study of middle-aged and older Chinese couples examines whether spouses are concordant in the development of functional limitation over time and whether sex differences exist in spousal health associations.
This randomized clinical trial investigates the pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic profile, tolerability, and safety of the histone deacetylase inhibitor FRM-0334 in people with progranulin gene haploinsufficiency.
This cohort study examines the association of occupational exposure to inhaled agents in operating rooms with the incidence of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) among female nurses in the US.
This qualitative study interviewed interdisciplinary health care professionals at urban dialysis centers to assess how social and cultural challenges affect the care of Latinx patients with kidney disease receiving thrice-weekly hemodialysis.
This qualitative study examines women’s experiences of promotion and tenure in academic medicine to uncover mechanisms associated with the gender disparity in career advancement.
This systematic review identifies and analyzes evidence regarding potential systems-led strategies to reduce hospital length of stay for high-risk populations.
This population-based cohort study investigates the association between maternal antenatal and postnatal depressive symptoms and the risk of oppositional defiant disorder in offspring aged 7 to 15 years.
This case-control study examines the association between online risk factors and suicide-related behaviors in youths using a school-based online safety monitoring program.
This cross-sectional survey study of parents of hospitalized children quantifies parental preferences, experiences, and barriers concerning cost transparency in hospital care.
This cohort study assesses variations in the diagnosis, staging, and treatment of patients with esophageal cancer after regionalization of thoracic surgery in Ontario, Canada.
This cohort study evaluates the association of diabetes duration and fasting plasma glucose level with the development of tuberculosis in adults in Korea.
This cross-sectional study examines differences in pay by gender among physicians in Ontario, Canada.
This cross-sectional study pools data from 2 large pediatric academic centers to examine factors associated with diabetic retinopathy among children, adolescents, and young adults with type 1 or type 2 diabetes in the US.
This cohort study examines whether a UK National Health Service community health worker social prescribing program was associated with improved hemoglobin A1c levels among patients with type 2 diabetes
This randomized crossover trial examines neural reactivity to different types of high-calorie food cues, metabolic responses, and eating behavior following sucralose vs sucrose consumption among healthy young adults.
This cohort study evaluates stage at diagnosis among patients with gastrointestinal cancer in Japan before and during the COVID-19 pandemic.
This cohort study assesses the prognostic significance of tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes among patients with cutaneous melanoma using a large cohort established through natural language processing algorithms.
This quality improvement study characterizes SARS-CoV-2 infections in staff and students in an urban public school setting and evaluates test-based strategies to support ongoing risk assessment and mitigation for kindergarten through 12th grade in-person learning.
This systematic review provides a comprehensive overview of the clinical characteristics of multisystem inflammatory syndrome in adults.
This cohort study assesses the occurrence of overall mortality, cardiovascular mortality, acute myocardial infarction, stroke, and hospitalization for congestive heart failure among adults with type 2 diabetes receiving long-acting insulin alone vs long- plus short-acting insulin treatment.
This cross-sectional study assesses whether the implementation of telestroke services is associated with changes in where and how patients initially present with stroke symptoms, in their decision to be transferred to another hospital, and which hospitals they are transferred to.
This comparative effectiveness study uses state inpatient data from the Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project to examine the association between the implementation of Maryland’s all-payer model and the incidence of avoidable complications and resource use among adult surgical patients.
This cohort study uses data from the Army STARRS New Soldier Study to investigate whether pre-enlistment anger attacks are associated with new onset and persistence of mental disorders and suicidality after enlistment in a US Army sample.
This survey study examines communication interventions that may encourage the uptake of less-preferred vaccines against COVID-19.
This cohort study examines the associations of the historic racially discriminatory home loan policy of redlining with modern obstetric outcomes in a US city.
This cohort study examines whether patient, facility, and kidney transplant waitlisting characteristics are associated with variations in dialysis center quality.
This cohort study examines the risk of nonfatal self-injury following a cancer diagnosis.
This cohort study using long-term follow-up data from a clinical trial examines outcomes associated with adding transcatheter arterial chemoembolization to radiofrequency ablation for treatment of early hepatocellular carcinoma.
This cross-sectional study compares self-reported rates of cannabis use before and after the enactment of recreational use laws in US states by race and ethnicity.
This cross-sectional study evaluates trends in chronic kidney disease care delivery by race and ethnicity in a large population of US adults with chronic kidney disease.
This randomized clinical trial evaluates the effectiveness of a psychosocial aftercare program for pediatric patients with severe chronic pain vs usual care after discharge from intensive interdisciplinary pain treatment.
This cross-sectional study examines whether health literacy is associated with readiness to transition to adult care among adolescents and young adults with spina bifida.
This cohort study examines the association of fasting blood glucose level with risk of kidney disease progression among patients with diabetes.
This cohort study investigates 1-year health outcomes and their associated risk factors among COVID-19 survivors in Wuhan, China.
This cross-sectional study assesses the prevalence, treatment, and control of dyslipidemia in community residents and the availability of lipid-lowering medications in primary care institutions in China.
This qualitative study conducted virtual focus groups to explore barriers and facilitators to COVID-19 vaccine readiness reported by members of disproportionately affected multiethnic communities in Los Angeles County, California.
This cross-sectional study examines demographic, clinical, and health behavior–related factors associated with invitation to and participation in clinical trials in the US.
This cohort study evaluates the feasibility of using noninvasive, wrist-worn wearable devices to detect presymptomatic viral infection after exposure and predict infection severity in patients exposed to H1N1 influenza or human rhinovirus.
This consensus statement identifies appropriate primary outcomes for phase 2 and 3 clinical trials of therapies aimed at reducing acute intracranial bleeding.
This cohort study compares antibody responses in a cohort in which both BNT162b2 and mRNA-1273 COVID-19 vaccines were administered.
This cohort study examines whether proton pump inhibitor use during pregnancy is associated with the rate of preeclampsia.
This cohort study compares the characteristics of infections from SARS-CoV-2 variants spreading during August to October 2020 vs the variants spreading during December 2020 to February 2021 among children in Israel.
This cohort study investigates whether serious hypoglycemia is reduced in a Medicaid population receiving calcium-channel blockers with insulin secretagogues.
This cross-sectional study assesses the association between US state legalization of medical and recreational marijuana use and use of marijuana by adolescents.
This quality improvement study assesses the comorbidities associated with COVID-19 diagnostic codes in US health insurance claims.
This cross-sectional study analyzes the representation of Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander allopathic medical students, residents, and physicians in the US physician workforce.
This cross-sectional study assesses health care factors associated with excess deaths not assigned to COVID-19 in US counties in 2020.
This cohort study investigates an outbreak of COVID-19 among residents and health care professionals in a French nursing home in which most residents were fully vaccinated against COVID-19.
This cross-sectional study examines the association between US adults’ self-reported political ideology and support of or opposition to policies that limit visibility and restrict advertisement of tobacco products.
This cross-sectional study analyzes changes in mass shootings in the US during the COVID-19 pandemic.
This case-control study examines the possible association between exposure characteristics and infection risk among vaccinated and nonvaccinated health care workers in Israel.
This cross-sectional study assesses the use of Medicare's cognitive assessment and care planning codes in the first 2 years of their introduction.
This quality improvement study compares outcomes among high-risk Native American patients who did or did not receive monoclonal antibody treatment for COVID-19.
This cross-sectional study examines the prescription fills of commonly prescribed outpatient antibiotics in the US through the end of 2020.
This qualitative study examines online consumer reviews for experiences of racism in US hospitals among patients.
This cross-sectional study compares the prevalence of third-party data tracking on websites of the largest and top-rated nonprofit and for-profit hospitals in the US.
This cohort study examines safety and antibody responses after 1 and 2 doses of BNT162b2 mRNA vaccine in recipients of allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplant (HSCT).
This cohort study examines patterns of eating habits of people in Singapore during the COVID-19 pandemic.
This cross-sectional study evaluates the association of a cap on monthly out-of-pocket spending on high-cost drugs with use of these drugs and out-of-pocket spending in California in 2015 and 2016.
This cohort study assesses the association between baseline vaccine hesitancy and vaccine receipt at study follow-up and explores the validity of vaccine self-report.
This survey study examines the prevalence of gay, lesbian, or bisexual individuals among graduating allopathic medical students by specialty choice in the US.
This cohort study assesses the prevalence of SARS-CoV-2 among students, teachers, and household members during lockdown and split classes in 2021 in Berlin, Germany, and examines the association between pandemic restrictions and student health-related quality of life.
This cohort study of health claims data examines trends in testosterone prescriptions for older men in the US following 2014 changes to the US Food and Drug Administration’s stance on testosterone’s effects and safety risks.
This survey study examines association of housing insecurity with psychological distress and self-rated health among US adults during the COVID-19 pandemic.
This cohort study assesses patient adherence to diabetes screening using hemoglobin A1c level at in-person vs telemedicine encounters during the COVID-19 pandemic in the US.
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